116th United States Congress

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116th United States Congress
115th ←
→ 117th
U.S. Capitol - March 28, 2016 (25666928564).jpg
January 3, 2019 – January 3, 2021
Senate PresidentMike Pence (R)
Senate Pres. pro temTBD
House SpeakerTBD
Members100 senators
435 representatives
Senate MajorityRepublican
House MajorityDemocratic
1st: TBD – TBD

The One Hundred Sixteenth United States Congress is the next meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It is scheduled to meet in Washington, D.C., from January 3, 2019, to January 3, 2021, during the third and fourth years of Donald Trump's current term as president.

In the 2018 midterm elections, the Democratic Party won the majority in the House of Representatives and will have a preponderance of voting influence in selecting the next Speaker. The Republican Party preserved its majority in the U.S. Senate.


Major events[edit]


  • January 3, 2019: The 116th Congress could convene as early as noon (ET). The actual date and time will be set by the previous Congress.

Party summary[edit]

Resignations and new members are discussed in the "Changes in membership" section, below.


Senate membership
     45 Democrats      52 Republicans
     2 Independents (Democratic caucus)
     1 TBD
Affiliation Party
(shading indicates majority caucus)
Total Vacant
Democratic Independent Republican
End of previous Congress 47 2 51 100 0
Begin (January 3, 2019) 45+TBD 2 52+TBD 100 0
Latest voting share 0.0% 0.0%

House of Representatives[edit]

House membership
     231 Democrats      198 Republicans
     6 TBD
(shading indicates majority caucus)
Total Vacant
Democratic Independent Republican
End of previous Congress 196 0 237 433 2
Begin (January 3, 2019) 231+TBD 0 198+TBD 435 0
Latest voting share 0.0% 0.0% 0.0%  
Non-voting members 3 1 2 6 0



Senate President

Majority (Republican) Leadership[edit]

Minority (Democratic) Leadership[edit]

House of Representatives[edit]

Majority (Democratic) Leadership[edit]

Minority (Republican) Leadership[edit]



The numbers refer to their Senate classes. All class 1 seats were contested in the November 2018 elections. In this Congress, Class 1 means their term ended with the previous Congress, requiring re-election in 2018; Class 2 means their term ends with this Congress, requiring re-election in 2020; and Class 3 means their term began in the last Congress, requiring re-election in 2022.

Demographics: 75 Senators are men, 22 are women; 88 Senators are white (seventy men, eighteen women), 2 are Asian (both women), 3 are black (two men, one woman) and 4 are Hispanic (three men, one woman). 2 Senators are also LGBT (both democratic women).

House of Representatives[edit]

All 435 seats were filled by the elections on November 6, 2018, or by subsequent special elections thereafter.

Demographics: 103 are women (4 non-voting); 2 are Native Americans (both women); 3 are Muslim (two of whom are women); at least 11 are Asian; at least 48 are black.


Section contents: Senate, House, Joint

Listed alphabetically by chamber, including Chair and Ranking Member.


Committee Chair Ranking Member
Agriculture, Nutrition and Forestry
Armed Services
Banking, Housing and Urban Affairs
Commerce, Science and Transportation
Energy and Natural Resources
Environment and Public Works
Foreign Relations
Health, Education, Labor and Pensions
Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs
Rules and Administration
Small Business and Entrepreneurship
Veterans' Affairs
Aging (Special)
Ethics (Select)
Indian Affairs (Permanent Select)
Intelligence (Select)
International Narcotics Control (Permanent Caucus)

House of Representatives[edit]

Committee Chair Ranking Member
Armed Services
Education and the Workforce
Energy and Commerce
Financial Services
Foreign Affairs
Homeland Security
House Administration
Natural Resources
Oversight and Government Reform
Science, Space and Technology
Small Business
Transportation and Infrastructure
Veterans' Affairs
Ways and Means
Human Rights (Lantos Commission)
Intelligence (Permanent Select)


Committee Chair Ranking Member Vice Chair Vice Ranking Member
Budget and Appropriations Process Reform (Select)
Security and Cooperation in Europe (Helsinki Commission)
Solvency of Multiemployer Pension Plans (Select)

Changes in membership[edit]


Vacator Reason for change Successor Date of successor's
formal installation

House of Representatives[edit]

District Vacator Reason for change Successor Date of successor's
formal installation

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p Wagner, John; DeBonis, Mike (November 14, 2018). "Congressional leadership elections: House Republicans elect Kevin McCarthy as next leader; Pelosi seeks to shore up votes for speaker". The Washington Post. Retrieved November 15, 2018.
  2. ^ Sinco Kelleher, Jennifer (October 30, 2018). "Tourists flee typhoon-ravaged Northern Marianas". Associated Press.