116th United States Congress

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116th United States Congress
115th ←
→ 117th
US Capitol west side.JPG
January 3, 2019 – January 3, 2021
Senate PresidentMike Pence (R)
Senate President pro temChuck Grassley (R)
House SpeakerNancy Pelosi (D)
Members100 senators
435 members of the House
6 non-voting delegates
Senate MajorityRepublican
House MajorityDemocratic
1st: January 3, 2019 – TBD
2nd: TBD – TBD

The One Hundred Sixteenth United States Congress is the current meeting of the legislative branch of the Federal government of the United States, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives, meeting in Washington, D.C., from January 3, 2019, to January 3, 2021.

In the 2018 midterm elections, the Democratic Party won the majority in the House of Representatives and had a preponderance of voting influence in selecting the next Speaker; Nancy Pelosi was elected Speaker with slightly more than 51% of the 430 votes which were counted toward the election of the Speaker; Republican member Kevin McCarthy, the runner-up, received 44.76% of said vote. In the Senate, the Republican Party increased its majority, giving the U.S. a split Congress.


Major events[edit]


Party summary[edit]

Resignations and new members are discussed in the "Changes in membership" section, below.


Senate membership, at the beginning of the Congress.
     45 Democrats      52 Republicans
     2 Independents (Democratic caucus)
     1 vacant
Affiliation Party
(shading indicates majority caucus)
Total Vacant
Democratic Independent Republican
End of previous Congress 47 2 50 99 1
Begin (January 3, 2019) 45 2 52 99 1[2]
January 8, 2019 [a] 53 100 0
Latest voting share 47.5% 53.5%

House of Representatives[edit]

House membership, at the beginning of this Congress.
     235 Democrats      199 Republicans
     1 Disputed[b]
(shading indicates majority caucus)
Total Vacant
Democratic Independent Republican
End of previous Congress 196 0 236 432 3
Begin (January 3, 2019) 235 0 199 434 1[b]
Latest voting share 54.1% 0.0% 45.9%  
Non-voting members 3 1 2 6 0



Senate President
President Pro Tempore

Majority (Republican) Leadership[edit]

Minority (Democratic) Leadership[edit]

House of Representatives[edit]

House Speaker

Majority (Democratic) Leadership[edit]

Minority (Republican) Leadership[edit]


75 senators are men, and 25 are women, the greatest female Senate representation to date. Additionally, both senators from six states are women, including California, Washington, Nevada, Arizona, Minnesota, and New Hampshire. Thirteen states are represented by one male and one female senator, while thirty-one states are represented by two male senators. 91 senators are white, 4 are Hispanic, 2 are black, 2 are Asian, and 1 is multiracial. 2 senators identify as LGBTQ+.[18][19]

333 members of the House of Representatives are men, and 102 are women.[20] 317 members are white, 56 members are black, 44 are Hispanic, 15 are Asian, and 4 are Native American. 8 representatives identify as LGBTQ+.[21] Two women in the House, Ocasio-Cortez (D-NY) and Shalala (D-FL), will be the youngest and oldest female freshman representatives in history, respectively.[citation needed]

Most members of this Congress are Christian (88.2%), with approximately half being Protestant and 30.5% being Catholic. 6.4% are Jewish, the highest in American history. Other religions represented include Buddhism, Islam, and Hinduism. One senator says she is religiously unaffiliated, while the number of members refusing to specify their religious affiliation increased.[22][23][24]



The numbers refer to their Senate classes. All class 1 seats were contested in the November 2018 elections. In this Congress, class 1 means their term commenced in the current Congress, requiring re-election in 2024; class 2 means their term ends with this Congress, requiring re-election in 2020; and class 3 means their term began in the last Congress, requiring re-election in 2022.

House of Representatives[edit]

All but one of the 435 seats were filled by the elections on November 6, 2018, or by special elections thereafter.[b]

Changes in membership[edit]


Vacator Reason for change Successor Date of successor's
formal installation
Vacant Delayed beginning service until after his term as Governor of Florida ends.[2] Rick Scott
January 8, 2019


Section contents: Senate, House, Joint

Listed alphabetically by chamber, including Chair and Ranking Member.


Committee Chair Ranking Member [25]
Agriculture, Nutrition and Forestry Pat Roberts (R-KS) Debbie Stabenow (D-MI)
Appropriations Richard Shelby (R-AL) Patrick Leahy (D-VT)
Armed Services Jim Inhofe (R-OK) Jack Reed (D-RI)
Banking, Housing and Urban Affairs Mike Crapo (R-ID) Sherrod Brown (D-OH)
Budget Mike Enzi (R-WY) Bernie Sanders (I-VT)
Commerce, Science and Transportation Roger Wicker (R-MS) Maria Cantwell (D-WA)
Energy and Natural Resources Lisa Murkowski (R-AK) Joe Manchin (D-WV)
Environment and Public Works John Barrasso (R-WY) Tom Carper (D-DE)
Finance Chuck Grassley (R-IA) Ron Wyden (D-OR)
Foreign Relations Jim Risch (R-ID) Bob Menendez (D-NJ)
Health, Education, Labor and Pensions Lamar Alexander (R-TN) Patty Murray (D-WA)
Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs Ron Johnson (R-WI) Gary Peters (D-MI)
Judiciary Lindsey Graham (R-SC) Dianne Feinstein (D-CA)
Rules and Administration Roy Blunt (R-MO) Amy Klobuchar (D-MN)
Small Business and Entrepreneurship Marco Rubio (R-FL) Ben Cardin (D-MD)
Veterans' Affairs Johnny Isakson (R-GA) Jon Tester (D-MT)
Aging (Special) Susan Collins (R-ME) Bob Casey (D-PA)
Ethics (Select) Johnny Isakson (R-GA) Chris Coons (D-DE)
Indian Affairs (Permanent Select) John Hoeven (R-ND) Tom Udall (D-NM)
Intelligence (Select) Richard Burr (R-NC) Mark Warner (D-VA)
International Narcotics Control (Permanent Caucus) Chuck Grassley (R-IA) Dianne Feinstein (D-CA)

House of Representatives[edit]

Committee Chair Ranking Member
Agriculture Collin Peterson (D-MN) Mike Conaway (R-TX)
Appropriations Nita Lowey (D-NY) Kay Granger (R-TX)
Armed Services Adam Smith (D-WA) Mac Thornberry (R-TX)
Budget John Yarmuth (D-KY) Steve Womack (R-AR)
Education and Labor Bobby Scott (D-VA) Virginia Foxx (R-NC)
Energy and Commerce Frank Pallone (D-NJ) Greg Walden (R-OR)
Ethics Ted Deutch (D-FL) Kenny Marchant (R-TX)
Financial Services Maxine Waters (D-CA) Patrick McHenry (R-NC)
Foreign Affairs Eliot Engel (D-NY) Michael McCaul (R-TX)
Homeland Security Bennie Thompson (D-MS) Mike Rogers (R-AL)
House Administration Zoe Lofgren (D-CA) Rodney Davis (R-IL)
Judiciary Jerrold Nadler (D-NY) Doug Collins (R-GA)
Natural Resources Raúl Grijalva (D-AZ) Rob Bishop (R-UT)
Oversight and Reform Elijah Cummings (D-MD) Jim Jordan (R-OH)
Rules Jim McGovern (D-MA) Tom Cole (R-OK)
Science, Space and Technology Eddie Bernice Johnson (D-TX) Frank Lucas (R-OK)
Small Business Nydia Velázquez (D-NY) Steve Chabot (R-OH)
Transportation and Infrastructure Peter DeFazio (D-OR) Sam Graves (R-MO)
Veterans' Affairs Mark Takano (D-CA) Phil Roe (R-TN)
Ways and Means Richard Neal (D-MA) Kevin Brady (R-TX)
Climate Crisis (Select) Kathy Castor (D-FL) TBD
Human Rights (Lantos Commission) Jim McGovern (D-MA) TBD
Intelligence (Permanent Select) Adam Schiff (D-CA) Devin Nunes (R-CA)
Modernization of Congress (Select) Derek Kilmer (D-WA) TBD


Committee Chair Ranking Member Vice Chair Vice Ranking Member
Economic TBD Martin Heinrich (D-NM)[25] TBD TBD
Inaugural Ceremonies (Special) TBD TBD TBD TBD
Security and Cooperation in Europe (Helsinki Commission) TBD TBD TBD TBD

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Senator-elect Rick Scott (R-Florida) will be become a senator on January 8, 2019 after his term as Governor of Florida ends.[2]
  2. ^ a b c d One seat, representing North Carolina's 9th congressional district, has yet to be filled following allegations of election fraud. See 2018 North Carolina's 9th congressional district election.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g The Minnesota Democratic–Farmer–Labor Party (DFL) is the Minnesota and affiliate of the U.S. Democratic Party and its members are counted as Democrats.


  1. ^ https://thehill.com/homenews/house/423800-pelosi-invites-trump-to-give-state-of-the-union-on-january-29
  2. ^ a b c d "Rick Scott won't become U.S. Senator until Jan. 8".
  3. ^ Wagner, John; DeBonis, Mike (November 14, 2018). "Congressional leadership elections: House Republicans elect Kevin McCarthy as next leader; Pelosi seeks to shore up votes for speaker". The Washington Post. Retrieved November 15, 2018.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g Fandos, Nicholas (November 14, 2018). "House Republicans Pick Kevin McCarthy as Their Next Leader". The New York Times. Retrieved November 29, 2018.
  5. ^ a b c d Bolton, Alexander (November 14, 2018). "McConnell reelected as leader, Thune promoted to whip". The Hill. Retrieved December 6, 2018.
  6. ^ Lesniewski, Niels (January 3, 2019). "Dick Durbin says he's running for Senate re-election in 2020, unofficially". Roll Call. Retrieved January 4, 2019.
  7. ^ Lesniewski, Niels (November 15, 2018). "Catherine Cortez Masto Becomes First Latina to Lead DSCC". Roll Call. Retrieved December 6, 2018.
  8. ^ McPherson, Lindsey; McPherson, Lindsey (November 28, 2018). "Steny Hoyer Elected House Majority Leader". Roll Call. Retrieved December 7, 2018.
  9. ^ McPherson, Lindsey (November 28, 2018). "James Clyburn Elected Majority Whip". Roll Call. Retrieved December 7, 2018.
  10. ^ McPherson, Lindsey (November 28, 2018). "Rep. Ben Ray Luján Elected Assistant Democratic Leader". Roll Call. Retrieved December 7, 2018.
  11. ^ McPherson, Lindsey (November 28, 2018). "Hakeem Jeffries Wins Democratic Caucus Chair Race Against Barbara Lee". Roll Call. Retrieved December 7, 2018.
  12. ^ McPherson, Lindsey (November 29, 2018). "Katherine Clark Elected House Democratic Caucus Vice Chair". Roll Call. Retrieved December 7, 2018.
  13. ^ Pathé, Simone (November 29, 2018). "Cheri Bustos Elected DCCC Chair". Roll Call. Retrieved December 7, 2018.
  14. ^ a b c McPherson, Lindsey (December 4, 2018). "House Democrats' New Elected Leadership Team Is More Progressive and Diverse". Roll Call. Retrieved December 7, 2018.
  15. ^ a b c DeGette dropped from chief deputy whip spot
  16. ^ a b c d e f g Roll Call Staff (November 14, 2018). "Here's the List of House Republican Leaders for the Next Congress". Roll Call. Retrieved December 6, 2018.
  17. ^ McPherson, Lindsey (November 27, 2018). "Scalise Appoints Rep. Drew Ferguson as House GOP's Chief Deputy Whip". Roll Call. Retrieved December 6, 2018.
  18. ^ Edmondson, Catie; Lee, Jasmine C. (November 28, 2018). "Meet the New Freshmen in Congress: More Democrats, Diversity and Women". The New York Times.
  19. ^ Jin, Beatrice (November 23, 2018). "Congress's incoming class is younger, bluer, and more diverse than ever". POLITICO.
  20. ^ "A record number of women will be serving in the new Congress". Pew Research. December 18, 2018.
  21. ^ Panetta, Grace; Lee, Samantha (December 16, 2018). "This one graphic shows how much more diverse the House of Representatives will become in January". Business Insider.
  22. ^ Faith on the Hill
  23. ^ Women Elected at Historic Levels, But No Surprise Here: White Men Dominate 116th Congress Nov 7, 2018
  24. ^ As Christians split over Trump, minority faiths make their mark Nov 7, 2018
  25. ^ a b Solender, Andrew (December 11, 2018). "The office of @SenSchumer has released an official list of Senate Democratic Ranking Members and Vice Chairmen". Twitter. Retrieved December 11, 2018.