13 Going on 30 is a 2004 American fantasy romantic comedy film written by Josh Goldsmith and Cathy Yuspa, directed by Gary Winick, starring Jennifer Garner. It follows a 13-year-old girl. During her birthday party, she is humiliated by her wishes that she was 30 years old; when she does emerge, she finds herself 30 years old and in 2004, uncertain how she got there. The film received positive reviews from critics, with many praising Garner's performance and its nostalgic environment, it was praised for its humorous plot and self-empowering message. The film was a commercial success, earning $22 million in its first week and grossing over $96 million, becoming one of the year's biggest-selling DVD rental titles. Additionally, the soundtrack charted inside the top 50 on the US Billboard 200 chart. Garner's acting earned her nominations from both the Teen Choice Awards. In 1987, young Jenna Rink yearns to be popular, but can only persuade the "Six Chicks" – the ruling clique led by Lucy "Tom-Tom" Wyman – to attend her 13th-birthday party by doing their homework.
Jenna's best friend, Matty Flamhaff, brings her a pink dollhouse he made himself, a packet of "magic wishing dust" he sprinkles on the dollhouse roof. The Six Chicks arrive with the cutest boys in class, trick Jenna into playing "seven minutes in heaven". While Jenna waits blindfolded in a closet, expecting to kiss one of the boys, the Six Chicks and the boys leave with her completed homework, Matty finds Jenna alone. Humiliated, she tearfully wishes to be 30; the next morning, Jenna awakens in a luxurious Fifth Avenue apartment – her wish has come true: It is now 2004, Jenna is 30, with no idea what happened in the intervening 17 years. Jenna discovers she works for Poise, her favorite fashion magazine, with her co-editor and best friend Lucy. Poise has been scooped so by rival magazine Sparkle that editor-in-chief Richard believes someone is tipping them off. Jenna finds Matty’s address and races to Greenwich Village where the adult Matt, a struggling photographer, is unable to fill in her missing past, as she became head of the "Six Chicks" and stopped speaking to him.
Lucy is revealed to be the adult Tom-Tom. While delighting in her freedom, Jenna stumbles through adult life, learning enough to advise the 13-year-olds she prefers to spend time with, she saves a Poise party by leading the guests, including Matt, in an impromptu performance of the “Thriller” line dance. Her emerging past reveals that the adult Jenna stole ideas, refused to speak to her parents, had sex with a co-worker’s husband; the struggling magazine is forced to redesign, Jenna overhears Lucy badmouthing her, planning to cut Jenna out of her redesign presentation. Jenna returns to her childhood home in New Jersey, weeping in the same basement closet and reuniting with her parents, she apologizes to Matt, hires him for her yearbook-inspired redesign photoshoot. Though Matt is engaged to Wendy, eager for him to move to Chicago and Matt begin to fall for each other. Jenna's plans to save the magazine are a rousing success, while Lucy’s presentation fails, she lies to Matt that Jenna decided not to use his pictures.
Looking for Matt to deliver the good news, Jenna finds Wendy, who reveals their wedding is the next day. Richard informs Jenna that Lucy gave Jenna’s material, including Matt’s photographs, to Sparkle and has become their new editor-in-chief killing Poise. Jenna confronts Lucy, who scornfully reveals that she discovered Jenna was the one sabotaging her own magazine. Jenna rushes to Matt's childhood home, next door to hers. Finding Matt, she declares that she is not the bad person she seemed to be, that he would marry her if he could see who she was. Matt in his tuxedo, tells her they cannot turn back time, but reveals the pink dollhouse he has kept for 17 years. In tears, Jenna asks for it back, Matt sadly confesses that he always loved her. Jenna sits with the dollhouse as the wedding begins, sees a young Matt and herself inside, she shuts her eyes, specks of the wishing dust whirl around her. Opening her eyes, Jenna finds herself back in 1987 on her 13th birthday; this time, when Matty finds her alone in the closet, she kisses him.
Confronting Lucy, Jenna runs upstairs with Matty. With this second chance and Matt emerge in 2004 as a newly married couple, they share their favorite candy, while moving into a pink house identical to the dollhouse. Jennifer Garner as Jenna Rink Christa B. Allen as young Jenna Rink Mark Ruffalo as Matt Flamhaff Sean Marquette as young Matty Flamhaff Judy Greer as Lucy "Tom-Tom" Wyman Alexandra Kyle as young Lucy Wyman Andy Serkis as Richard Kneeland Kathy Baker as Beverly Rink Phil Reeves as Wayne Rink Lynn Collins as Wendy Samuel Ball as Alex Carlson Marcia DeBonis as Arlene Kiersten Warren as Trish Sackett Ashley Benson as Six Chick Brittany Curran as Six Chick Brie Larson as Six Chick Megan Lusk as Six Chick Julia Roth as Six Chick Renee Olstead as BeckyGarner filmed the picture while on break from filming her TV series Alias. Gwyneth Paltrow, Hilary Swank, Renée Zellweger were considered for the part played by Garner. Christa B. Allen, who portrays 13-year-old Jenna, would "reprise" her role as a younger version of Jennifer Garner by portraying the teenaged version of Jenny Perotti in Ghosts of Girlfriends Past.
Acropora pharaonis is a species of acroporid coral, first described by Milne-Edwards and Haime in 1860. Found in marine, reefs on slopes sheltered from wave action, it occurs at depths of between 5 and 25 m, it is classed as a vulnerable species on the IUCN Red List, it has a decreasing population. It is common and found over a large area and is classified under CITES Appendix II. Acropora pharaonis is found in colonies of flat table-like structures, or in structures of clumped vertical or horizontal twisted branches. Colonies can have heights over 2 metres and they are orderly and symmetrical. Branchlets are of lengths up to 250 millimetres with diameters of 10 to 25 millimetres and branchlets can reach 20 millimetres long and have 3 to 8 millimetres diameters. Brown-grey in colour with branches having pale tips, the branches become thinner towards the ends and contain many small branchlets, which contain axial, incipient axial, radial corallites; the axial corallites, located on the ends of the branchlets, are small with outer diameters of between 1.5 and 2.6mm and inner diameters of 0.6-1.5mm.
Incipient axial corallites occur on the branchlets, giving them a spikey surface. The radial corallites are located in close proximity and contain small nose-shaped openings and randomly placed spinules; this species looks similar to Acropora clathrata, Acropora parapharaonis, Acropora plumosa. It is found in a marine environment on the slopes of tropical reefs at depths between 5 and 25 m, its mineralised tissue is composed of aragonite. Acropora pharaonis found over a large range, it is threatened by climate change, coral disease, rising sea temperatures leading to bleaching, reef destruction, being prey to Acanthaster planci, human activity. It is rated as a vulnerable species on the IUCN Red List, is listed CITES Appendix II, could occur within Marine Protected Areas, it was first described by Haime and Henri Milne-Edwards in 1860 in genus Madrepora
Strathewen is a town in Victoria, Australia, 45 km north-east of Melbourne's Central Business District, located within the Shire of Nillumbik local government area. Strathewen recorded a population of 178 at the 2016 Census. Strathewen is located near the Kinglake National Park, it is home to small local vineyards and wineries. Strathewen Post Office opened on 20 September 1909 and closed in 1964; the town was destroyed during the Black Saturday bushfires on 7 February 2009, which destroyed the primary school, the old fire station, the community hall, most of the houses in the area. Twenty-seven of its 200 residents died in the fires. Shire of Eltham - the former local government area of which Strathewen was a part "Strathewen climate". Bureau of Meteorology. Australian Government. Retrieved 28 February 2009. "Strathewen topographic map". Google Maps. Retrieved 28 February 2009
Lauren Tesoriero is an Australian rules footballer who plays for the Richmond Football Club in the AFL Women's competition. She played 11 matches over a two-year tenure with Collingwood. Tesoriero grew up in the Melbourne suburb of Mount Evelyn, learning to play football in the backyard with her brothers, she helped out at the Mount Evelyn Football Club with activities like boundary umpiring and running water, but didn't play since her parents didn't allow her. A family friend convinced her parents to play the last two games of the season with the under-10 boys and they were the only games they won that season. Due to lack of girl's youth teams in football, Tesoriero started playing netball, she represented the Mount Evelyn Netball Club and played for the North East Blaze in the Victorian Netball League. In 2005, at the age of 18, Tesoriero started playing senior football at Yarra Valley Cougars. A year she was selected to represent the Victorian state football team, she was a member of the Australia women's international rules football team that played against Ireland in the 2006 Ladies International Rules Series.
She joined VFLW club Eastern Devils. In 2012 she suffered an ACL tear while training with the Devils, but continued to play on the damaged knee for the rest of the year without surgery, instead resting the injury for three months before returning and another six months before having surgery to repair the injury. In 2016 she averaged a goal per game for the club. While still playing state-league football and following her ACL injury, Tesoriero started coaching netball, including for two years at Yea and a year at Mansfield. Tesoriero has played football outside of Australia, representing Wandsworth Demons in the AFL London competition. Tesoriero was selected by Collingwood with pick 107, she described it as a "second wind", after considering retiring, she made her debut in round 2017, in the inaugural AFLW match at Ikon Park against Carlton. Collingwood re-signed Tesoriero for the 2018 season during the trade period in May 2017. In June 2018, Tesoriero was delisted by Collingwood. Following her delisting, Tesoriero joined Richmond for the 2018 VFL Women's season and began volunteering as a women's recruiter and scout the club.
In October 2018 she joined Richmond as a full time AFLW recruiter and accepted a role as a playing assistant coach for the 2019 VFLW season. She suffered an ACL tear in her left knee while playing a match against NT Thunder in June 2019, but opted against a full surgical repair in favour of the quicker non-surgical return she had once before completed while playing state-league football in 2012. Tesoriero was drafted by Richmond with the club's final selection and 96th pick overall in the 2019 AFL Women's draft. Statistics are correct to the end of the 2019 season. Lauren Tesoriero at AustralianFootball.com
Greek colonisation was an organised colonial expansion by the Archaic Greeks into the Mediterranean Sea and Black Sea in the period of the 8th–6th centuries BC. This colonisation differed from the migrations of the Greek Dark Ages in that it consisted of organised direction by the originating metropolis instead of the simple movement of tribes which characterized the earlier migrations. Many colonies that were founded in this period evolved into strong city-states and became independent of their metropoleis; the reasons for colonisation had to do with the demographic explosion of this period, the development of the emporium, the need for a secure supply of raw materials, but with the emerging politics of the period which drove sections of the population into exile. Population growth created a scarcity of farm land and a restriction of the ability of smallholders to farm it, similar in every city-state. In places with surplus population, this led to a demand for additional living space; the location of each colonial establishment was dictated by the supply of unexploited resources which would provision the metropolis, as well as the finished goods it would produce.
The development of the emporium was among the more important motivations for the founding of a colony. The colonies created new markets, supplied the metropoleis with significant raw materials and constituted important way stations on the long-distance trade journeys of the era; the troubled political situation in many cities, along with the establishment of tyrannical government, drove the political opposition into exile and into a search for new places of residence. The founding of the colonies was an organised enterprise; the launch was organized by the metropolis, although in many cases they collaborated with other cities. The place to be colonised was selected in advance with the goal of offering business advantages, but security from raiders. In order to create a feeling of security and confidence in relation to the new colony, the choice of place was decided according to its usefulness; the mission always included a leader nominated by the colonists. In the new cities, the colonists parcelled out the land, including farms.
The system of governance took a form reminiscent of that which prevailed in the metropolis. The first founders of colonies were the Euboeans, who founded colonies at the beginning of the 8th century B. C. in Southern Italy and Chalcidice. The two most powerful states on Euboea and Eretria founded numerous colonies in Chalcidice, the most important of, Olynthus, they were the first to found colonies in Southern Italy; the first colony that they founded there was Pithecusae on the Isle of Ischia. Subsequently, they founded the colonies of Cumae, Zancle and Naxos. At the end of the 8th century Euboea fell into decline with the outbreak of the Lelantine War and the baton of colonial foundation was passed to other Greek cities. In the 7th century, many colonies were founded in Ionia, Southern Italy, Thrace and on the Black Sea. Other Greek colonies were founded on the coast of Gaul, on the Cyrenaica peninsula in Africa and in Egypt. In this burst of colonial expansion cities such as Corinth, Miletus and Phocaea took the lead.
Numerous colonies were founded in the present Northern Greece, chielfy in the region of Chalcidice but in the region of Thrace. Chalcidice was settled by Euboeans, chiefly from Chalcis; the most important settlements of the Euboeans in Chalcidice were Olynthos, Mende, Sermyle and Cleonae in the peninsula of Athos. Other important colonies in Chalcidice were Acanthus, a colony, founded by colonists from Andros and Potidaea, a colony of Corinth. Numerous other colonies were founded in the region of Thrace by the Ionians from the coast of Asia Minor. Important colonies were Maroneia, Abdera; the Milesians founded Abydos and Cardia on the Hellespont and Rhaedestus in Propontis. The Samians colonised the island of Samothrace; the Parians colonised Thasos under the leadership of the oecist and father of the poet Archilochus, Telesicles. The region of the Ionian Sea and that of Illyria were colonized by Corinth; the Corinthians founded important overseas colonies on the sea lanes to Southern Italy and the west which succeeded in making them the foremost emporia of the western side of the Mediterranean.
Important colonies of Corinth included Leucada, Anactoreum, Actium and Corcyra. The Corinthians founded important colonies in Illyria, which evolved into important cities and Epidamnus was a Greek colony in Illyria. Nymphaeum was another Greek colony in Illyria; the first to colonise Southern Italy were the Euboeans, who with the move to Pithecusae, founded a series of cities in that region. The second city that they founded was Cumae, nearly opposite Ischia; the colonists from Cumae founded Zancle in on Sicily, nearby on the opposite coast, Rhegium. Further, the Euboeans founded Naxos, which became the base for the founding of the cities of Leontini and Catania. In this effort they were accompanied by small numbers of Ionians; the strongest of the Sicilian colonies was Syracuse, an 8th-century B. C. colony of the Corinthians. Colonists of that same period from Achaea founded the cities of Sybaris and Croton in the Gulf of Taranto but in the Metapontum in the same district. In the same area, refugees from Sparta founded Taranto which evolved into one of the most p
Digital Humanities Quarterly is a peer-reviewed open-access academic journal covering all aspects of digital media in the humanities. The journal is a community experiment in journal publication; the journal is funded and published by the Alliance of Digital Humanities Organizations and its editor-in-chief is Julia Flanders. Digital Humanities Quarterly has been noted among the "few interesting attempts to peer review born-digital scholarship." Having emerged from a desire to disseminate digital humanities practices to the wider arts and humanities community and beyond, the journal is committed to open access and open standards to deliver journal content, publishing under a Creative Commons license. It develops translation services and multilingual reviews in keeping with the international character of the Alliance of Digital Humanities Organizations; the journal aims to heighten the visibility and acceptance of digital humanities with reviews that are modeled on traditional book reviews but focus on digital projects, providing assessments of "software tools, other kinds of innovations that need the same kind of critical scrutiny and benefit from the same kind of contextualizing review that a traditional book review offers."