1591 in poetry

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List of years in poetry (table)
In literature

Nationality words link to articles with information on the nation's poetry or literature (for instance, Irish or France).


  • February 25 – English Queen Elizabeth I awards Edmund Spenser a pension of 50 pounds per year for life[1] (see Spenser's Complaints, in "Works" section below)

Works published[edit]

Great Britain[edit]

  • Nicholas Breton, Brittons Bowre of Delights[2]
  • Thomas Campion, Astrophel and Stella[3]
  • Michael Drayton, The Harmonie of the Church (republished 1610 under the title A Heavenly Harmonie)[2]
  • Abraham Fraunce:
    • The Countesse of Pembrokes Emanuel[2]
    • The Countesse of Pembrokes Yvychurch, Part 1 adapted from Torquato Tasso's Aminta; Part 2 a revision of Fraunce's translation of Amyntas 1587 by Thomas Watson; volume also includes translations of the second Bucolic of Virgil (first published in Fraunce's The Lawiers Logike) and of the opening of Heliodorus's Aethiopica (see also The Third Part 1592)[2]
  • Sir John Harington, Orlando Furioso in English Heroical Verse, translated from the Italian of Ludovico Ariosto[2]
  • James VI of Scotland, Lepanto
  • George Peele, Decensus Astraeae, a pageant for the lord mayor of London[2]
  • Sir Philip Sidney, Astrophel and Stella published (posthumously) first this year from an unauthorized, corrupt text, with 107 sonnets and 10 songs by Sidney, with other verse by Samuel Daniel, Thomas Campion, Greville,[2] Edward de Vere and others, as well as a preface by Thomas Nashe. The text, copied down by an employee of an associate of Sidney, had so many errors and misreadings that Sidney's friends secured all the unsold copies.[4] The volume was then published again this year in a corrected edition, also unauthorized, with 94 sonnets by Sidney and none of the additional poems.[2] (The poem was again published in about 1597,[2] with at least one source, Mona Wilson, stating 1598.[4] This version of the poem, now commonly used, appeared in the folio of the 1598 version of Sidney's Arcadia, although even that version was not completely free from error. It was prepared under the supervision of his sister, the Countess of Pembroke.[4])
  • Edmund Spenser:
    • Complaints, including "The Ruines of Time"; "The Teares of the Muses"; "Virgils Gnat"; "Prosopopoia; or, Mother Hubberds Tale"; "Muiopotmos"; "Visions of the Words Vanitie";[2] the volume lampoons William Cecil, 1st Baron Burghley, who had interceded with Queen Elizabeth I to reduce the handsome pension she had originally promised Spenser (see "Events", above); although this volume was printed, it was suppressed (or "called in") almost immediately[5]
  • Daphnaïda. An Elegy upon the death of the noble and vertuous Douglas Howard, Daughter and heire of Henry Lord Howard, Viscount Byndon, and wife of Arthure Gorges Esquier (although one source states this was the year of publication,[2] another states the work was first published in London in January 1592, according to one source[5])



Death years link to the corresponding "[year] in poetry" article:


Birth years link to the corresponding "[year] in poetry" article:

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Hadfield, Andrew, The Cambridge Companion to Spenser, "Chronology", Cambridge University Press, 2001, ISBN 0-521-64199-3, p xix, retrieved via Google Books, September 24, 2009
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Cox, Michael, ed. (2004). The Concise Oxford Chronology of English Literature. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-860634-6.
  3. ^ Lucie-Smith, Edward, Penguin Book of Elizabethan Verse, 1965, Harmondsworth, Middlesex, United Kingdom: Penguin Books
  4. ^ a b c Wilson, Mona (1931). Sir Philip Sidney. London: Duckworth. pp. 168&ndash, 169.
  5. ^ a b "Edmund Spenser – Biography". University of Cambridge Faculty of English. Archived from the original on 2012-01-02. Retrieved 2009-09-24.
  6. ^ a b c Yates, Frances Amelia, Renaissance and reform: the Italian contribution, Taylor & Francis United States, 1983, ISBN 978-0-7100-9530-5, retrieved via Google Books on May 18, 2009
  7. ^ Mohan, Sarala Jag, Chapter 4: "Twentieth-Century Gujarati Literature" (Google books link), in Natarajan, Nalini, and Emanuel Sampath Nelson, editors, Handbook of Twentieth-century Literatures of India, Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Publishing Group, 1996, ISBN 978-0-313-28778-7, retrieved December 10, 2008