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Shaken, not stirred

"Shaken, not stirred" is a catchphrase of Ian Fleming's fictional British Secret Service agent James Bond and describes his preference for the preparation of his martini cocktail. The phrase first appears in the novel Diamonds Are Forever, though Bond himself does not say it until Dr. No, where his exact words are "shaken and not stirred." In the film adaptations of Fleming's novels, the phrase is first uttered by the villain, Dr. Julius No, when he offers the drink in Dr. No, it is not uttered by Bond himself until Goldfinger, it is used in numerous Bond films thereafter with the notable exceptions of You Only Live Twice, in which the drink is wrongly offered as "stirred, not shaken", to Bond's response "Perfect", Casino Royale in which Bond, after losing millions of dollars in a game of poker, is asked if he wants his martini shaken or stirred and snaps, "Do I look like I give a damn?" The earliest form of the "shaken, not stirred" motif appears in Casino Royale. After meeting his CIA contact Felix Leiter for the first time, Bond orders a drink from a barman while at the casino.'A dry martini,' he said.'One.

In a deep champagne goblet."Oui, monsieur."Just a moment. Three measures of Gordon's, one of vodka, half a measure of Kina Lillet. Shake it well until it's ice-cold add a large thin slice of lemon peel. Got it?"Certainly monsieur.' The barman seemed pleased with the idea.'Gosh, that's a drink,' said Leiter. Bond laughed.'When I'm... er... concentrating,' he explained,'I never have more than one drink before dinner. But I do like that one to be large and strong and cold, well made. I hate small portions of anything when they taste bad; this drink's my own invention. I'm going to patent it when I think of a good name.' The drink will be referred to as a "Vesper", after the original Bond girl, Vesper Lynd. A Vesper differs from Bond's usual cocktail of choice, the martini, in that it uses both gin and vodka, Kina Lillet instead of vermouth, lemon peel instead of an olive. In the same scene Bond gives more details about the Vesper, telling the same barman that vodka made from grain instead of potatoes makes the drink better.

Kina Lillet is no longer available, but can be approximated by using the sweeter Lillet Blanc along with a dash of Angostura Bitters. Another Kina apertif which has the bite and approximate flavour is Cocchi Americano. Russian and Polish vodkas were always preferred by Bond if they were in stock. Although there is a lot of discussion on the Vesper, it is only ordered once throughout Fleming's novels and by books Bond is ordering regular vodka martinis, though he drinks regular gin martinis. In total, Bond orders 19 vodka martinis and 16 gin martinis throughout Fleming's novels and short stories; the American Film Institute honoured Goldfinger and the phrase on 21 July 2005 by ranking it #90 on a list of best movie quotes in the past 100 years of film. The shaken Martini is mentioned twice in the first Bond film Dr. No; when Bond has ordered a drink from room service to his hotel room, it is mixed by a waiter, who says "one medium dry vodka martini mixed like you said, but not stirred." Dr. No presents Bond with a drink – "A medium dry martini, lemon peel.

Shaken, not stirred." Bond did not vocally order one himself until Goldfinger. In the 1967 film You Only Live Twice, Bond's contact Henderson prepares a martini for Bond and says, "That's, um, stirred not shaken; that was right, wasn't it?" To which Bond replies politely, "Perfect." In George Lazenby's only film as Bond, On Her Majesty's Secret Service, Bond never orders himself a drink, but when he meets Marc-Ange Draco for the first time, Draco tells his assistant, Olympe, to get a dry martini for Bond. Draco adds, "Shaken, not stirred." Roger Moore's Bond never ordered one himself, but has one ordered for him several times, nonetheless. In the 1977 film The Spy Who Loved Me. In Moonraker, his drink is prepared by Manuela. In Octopussy, the title character herself greets Bond by mixing his drink. Timothy Dalton's Bond ordered his trademark Martini in each of his films. In The Living Daylights he and Kara arrive in Austria where he orders a martini "Shaken, not stirred" shortly after entering their hotel.

For his second film, Licence to Kill he doesn't directly order it. Instead, he tells Pam Bouvier what drink he'd like as he plays Blackjack, only to end up disappearing shortly after, leaving Bouvier to down the entire martini in one long gulp. In GoldenEye, Bond orders the drink in a casino while talking with Xenia Onatopp, Zukovsky refers to Bond as a "charming, sophisticated secret agent. Shaken, but not stirred." In Tomorrow Never Dies, Paris Carver orders the drink for Bond after the two meet again after years apart. While Paris' choice of drink had changed, Bond's had not. In The World Is Not Enough, Bond orders the drink in Zukovsky's casino. In Die Another Day, Bond is coming back on a rather turbulent British Airways flight; the air hostess serves him his martini, to which Bond replies, "Luckily I asked for it shaken.". In the film, when Bond travels to Gustav Graves' ice palace in Iceland, he orders another martini, sarcastically telling the bartender "Plenty of ice, if you can spare it."

The Vesper was reused in the 2006 film version of Casino Royale, while Bond is playing poker to defeat Le Chiffre. Daniel Craig's Bond ordered the drink; the other poker players order the Vesper as well, with Felix Leiter telling t

23rd Brigade Royal Field Artillery

XXIII Brigade, Royal Field Artillery was a brigade of the Royal Field Artillery which served in the First World War. It was formed with 107th, 108th and 109th Batteries, attached to 3rd Division. In August 1914 it mobilised and was sent to the Continent with the British Expeditionary Force, where it saw service with 3rd Division until 1917. 109th Battery left the brigade in mid-1916 to join CCLXXXI Brigade in 56th Division. In 1917 it was withdrawn from 3rd Division, to operate under higher unit control, served out the rest of the war in this role. Maj A. F. Becke,History of the Great War: Order of Battle of Divisions, Part 1: The Regular British Divisions, London: HM Stationery Office, 1934/Uckfield: Naval & Military Press, 2007, ISBN 1-84734-738-X. Maj A. F. Becke,History of the Great War: Order of Battle of Divisions, Part 2a: The Territorial Force Mounted Divisions and the 1st-Line Territorial Force Divisions, London: HM Stationery Office, 1935/Uckfield: Naval & Military Press, 2007, ISBN 1-84734-739-8.

Royal Field Artillery Brigades 3rd Division Order of Battle