16th Lok Sabha

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Members of the 16th Lok Sabha were elected during the 2014 Indian general election. The elections were conducted in 9 phases from 7 April 2014 to 12 May 2014 by the Election Commission of India.[1] The results of the election were declared on 16 May 2014. The Bharatiya Janata Party (of the NDA) achieved an absolute majority with 282 seats out of 543, 166 more than previous 15th Lok Sabha. Its PM candidate Narendra Modi took office on 26 May 2014 as the 14th prime minister of independent India. The first session was scheduled to be convened from June 4 to June 11, 2014.[2] There is no leader of the opposition in the 16th Lok Sabha as the Indian Parliament rules state that a party in the Lok Sabha must have at least 10% of total seats (545) in order to be considered the opposition party. The Indian National Congress (of the UPA) could only manage 44 seats while the All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam party from Tamil Nadu came a close third with 37 seats. Mallikarjun Kharge has been declared the leader of the Indian National Congress in the Lok Sabha.[3] 5 sitting members from Rajya Sabha, the Upper House of Indian Parliament, were elected to 16th Lok Sabha after the Indian general elections, 2014.[4]


Seat distribution in the 16th Lok Sabha

Party-wise Distribution of Seats[edit]

Following 38 political parties are represented in 16th Lok Sabha[8]:

Party Abr. Seats Leader in Lok Sabha
Bharatiya Janata Party BJP 272 (271 + 1 Speaker) Narendra Modi
Indian National Congress INC 48[9] Mallikarjun Kharge[10]
All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam AIADMK 37 Ponnusamy Venugopal / M. Thambidurai[11]
All India Trinamool Congress AITC 34 Sudip Bandyopadhyay[12]
Biju Janata Dal BJD 19 Bhartruhari Mahtab
Shiv Sena SS 18 Anant Geete[13]
Telugu Desam Party TDP 16 Thota Narasimham[14]
Telangana Rashtra Samithi TRS 11 A. P. Jithender Reddy[15]
Communist Party of India (Marxist) CPI(M) 9 P. Karunakaran
Nationalist Congress Party NCP 7 Tariq Anwar
Samajwadi Party SP 7 Mulayam Singh Yadav
Lok Janshakti Party LJP 6 Ram Vilas Paswan[16]
Aam Aadmi Party AAP 4 Bhagwant Mann[17]
Shiromani Akali Dal SAD 4 Ranjit Singh Brahmpura
YSR Congress Party YSRCP 4 -
All India United Democratic Front AIUDF 3 Badruddin Ajmal
Independents IND 3 -
Rashtriya Janata Dal RJD 3 Jay Prakash Narayan Yadav
Rashtriya Lok Samta Party RLSP 3 Upendra Kushwaha
Apna Dal AD 2 Anupriya Patel
Indian National Lok Dal INLD 2 Charanjeet Singh Rori
Indian Union Muslim League IUML 2 E. T. Mohammed Basheer
Janata Dal (United) JD(U) 2 Kaushalendra Kumar
Jharkhand Mukti Morcha JMM 2 Shibu Soren
All India Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen AIMIM 1 Asaduddin Owaisi
All India N.R. Congress AINRC 1 R. Radhakrishnan
Communist Party of India CPI 1 C. N. Jayadevan
Jammu & Kashmir National Conference JKNC 1 Farooq Abdullah
Jammu and Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party JKPDP 1 Muzaffar Hussain Baig
Janata Dal (Secular) JD(S) 1 H. D. Deve Gowda
Nationalist Democratic Progressive Party NDPP 1 Tokheho Yepthomi
National Peoples Party NPP 1 Conrad Sangma
Pattali Makkal Katchi PMK 1 Anbumani Ramadoss
Rashtriya Lok Dal RLD 1 Begum Tabassum Hasan
Revolutionary Socialist Party RSP 1 N. K. Premachandran
Sikkim Democratic Front SDF 1 Prem Das Rai
Swabhimani Paksha SWP 1 Raju Shetti
Jan Adhikar Party (Loktantrik) JAP(L) 1 Pappu Yadav
Nominated Anglo-Indians (Bharatiya Janata Party) NOM 2 Richard Hay and George Baker
Vacant 11 [18] (Anantnag, Bellary, Shimoga, Mandya, Ongole, Kadapa, Nellore, Tirupati, Rajampet, Kottayam and Kendrapara constituencies)

Criminal background[edit]

Case-wise distribution of the 542 members of the 16th Lok Sabha.[19]

  With serious criminal cases (20.66%)
  With non-serious criminal cases (13.47%)
  Without any criminal cases (65.87%)

About one-third of all winners had at least one pending criminal case against them, with some having serious criminal cases.[20]

* Criteria for "serious" criminal cases:[19]

  1. Offence for which maximum punishment is of 5 years or more.
  2. If an offence is non-bailable.
  3. If it is an electoral offence (e.g. IPC 171E or bribery).
  4. Offence related to loss to exchequer.
  5. Offences that are assault, murder, kidnap, rape related.
  6. Offences that are mentioned in Representation of the People Act (Section 8).
  7. Offences under Prevention of Corruption Act.
  8. Crimes against women.

Compared to the 15th Lok Sabha, there is an increase of members with criminal cases. In 2009, 158 (30%) of the 521 members analysed had criminal cases, of which 77 (15%) had serious criminal cases.[19][21]

Financial background[edit]

Asset-wise distribution of the 542 members in the 16th Lok Sabha.[19]

  Assets > 10 crore (US$1.5 million) (24.35%)
  Assets between 5 crore (US$730,000) and 10 crore (US$1.5 million) (12.92%)
  Assets between 1 crore (US$150,000) and 5 crore (US$730,000) (44.46%)
  Assets < 1 crore (US$150,000) (18.27%)

Out of the 542 members analysed, 443 (82%) are having assets of 1 crore (US$150,000) or more. In the 15th Lok Sabha, out of 521 members analysed, 300 (58%) members had assets of 1 crore (US$150,000) or more.[19]

The average assets per member are 14.7 crore (US$2.1 million) (in 2009, this figure was 5.35 crore (US$780,000)).

Political party No. of members Average assets per member[19]
BJP 271 11.5 crore (US$1.7 million)
INC 48 13.2 crore (US$1.9 million)
AIADMK 37 6.4 crore (US$930,000)
AITC 34 2.5 crore (US$360,000)
Others 152 (11 Vacant) 25.0 crore (US$3.6 million)
Total 542 (Excluding Speaker) 14.7 crore (US$2.1 million)


Age-wise distribution of the 542 members in the 16th Lok Sabha as of 16 May 2018[22]

Age Group No. of members
Age> 80 8
Age between 71 and 80 53
Age between 61 and 70 161
Age between 51 and 60 164
Age between 41 and 50 103
Age <= 40 46


  1. ^ "General Elections – 2014 : Schedule of Elections" (PDF). 5 March 2014. Retrieved 5 March 2014. 
  2. ^ "First Session of 16th Lok Sabha scheduled from June 4 to 11". IANS. news.biharprabha.com. Retrieved 30 May 2014. 
  3. ^ Kharge to lead Congress in Lok Sabha|Business Line
  4. ^ "Bye - elections to the Council of State s from various States" (PDF). ECI, New Delhi. Retrieved 24 October 2017. 
  5. ^ "New responsibility a challenge: Mahajan". The Hindu. 6 June 2014. Retrieved 10 June 2014. 
  6. ^ "No Leader of the Opposition in the 16th Lok Sabha". NDTV. June 9, 2014. Retrieved June 9, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Congress wrests back Ratlam in Madhya Pradesh from BJP in by-election, its tally goes up to 45 in Lok Sabha". CNN-IBN. 24 November 2015. 
  8. ^
  9. ^ "Congress wrests back Ratlam in Madhya Pradesh from BJP in by-election, its tally goes up to 45 in Lok Sabha". CNN-IBN. 24 November 2015. 
  10. ^ Rahul ducks, Kharge to lead Congress in Lok Sabha - Hindustan Times
  11. ^ L. Renganathan (18 August 2014). "Venugopal to become AIADMK leader in LS". The Hindu. Retrieved 19 August 2014. 
  12. ^ "Sudip Bandopadhyay to be TMC party leader in Lok Sabha". Kolkata: Zee News. 18 May 2014. Retrieved 23 May 2014. 
  13. ^ "Sena MP's 'saffron flag atop Red Fort' remark invites Opposition ire". Indian Express. 11 June 2014. Retrieved 11 June 2014. 
  14. ^ "Satyanarayana Chowdary named TDP Parliamentary Party leader". The Economic Times. 4 June 2014. Retrieved 11 June 2014. 
  15. ^ "Jitender Reddy to lead TRS MPs in LS". Hyderabad: The Hindu. 3 June 2014. Retrieved 11 June 2014. 
  16. ^ "Ram Vilas Paswan elected LJSP parliamentary party leader". The Economic Times. 19 May 2014. Retrieved 17 June 2014. 
  17. ^ [1]
  18. ^
  19. ^ a b c d e f Association for Democratic Reforms
  20. ^ A third of MPs have criminal cases, Shiv Sena tops list: report | NDTV.com
  21. ^ Every third newly-elected MP has criminal background - The Times of India
  22. ^

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