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Tower International

Tower International is a manufacturer of automotive structural metal components and assemblies serving original equipment manufacturers. Tower International supply body-structure stampings and other chassis structures, complex welded assemblies for small and large cars, crossovers and sport utility vehicles. Headquartered in Livonia, the company generated revenues of $2.0 billion in 2017. Their products are manufactured at 23 facilities, located near customers in North America and Europe. Tower supports the manufacturing operations through six engineering and sales locations around the world. Tower International was formed in 1993, however many of the engineering and manufacturing operations date back further. A. O. Smith Automotive Products Company, acquired by Tower International in 1997, has roots dating back to the early days of the automotive industry; the 1903 Cadillac was produced on the first steel frame, invented by A. O. Smith. In the 1920s their first automatic frame line with adjustable riveting robots became known as a “Mechanical Marvel”.

On October 15, 2010, Tower International common stock began trading on the New York Stock Exchange following the initial public offering. Tower International provides stampings and assemblies. Integral components forming the upper-body structure of the vehicle. Large stampings which require flawless surface finishes. Products forming the basic lower-body structure of the vehicle. Complex assemblies representing major portions of a vehicle’s body structure. Manufacturing of metal structures for other industries. Tower is headquartered in Michigan; the 23 production facilities are supported by 6 engineering and sales locations

Temple Square station

Temple Square is a light rail station in Downtown Salt Lake City, Utah, in the United States, served by the Blue Line and Green Line of the Utah Transit Authority's TRAX system. The Blue Line has service from the Salt Lake Intermodal Hub in Downtown Salt Lake City to Draper; the Green Line provides service from the Salt Lake City International Airport to West Valley City. The station is located at 150 West South Temple, with the island platform in the median of the street, it is situated north of the Salt Palace Convention Center and Abravanel Hall, just southwest of Temple Square, just northwest of the new City Creek Center development. The station was opened on December 4, 1999, was part of the first operating segment of the TRAX system; the station was closed during the 2002 Winter Olympics. It is operated by the Utah Transit Authority; the station is included in the Free Fare Zone in Downtown Salt Lake City. Transportation patrons that both enter and exit bus or TRAX service within the Zone can ride at no charge.

Unlike many TRAX stations, Arena does not have a Ride lot. All of UTA's TRAX and FrontRunner trains and stations, as well as all fixed route buses, are compliant with Americans with Disabilities Act and are therefore accessible to those with disabilities. Signage at the stations, on the passenger platforms, on the trains indicate accessibility options. Ramps on the passenger platform and assistance from the train operator may be necessary for wheelchair boarding on Blue Line; these ramps are not used on the Green Line. In accordance with the Utah Clean Air Act and UTA ordinance, "smoking is prohibited on UTA vehicles as well as UTA bus stops, TRAX stations, FrontRunner stations". Train schedules are current as of Change Day, December 8, 2013. On weekdays the first northbound Blue Line train leaves the Temple Square Station at about 5:30 am and the first southbound train leaves at about 5:45 am; the last northbound train leaves at 11:16 pm and the last southbound train leaves at 11:35 pm. However, the last southbound train only goes as far south as the Fashion Place West Station.

On Saturdays the first northbound train leaves at about 6:30 am and the first southbound train leaves at about 7:00 am. The last northbound train leaves at 11:12 pm and the last northbound train leaves at 11:39 pm. However, the last southbound train only goes as far south as the Central Pointe Station. On Sundays the first northbound train leaves at about 9:45 am and the first southbound train leaves at about 10:15 am; the last northbound train leaves at 7:52 pm and the last southbound train leaves at 8:19 pm. However, the last southbound train only goes as far south as the Central Pointe Station. Blue Line trains every twenty minutes on weekends. On weekdays the first northbound Green Line train leaves the Temple Square Station at about 5:00 am and the first northbound train leaves at about 6:00 am; the last northbound train leaves at 10:56 pm and the last southbound train leaves at 11:45 pm. However, the last southbound train only goes as far south as the Central Pointe Station. On Saturdays the first northbound train leaves at about 6:00 am and the first southbound train leaves at about 7:00 am.

The last northbound train leaves at 10:47 pm and the last southbound train leaves at 11:34 pm. On Sundays the first northbound train leaves at about 9:00 am and the first southbound train leaves at about 10:00 am; the last northbound train leaves at 7:27 pm and the last southbound train leaves at 8:14 pm. Green Line trains run every fifteen minutes on weekdays and every twenty minutes on weekends. Bus routes are current as of Change Day, December 8, 2013. Temple Square is one of several TRAX stations. However, the following bus route has a stop in close proximity to the station. UTA Route 3 - 3rd Avenue Official UTA website Official TRAX website

Project Normandy

Project Normandy was a top secret Church of Scientology operation wherein the church planned to take over the city of Clearwater, Florida, by infiltrating government offices and media centers. Gabe Cazares, the mayor of Clearwater at the time, used the term “the occupation of Clearwater.” In the 1970s the Church of Scientology Corporation used a front group called the "United Churches of Florida" to purchase the Fort Harrison Hotel for $3 million. The church established their headquarters in the Fort Harrison Hotel and dubbed it their Flag Land Base. A 1977 FBI raid on Scientology headquarters uncovered internal Church of Scientology documents marked "Top Secret" that referred to their secret operation to take over Clearwater as "Project Normandy." The document itself states its purpose is "to obtain enough data on the Clearwater area to be able to determine what groups and individuals B1 will need to penetrate and handle in order to establish area control." The document says its "Major Target" is "To investigate the Clearwater city and county area so we can distinguish our friends from our enemies and handle as needed."On 3 November 1979, the Clearwater Sun ran an article with the headline "Scientologists plot city takeover" and stories claimed that the Scientologists had international plans to take over the world.

The St. Petersburg Times won a Pulitzer Prize for one of their stories that exposed some of the criminal wrongdoings of the Church of Scientology. Cazares noted that he found it odd that a religious group would resort to using code names for a project to take control of a town, called the project a "paramilitary operation by a terrorist group." Operation Freakout Operation Snow White

Boavita

Boavita is a town and municipality in the Colombian Department of Boyacá, part of the subregion of the Northern Boyacá Province. The urban centre of Boavita is situated in the Eastern Ranges of the Colombian Andes at an altitude of 2,114 metres and a distance of 184 kilometres from the department capital Tunja; the municipality borders Capitanejo and the Nevado River in the north, San Mateo and La Uvita in the east and Soatá in the west and Susacón in the south. The name of Boavita is derived from Chibcha and doesn't mean "good life", yet "Point on the hill worshipping the Sun" or "Gate of the Sun"; the area of modern Boavita in the times before the Spanish conquest of the Muisca was inhabited by a tribe called "Guavitas", pertaining to the Laches and Muisca. It was ruled by a cacique, loyal to the Tundama of Tundama. Modern Boavita was founded on February 9, 1613 by Sr. Hugarte. Main economical activities of Boavita are livestock farming and mining. Main agricultural products cultivated are dates, yuca, cotton, maize, chick peas, peas and arracacha.

The mining activities exist of carbon exploitation

Proof that e is irrational

The number e was introduced by Jacob Bernoulli in 1683. More than half a century Euler, a student of Jacob's younger brother Johann, proved that e is irrational. Euler wrote the first proof of the fact that e is irrational in 1737, he computed the representation of e as a simple continued fraction, e =. Since this continued fraction is infinite and every rational number has a terminating continued fraction, e is irrational. A short proof of the previous equality is known. Since the simple continued fraction of e is not periodic, this proves that e is not a root of second degree polynomial with rational coefficients; the most well-known proof is Joseph Fourier's proof by contradiction, based upon the equality e = ∑ n = 0 ∞ 1 n! ⋅ Initially e is assumed to be a rational number of the form a⁄b. Note that b could not be equal to 1 as e is not an integer, it can be shown using the above equality that e is between 2 and 3: 2 = 1 + 1 1! < e = 1 + 1 1! + 1 2! + 1 3! + ⋯ < 1 + = 3. We analyze a blown-up difference x of the series representing e and its smaller b th partial sum, which approximates the limiting value e.

By choosing the magnifying factor to be the factorial of b, the fraction a⁄b and the b th partial sum are turned into integers, hence x must be a positive integer. However, the fast convergence of the series representation implies that the magnified approximation error x is still smaller than 1. From this contradiction we deduce. Suppose that e is a rational number. There exist positive integers a and b such that e = a⁄b. Define the number x = b!. To see that if e is rational x is an integer, substitute e = a⁄b into this definition to obtain x = b! = a! − ∑ n = 0 b b! N!. The first term is an integer, every fraction in the sum is an integer because n ≤ b for each term. Therefore, x is an integer. We now prove that 0 < x < 1. First, to prove that x is positive, we insert the above series representation of e into the definition of x and obtain x = b! = ∑ n = b + 1 ∞ b! N! > 0, because all the terms are positive. We now prove that x < 1. For all terms with n ≥ b + 1 we have the upper estimate b! N! = 1 ⋯ ≤ 1 ( b +