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1788–89 United States presidential election

The 1788–89 United States presidential election was the first quadrennial presidential election. It was held, from Monday, December 15, 1788 to Saturday, January 10, 1789, under the new Constitution ratified in 1788. George Washington was unanimously elected for the first of his two terms as president, John Adams became the first vice president; this was the only U. S. presidential election that spanned two calendar years. Under the Articles of Confederation, ratified in 1781, the United States had no head of state. Separation of the executive function of government from the legislative was incomplete, as in countries that use a parliamentary system. Federal power limited, was reserved to the Congress of the Confederation, whose "President of the United States in Congress Assembled" was chair of the Committee of the States, which aimed to fulfill a function similar to that of the modern Cabinet; the Constitution created the offices of President and Vice President separating these offices from Congress.

The Constitution established an Electoral College, based on each state's Congressional representation, in which each elector would cast two votes for two different candidates, a procedure modified in 1804 by ratification of the Twelfth Amendment. Different states had varying methods for choosing presidential electors. In 5 states, the state legislature chose electors; the other 6 chose electors through some form involving a popular vote, though in only two states did the choice depend directly on a statewide vote in a way roughly resembling the modern method in all states. The enormously popular Washington was distinguished as the former Commander of the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War. After he agreed to come out of retirement, it was known. While no formal political parties existed, an informally organized consistent difference of opinion manifested between Federalists and Anti-Federalists. Thus, the contest for the Vice-Presidency was open. Thomas Jefferson predicted that a popular Northern leader such as Governor John Hancock of Massachusetts or John Adams, a former minister to Great Britain who had represented Massachusetts in Congress, would be elected vice president.

Anti-Federalist leaders such as Patrick Henry, who did not run, George Clinton, who had opposed ratification of the Constitution represented potential choices. All 69 electors cast one vote for Washington. Adams won the vice presidency; the remaining 35 electoral votes were split among 10 different candidates, including John Jay, who finished second with nine electoral votes. Washington was inaugurated in New York City on April 30, 1789, 57 days after the First Congress convened. Though no organized political parties yet existed, political opinion loosely divided between those who had more stridently and enthusiastically endorsed ratification of the Constitution, called Federalists or Cosmopolitans, Anti-Federalists or Localists who had only more reluctantly, skeptically, or conditionally supported, or who had outright opposed, ratification. Both factions supported Washington for President. Limited, primitive political campaigning occurred in states and localities where swaying public opinion might matter.

For example in Maryland, a state with a statewide popular vote, unofficial parties campaigned locally, advertising platforms in German to appeal and drive turnout by a German-speaking rural population. Organizers elsewhere lobbied through public forums and banquets. No nomination process existed; the framers of the Constitution presumed that Washington would be elected unopposed. For example, Alexander Hamilton spoke for national opinion when in a letter to Washington attempting to persuade him to leave retirement on his farm in Mount Vernon to serve as the first President, he wrote that "...the point of light in which you stand at home and abroad will make an infinite difference in the respectability in which the government will begin its operations in the alternative of your being or not being the head of state." Uncertain was the choice for the vice presidency, which contained no definite job description beyond being the President's designated successor while presiding over the Senate. The Constitution stipulated that the position would be awarded to the runner-up in the Presidential election.

Because Washington was from Virginia the largest state, many assumed that electors would choose a vice president from a northern state. However, the stipulation that the President and Vice-President must be from different states dates only to the Twelfth Amendment of 1804. In an August 1788 letter, U. S. Minister to France Thomas Jefferson wrote that he considered John Adams and John Hancock, both from Massachusetts, to be the top contenders. Jefferson suggested John Jay, John Rutledge, Virginian James Madison as other possible candidates. Adams received 34 electoral votes, one short of a majority - because the Constitution did not require an outright majority in the Electoral College prior to ratification of the Twelfth Amendment to elect a runner-up as Vice President, Adams was elected to that post. Voter turnout comprised a low single-digit percentage of the adult population. Though all states allowed some rudimentary form of popular vote, only 6 ratifying states allowed any form of popular vote for Presidential electors.

In most states only white men, in many only those who owned property, could vote. Free black men could vote in four Northern states, women could vote in New Jersey until 1807. In some states, there was a nominal religious test for voting. For example, in Massachusetts and Connecticut, the C

Samuel B. Moore

Samuel B. Moore was the sixth Governor of the U. S. state of Alabama from March 3 to November 26, 1831. He was president of the Alabama Senate when Governor Gabriel Moore was elected to the United States Senate, so became governor when Gabriel Moore resigned to take the seat. Samuel Moore was born in Franklin County, Tennessee, in 1789 but moved to Jackson County, Alabama when he was still young, his political career began in 1823 when he was elected to the Alabama House of Representatives and elected to the Alabama Senate in 1828. He served as president of the Senate in 1831. Like his predecessor, Samuel Moore continued to survey the Coosa River through The Board of Internal Improvement, build infrastructure, oppose nullification. Moore supported the Bank of the State of Alabama. In 1831, Moore was entrenched in a heated election battle against John Gayle, who defeated the incumbent. After his defeat, he served as the judge of the Pickens County Court from 1835 to 1841, he was re-elected to his State Senate post in 1834, again served as the Senate's president in 1835.

He returned home to Pickens County and served on its county court from 1835 until 1841. Moore is interred at the city cemetery in Carrollton in Pickens County. Samuel B. Moore at Find a Grave History of Alabama and Dictionary of Alabama Biography by Thomas M. Owen The Governors of Alabama by John Craig Stewart

Springville, California

Springville is a census-designated place in Tulare County, United States. The population was 934 at the 2010 census, down from 1,109 at the 2000 census. Springville is located at 36°7′42″N 118°49′8″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 4.2 square miles, of which, 4.2 square miles of it is land and 0.02 square miles of it is water. This region experiences warm and dry summers, during which the temperature can reach up to 100 F. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Springville has a warm-summer Mediterranean climate, abbreviated "Csb" on climate maps. Csb = Warm-summer Mediterranean climate. At least three times as much precipitation in the wettest month of winter as in the driest month of summer, driest month of summer receives less than 30 mm; the 2010 United States Census reported that Springville had a population of 934. The population density was 222.4 people per square mile. The racial makeup of Springville was 836 White, 5 African American, 20 Native American, 7 Asian, 0 Pacific Islander, 25 from other races, 41 from two or more races.

Hispanic or Latino of any race were 109 persons. The Census reported that 934 people lived in households, 0 lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, 0 were institutionalized. There were 427 households, out of which 96 had children under the age of 18 living in them, 181 were opposite-sex married couples living together, 39 had a female householder with no husband present, 21 had a male householder with no wife present. There were 17 unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, 4 same-sex married couples or partnerships. 156 households were made up of individuals and 53 had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.19. There were 241 families; the population was spread out with 173 people under the age of 18, 62 people aged 18 to 24, 161 people aged 25 to 44, 343 people aged 45 to 64, 195 people who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 50.3 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.4 males.

There were 516 housing units at an average density of 122.9 per square mile, of which 264 were owner-occupied, 163 were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 3.3%. 581 people lived in owner-occupied housing units and 353 people lived in rental housing units. As of the census of 2000, there were 1,109 people, 544 households, 283 families residing in the CDP; the population density was 265.8 people per square mile. There were 613 housing units at an average density of 146.9 per square mile. The racial makeup of the CDP was 94.14% White, 0.09% African American, 0.54% Native American, 0.27% Asian, 1.80% from other races, 3.16% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.59% of the population. There were 544 households out of which 22.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 38.6% were married couples living together, 10.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 47.8% were non-families. 41.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 22.2% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.

The average household size was 2.04 and the average family size was 2.80. In the CDP, the population was spread out with 21.6% under the age of 18, 3.6% from 18 to 24, 22.8% from 25 to 44, 28.6% from 45 to 64, 23.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 46 years. For every 100 females, there were 90.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.3 males. The median income for a household in the CDP was $24,271, the median income for a family was $35,000. Males had a median income of $34,375 versus $31,406 for females; the per capita income for the CDP was $19,695. About 21.6% of families and 25.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 42.5% of those under age 18 and 10.7% of those age 65 or over. In the state legislature Springville is located in the 16th Senate District, represented by Republican Shannon Grove, in the 26th Assembly District, represented by Republican Devon Mathis. In the United States House of Representatives, Springville is in California's 23rd congressional district, represented by Republican Kevin McCarthy The rare wildflower Clarkia springvillensis was discovered near and named after Springville in 1964.

In the science fiction novel Lucifer's Hammer, written by Larry Niven and Jerry Pournelle, fragments of a comet strike the Earth, causing massive tidal waves to destroy most of the planet's coastal cities. Los Angeles is destroyed, the collapse of dams throughout California causes the San Joaquin Valley to become an inland sea; the second half of this novel focuses on an enclave of civilization in the fictional "Silver Valley", located east or northeast of Springville, just north of the Middle Fork of the Tule River. Several key scenes in Alfred Hitchcock's Saboteur take place at a ranch in Springville. Pier Fire Springville Chamber of Commerce

Crimson Satan

Crimson Satan was an American Thoroughbred Champion racehorse. Crimson Satan was a chestnut horse bred and raced by Peter W. Salmen Sr.'s Crimson King Farm at Lexington, Kentucky. His dam was Salmen's Argentine-bred mare Papila, his sire was Charles Fisher's good runner Spy Song. Trained in his two-year-old season by Gordon Potter, Crimson Satan earned 1961 American Champion Two-Year-Old Colt honors. At age three, Crimson Satan competed in each of the U. S. Triple Crown races, he finished sixth in the Kentucky Derby, seventh in the Preakness Stakes, a close third in the Belmont Stakes. In an overall difficult year, the colt won the 1962 Clark Handicap but was disqualified from his win in the Jersey Derby and set back to third, he won the June 23 Leonard Richards Stakes at Delaware Park Racetrack, but the win was negated following a positive drug test. As a result, trainer Potter was suspended for the remainder of 1962, Charles Kerr took over as the trainer of Crimson Satan in September 1962. Racing at age four in 1963, Crimson Satan earned five wins and five seconds in major stakes races at tracks across the United States.

While racing in California, where he won the San Fernando Stakes and Charles H. Strub Stakes, he was handled by Kerr's assistant, J. W. King, he had wins in Chicago's Washington Park Handicap and Boston's Massachusetts Handicap and set a new track record of 1:40 3/5 on dirt in winning the Michigan Mile and One Sixteenth Handicap at Detroit. In October 1963, Martin Fallon took over as trainer but after disappointing results, Crimson Satan was retired in early 1964. Crimson Satan stood at stud at his birthplace in Kentucky. Although a successful sire of numerous stakes winners such as Brilliant Sandy and Krislin, he is best remembered as the damsire of the 1990 Breeders' Cup Mile winner Royal Academy as well as multiple Graded stakes winners Terlingua and Mt. Livermore. Bred to Nijinsky, Crimson Satan's daughter Crimson Saint produced Laa Etaab, who sold at the 1985 Keeneland yearling sale for $7,000,000. Crimson Satan is buried at Crimson King Farm in Lexington, Kentucky. Crimson Satan's pedigree and partial racing stats

Palletoori Bava

Palletoori Bava is a 1973 Telugu drama film, produced by A. V. Subba Rao under the Prasad Art Productions banner and directed by K. Pratyagatma, it stars Akkineni Nageshwara Lakshmi with music composed by T. Chalapathi Rao; the film is a remake of the Tamil film Pattikada Pattanama. The film was remade in Kannada in Hindi as Banarasi Babu; the film begins on, Eedukondalu, a young & energetic guy and Zamindar of a village, Seetapuram who holds high esteem by the villagers. Lalitha foreign-returned English rose. Once Bheema Rao visits Seetapuram along with his family where Lalitha is fascinated by Eedukondalu's prowess. Knowing it, Deepa Lakshmi a shrew & arrogant wife of Bheema Rao forcibly try to couple up Lalitha with her nephew Madhu debauchery person. So, Bheema Rao seeks Eedukondalu's help when he gamely elopes Lalitha from the venue and they are espoused. Soon after the marriage, small disputes & differences arise between the couple as Lalitha unable to tune for the village atmosphere. Here Eedukondalu tries to alter his beloves behavior with the goodness.

Meanwhile, on the occasion of Lalitha's birthday, she throws carousing to her Hippie friends when one of the men tries to molest Eedukondalu's niece Rangi. Spotting it, furious Eedukondalu smacks everyone including Lalitha. Thereafter, egoistic Lalitha leaves to her mother. Now he succeeds in making her pregnant. After conceiving, Deepa Lakshmi discards the child in an orphanage and Lalitha gets shocked by her mother's deed. By the time she goes to recovery, Eedukondalu walks away with the child. At present, Eedukondalu threatens Lalitha by announcing. During the time of the wedding, Lalitha pleads pardon and wants her husband & child back. At last, Eedukondalu avows; the movie ends on a happy note on the reunion of Eedukondalu & Lalitha. Akkineni Nageshwara Rao as Eedukondalu Lakshmi as Lalitha Chandra Mohan as Madhu Nagabhushanam as Bheema Rao Relangi as Lawyer Bhajagovindam Ramana Reddy as Kotaiah Raja Babu as Minor Babu Gokina Rama Rao as Edukondalu's uncle Mada as butler Chitti Babu as rickshaw puller Sarathi as Dosakaya Rama Prabha as Chittamma Shubha as Rangamma Sukumari as Deepalakshmi Nirmalamma as Edukondalu's grandmother Art: G. V. Subba Rao Choreography: Sundaram, Pasumarthi, Saleem Dialogues: Bhamidipaati Radha Krishna Lyrics: Acharya Aatreya, C.

Narayana Reddy, Aarudhra Playback: Ghantasala, P. Susheela, S. P. Balasubrahmanyam, V. Ramakrishna, Sharavathi Music: T. Chalapathi Rao Story: Balamurugan Editing:J. Krshna Swamy, Balu Cinematography:P. S. Selvaraj Producer: A. V. Subba Rao Screenplay - Director: K. Pratyagatma Banner: Prasad Art Productions Release Date: 11 June 1973 Music composed by Chakravarthy. Lyrics were written by Veturi Sundararama Murthy. Music released on Audio Company

Ton van Loon

Ton van Loon is a commander from the Netherlands. He is a Lieutenant General employed by NATO who took control of the International Security Assistance Force, Regional Command South on November 1, 2006 until May 1, 2007. From April 13, 2010 until September 25, 2013, he commanded I. German/Dutch Corps, he has two children. Van Loon was born on Weert into a military family, he is the son of a sergeant major in the infantry. Van Loon enrolled in the Koninklijke Militaire Academie in Breda in 1977. Graduating from the academy in 1981 he was assigned to the 41st Artillery Battalion stationed in Seedorf, he held several different positions with the 41st before returning to The Netherlands to continue his military education. Starting in 1990, Van Loon attended the Royal Netherlands Army Staff College at The Hague, following staff officer training courses; this led to a staff officer position with the 13th Mechanized Brigade in Oirschot starting in 1992. In this position he was able to leverage and solidify his earlier experiences in international military cooperation by organizing the first rotations of the Royal Netherlands Army at the Combat Manoeuvre and Training Centre in Hohenfels.

He gained experience with modern training methods when he played a leading role in the introduction of instrumented training in the Army. In 1995 he attended the British Army Command and Staff College, after which he returned to international military cooperation with a staff position at the I. German/Dutch Corps in Münster; as staff officer in charge of training he organized several large training exercises and worked on further command integration until March 1998 when he was assigned command of the 11th Artillery Battalion. As Battalion Commander he was deployed to Kosovo in 1999 as part of the KFOR1 Multinational Brigade South, he received a knighthood for his leadership efforts in this mission, Knight of the Order of Orange-Nassau. From June 2000 to January 2004 Van Loon served on the Staff of the Royal Netherlands Army in The Hague. In this period he was held the Chief of Operations position. Again he focused on military cooperation with the German Armed Forces, becoming part of the cooperative triangle.

On January 8, 2004 he was assigned command of the 43rd Mechanized Brigade in Havelte. Under his command this brigade developed into the nucleus of the Land Component Multinational Brigade of NATO Response Force 4. NATO awarded him the NATO Meritorious Service Medal for this command. Per October 13, 2006 Van Loon was promoted to the rank of major general, ahead of his deployment to Afghanistan. Starting November 1 he was stationed in Kandahar. During this posting he conducted several operations and continued NATO efforts to implement the 3D program, his involvement with ISAF continued after his return to The Netherlands, where he served as senior mentor in a number of pre-deployment exercises and as subject lecturer. Returning to Dutch-German cooperation efforts, Van Loon reported to Heidelberg in August 2007. There he served at the Allied Land Component Command Headquarters until April 2010 as Chief of Staff, in a period that the Headquarters were transformed into a force command providing deployable teams at the operational level.

Early in 2010 one of these teams was deployed to the ISAF Headquarters. At that occasion Van Loon was presented with the Ehrenkreuz der Bundeswehr in Gold for "his career-long efforts to improve Dutch-German cooperation". On April 1, 2010 he was promoted to Lieutenant General ahead of his April 13 assignment to the I. German/Dutch Corps as Corps Commander. On September 25, 2013, he handed his command over the I. German/Dutch Corps over to the German Lt Gen Volker Halbauer. Upon his retiremend he was awarded by Germany with the Grand Merit Cross with Star Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany and he was promoted to Officer in the Order of Orange-Nassau with swords. Http://webarchive.bac-lac.gc.ca:8080/wayback/20061216060030/http://www.army.forces.gc.ca/lf/english/6_1_1.asp?id=1409 CURRICULUM VITAE Lieutenant General Ton van Loon