1833 in literature
This article presents lists of the literary events and publications in 1833.
- January – The Knickerbocker is established by Charles Fenno Hoffman as The Knickerbacker: or, New-York monthly magazine.
- c. January – Richard Bentley (publisher) issues the first collected edition of Jane Austen's novels.
- February 16 – Victor Hugo and Juliette Drouet begin a fifty-year affair.
- March 16 – Parley's Magazine, an American periodical for young readers, publishes its first issue in Boston.
- March 25 – Edmund Kean, playing Othello to the Iago of his son, Charles Kean, collapses on the stage of the Theatre Royal, Covent Garden, London, dying two months later.
- June 10 – Dramatic Authors Act passed in the United Kingdom granting playwrights copyright in their work.
- Summer – George Sand and Alfred de Musset begin a two-year affair.
- September 15 – English poet Arthur Henry Hallam, a friend of Tennyson (and fiancé of his sister Emily), dies suddenly of a brain haemorrhage in Vienna aged 22. This year in his memory Tennyson writes "Ulysses" (completed October 20; published in Poems of 1842), "Tithon" (an early version of "Tithonus") and "The Two Voices" (originally entitled "Thoughts of a Suicide") and begins "Morte d'Arthur" (published 1842) and "Tiresias" (published 1885). In 1850 he will publish In Memoriam A.H.H.
- October 3 – Anglo-Irish actress Harriet Smithson marries French composer Hector Berlioz in a civil ceremony at the British Embassy in Paris.
- December 1 – Charles Dickens's first published work of fiction, "A Dinner at Poplar Walk", first of what will become Sketches by Boz, appears unsigned in the Monthly Magazine (London).
- Alphonse de Lamartine is elected a député of France.
- Publication of The Penny Cyclopædia of the Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge, edited by George Long, begins in England.
- First of the Bridgewater Treatises, examining science in relation to God, is published in England.
- Publication of the first complete German translation of Shakespeare's plays, Shakespeares Dramatische Werke, by Karl Wilhelm Friedrich Schlegel, Ludwig Tieck and his daughter Dorothea, and Wolf Heinrich Graf von Baudissin.
- Publication of Mrs Favell Lee Mortimer's instructional text The Peep of Day, or, A series of the earliest religious instruction the infant mind is capable of receiving in England; this sells a million copies in 38 languages.
- The first printing press in Jerusalem is set up in the Armenian Quarter.
- Honoré de Balzac
- Edward Bulwer – Godolphin
- Thomas Carlyle – Sartor Resartus (first book publication)
- Massimo D'Azeglio – Ettore Fieramosca
- Benjamin Disraeli – Alroy
- Henry Wadsworth Longfellow – Outre-Mer
- Alfred de Musset (attributed) – Gamiani, ou deux nuits d'excès (Gamiani, or Two Nights of Excess)
- Aleksandr Pushkin – Eugene Onegin («Евге́ний Оне́гин», verse novel, first complete book publication)
- George Sand
- Kouroglou / Épopée Persane
- Leone Leoni
- Michael Scott – Tom Cringle's Log
Children and young people
- Agnes Strickland – Historical Tales of Illustrious British Children
- Joseph Freiherr von Eichendorff – The Wooers
- Aleksander Fredro – Maidens' Vows, or the Magnetism of the Heart (Śluby panieńskie, czyli magnetyzm serca)
- Aleksander Griboyedov – Woe from Wit («Горе от ума», published posthumously with cuts)
- Victor Hugo
- Johann Nestroy – Lumpaziva gabundus
- Eugène Scribe – Bertrand et Raton, ou l'art de conspirer
- Robert Browning – Pauline
- Hartley Coleridge – Poems, songs and sonnets 
- Wilhelm Hey (anonymously) – Fünfzig Fabeln für Kinder (Fifty Fables for Children)
- Alfred Tennyson – Poems (including "The Lady of Shalott", 1st version)
- See also 1833 in poetry
- Franz Bopp – Vergleichende Grammatik des Sanskrit, Zend, Griechischen, Lateinischen, Litthauischen, Altslawischen, Gotischen und Deutschen (Comparative Grammar of Sanskrit, Zend (Avestan), Greek, Latin, Lithuanian, Old Slavonic, Gothic and German, first part)
- Godfrey Higgins – Anacalypsis
- Charles Lamb – Last Essays of Elia
- Webster's Revision of the Bible
- January 23 – Lewis Morris, Anglo-Welsh poet (died 1907)
- July 9 – Florence Marryat, English novelist and entertainer (died 1899)
- August 9 – Emily Pepys, English child diarist (died 1877)
- August 20 – Vasile Pogor, Romanian poet, scholar and politician (died 1906)
- October 19 – Adam Lindsay Gordon, Australian poet, jockey and politician (died 1870)
- October 8 – Edmund Clarence Stedman, American poet and critic (died 1908)
- October 21 – Alfred Nobel, Swedish inventor and entrepreneur, creator of the Nobel Prize (died 1896)
- November 2 – Horace Howard Furness, American Shakespearean scholar (died 1912)
- November 6 – Jonas Lie, Norwegian writer (died 1908)
- November 9 – Émile Gaboriau, French writer (died 1873)
- December 27 – Larin Paraske, Izhorian oral poet (died 1904)
- January 14 – Gottlob Ernst Schulze, German philosopher (born 1761)
- February 3 – Nikolay Gnedich, Russian poet and translator (born 1784)
- February 4 – John O'Keeffe, Irish dramatist (born 1747)
- March 7 – Rahel Varnhagen, German literary hostess (born 1771)
- March 11 – Franz Passow, German classicist and lexicographer (born 1786)
- April 13 – Elisa von der Recke, German poet (born 1754)
- May 10 – François Andrieux, French man of letters and dramatist (born 1759)
- May 15 – Edmund Kean, English Shakespearean actor (born 1787)
- August 25 – Jean-Louis Laya, French dramatist (born 1761)
- September 7 – Hannah More, English religious writer and philanthropist (born 1745)
- September 15 – Arthur Hallam, English poet (born 1811)
- October 4 – Maria Jane Jewsbury (Fletcher), English writer, poet and reviewer, dies in India (born 1800)
- Recorded in his novel Les Misérables (1862) as the date of Marius and Cosette’s wedding night (Part V, Book 6, Chapter 1).
- Recorded in their respective novels Elle et lui (1859) and La Confession d'un Enfant du Siècle (1836).
- Robson, John (1990). "The Fiat and Finger of God: The Bridgewater Treatises". In Lightman, Bernard; Frank Turner. Victorian Faith in Crisis: Essays on Continuity and Change in Nineteenth-Century Religious Belief.
- Pruzan, Todd (2005-06-10). "The Clumsiest People in Europe". Retrieved 2013-09-27.
- Prior, Michael P.; Taylor, William, eds. (1994). Christians in the Holy Land. World of Islam Festival Trust. p. 120. ISBN 9780905035321.
- "Selected Poetry of Hartley Coleridge (1796-1849)". Representative Poetry Online.