1841 in literature
This article presents lists of the literary events and publications in 1841.
- January – Poet Elizabeth Barrett Browning is given her golden cocker spaniel "Flush" by writer Mary Russell Mitford.
- March 4 – Dion Boucicault's first London première, the comedy London Assurance (originally entitled Out of Town), opens at the Theatre Royal, Covent Garden, presented by the company run by the husband-and-wife partnership of Charles Matthews and Elizabeth Vestris.
- April 10 – Horace Greeley begins publication of the New-York Tribune.
- April 20 – Edgar Allan Poe's short story "The Murders in the Rue Morgue" is published in Graham's Magazine (Philadelphia) (of which he became editor in February). The story will be recognized as the first significant work of detective fiction.
- July 17 – Punch magazine is founded in London by Henry Mayhew and engraver Ebenezer Landells, edited by Mayhew and Mark Lemon.
- July 28 – Mary Rogers, the "Beautiful Cigar Girl", is found murdered in New York City; this will inspire Edgar Allan Poe's story "The Mystery of Marie Rogêt" written the following year as a sequel to "The Murders in the Rue Morgue".
- London publisher Edward Moxon is convicted of blasphemous libel for issuing an edition of Shelley's poem Queen Mab (1813) with its atheistic passages restored.
- Anthony Panizzi and his staff at the British Museum Library in London devise the "Ninety-One Cataloguing Rules".
- London Library founded in Pall Mall, London on the initiative of Thomas Carlyle.
- Tauchnitz publishers of Leipzig begin their Collection of British and American Authors, an authorized series of cheap paperback reprints which will become popular with anglophone travellers in continental Europe, with Dickens' The Pickwick Papers and Bulwer-Lytton's Pelham.
- Khachatur Abovian (posthumous) – Wounds of Armenia (Armenian: Վերք Հայաստանի Verk Hayastani; first Armenian novel)
- W. Harrison Ainsworth – Old St. Paul's (serialized)
- Gertrudis Gomez de Avellaneda – Sab
- Honoré de Balzac – Le Curé de village
- Edward Bulwer – Night and Morning
- James Fenimore Cooper – The Deerslayer
- Catherine Crowe – The Adventures of Susan Hopley
- Charles Dickens
- Catherine Gore
- Greville, or a Season in Paris
- Cecil, or Adventures of a Coxcomb
- Cecil, A Peer
- Jeremias Gotthelf – Uli der Knecht (Uli the Farmhand)
- Theodor Mundt – Thomas Münzer
- Edgar Allan Poe – "The Murders in the Rue Morgue"
- Eugène Sue – Mathilde
- A. K. Tolstoy – The Vampire
- Charlotte Elizabeth Tonna
- Falsehood and Truth
- Helen Fleetwood: Tales of the Factories
- Samuel Warren – Ten Thousand a Year
- Frederick Marryat
- Joseph Rushbrook, or The Poacher
- Masterman Ready, or the Wreck of the Pacific
- Agnes Strickland – Alda, the British Captive
- Dion Boucicault – London Assurance
- Robert Browning – Pippa Passes
- Mary Russell Mitford – Inez de Castro
- George Dibdin Pitt (adapted from Catherine Crowe) – Susan Hopley; or, The Vicissitudes of a Servant Girl
- Jules-Édouard Alboize de Pujol – Le Tribut des cent vierges
- Juliusz Słowacki – Fantazy (published posthumously in 1866)
- Mikhail Lermontov – The Demon: An Eastern Tale
- Henry Wadsworth Longfellow – Excelsior
- James Russell Lowell – A Year's Life
- Alexander Pushkin – The Bronze Horseman
- George Borrow – The Zincali; or an Account of the Gypsies of Spain
- Thomas Carlyle – On Heroes, Hero-Worship, and The Heroic in History
- Ralph Waldo Emerson – Essays
- Ludwig Feuerbach – Das Wesen des Christentums (The Essence of Christianity)
- Washington Irving – Biography and Poetical Remains of the Late Margaret Miller Davidson
- Søren Kierkegaard – On the Concept of Irony with Continual Reference to Socrates
- Augustus Pugin – The True Principles of Pointed or Christian Architecture
- January 15 – Sarah Doudney, English novelist, hymnist and children's writer (died 1926)
- February 28 – Jean Mounet-Sully, French actor (died 1904)
- March 21 – Mathilde Blind, German-born English poet (died 1896)
- March 31 – Iosif Vulcan, Romanian poet, playwright and novelist (died 1907)
- April 6 – Ivan Surikov, Russian poet (died 1898)
- April 18 – Georges de Peyrebrune (Mathilde-Marie Georgina Élisabeth Johnston of Pierrebrune), French novelist (died 1917)
- May 22 – Catulle Mendès, French poet (died 1909)
- June 19 – Hermann Eduard von Holst, German historian (died 1904)
- August 3 – Juliana Horatia Ewing, English children's writer (died 1885)
- August 4 – William Henry Hudson, Argentinian-born English writer and naturalist (died 1922)
- August 18 – Robert Williams Buchanan, Scottish author (died 1901)
- September 20 – Walter Bradford Woodgate, English boating writer and oarsman (died 1920)
- October 6 – Clement Scott, English critic and travel writer (died 1916)
- November 8 – John Charles Dent, English-born Canadian journalist and historian (died 1888)
- November 13 – William Black, Scottish novelist (died 1898)
- Approximate date – Liu Qingyun, Chinese playwright and poet (died 1900 or later)
- January 12 – Märta Helena Reenstierna, Swedish diarist (born 1753)
- February 21 – Dorothea Tieck, German translator (born 1799)
- April 8 – James Browne, Scottish man of letters (born 1793)
- May 7 – Thomas Barnes, English editor of The Times (born 1785)
- May 20 – Joseph Blanco White, Spanish-born English poet and theologian (born 1775)
- July 27 – Mikhail Lermontov, Russian poet (duel, born 1814)
- August 11 – Johann Friedrich Herbart, German philosopher (born 1776)
- September 16 – Thomas John Dibdin, English playwright (born 1771)
- October 31 – Georg Anton Friedrich Ast, German philologist and philosopher (born 1778)
- December 12 – Denis-Luc Frayssinous, French theologian and bishop (born 1765)
- Sullivan, Mary Rose; Raymond, Meredith B., eds. (1983). The letters of Elizabeth Barrett Browning to Mary Russell Mitford, 1836–1854. Waco: Armstrong Browning Library of Baylor University. ISBN 978-0-911459-00-5. Retrieved 2011-10-22. Virginia Woolf later fictionalises the life of the dog, making him the protagonist of her 1933 novel Flush: A Biography.
- New-York Tribune and New York Daily Tribune, Library of Congress.
- Silverman, Kenneth (1991). Edgar A. Poe: Mournful and Never-Ending Remembrance (Paperback ed.). New York: Harper Perennial. p. 171. ISBN 978-0-06-092331-0.
- Meyers, Jeffrey (1992). Edgar Allan Poe: His Life and Legacy (Paperback ed.). New York: Cooper Square Press. p. 123. ISBN 978-0-8154-1038-6.
- Spielmann, Marion Harry (1895). The History of "Punch". p. 27.
- Palmer, Alan; Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 264–266. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2.
- Hacikyan, Agop Jack; Basmajian, Gabriel; Franchuk, Edward S. (2005). The Heritage of Armenian Literature: From The Eighteenth Century To Modern Times. Detroit: Wayne State University Press. p. 213. ISBN 9780814332214.
- Leavis, Q. D. (1965). Fiction and the Reading Public (2nd ed.). London: Chatto & Windus.