Charles H. Pond
Born in Milford, Connecticut on April 26,1781, Pond was the son of Captain and Martha Pond. Prepared by his pastor, he attended college beginning at age seventeen and he studied law with Hon. Roger Minot Sherman, of Fairfield, for two years and admitted to the bar in Fairfield County. Instead of beginning practice, he took a sea voyage for his health. The result was he followed the sea for years as an employee of his fathers shipping business, first as a supercargo. Regaining his former health he took up his residence on land again and he was married in 1809 to Catherine Dickinson and they had seven children. Pond served as a judge of New Haven County Court from 1818 to 1819, sheriff of New Haven from 1820 to 1834. Pond was elected Lieutenant Governor of Connecticut in 1850,1852, on October 13,1853, Governor Thomas H. Seymour resigned from office, and Pond, who was Lieutenant Governor at the time, assumed the duties of Governor. During his tenure, the U. S. Senate passed the Kansas-Nebraska Bill, Pond did not seek reelection and left office, retiring from public service.
The same month and year of the bombardment of Fort Sumter and he is interred at Milford Cemetery, Connecticut. He is memorialized on the Milford Founding Fathers Memorial in Milford, national Governors Association biography F. C. Norton, The Governors of Connecticut, Charles H. Pond entry Milford Founding Fathers Memorial familyhistory. us. org Connecticut State Library The Political Graveyard
Kentucky, officially the Commonwealth of Kentucky, is a state located in the east south-central region of the United States. Kentucky is one of four U. S. states constituted as a commonwealth, originally a part of Virginia, in 1792 Kentucky became the 15th state to join the Union. Kentucky is the 37th most extensive and the 26th most populous of the 50 United States, Kentucky is known as the Bluegrass State, a nickname based on the bluegrass found in many of its pastures due to the fertile soil. One of the regions in Kentucky is the Bluegrass Region in central Kentucky. In 1776, the counties of Virginia beyond the Appalachian Mountains became known as Kentucky County, the precise etymology of the name is uncertain, but likely based on an Iroquoian name meaning the meadow or the prairie. Kentucky is situated in the Upland South, a significant portion of eastern Kentucky is part of Appalachia. Kentucky borders seven states, from the Midwest and the Southeast, West Virginia lies to the east, Virginia to the southeast, Tennessee to the south, Missouri to the west and Indiana to the northwest, and Ohio to the north and northeast.
Only Missouri and Tennessee, both of which border eight states, touch more, Kentuckys northern border is formed by the Ohio River and its western border by the Mississippi River. The official state borders are based on the courses of the rivers as they existed when Kentucky became a state in 1792, for instance, northbound travelers on U. S.41 from Henderson, after crossing the Ohio River, will be in Kentucky for about two miles. Ellis Park, a racetrack, is located in this small piece of Kentucky. Waterworks Road is part of the land border between Indiana and Kentucky. Kentucky has a part known as Kentucky Bend, at the far west corner of the state. It exists as an exclave surrounded completely by Missouri and Tennessee, Road access to this small part of Kentucky on the Mississippi River requires a trip through Tennessee. The epicenter of the powerful 1811–12 New Madrid earthquakes was near this area, much of the outer Bluegrass is in the Eden Shale Hills area, made up of short and very narrow hills.
The Jackson Purchase and western Pennyrile are home to several bald cypress/tupelo swamps, located within the southeastern interior portion of North America, Kentucky has a climate that can best be described as a humid subtropical climate. Temperatures in Kentucky usually range from daytime summer highs of 87 °F to the low of 23 °F. The average precipitation is 46 inches a year, Kentucky experiences four distinct seasons, with substantial variations in the severity of summer and winter. The highest recorded temperature was 114 °F at Greensburg on July 28,1930 while the lowest recorded temperature was −37 °F at Shelbyville on January 19,1994, due to its location, Kentucky has a moderate humid subtropical climate, with abundant rainfall
Henry W. Collier
Henry Watkins Collier was the 14th Governor of the U. S. state of Alabama from 1849 to 1853. He was born in Lunenburg County, Collier arrived in Tuscaloosa, Alabama from South Carolina in 1823. He sat on the Alabama Supreme Court for 18 years, of which 12 were as Chief Justice, following his term as Governor he was offered a seat in the United States Senate but declined and retired. Collier-Overby House, Colliers residence in Tuscaloosa, on the National Register of Historic Places Alabama Department of Archives and History
33rd United States Congress
It met in Washington, D. C. from March 4,1853 to March 4,1855, during the first two years of the administration of U. S. President Franklin Pierce. During this session, the Kansas-Nebraska Act was passed, an act that led to the creation of the Republican Party. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Seventh Census of the United States in 1850, both chambers had a Democratic majority. March 4,1853, Franklin Pierce became President of the United States April 18,1853, Vice President William R. King died July 8,1853, Commodore Matthew C. 59,10 Stat.277 March 3,1855, The U. S. Congress appropriates $30,000 to create the U. S, may 30,1854 – Nebraska Territory was organized. For the beginning of this congress, the size of the House was increased from 233 seats to 234 seats, William R. King, until April 18,1853, vacant thereafter. President pro tempore, David R. Atchison, until December 4,1854 Lewis Cass, December 4,1854 Jesse D. Bright, from December 5,1854 Speaker, Linn Boyd Democratic Caucus Chairman, olds This list is arranged by chamber, by state.
Senators are listed in order of seniority, and Representatives are listed by district, senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, the United States consisted of 31 states during this Congress. Skip to House of Representatives, below The names of members of the House of Representatives are preceded by their district numbers, the count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress. The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress, the Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts
Chief Justice of the United States
The Chief Justice of the United States is the head of the United States federal court system and the chief judge of the Supreme Court of the United States. The Chief Justice is one of nine Supreme Court justices, the eight are the Associate Justices of the Supreme Court of the United States. From 1789 until 1866, the office was known as the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, the Chief Justice serves as a spokesperson for the judicial branch. The Chief Justice leads the business of the Supreme Court and presides over oral arguments, when the court renders an opinion, the Chief Justice—when in the majority—decides who writes the courts opinion. The Chief Justice has significant agenda-setting power over the courts meetings, in the case of an impeachment of a President of the United States, which has occurred twice, the Chief Justice presides over the trial in the Senate. In modern tradition, the Chief Justice has the duty of administering the oath of office of the President of the United States.
The first Chief Justice was John Jay, the 17th and current Chief Justice is John G. Roberts, Jr. The office was known as Chief Justice of the Supreme Court and is still informally referred to using that title. However,28 U. S. C. §1 specifies that the title is Chief Justice of the United States, the title was changed from Chief Justice of the Supreme Court by Congress in 1866 at the suggestion of the sixth Chief Justice, Salmon P. Chase. Chase wished to emphasize the Supreme Courts role as a branch of government. The first Chief Justice commissioned using the new title was Melville Fuller in 1888, use of the previous title when referring to Chief Justices John Jay through Roger B. Taney is technically correct, as that was the title during their time on the court. The other eight members of the court are officially Associate Justices of the Supreme Court of the United States, the Chief Justice is the only member of the court to whom the Constitution refers as a Justice, and only in Article I. Article III of the Constitution refers to all members of the Supreme Court simply as Judges, the Chief Justice is nominated by the President of the United States and confirmed to sit on the Court by the United States Senate.
The salary of the Chief Justice is set by Congress, the Constitution prohibits Congress from lowering the salary of any judge, including the Chief Justice, while that judge holds office. As of 2015, the salary is $258,100 per year, which is higher than that of the Associate Justices. Three serving Associate Justices have received promotions to Chief Justice, Edward Douglass White in 1910, Harlan Fiske Stone in 1941, Associate Justice Abe Fortas was nominated to the position of Chief Justice of the United States, but his nomination was filibustered by Senate Republicans in 1968. Despite the failed nomination, Fortas remained an Associate Justice until his resignation the following year, there have been 21 individuals nominated for Chief Justice, of whom 17 have been confirmed by the Senate, although a different 17 have served
Herschel Vespasian Johnson
Herschel Vespasian Johnson was an American politician. He was the 41st Governor of Georgia from 1853 to 1857, Johnson was born near Farmers Bridge in Burke County, Georgia. In 1834, he graduated from the University of Georgia and he studied at the private law school of Judge William T. Gould in Augusta and was admitted to the bar. He moved to Jefferson County in 1839 and began to practice law in Louisville, in 1844, he moved to the state capitol and continued to practice law. He unsuccessfully ran for Congress in 1843, in 1844 he was a presidential elector, and cast his ballot for James K. Polk and George M. Dallas. Johnson served from February 4,1848 to March 3,1849 and he returned to Georgia and served as a circuit court judge from 1849 to 1853. In 1853, he was elected Governor of Georgia, re-elected in 1855, after he finished his term as governor in 1857, Johnson County, Georgia was named in his honor. In 1860, when the Democratic Party refused to add the support of extending slavery to the territories to its platform.
To try to recapture some southern votes, Johnson was chosen as the northern Democrats nominee as the mate of presidential candidate Stephen A. Douglas. He was a slave owner, in 1840, he owned 34 slaves in Jefferson County, Georgia. In 1850, he owned 7 slaves in Milledgeville, Georgia and he owned 60 additional slaves in Jefferson County, Georgia. In 1860, he owned 115 slaves in Jefferson County, Georgia, in 1861 he served as a delegate to the state secession convention, and opposed secession from the Union. When it became clear that Georgia would secede, however, he acquiesced out of loyalty to his state, in the Confederate Senate, he opposed conscription and the suspension of habeas corpus. After the Civil War, Johnson was a leader in the Reconstruction and was named head of the Georgia constitutional convention. Upon Georgias readmission to the Union in 1866, he was chosen as a U. S. Senator and he again became a circuit court judge in 1873 and served until his death in 1880 in Louisville, Georgia.
List of signers of the Georgia Ordinance of Secession List of American Civil War generals United States Congress, biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved on 2009-04-24 Herschel Vespasian Johnson, biographical Sketch of Hon. Herschel V. Johnson Sunny South, June 26,1875
John A. Winston
John Anthony Winston was the 15th Governor of the U. S. state of Alabama from 1853 to 1857. He was born in 1812 in Madison County, Alabama Territory and he was a son of William Winston and Mary Cooper of Tuscumbia Alabama. William was a son of Anthony Winston and Keziah Jones former residents of Buckingham County Virginia, John Anthony Winston married his first cousin, Mary Agness Jones, on August 7,1832 in Madison County Alabama. He died December 21,1871 in Mobile, Alabama and is buried in the Winston Family Cemetery near Gainesville in Sumter County Alabama and he had only one child, a daughter, Mary Agnes Winston. In January 1867 he presented his credentials to the United States Senate as Senator-elect from Alabama for the term 1867–1873, John Jones Pettus wife was his first cousin Permelia Virginia Winston a sister of John Anthony Winston. Permelia Virginia Pettus is buried in the Winston Cemetery, Gainesville Sumter County Alabama, Alabama Department of Archives and History
President of the United States
The President of the United States is the head of state and head of government of the United States. The president directs the executive branch of the government and is the commander-in-chief of the United States Armed Forces. The president is considered to be one of the worlds most powerful political figures, the role includes being the commander-in-chief of the worlds most expensive military with the second largest nuclear arsenal and leading the nation with the largest economy by nominal GDP. The office of President holds significant hard and soft power both in the United States and abroad, Constitution vests the executive power of the United States in the president. The president is empowered to grant federal pardons and reprieves. The president is responsible for dictating the legislative agenda of the party to which the president is a member. The president directs the foreign and domestic policy of the United States, since the office of President was established in 1789, its power has grown substantially, as has the power of the federal government as a whole.
However, nine vice presidents have assumed the presidency without having elected to the office. The Twenty-second Amendment prohibits anyone from being elected president for a third term, in all,44 individuals have served 45 presidencies spanning 57 full four-year terms. On January 20,2017, Donald Trump was sworn in as the 45th, in 1776, the Thirteen Colonies, acting through the Second Continental Congress, declared political independence from Great Britain during the American Revolution. The new states, though independent of each other as nation states, desiring to avoid anything that remotely resembled a monarchy, Congress negotiated the Articles of Confederation to establish a weak alliance between the states. Out from under any monarchy, the states assigned some formerly royal prerogatives to Congress, only after all the states agreed to a resolution settling competing western land claims did the Articles take effect on March 1,1781, when Maryland became the final state to ratify them.
In 1783, the Treaty of Paris secured independence for each of the former colonies, with peace at hand, the states each turned toward their own internal affairs. Prospects for the convention appeared bleak until James Madison and Edmund Randolph succeeded in securing George Washingtons attendance to Philadelphia as a delegate for Virginia. It was through the negotiations at Philadelphia that the presidency framed in the U. S. The first power the Constitution confers upon the president is the veto, the Presentment Clause requires any bill passed by Congress to be presented to the president before it can become law. Once the legislation has been presented, the president has three options, Sign the legislation, the bill becomes law. Veto the legislation and return it to Congress, expressing any objections, in this instance, the president neither signs nor vetoes the legislation
Governor of Illinois
The Governor of Illinois is the chief executive of the State of Illinois and the various agencies and departments over which the officer has jurisdiction, as prescribed in the state constitution. It is an elected position, votes being cast by popular suffrage of residents of the state. The governor is responsible for enacting laws passed by the Illinois General Assembly, Illinois is one of 14 states with no gubernatorial term-limit. The current governor is Republican Bruce Rauner, who succeeded Pat Quinn in 2015, the term of office of Governor of Illinois is four years, and there is no limit on the number of terms a governor may serve. Inauguration takes place on the second Monday in January following a gubernatorial election, a single term ends four years later. Its first occupant was Governor Joel Aldrich Matteson, who took residence at the mansion in 1855 and it is one of three oldest governors residences in continuous use in the United States. The governor is given the use of an official residence on the state fair grounds.
Governors have traditionally used this part of the year. Six Illinois governors have been charged with crimes during or after their governorships, four were convicted, len Small, governor from 1921 to 1929, was indicted in office for corruption. He was acquitted, eight of the received state jobs. Among his defense lawyers was a governor, Joseph W. Fifer, who asserted in pre-trial hearings. William G. Stratton, governor from 1953 to 1961, was acquitted of tax evasion in 1965 and he was prosecuted by future Illinois governor Jim Thompson. He was sentenced to seven years in prison five years of probation following his release. Former governor Jim Thompson, whom Ryan had served under as Lieutenant Governor of Illinois in the 1980s, was manager of the law firm that defended Ryan. In August 2010, he was convicted of lying to the FBI in connection with the investigation, but the jury deadlocked on 23 other charges. Blagojevich was retried on 20 counts from his 2010 trial and on June 27,2011, Blagojevich was convicted on 17 counts of fraud, acquitted on one count, on December 7,2011, Blagojevich was sentenced to 14 years in prison.
List of Governors of Illinois 1. α Current governor of Illinois, in 2015, the Council of State Governments reported that Rauner had returned all but $1 of his salary to the State of Illinois. However, the pay rate for the title of Governor in Illinois remains at $177,412, Illinois Office of the Governor Illinois Executive Mansion Burial places of Illinois Governors Article V in the Illinois Constitution list of government help in Illinois
1855 in the United States
Events from the year 1855 in the United States. President, Franklin Pierce Vice President, vacant Chief Justice, Roger B, the California State Militia and U. S. Army intervene, ending the war in March. January 23 – The first bridge over the Mississippi River opens in what is now Minneapolis, january 26 – The Point No Point Treaty is signed in the Washington Territory. February 12 – Michigan State University is established, february 22 – Pennsylvania State University is founded as the Farmers High School of Pennsylvania. March 3 – The U. S. Congress appropriates $30,000 to create the U. S. Camel Corps, March 16 – Bates College is founded by abolitionists in Lewiston, Maine. March 30 – Elections are held for the first Kansas Territory legislature, missourians cross the border in large numbers to elect a pro-slavery body. April – Cincinnati riots of 1855, Tension between nativists and German-American immigrants in Cincinnati breaks out into territorial street fighting on election day, may 17 – The Mount Sinai Hospital is dedicated in New York City, it opens to patients on June 5.
June 6 – Portland Rum Riot, A crowd gathers at a storehouse believed to hold alcohol in Portland, the militia is called in and fires on the crowd to disperse the crowd, killing one person. June 28 – The Sigma Chi Fraternity is founded at Miami University in Oxford, july 1 – Quinault Treaty signed and Quileute cede their land to the United States. July 2 – The Kansas Territorial Legislature convenes in Pawnee and begins passing proslavery laws, july 4 – Walt Whitmans poetry collection Leaves of Grass is published in Brooklyn. July 6 – The Kansas Territorial Legislature meets for the last time in Pawnee, voting to relocate to Shawnee, july 16 – U. S. Indian commissioner Isaac Stevens signs the Hellgate treaty with Native Americans living in what is present-day western Montana. August 6 – Bloody Monday, Protestant mobs attack Irish Catholics on a day in Louisville, Kentucky. September 3 – First Sioux War – Battle of Ash Hollow, U. S. forces defeat a band of Brulé Lakota in present-day Garden County, Nebraska.
October 5 – Yakima War – Battle of Toppenish Creek, In the Yakima River Valley and it is the first battle of the Yakima War. October 28–31 – First Fiji Expedition, The U. S. Navy dispatches the USS John Adams to Viti Levu, one American sailor is killed and two Marines are wounded. November 1 –31 people are killed in the Gasconade Bridge train disaster in Missouri, november 9–10 – Yakima War – Battle of Union Gap, American soldiers attack a Yakama village, forcing the village to retreat. November 21 – Large-scale Bleeding Kansas violence begins with events leading to the Wakarusa War between antislavery and proslavery forces, july 29 – Bowman Brown Law, politician September 2 – M. Hoke Smith, United States Senator from Georgia from 1911 till 1920. October 24 – James S. Sherman, 27th Vice President of the United States from 1909 till 1912, november 5 – Eugene V. Debs, United States is born
Thomas Brown (Florida politician)
Thomas Brown was an American politician who served as Floridas second Governor from 1849 to 1853. He is buried at the Old City Cemetery in Tallahassee, thomas Brown was born in Westmoreland County, United States, home to George Washington, James Monroe, and others. Brown served in the War of 1812, and subsequently became chief clerk of the post office at Richmond, while in that position, he invented the post office letter box. In 1828, Brown moved with his family to the Florida Territory, as governor, Brown tried to improve Floridas transportation system. Also, he complained that Florida was making progress on education. On January 6,1853, he signed the bill that provided support to higher education. East Florida Seminary in Ocala was one of the first schools to utilize this funding, in 1866, EFS reopened in Gainesville, and the University of Florida traces its history to this institution. Brown was inspired by the discovery of the rich lands of the Lake Okeechobee area and encouraged cattlemen and farmers, protected by the Florida militia.
Brown made an effort to determine whether the Everglades should be drained, during this period, Fort Myers was developed into a full-sized village. In December 1855, Lt. George Hartsuff, on a survey of Seminole facilities, ran survey lines across Billy Bowlegs prize banana garden and the Seminole Indians returned to war. Brown was an active Mason for more than 60 years, serving a term as secretary in the Tallahassee lodge. Governor Brown died in Tallahassee on August 24,1867, in 1834, Brown built a hotel called Browns Inn in Tallahassee, located on the west side of Adams Street, between Pensacola and Lafayette streets. In 1839 it was known as the City Hotel, in 1840 as the Adelphi and it was destroyed by fire in 1886. Thomas Brown at Find a Grave