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1856 United States presidential election

The 1856 United States presidential election was the 18th quadrennial presidential election, held on Tuesday, November 4, 1856. In a three-way election, Democrat James Buchanan defeated Republican nominee John C. Frémont and American Party nominee Millard Fillmore; this was the only time in U. S. history in which a political party denied renomination to the incumbent President and won. Incumbent Democratic President Franklin Pierce was unpopular due to the ongoing civil war in Kansas Territory, Buchanan defeated Pierce at the 1856 Democratic National Convention. Buchanan, a former Secretary of State, had avoided the divisive debates over the Kansas–Nebraska Act by virtue of his service as the Ambassador to the United Kingdom. Slavery, though not its abolition, was the main issue; the nascent Republican party, opposed to the extension of slavery, the nativist Know Nothings competed to replace the moribund Whig Party as the primary opposition to the Democrats. The 1856 Republican National Convention nominated a ticket led by Frémont, an explorer and military officer who had served in the Mexican–American War.

The Know Nothings, who ignored slavery and instead emphasized anti-immigration and anti-Catholic policies, nominated a ticket led by former Whig President Millard Fillmore. Severe domestic political turmoil at the time of the election was represented by the nominations of Buchanan and Fillmore, who appealed in part because of their recent time abroad and the ability to avoid social issues; the Democrats endorsed popular sovereignty as the method to determine slavery's legality for newly admitted states. Frémont decried the expansion of slavery, while Buchanan warned that the Republicans were extremists whose victory would lead to civil war; the Know Nothings attempted to present themselves as the one party capable of bridging the sectional divides. All three major parties found support in the North, but the Republicans had no backing in the South. Buchanan won a plurality of the popular vote and a majority of the electoral vote, taking all but one slave state and five free states, his popular vote margin of 12.2% was the greatest margin between 1836 and 1904.

However, the election was far closer than it appeared: if Filmore had won any two of Kentucky and Louisiana and Frèmont had won Illinois - a total shift of less than 25,000 votes - a contingent election would have been required in the House of Representatives, controlled by a new coalition of inchoate parties united in opposing the Democrats. Frémont won a majority of electoral votes from free states and finished second in the nationwide popular vote, while Fillmore took 21.5% of the popular vote and carried Maryland. The Know Nothings soon collapsed as a national party, as most of its anti-slavery members joined the Republican Party after the 1857 Supreme Court ruling in Dred Scott v. Sandford. 1856 proved to be the last Democratic presidential victory until 1884, as Republicans emerged as the dominant party during and after the Civil War. The 1856 presidential election was waged among three political parties, though other parties had been active in the spring of the year; the conventions of these parties are considered below in order of the party's popular vote.

Democratic candidates: James Buchanan, Minister to Great Britain and former Secretary of State Franklin Pierce, President of the United States Stephen Douglas, U. S. Senator from Illinois Lewis Cass, Former U. S. Senator and 1848 presidential nominee from Michigan The Democratic Party was wounded from its devastating losses in the 1854–1855 midterm elections. U. S. Senator Stephen A. Douglas of Illinois, who had sponsored the Kansas-Nebraska Act, entered the race in opposition to President Franklin Pierce; the Pennsylvania delegation continued to sponsor James Buchanan. The Seventh Democratic National Convention was held in Smith and Nixon's Hall in Cincinnati, Ohio, on June 2 to 6, 1856; the delegates were divided over slavery. On the first ballot, Buchanan placed first with 135.5 votes to 122.5 for Pierce, 33 for Douglas, 5 for Senator Lewis Cass, the nominee in 1848. With each succeeding ballot, Douglas gained at Pierce's expense. On the 15th ballot, most of Pierce's delegates shifted to Douglas in an attempt to stop Buchanan, but Douglas withdrew when it became clear Buchanan had the support of the majority of those at the convention fearing that his continued participation might lead to divisions within the party that could endanger its chances in the general election.

For the first time in American history a man, elected president was denied re-nomination after seeking it. A host of candidates were nominated for the vice presidency, but a number of them attempted to withdraw themselves from consideration, among them the eventual nominee, John C. Breckinridge of Kentucky. Breckinridge, besides having been selected as an elector, was supporting former Speaker of the House Linn Boyd for the nomination. However, following a draft effort led by the delegation from Vermont, Breckinridge was nominated on the second ballot. Republican candidates: John C. Frémont, former U. S. senator from California John McLean, U. S. Supreme Court Associate Justice The Republican Party was formed in early 1854 to oppose the Kansas-Nebraska Act. During the midterm elections of 1854–1855, the Republican Party was one of the patchwork of anti-administration parties contesting the election, but they were able to win thirteen seats in the House of Representatives for the 34th Congress. However, the party collaborated with other disaffected groups and absorbed them.

In the elections of 1855, the Republican Party won three governorships. The first Republican National Convention was held in the Musical Fund Hall i

Aruba national under-20 football team

The Aruba National Football team (Dutch, "Arubaans voetbalelftal". During the 1st round of qualification they were placed in group 4 along with Grenada, Dominica. Aruba defeated. During the final round they were placed in group B along with Haiti, Dominican Republic and Saint Kitts and Nevis, they would beat the Dominican Republic and Saint Kitts and Nevis both with 2-1 win lose to Haiti with 2-1 defeat. They would get second in the group and face off against Cuba which they lost 2-1, their goalkeeper Jean Marc Antersijn, would win the Golden Glove, they would win the Fair Play Award. This would be their first time competing in the CONCACAF Championship, they were placed in group A along with host Jamaica and Tobago, United States, Guatemala. On Aruba debut in the 2015 CONCACAF U-20 Championship the team would find it difficult to win a single game in the tournament; the team would go on to lose 4 out of the 5 games, drawing with host Jamaica in a 0-0 scoreline in their final game. The following players were called up by manager Arent Bekhof to compete in the 2015 CONCACAF U-20 Championship in group A..

Axl Smith

Caro Axel "Axl" Smith is a Finnish former presenter and entertainer. He's been a host for MTV Nordic since 2004, a UNICEF Good Will Ambassador 2006–2016 and a recording artist since 2010, he has hosted So You Think You Can Dance Finland in 2010, The Voice of Finland 2011–2016 and The Voice Kids Finland 2012–2014. He was the Finnish voice of Kristoff in the animated film Frozen, his career as a presenter ended after it came public that he had been secretly filming his sexual partners and sharing the material in a WhatsApp group. Smith was born to a Finnish mother, his surname comes from his American stepfather. His maternal grandparents are Swedish. On 1 March 2016, Smith was taken by police for questioning regarding allegations on having an undeclared video surveillance system in his one bedroom apartment, it was revealed that the police are suspecting Smith of filming dozens of women without their consent during sexual intercourse. Due to the media attention, Smith resigned from The Voice of Finland and from his duties as a UNICEF Goodwill Ambassador.

On 2 February 2017 he received a suspended sentence of 1 year and 2 months and was ordered to pay 150,000 euros compensation to his victims. Smith had posted a picture and a video containing sexual material to a WhatsApp group called "Haippirinki". Other members in the group were Finnish singer Thomas Kirjonen aka Kasmir and producer Henri Salonen aka Hank Solo. Before the trial Smith had sent defiant messages to Kasmir stating that if the filming would go to the court "the trial would be made public" and "the bitches would have to come there too and all the material would be revealed". During the trial Smith was trying to defend himself by using a story about a friend called "Peter", framed for rape that destroyed his life. According to Smith this was the reason for his home video surveillance but it came clear during the trial that "Peter" was a fictitious character. People Come First 80's Babies "Get Louder"

Muriel (fishing trawler)

Muriel was a New Zealand fishing trawler, built in 1907 by Messrs Lane & Sons of Totara North. In 1937, Muriel stranded on Sumner Bar at Christchurch, New Zealand, was a total loss. Muriel, No. 121,590, was a wooden screw steamer of 59 tons gross and 22 tons net register. The trawler had a length of 64.7 feet, a beam of 16.2 feet, a depth of 8 feet. Muriel's engines were rated at 18 horsepower. Muriel was owned by P Feron & Sons and commanded by Captain William Stephen, master of the vessel since 1929; the below article was published in 1907 during the construction of Muriel: Mr. Dolbel, of Napier, owner of the trawler Result, is to take delivery of another trawler from Messrs Lane and of Whangaroa, at an early date; the new trawler, a wooden vessel, is to be named the Muriel. Her principal dimensions are: Length overall, 70 ft, her equipment will be a facs'milo type of the Noia Niven, with cold storage, the gear inseparable from a trawler. The vessel is fitted with two pole masts, has a small cabin aft."

*In the Evening Post, Wellington on 24 July 1911, page 2: A strong effort is being made to develop the trawling industry at Lyttelton. On Friday afternoon the steamer trawler Result arrived in the port, after a smart run of fifty-one hours from Napier, her arrival brings the number of vessels engaged in the trawling industry at Lyttelton up to five, the fleet now comprising the Muriel, Purau and Pilot. The fishing grounds are off Banks Peninsula, outside of a line drawn from Port Levy rocks to Long Look Out Point, to the northward of Lyttelton Heads. During the winter months fish are not plentiful, but some good hauls are made made at this part of the year. In the summer months the trawlers get some large hauls of flat fish; the financial results are not always as good as the demand for fish in Christchurch seems to warrant. The market fluctuates considerably, one best flat fish at times bring poor prices. Grey River Argus, 2 November 1910, Page 1: YOUNG MAN DROWNED. NAPIER, Oct- 31. John William Dephoff, a single man aged 31 years, employed on the trawler Muriel, fell overboard yesterday and was drowned.

The body was recovered later. At 7:20 p.m. on 7 October 1937, Muriel was returning from the Motunau fishing grounds. Two hours out from Lyttelton, on a smooth sea, Muriel ran into fog, she was moving inwards to pick up the Godley Head signal. She struck Sumner Bar, Christchurch. One of the rudder chains carried away and she was helpless. High tide aided the launch of the Sumner Lifeboat Institution's vessel Rescue 2; the crew were safely removed and she was abandoned until 7:00 a.m. the next morning. Muriel was dismantled after many failed salvage attempts. A court of inquiry found, they considered the master's positions and ordered him to pay 10 pounds 10 towards the cost of the inquiry. 5:00am- Muriel leaves for Motunau Fishing Grounds 6:00am- JOURNEY TO MOTUNAU 7:00am- JOURNEY TO MOTUNAU 8:00am- JOURNEY TO MOTUNAU 9:00am- Muriel arrives at Motunau and commences trawling 10:00am- MOTUNAU TRAWLING 11:00am- MOTUNAU TRAWLING 12:00pm- MOTUNAU TRAWLING 1:00pm- MOTUNAU TRAWLING 2:00pm- MOTUNAU TRAWLING 3:00pm- MOTUNAU TRAWLING 4:00pm- William Stephen decides to head back to port 4:45pm- Weather thickened and land could not be seen 5:00pm- VOYAGE TO HOME PORT CONTINUES 5:30pm- William checks course and is on course 6:00pm- Thick fog sets in.

Light southeast wind 6:30pm- Engines at full speed 6:30pm–7:00pm- Skipper expects to hear Godley Head′s fog signal. He doubts the vessel′s position and alters course. 7:00pm- Muriel running at half speed ca. 7:20pm- Muriel strikes Sumner Bar at 3 to 4 knots 8:00pm- RESCUE ATTEMPTS CONTINUE 9:00pm- Crew abandoned ship in a lifeboat http://paperspast.natlib.govt.nz/cgi-bin/paperspast?a=d&cl=search&d=GRA19101102.2.11&srpos=1&e=-------10--1----0trawler+muriel-all http://paperspast.natlib.govt.nz/cgi-bin/paperspast?a=d&cl=search&d=PBH19110314.2.81&srpos=4&e=-------10--1----0trawler+muriel-all http://paperspast.natlib.govt.nz/cgi-bin/paperspast?a=d&cl=search&d=HNS19101101.2.80&srpos=5&e=-------10--1----0trawler+muriel-all http://paperspast.natlib.govt.nz/cgi-bin/paperspast?a=d&cl=search&d=PBH19170511.2.51&srpos=7&e=-------10--1----0trawler+muriel-all www.nzmaritimeindex.org.nz/ixvesselsM.htm

Gérard Bessière

Gérard Bessière is a French diarist, priest of the Diocese of Cahors, former national chaplain for the teaching staff of university parish, former journalist of the weekly magazine La Vie, author of numerous books on spirituality. He is now retired to a village in Lot. Bessière was born in Lot, in south-western France, his studies took place at the seminaries in Cahors and the Institut Catholique de Paris. After studying theology, philosophy and Biblical languages, he obtained a Philosophy Degree at the Sorbonne University, was occupied for a long time with clergy training in the department of Lot, he has collaborated with the publishing house Éditions du Cerf, for which he created the collection Jésus depuis Jésus. Together with Hyacinthe Vulliez he founded the magazine Notre Histoire, he made headlines in 2009 by excommunicating the pope. Bessière is interested in research on Jesus, he has published several works at Éditions du Cerf, including Jésus est devant, Jésus insaisissable, Dieu est bien jeune, Le feu qui rafraîchit.

Where is the Pope?, 1974 Jesus Ahead and Oates, 1977 Alors Jésus s'assit et dit…, collection « Contes du Ciel et de la Terre ». Gallimard Jeunesse, 1993 Jesus Sat Down and Said…, Creative Education, 1997 Jésus: Le dieu inattendu, collection « Découvertes Gallimard », série Religions. Éditions Gallimard, 1993. With Francesco Chiovaro, Urbi et Orbi: Deux mille ans de papauté, collection « Découvertes Gallimard », série Religions. Éditions Gallimard, 1995. With Hyacinthe Vulliez, Frère François: Le saint d'Assise, collection « Découvertes Gallimard », série Religions. Éditions Gallimard, 1998

Rugby union in Martinique

Rugby union in Martinique is a minor, but growing sport. The Comité Territorial de Rugby de la Martinique is a committee under the umbrella of the French Rugby Federation, the governing body for rugby union within French Guiana; the committee is not affiliated to the IRB in its own right, but it is affiliated to NACRA, the regional governing body for North America and the Caribbean. Rugby was introduced to Martinique by the French. More talented players tend to leave for Metropolitan France. There have been occasional games against sides from the other Caribbean islands. Most of its rugby contacts are either with France itself. Martinique competes in the NACRA Caribbean Championship, a tournament which includes Trinidad and Tobago, the Cayman Islands, the Bahamas, British Virgin Islands and Guyana. Martinique national rugby union team Rugby union in France NAWIRA Martinique page Martinique on rugbydata.com T&T vs Martinique rugby Saturday Rugby Club du Diamant MARTINIQUE http://ecolederugbydiam.canalblog.com/ NAWIRA Sevens results