1859 in science

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List of years in science (table)

The year 1859 in science and technology involved some significant events, listed below.

Archaeology[edit]

Astronomy[edit]

Origin of Species title page.jpg

Biology[edit]

Chemistry[edit]

Climatology[edit]

Geography[edit]

Mathematics[edit]

Medicine[edit]

Technology[edit]

Physics[edit]

Awards[edit]

Births[edit]

Deaths[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Prestwich, Joseph (January 1860). "On the Occurrence of Flint-implements, associated with the Remains of Animals of Extinct Species in Beds of a late Geological Period, in France at Amiens and Abbeville, and in England at Hoxne". Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society. London. 150: 277–317. doi:10.1098/rstl.1860.0018. Archived from the original on 2012-02-26. Retrieved 2012-02-24. 
  2. ^ Evans, John (January 1860). "On the Occurrence of Flint Implements in undisturbed Beds of Gravel, Sand, and Clay". Archaeologia. London. 38: 280–307. doi:10.1017/s0261340900001454. Archived from the original on 2012-02-26. Retrieved 2012-02-24. 
  3. ^ Plait, Philip C. (2008). Death from the Skies! – these are the ways the world will end. New York: Viking Penguin. ISBN 978-0-670-01997-7. 
  4. ^ Recherches astronomiques de l'observatoire de Kasan.
  5. ^ Baum, Richard; Sheehan, William (1997). In Search of Planet Vulcan, the Ghost in Newton's Clockwork Machine. New York: Plenum Press. ISBN 0-306-45567-6. 
  6. ^ Published in Journal of the Proceedings of the Society vol. IV, Zoology, no. 16 (10 February 1860) p. 172.
  7. ^ Parkinson, Justin (2014-07-01). "John Bostock: The man who 'discovered' hay fever". BBC News Magazine. Archived from the original on 2015-07-31. Retrieved 2018-06-10. 
  8. ^ Oxford English Dictionary.
  9. ^ Wikisource-logo.svg Rines, George Edwin, ed. (1920). "Virchow, Rudolf". Encyclopedia Americana. 
  10. ^ Brodie, B. C. (1859). "On the Atomic Weight of Graphite". Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. 149: 249–259. Bibcode:1859RSPT..149..249B. doi:10.1098/rstl.1859.0013. JSTOR 108699. 
  11. ^ Geim, A. K. (2012). "Graphene Prehistory" (PDF). Physica Scripta. T146: 1–4. Bibcode:2012PhST..146a4003G. doi:10.1088/0031-8949/2012/T146/014003. Retrieved 2015-12-04. 
  12. ^ Weeks, Mary Elvira (1932). "The discovery of the elements. XIII. Some spectroscopic discoveries". Journal of Chemical Education. 9 (8): 1413–1434. Bibcode:1932JChEd...9.1413W. doi:10.1021/ed009p1413. Retrieved 2011-11-21. 
  13. ^ "Robert Bunsen". infoplease. Pearson Education. 2007. Retrieved 2011-11-21. 
  14. ^ "The Discovery of Global Warming". American Institute of Physics. February 2013. Retrieved 8 August 2013. 
  15. ^ Cayley, Arthur (1859), "A sixth memoir upon quantics", Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, 149: 61–90, Bibcode:1859RSPT..149...61C, doi:10.1098/rstl.1859.0004, ISSN 0080-4614, JSTOR 108690, Collected Math. Papers, volume 2 
  16. ^ Monatsberichte der Königlich Preußischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin (November 1859).
  17. ^ "Florence Nightingale: Notes on Nursing". 300 Women Who Changed the World. Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 2011-10-12. 
  18. ^ Binding, John (1997). Brunel's Royal Albert Bridge. Truro: Twelveheads Press. ISBN 0-906294-39-8. 
  19. ^ Bonnett, Harold (1975). Discovering Traction Engines (rev. ed.). Princes Risborough: Shire Publications. p. 5. ISBN 0-85263-318-1. 
  20. ^ Patented 1860. Wise, David Burgess (1974). "Lenoir: The Motoring Pioneer". In Ward, Ian. The World of Automobiles. London: Orbis Publishing.