1877 in the United Kingdom
|1877 in the United Kingdom|
|1875 | 1876 | 1877 | 1878 | 1879|
|Individual countries of the United Kingdom|
|England | Ireland | Scotland | Wales|
- 1 January – Queen Victoria proclaimed Empress of India by the Royal Titles Act 1876.
- March – The Nineteenth Century magazine is founded in London.
- 12 March – Britain annexes Walvis Bay in South Africa.
- 14 March – former Argentine dictator Juan Manuel de Rosas dies in exile in Southampton.
- 15 March – the first Test cricket match takes place between England and Australia.
- 22 March – the Society for the Protection of Ancient Buildings is established by William Morris and others meeting in Bloomsbury.
- 24 March – for the only time in history, the Boat Race between the Cambridge University and Oxford University Boat Clubs is declared a "dead heat" (i.e. a draw).
- 10 April – the first human cannonball act in the British Isles (and perhaps the world) is performed by 14-year-old Rossa Matilda Richter ("Zazel") at the London Royal Aquarium.
- 12 April – Britain annexes the South African Republic, violating the Sand River Convention of 1852 causing a new Xhosa War.
- 24 April – six Scotch whisky distilleries combine to form Distillers Company.
- 30 April – the Diocese of St Albans is founded within the Church of England from part of the Diocese of Rochester. St Albans Abbey, which is undergoing extensive restoration at this time, is elevated to become St Albans Cathedral and on 12 June Thomas Legh Claughton is enthroned first Bishop of St Albans, an office he holds until 1890.
- 9–19 July – All England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club stages its first lawn tennis tournament at Wimbledon. Spencer Gore becomes first gentlemen's singles champion (the final having been delayed by rain).
- 10 July – St. John Ambulance Association established in England.
- 12 July – Prison Act 1877 transfers responsibility for provision of prisons from counties to the Home Office.
- 21 July – the Cabinet decides to declare war on Russia if it occupies Constantinople in the Russo-Turkish War.
- 10 August – the Universities of Oxford and Cambridge Act removes most restrictions limiting fellowships in colleges of the ancient universities to clergy of the Church of England and permits fellows to marry.
- 23 August – the Merchandise Marks Act obliges exporters to indicate the place of manufacture of their goods.
- 13 September – new Manchester Town Hall, designed by Alfred Waterhouse, officially opened.
- 3 October – W. S. Gilbert's farce Engaged, starring Marion Terry, opens at London's Haymarket Theatre.
- 22 October – Blantyre mining disaster kills 207, Scotland’s worst-ever mining accident.
- 24 November – Anna Sewell's novel Black Beauty published.
- 4 December – American suffragette Victoria Woodhull delivers her first public lecture in London after she and her sister Tennessee Claflin settle in England following their involvement in sensational legal cases in the United States.
- Annie Besant and Charles Bradlaugh, as the Freethought Publishing Company, publish for the first time in the UK Charles Knowlton's birth control manual Fruits of Philosophy, for which they are prosecuted (18 June) under the Obscene Publications Act 1857.
- Publication date of Edward Lear's Laughable Lyrics (actually issued December 1876).
- Jesse Boot takes over the family shop in Nottingham, the foundation of Boots the chemists.
- 7 February – G. H. Hardy, mathematician (died 1947)
- 22 March – Sefton Brancker, Air Vice Marshal (died 1930 in R101 crash)
- 16 May – Bernard Spilsbury, forensic pathologist (suicide 1947)
- 7 June – Charles Glover Barkla, physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (died 1944)
- 19 July – Arthur Fielder, cricketer (died 1949)
- 1 August – Charlotte Hughes, longest-lived person ever documented in the United Kingdom (died 1993)
- 27 August – Charles Rolls, motorist and aeronaut, co-founder of Rolls-Royce (died 1910)
- 1 September – Francis William Aston, chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (died 1945)
- 2 September – Frederick Soddy, chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (died 1956)
- 4 October – Razor Smith, cricketer (died 1946)
- 10 October – William Morris, founder of Morris Motors and philanthropist (died 1963)
- 27 October – George Thompson, cricketer (died 1943)
- 29 October – Wilfred Rhodes, cricketer (died 1973)
- 15 November – William Hope Hodgson, author (died 1918)
- 25 November – Harley Granville-Barker, actor, playwright and critic (died 1946)
- 2 January – Alexander Bain, inventor (born 1811)
- 24 March – Walter Bagehot, businessman, essayist and journalist (born 1826)
- 25 March – Caroline Chisholm, humanitarian (born 1808)
- 26 May – James Kay-Shuttleworth, educationist (born 1804)
- 14 June – Mary Carpenter, educational and social reformer (born 1807)
- 15 June – Caroline Norton, campaigner for married women's rights (born 1808)
- 14 July – Richard Davies, Welsh poet (born 1833)
- 27 July – John Frost, Chartist leader (born 1784)
- 8 August – William Lovett, Chartist leader (born 1800)
- 17 September – William Fox Talbot, photographer (born 1800)
- 7 November – Calvert Jones, painter and pioneer photographer (born 1804)
- Everett, Jason M., ed. (2006). "1877". The People's Chronology. Thomson Gale. Archived from the original on 27 May 2007. Retrieved 2007-05-26.
- Penguin Pocket On This Day. Penguin Reference Library. 2006. ISBN 0-14-102715-0.
- The Guinness Book of Records.
- "No. 24453". The London Gazette. 1877-05-04. p. 2933.
- Friar, Stephen (2001). The Sutton Companion to Local History. Stroud: Sutton Publishing. p. 335. ISBN 0-7509-2723-2.
- "History of Manchester Town Hall". Manchester City Council web pages. Manchester City Council. Archived from the original on 15 August 2010. Retrieved 2010-08-17.
- Copy available online via:
- "A Chronology of Edward Lear's Life". Edward Lear Home Page. nonsenselit.org. 2012-08-10. Retrieved 2017-02-24.
- Baren, Maurice (1996). How It All Began Up the High Street. London: Michael O'Mara Books. p. 25. ISBN 1-85479-667-4.