1878 in paleontology

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List of years in paleontology
In science
1875
1876
1877
1878
1879
1880
1881

Paleontology or palaeontology (from Greek: paleo, "ancient"; ontos, "being"; and logos, "knowledge") is the study of prehistoric life forms on Earth through the examination of plant and animal fossils.[1] This includes the study of body fossils, tracks (ichnites), burrows, cast-off parts, fossilised feces (coprolites), palynomorphs and chemical residues. Because humans have encountered fossils for millennia, paleontology has a long history both before and after becoming formalized as a science, this article records significant discoveries and events related to paleontology that occurred or were published in the year 1878.

Arthropods[edit]

Newly named insects[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Holcorpa[2]

Gen et sp nov

valid

Scudder

Priabonian

Florissant Formation

 USA

A scorpionfly, type sp. H. maculosa

Archosauromorphs[edit]

O. W. Lucas recovers more material which would be referred to Laelaps trihedrodon from Morrison Formation strata near Garden Park, Colorado.[3]

Newly named pseudosuchians[edit]

Name Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes

Symphyrophus

Nomen dubium

Edward Drinker Cope

Late Jurassic (Kimmeridgian to Tithonian)

Morrison Formation

 US

Possibly a synonym of Amphicotylus.[4]

Newly named dinosaurs[edit]

Name Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes

Brachyrophus

Valid

Edward Drinker Cope

Late Jurassic (Kimmeridgian to Tithonian)

Morrison Formation

 US

Junior subjective synonym of Camptosaurus.

Creosaurus

Junior synonym

Othniel Charles Marsh

Late Jurassic (Kimmeridgian to Tithonian)

Morrison Formation

 US

Synonym of Allosaurus.

Diplodocus

Valid

Othniel Charles Marsh

Late Jurassic (Kimmeridgian to Tithonian)

Morrison Formation

A diplodocine diplodocid.

Epanterias

Nomen dubium

Edward Drinker Cope

Possible subjective synonym of Allosaurus or Saurophaganax.

Hypsirophus

Junior synonym

Edward Drinker Cope

Late Jurassic (Kimmeridgian to Tithonian)

Morrison Formation

 US

Synonym of Stegosaurus.

Laosaurus

Nomen dubium

Othniel Charles Marsh

Late Jurassic (Kimmeridgian to Tithonian)

Morrison Formation

 US

Morosaurus

Jr. synonym

Othniel Charles Marsh

Late Jurassic (Kimmeridgian to Tithonian)

Morrison Formation

 US

Junior subjective synonym of Camarasaurus.

Plesiosaurs[edit]

Newly named plesiosaurs[edit]

Name Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes

Eurysaurus

Valid

Gaudry

Early Jurassic

Unknown

 France

Synapsids[edit]

Non-mammalian[edit]

Name Status Authors Discovery year Age Unit Location Notes Images

Dimetrodon

Valid

Embolophorus

Valid

Ophiacodon

Valid

Sphenacodon

Valid

Theropleura

Valid

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Gini-Newman, Garfield; Graham, Elizabeth (2001). Echoes from the past: world history to the 16th century. Toronto: McGraw-Hill Ryerson Ltd. ISBN 9780070887398. OCLC 46769716. 
  2. ^ Archibald, SB (2010). "Revision of the scorpionfly family Holcorpidae (Mecoptera), with description of a new species from Early Eocene McAbee, British Columbia, Canada" (PDF). Annales de la Société Entomologique de France. 46 (1-2): 173–182. doi:10.1080/00379271.2010.10697654. 
  3. ^ "Introduction," Chure (2001) page 11.
  4. ^ Osborn, H.F., and Mook, C. C. (1921). "Camarasaurus, Amphicoelias and other sauropods of Cope." Memoirs of the American Museum of Natural History NS, 3(3): 249–387.

References[edit]

  • Chure, Daniel J. (2001). "On the type and referred material of Laelaps trihedrodon Cope 1877 (Dinosauria: Theropoda)". In Tanke, Darren; and Carpenter, Kenneth (eds.). Mesozoic Vertebrate Life. Bloomington and Indianapolis: Indiana University Press. pp. 10–18. ISBN 0-253-33907-3.