1881 in paleontology

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List of years in paleontology
In science

Paleontology or palaeontology (from Greek: paleo, "ancient"; ontos, "being"; and logos, "knowledge") is the study of prehistoric life forms on Earth through the examination of plant and animal fossils.[1] This includes the study of body fossils, tracks (ichnites), burrows, cast-off parts, fossilised feces (coprolites), palynomorphs and chemical residues. Because humans have encountered fossils for millennia, paleontology has a long history both before and after becoming formalized as a science. This article records significant discoveries and events related to paleontology that occurred or were published in the year 1881.



Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images
Fordilla[2] gen et sp nov Valid Barrande Early Cambrian early Cambrian bivalve genus
Nucula ponderata [3] sp nov synonym Barrande Ordovician moved to the genus Concavodonta as C. ponderata in 1972


Newly named dinosaurs[edit]

Name Status Authors Location Notes
''Crataeomus'' Nomen dubium Harry Govier Seeley Possible subjective synonym of Struthiosaurus.
''Diracodon'' Nomen dubium Othniel Charles Marsh Possible subjective synonym of Stegosaurus.
Doratodon Misidentification Harry Govier Seeley Misidentified crocodilian.
Hallopus Misidentification. Othniel Charles Marsh Misidentified crocodilian.
''Hoplosaurus'' Nomen dubium Harry Govier Seeley synonym of Pelorosaurus.
Mochlodon Valid Harry Govier Seeley A Dwarf Iguanodont.
''Oligosaurus'' Nomen dubium Harry Govier Seeley Possible subjective synonym of Rhabdodon.
''Ornithomerus'' Jr. synonym Harry Govier Seeley Junior subjective synonym of Rhabdodon.
''Pleuropeltus'' Nomen dubium Harry Govier Seeley Possible subjective synonym of Struthiosaurus.
Rhadinosaurus Nomen dubium Harry Govier Seeley


New taxa[edit]

Name Status Authors Location Notes
Dermodactylus Valid Marsh
Laopteryx Valid Marsh
Nyctodactylus Jr. synonym. Marsh Jr. synonym of Nyctosaurus.



Name Status Authors Age Location Notes Images
Aelurosaurus Valid Owen 257 Million of years ago A Saber-Toothed Gorgonopsian.


  • Death of the Reverend William Fox a significant early collector of dinosaur fossils from the Isle of Wight.[4]


  1. ^ Gini-Newman, Garfield; Graham, Elizabeth (2001). Echoes from the past: world history to the 16th century. Toronto: McGraw-Hill Ryerson Ltd. ISBN 9780070887398. OCLC 46769716. 
  2. ^ Elicki, O.; Gürsu, S. (2009). "First record of Pojetaia runnegari Jell, 1980 and Fordilla Barrande, 1881 from the Middle East (Taurus Mountains, Turkey) and critical review of Cambrian bivalves" (PDF). Paläontologische Zeitschrift. 83 (2): 267–291. doi:10.1007/s12542-009-0021-9. 
  3. ^ Sánchez, T.M. (1999). "New Late Ordovician (Early Caradoc) Bivalves from the Sierra de Villicum (Argentine Precordillera)". Journal of Paleontology. 73 (1): 66–76. JSTOR 1306745. 
  4. ^ Farlow, James O.; M. K. Brett-Surmann (1999). The Complete Dinosaur. Bloomington, Indiana: Indiana University Press. p. 15. ISBN 0-253-21313-4.