click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

1888 United States presidential election

The 1888 United States presidential election was the 26th quadrennial presidential election, held on Tuesday, November 6, 1888. Republican nominee Benjamin Harrison, a former Senator from Indiana, defeated incumbent Democratic President Grover Cleveland of New York, it was the third of five U. S. presidential elections in which the winner did not win a plurality of the national popular vote. Cleveland, the first Democratic president since the American Civil War, was unanimously re-nominated at the 1888 Democratic National Convention, he was the first incumbent president to win re-nomination since Ulysses S. Grant was nominated to a second term in 1872. Harrison, the grandson of former President William Henry Harrison, emerged as the Republican nominee on the eighth ballot of the 1888 Republican National Convention, he defeated other prominent party leaders such as Senator John Sherman and former Governor Russell Alger. Tariff policy was the principal issue in the election, as Cleveland had proposed a dramatic reduction in tariffs, arguing that high tariffs were unfair to consumers.

Harrison took the side of industrialists and factory workers. Cleveland's opposition to Civil War pensions and inflated currency made enemies among veterans and farmers. On the other hand, he held a strong hand in the South and border states, appealed to former Republican Mugwumps. Cleveland won a plurality of the popular vote, but Harrison won the election with a majority in the Electoral College. Harrison swept the entire North and Midwest, narrowly carried the swing states of New York and Indiana; the Republican candidates were former Senator Benjamin Harrison from Indiana. Gresham from Indiana, the former Secretary of the Treasury. By the time Republicans met in Chicago on June 19–25, 1888, frontrunner James G. Blaine had withdrawn from the race because he believed that only a harmonious convention would produce a Republican candidate strong enough to upset incumbent President Cleveland. Blaine realized. After he withdrew, Blaine expressed confidence in both Benjamin John Sherman. Harrison was nominated on the eighth ballot.

The Republicans chose Harrison because of his war record, his popularity with veterans, his ability to express the Republican Party's views, the fact that he lived in the swing state of Indiana. The Republicans hoped to win Indiana's 15 electoral votes, which had gone to Cleveland in the previous presidential election. Levi P. Morton, a New York City banker, was nominated for vice-president over William Walter Phelps, his nearest rival. Democratic candidates: The Democratic National Convention held in St. Louis, Missouri, on June 5–7, 1888, was harmonious. Incumbent President Cleveland was re-nominated unanimously without a formal ballot; this was the first time an incumbent Democratic president had been re-nominated since Martin Van Buren in 1840. After Cleveland was re-nominated, Democrats had to choose a replacement for Thomas A. Hendricks. Hendricks ran unsuccessfully as the Democratic nominee for vice-president in 1876, but won the office when he ran again with Cleveland in 1884. Hendricks served as vice-president for only eight months before he died in office on November 25, 1885.

Former Senator Allen G. Thurman from Ohio was nominated for vice-president over Isaac P. Gray, his nearest rival, John C. Black, who trailed behind. Gray lost the nomination to Thurman because his enemies brought up his actions while a Republican; the Democratic platform confined itself to a defense of the Cleveland administration, supporting reduction in the tariff and taxes as well as statehood for the western territories. Prohibition candidates: Clinton B. Fisk, U. S. Brigadier General from New Jersey The 5th Prohibition Party National Convention assembled in Tomlinson Hall in Indianapolis, Indiana. There were 1,029 delegates from all but three states. Clinton B. Fisk was nominated for president unanimously. John A. Brooks was nominated for vice-president. Union Labor candidates: Alson Streeter from Illinois The Union Labor Party National Convention assembled in Cincinnati, Ohio; the Union Labor Party had been formed in 1887 in Cincinnati. The convention nominated Alson Streeter for president unanimously.

Samuel Evans declined the nomination. Charles E. Cunningham was selected as the vice-presidential candidate; the Union Labor Party garnered nearly 150,000 popular votes, but failed to gain widespread national support. The party did, win two counties. Source: US President – UL Convention. Our Campaigns.. The United Labor Party convention nominated Robert H. Cowdrey for president on the first ballot. W. H. T. Wakefield of Kansas was nominated for vice-president over Victor H. Wilder from New York by a margin of 50–12; the Greenback Party was in decline throughout the entire Cleveland administration. In the election of 1884, the party failed to win any House seats outright, although they did win one seat in conjunction with Plains States Democrats and a handful of other seats by endorsing the Democratic nominee. In the election of 1886, only two dozen Greenback candidates ran for the House, apart from another six who ran on fusion tickets. Again, Weaver was the party's only victor. Much of the Greenback news in early 1888 took place in Michigan.

In early 1888, it was not clear. The fourth Greenback Party National Convention

List of number-one singles of 2012 (Australia)

The ARIA Singles Chart ranks the best-performing singles in Australia. Its data, published by the Australian Recording Industry Association, is based collectively on each single's weekly physical and digital sales. In 2012, seventeen singles claimed the top spot, including LMFAO's "Sexy and I Know It", which started its peak position in late 2011. Seventeen acts achieved their first number-one single in Australia, either as a lead or featured artist: Foster the People, Gym Class Heroes, Neon Hitch, Janelle Monáe, Carly Rae Jepsen, Karise Eden, Justice Crew, Lupe Fiasco, Swedish House Mafia, John Martin, Samantha Jade, Ryan Lewis and Wanz. Fun and Flo Rida earned two number-one songs during the year. Flo Rida's "Whistle" was the longest-running number-one single of 2012, having topped the ARIA Singles Chart for eight weeks. Carly Rae Jepsen's "Call Me Maybe" and Macklemore and Ryan Lewis' "Thrift Shop" each topped the chart for five consecutive weeks, while Flo Rida's "Wild Ones", Psy's "Gangnam Style" and Guy Sebastian's "Battle Scars" all stayed at number one for six consecutive weeks.

Sebastian is the only Australian male artist in the chart's history to achieve six number-one singles. 2012 in music ARIA Charts List of number-one albums of 2012 List of top 25 singles for 2012 in Australia List of top 10 singles in 2012

Govinda

Govinda and Gopāla are the names of Vishnu which mean Cowherd and Protector of Cows. These names are popularly addressed to Krishna, referring to his youthful activity as a cowherd boy; this name appears as the 539th name of Lord Vishnu in Vishnu Sahasranama. Lord Vishnu or his complete incarnation Krishna are regarded as the Supreme God in the Vaishnava tradition and by much of the pan-Hindu tradition. Gopala Krishna of Krishnaism is contrasted with Vedism when Krishna asks his followers to desist from Vedic demigod worship such as Indra worship, thus the character of Gopala Krishna is considered to be non-Vedic in one interpretation, while it can be based on the popular understanding or rather misunderstanding of the Rig Vedic texts. According to Klaus Klostermaier, Kumar Gopijanavallabha – Krishna the lover of the Gopis – is the latest stage in the historical process resulting in contemporary Krishnaism, being added to the worship of Bala Krishna, the original cult of Krishna-Vasudeva which may date back to several centuries before the Common Era.

Both names translate to "cowherd". The Sanskrit word go means "cow". Govinda is a name of Krishna and appears as the 187th and 539th name of Vishnu in the Vishnu Sahasranama, the 1000 names of Vishnu. According to Adi Sankara's commentary on the Vishnu Sahasranama, translated by Swami Tapasyananda, Govinda has four meanings: The sages call Krishna "Govinda" as He pervades all the worlds, giving them power; the Shanti Parva of the Mahabharata states that Vishnu restored the earth that had sunk into the netherworld, or naraga in Tamil, so all the devas praised Him as Govind. Alternatively, it means "He, known by Vedic words alone". In the Harivamsa, Indra praised Krishna for having attained loving leadership of the cows which Krishna tended as a cowherd, by saying, "So men too shall praise Him as Govinda."Maharishi Mahesh Yogi, in his commentary on the Bhagavad-Gita, states that Govinda means "master of the senses". In the Mahabharata, when Draupadi's saree was stripped by Dushasana in the court of Hastinapura, it is said that Draupadi prayed towards Lord Krishna invoking him as "Govinda" at the instance of extreme distress where she could no longer hold her saree to her chest.

For this reason, it is believed that "Govinda" is how the Lord is addressed by devotees when they have lost it all and have nothing more to lose. This may be the reason why in colloquial Tamil and Telugu the slang-term "govinda" sometimes refers to the prospect of losing or failing in something important. A Hindu devotional composition called Moha Mudgara composed by Adi Sankara, a summary of, "If one just worships Govinda, one can cross this great ocean of birth and death." This refers to the belief that worshipful adoration of Vishnu or Krishna can lead believers out of the cycle of reincarnation and lead them into an eternal blissful life in Vaikuntha,'the supreme abode situated beyond this material world' where Govinda resides. Adi Sankara's Moha Mudgara composition expresses the value of inner devotion to Vishnu. Gobin Gopal Govinda sport Phalguna month Works of Jayadeva Govinda Jaya Jaya an Indian devotional chant or song Govinda Hein, Norvin. "A Revolution in Kṛṣṇaism: The Cult of Gopāla".

History of Religions. 25: 296–317. Doi:10.1086/463051. JSTOR 1062622. Govind Shaligram Who is Govinda? Sacred Hindi verses describing Govinda

Tube (passenger information system)

Tube called the Passenger Assist Railway Display System, is a passenger information system deployed on certain lines of the Manila Light Rail Transit and Metro Rail Transit systems. Developed by Filipino technology companies TrackMate Business Solutions and PHAR Philippines, the system was unveiled on May 5, 2017. PARDS was created amid complaints from train passengers that they are unaware of what's going on while riding the system, with a lack of information displays among one of their major complaints; the system was unveiled on May 2017, with the system being installed on one Line 2 train. By June 2017, all ten active train units were fitted with the system, with some 400 LCD monitors installed system-wide. Installed at no cost to the national government, PARDS is funded through advertising. Although deployed on the Line 2, TrackMate presented the system to the Light Rail Manila Corporation, the operator of Line 1, to the Metro Rail Transit Corporation, operator of Line 3, eliciting a positive reaction.

TrackMate claimed that there is interest in deploying PARDS internationally, as well as that there is potential in deploying it as a suitable low-cost alternative to traditional railway signalling systems. On March 28, 2019, an event was held announcing the system's rebranding to TUBE. In contrast to PARDS, TUBE features a redesigned interface and advertisements, during the event, Filipino Youtube personalities presented how the companies aimed to deploy the system to all three lines. PHAR and TrackMate have announced that Line 3 trains will be equipped with the system by April 2019, with the goal of having the system deployed on all three lines by July. TUBE uses GPS technology to determine a train's speed and other important information, which helps determine a train's arrival and departure time. Information from the train is uploaded to the cloud, transmitted back to the train; each TUBE-equipped train has been fitted with at least 40 LCD monitors which not only shows the train's location, but news, public service announcements, passenger traffic and entertainment.

The system is capable of transmitting real-time information when circumstances require, such as in an emergency. TUBE has a mobile component, where real-time train information can be accessed through a mobile application to be developed as part of the project's second phase, as well as a backend which allows the Light Rail Transit Authority to monitor train performance and passenger loads in real time. Informative video on the Passenger Assist Railway Display System on YouTube

Debagarh district

Debagarh District known as Deogarh District is a district of Odisha state, India. Located in the north-western part of the state, it is one of the 30 administrative districts and has its Headquarters at Deogarh town; the district covers an area of 2781.66 km². The district has a population of 312,520; as of 2011 it is the least populous district of Odisha. The district was created on 1 January 1994 by bifurcating the erstwhile Sambalpur district, it is domiciled by both tribal and non-tribal people in equal proportion. Deogarh is Bamra princely state of British India; the king of this princely state belongs to Ganga vamsi dynasty and one of the extended royal family of Gajapati emperor of Odisha. Raja Shri Basudeb Sudhal Deb was an enlightened ruler, he did much to further conditions in princely state and for the cause of Oriya nationalism, his contribution was more towards Literature and Art. He established an educational institution, well known as Raja Basu Dev High School, his son had contributed to the social and scientific development of Deogarh.

Bamanda was the first princely state to introduce postal and electricity in India. Bamanda is a citadel of creative artists which dates back to 5th century A. D. when Mathara Royal Family was at the helm of the Administration. After this dynasty, Ganga Rulers established their capital at Deogarh. Deogarh attained all-round prosperity during the reign of Raja Basudev Sudhal Dev, the most enlightened rulers of this clan. A new horizon was innovated in the field of communication by the foundation of Jagannath Ballav press in 1886 and publication of a weekly magazine the "Sambalpur Hitaishini" in 1889, it was during his rule that the jail, police station, post offices, Dispensaries were established and irrigation system was introduced. He had a telephone line of 78 Miles connecting Bamara and Barkote in 1900 was the longest in India during that period. Bamanda's own postal system was developed, it got affiliated to the British Postal system in 1895. Sir Sudhal Dev, the King of Bamanda had coined and issued postage stamps in his own Kingdom.

He had promulgated paper currency in his state. After him, his illustrious son Raja Sachidananda Tribhuban Dev undertook the improvement activities of the erstwhile estate; the most outstanding developmental activities was the introduction of the hydro-electric system in Kodarkot water fall by which the Palace, cloth loom, Sugar factory established in 1908 at Rambhei got power supply. During the reign of Bhanuganga Tribhuban Dev, the estate of Bamra was merged with Odisha i.e. on 1 January 1948 and it became a part of the District of Sambalpur. Among various biodiversity rich and ecologically balanced locations,"Pradhanpat" and "Kurudkut" waterfalls are with historical importance and with a salubrious atmosphere around them. Kurudkut is one of the earliest locations; the district is of hilly tract. The Hill system of Deogarh has been categorized under four ranges: The Khajuria Range on the north running from West-East in Badbar-Pragana of Deogarh Police Station having a maximum height of 745 Metres.

The Pradhanpat and Kaidanta Ranges having maximum height of 816 Metres on the North. The Pawri Range on the eastern side of the Brahmani River, 678 Metres in height; the Ushakothi Range in Kansar & Reamal Police Stations. The hill ranges have elevation ranging from 610 Metres to 762 Metres from the mean Sea Levels; the soil groups of this district are Sandy, loamy soil and Red soil. In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Debagarh one of the country's 250 most backward districts, it is one of the 19 districts in Odisha have been receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme. As it is an industry less district the people depend upon agriculture, it is a part of the Red Corridor. The government has undertaken a number of efforts to support tourism in the district, based on its natural environment and cultural heritage. There are a number of tourists places listed on the official district website. According to the 2011 census Debagarh district has a population of 312,520 equal to the nation of Iceland.

This gives it a ranking of 571st in India. The district has a population density of 106 inhabitants per square kilometre, its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 13.88%. Debagarh has a sex ratio of 976 females for every 1000 males, a literacy rate of 73.07%. At the time of the 2011 Census of India, 89.94% of the population in the district spoke Odia, 2.87% Munda, 2.60% Kisan, 2.25% Hindi, 0.91% Ho and 0.44% Mundari as their first language. There are a number of educational institutes present out of which Raja Basu Dev High School and Govt. College at Debagarh town are the major. Air: – The nearest airports for visiting places of interest in Deogarh District are at Bhubaneswar and Raipur. A new airport is being constructed at Jharsuguda. Rail: - The nearest rail heads for Deogarh are at Sambalpur, Bamra on the Tatanagar-Bilaspur section of Howrah-Nagpur-Mumbai line and Rourkela Road: - Deogarh is connected with NH6 and NH200; the city is 115 km from Rourkela and 265 km from Bhubaneswar.

Deogarh have only 1 Vidhan sabha constituency. Official website Debagarh at a Glance

Park Square, London

Park Square is a large garden square or private appendix to Regents Park in London and is split from a further green, the long northern side of Park Crescent, by Marylebone Road and Regent's Park tube station. It consists of two facing rows of large classically formed, terraced houses with decorative lower floor balconies and a colonade of consecutive porticos by architect John Nash, was built in 1823–24. Alike, shorter-length terraces flank its corners at right angles Grade I listed buildings: Ulster Terrace, Ulster Place, St Andrew's Place and Albany Terrace. Park Square Gardens at centre are private communal grounds for residents. Fronting the north side is the traffic-calmed Outer Circle of Regent's Park; the square is in the Marylebone historic parish addition to the City of Westminster save for the eastern side: in Camden. On the east side of the square was Britain's longest-lasting of four national exhibitions of the Diorama, the building of which remains, in other use – it opened from 1823 until 1832.

North-east beyond much smaller St Andrews Place, about twice the Diorama's size, was London Colosseum, built for the largest painting made and, demolished in 1874 – both had large foyers and attracted many visitors. Unusually it has eight buildings within it, omitting which space, the garden added to east and west sides' roads and footways spans 2.5 hectares. The gardens are owned by the Crown Estate, it opens to the public a few times per year for London Gardens Squares Weekends. It is dominated by plane trees; the first set were planted in 1817 to celebrate the peace won by the Battle of Waterloo in 1815. Of interest is a tulip tree, Liriodendron tulipifera. An 1821-built feature in the garden is the "Nursemaids' Tunnel", a private, communal pedestrian tunnel, rare in today's Inner London boroughs linking the gardens with those of Park Crescent, its portals are well-executed in stucco, each with fluted Doric columns flanking the arched entrances. The tunnel has groin vaults supported by brick pilasters and concave walls.

The busy road was considered dangerous to children who were taken to the park by a nursemaid, leading to the wealthy to-be residents petitioning for its building. In the highest, rarest level of listed building are both built-up sides. In the east all but the end houses comprise "Park Square East"; this exclusion of ends from the street's own numbering is mirrored on the other side. The latter is Grade I-listed; the four corner houses project and co-front shorter terraces yet their design is similar by Nash, of the same date. Those short perpendicular rows are recognised and protected with the same status: Ulster Terrace, Ulster Place, St Andrew's Place and Albany Terrace. Two small garden-keeping buildings are listed in the extreme southern corners, the garden-surrounding railings and 18 street lamps. All in the mainstream, initial category, grade II. Non-listed similar-size buildings comprise those in the northern angles: 12 Park Square East.