A pennant is a commemorative flag typically used to show support for a particular athletic team. Pennants have been used in all types of athletic levels, high school, collegiate. Traditionally, pennants were made of felt and fashioned in the colors of a particular team. Often graphics, usually the mascot symbol, as well as the name were displayed on pennants. The images displayed on pennants were either stitched on with contrasting colored felt or had screen-printing, vintage pennants with rare images or honoring special victories have become prized collectibles for sporting enthusiasts. While pennants are typically associated with teams, pennants have been made to honor institutions and vacation spots. In Major League Baseball, a pennant typically refers to such a flag flown specifically by the National League or American League championship team of a given season, the last few weeks of the regular American professional baseball season are known as a pennant race. This is a holdover from the time when the championships were determined by the team with the best record at the end of the regular season.
In Australian sports, the flag is used in the same context. The pennant is waved around in the crowd to support to the sport team they are cheering for
Baltimore is the largest city in the U. S. state of Maryland, and the 29th-most populous city in the country. It was established by the Constitution of Maryland and is not part of any county, thus, it is the largest independent city in the United States, with a population of 621,849 as of 2015. As of 2010, the population of the Baltimore Metropolitan Area was 2.7 million, founded in 1729, Baltimore is the second largest seaport in the Mid-Atlantic. Baltimores Inner Harbor was once the leading port of entry for immigrants to the United States. With hundreds of identified districts, Baltimore has been dubbed a city of neighborhoods, in the War of 1812, Francis Scott Key wrote The Star-Spangled Banner, the American national anthem, in Baltimore. More than 65,000 properties, or roughly one in three buildings in the city, are listed on the National Register, more than any city in the nation. The city has 289 properties listed on the National Register of Historic Places, the historical records of the government of Baltimore are located at the Baltimore City Archives.
The city is named after Cecil Calvert, second Lord Baltimore, of the Irish House of Lords, Baltimore Manor was the name of the estate in County Longford on which the Calvert family lived in Ireland. Baltimore is an anglicization of the Irish name Baile an Tí Mhóir, in 1608, Captain John Smith traveled 210 miles from Jamestown to the uppermost Chesapeake Bay, leading the first European expedition to the Patapsco River. The name Patapsco is derived from pota-psk-ut, which translates to backwater or tide covered with froth in Algonquian dialect, a quarter century after John Smiths voyage, English colonists began to settle in Maryland. The area constituting the modern City of Baltimore and its area was first settled by David Jones in 1661. He claimed the area today as Harbor East on the east bank of the Jones Falls stream. In the early 1600s, the immediate Baltimore vicinity was populated, if at all. The Baltimore area had been inhabited by Native Americans since at least the 10th millennium BC, one Paleo-Indian site and several Archaic period and Woodland period archaeological sites have been identified in Baltimore, including four from the Late Woodland period.
During the Late Woodland period, the culture that is called the Potomac Creek complex resided in the area from Baltimore to the Rappahannock River in Virginia. It was located on the Bush River on land that in 1773 became part of Harford County, in 1674, the General Assembly passed An Act for erecting a Court-house and Prison in each County within this Province. The site of the house and jail for Baltimore County was evidently Old Baltimore near the Bush River. In 1683, the General Assembly passed An Act for Advancement of Trade to establish towns, one of the towns established by the act in Baltimore County was on Bush River, on Town Land, near the Court-House
Union Park (Baltimore)
Union Park is the name of a former baseball ground located in Baltimore, Maryland. The ground was home to the Baltimore Orioles during their first glory years in the 1890s and it was located at 25th and Barclay St. The Orioles opened this park during the 1891 season, abandoning Oriole Park and their first game there was on May 11,1891, an 8-4 victory over the St. Louis Browns in front of over 10,000 fans. At that time they were playing in the then-major American Association, after that season, the Association folded, and four of its teams were absorbed into the National League, including the Orioles. The Orioles became a contender during that time. Despite that success, they were dropped when the National League contracted after the 1899 season, the legacy of those Orioles lived on through the achievements of their many Hall of Fame players, such as John McGraw, Wilbert Robinson, Hughie Jennings and Willie Keeler. The Home Team, A Full Century of Baseball in Baltimore, 1859-1959
Henry Peter Reitz, nicknamed Heinie, was an American second baseman in Major League Baseball who played for the Baltimore Orioles, Washington Senators, and Pittsburgh Pirates. In 1893, Reitz was sold, for $300, by the San Francisco Friscos to the Baltimore Orioles and his five-year tenure at Baltimore included his most notable season,1894, during which he collected 31 triples. At the time, this tied Dave Orrs mark, set in 1886, although Chief Wilson surpassed both of them with his 36 triple season in 1912, Reitz and Orr still hold second place for this record. Contributing to Reitzs 31 triples in 1894 were two bases loaded triples he hit in the 3rd and 7th inning on June 4 against the Chicago Colts that led Baltimore to a 12–4 victory. Reitzs two bases loaded triples in a game matched a feat achieved by Sam Thompson in 1887. The frequency with which Reitz hit triples in 1894 was marked departure from every season in his career. Excluding his record-tying season, he averaged under six triples per year, on December 10,1897, he was traded to the Washington Senators in exchange for Doc McJames, Gene DeMontreville, and Dan McGann.
After one season in Washington, Reitz was traded to the Pittsburgh Pirates in exchange for Dick Padden, Jimmy Slagle, and Jack OBrien. Reitz played 34 games for Pittsburgh in the 1899 season, and was traded in March 1900, in September 1900, Pittsburgh received Harry Smith to complete the transaction. Reitz was killed in a car accident at the age of 47 in Sacramento, list of Major League Baseball annual triples leaders Career statistics and player information from Baseball-Reference, or Baseball-Reference
A road game or away game is a sports game where the specified team is not the host and must travel to another venue. Most professional teams represent cities or towns and amateur sports teams often represent academic institutions, each team has a location where it practices during the season and where it hosts games. When a team is not the host, it must travel to games. Thus, when a team is not hosting a game, the team is described as the team, the visiting team, or the away team. The venue in which the game is played is described as the stadium or the road. The host team is said to be the home team, major sporting events, if not held at a neutral venue, are often over several legs at each teams home ground, so that neither team has an advantage over the other. Occasionally, the team may not have to travel very far at all to a road game. These matches often become local derbies, a few times a year, a road team may even be lucky enough to have the road game played at their own home stadium or arena.
This is prevalent in college athletics where many schools will play in regional leagues or groundshare. The related term true road game has seen increasing use in U. S. college sports in the 21st century, while regular-season tournaments and other special events have been part of college sports from their creation, the 21st century has seen a proliferation of such events. These are typically held at sites, with some of them taking place outside the contiguous U. S. or even outside the country entirely. In turn, this has led to the use of true road game to refer to contests played at one home venue. In some association football leagues, particularly in Europe, the teams fans sit in their own section. Depending on the stadium, they will either sit in a designated section or be separated from the home fans by a cordon of police officers. However, in the leagues in England, supporters may be free to mix. When games are played at a site, for instance the FA Cup final in England which is always played at Wembley Stadium.
This results in each team occupying one half of the stadium and this is different from other sports, particularly in North America, where very few fans travel to games played away from their home stadium. Home and away fans are not separated at these games
While always playing in the shadows of Wilbert Robinson and Roger Bresnahan, he was a solid player who could play any position in the diamond, and he even pitched an inning for the Giants in 1904. He was the first to catch Hall-of-Famer Christy Mathewson, bowerman was known for having a short fuse, as he repeatedly got into fights with players and fans. In one such case in 1903, he punched a heckler in the face and he started a fight with manager Fred Clarke while with the Pirates and gave him a black eye. The Doves hired him as manager during the 1909 season, but his fiery temper did not go well with his team, bowerman died in his birthplace of Romeo, Michigan five days shy of his 80th birthday. List of Major League Baseball player–managers Career statistics and player information from Baseball-Reference, or Fangraphs, or The Baseball Cube, or Baseball-Reference The Deadball Era
William Jones Boileryard Clarke, was an American Major League Baseball player from New York City who played catcher from 1893 to 1905. He played for the Baltimore Orioles, Boston Beaneaters, Washington Senators, Clarke was born on October 18,1868 in New York City. He moved to New Mexico in his childhood, was raised in Indian territory. He began his career in the Three-I League in 1889. He said that his nickname, was given to him because of his voice, during his major league career, he assisted the Princeton University baseball team as a coach from 1897 to 1901. He returned to Princeton in 1909, approximately four years after his retirement from baseball and his managerial record at Princeton was 499-309, and his tenure in athletics there was longer than anybody elses. He managed minor league teams in Allentown, Pa, bill Clarke Field, the home of Princeton baseball since 1961, is named for Clarke. Clarke died in Princeton, New Jersey, at the age of 90 and he was survived by his wife of 64 years and a granddaughter.
He is interred at Druid Ridge Cemetery in Pikesville, Maryland, in the Evergreen Section
Ned Hanlon (baseball)
He was posthumously inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1996 by vote of the Veterans Committee. Hanlon was a manager in Major League Baseball from 1889 to 1907, compiling a 1 and he is best remembered as the manager of the Baltimore Orioles and Brooklyn Superbas. In the seven seasons from 1894 to 1900, Hanlon compiled a 635–315 record, during his years with the Orioles, Hanlon was credited with inventing and perfecting the inside baseball strategy, including the hit and run play and the Baltimore chop. Hanlon played 13 seasons in Major League Baseball, principally as a center fielder and he played in over 800 games as an outfielder for the Detroit Wolverines, remaining with the team during all eight years of its existence from 1881 to 1888. He compiled a batting average of.260 and an on-base percentage of.325 with 930 runs scored and 1,317 hits. Although stolen base records are not available for the portion of his playing career. Hanlon was born in 1857 at Montville and his parents and Mary Hanlon, were immigrants from Ireland.
In 1870, Hanlons father worked as a railroad laborer while Ned, at age 13, along with his older brother James and younger brother OBrien worked in a cotton mill to help support the family. By 1880, the family had moved a few miles south to New London, Ned was saved from life in the mill by his talent for baseball. The 1880 census recorded his occupation, in contrast to his family members. Hanlon began his baseball career in 1876 at age 17 or 18 with the Providence. He played third base at Albany, posted a.315 batting average, Hanlon made his major league debut on May 1,1880, as a member of the Cleveland Blues of the National League. He appeared in 73 games for the Blues,69 as an outfielder and four as a shortstop, on June 12,1880, he made the final out of the first perfect game in major league history, a 1-0 victory by Lee Richmond of the Worcester Ruby Legs. Hanlon joined the newly formed Detroit Wolverines in 1881 and he is one of only two players, along with Charlie Bennett, who played for the Wolverines during all eight years of the teams existence.
In his eight seasons with the Wolverines, Hanlon compiled a.261 batting average and he hit over.300 only once in his career, compiling a.302 batting average in 1885. During his time with Detroit, Hanlon was considered to be an excellent base-runner, although stolen base records are not available for the years before 1886, Hanlon stole 329 bases in his last six years as a full-time player. His base-running prowess is evidenced by his scoring 623 runs on only 879 hits for the Wolverines, the Sporting News called him a wonderful base runner and a spark plug. And Buck is one of the best throwers in the League, Hanlon had excellent range in center field, leading the league in outfield putouts in 1882 and 1884 and ranking among the league leaders every year from 1882 to 1887