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1896 United States presidential election

The 1896 United States presidential election was the 28th quadrennial presidential election, held on Tuesday, November 3, 1896. Former Governor William McKinley, the Republican candidate, defeated Democrat William Jennings Bryan; the 1896 campaign, which took place during an economic depression known as the Panic of 1893, was a realigning election that ended the old Third Party System and began the Fourth Party System. Incumbent Democratic President Grover Cleveland did not seek election to a second consecutive term, leaving the Democratic nomination open. Bryan, an attorney and former Congressman, galvanized support with his Cross of Gold speech, which called for a reform of the monetary system and attacked business leaders as the cause of ongoing economic depression; the 1896 Democratic National Convention repudiated the Cleveland administration and nominated Bryan on the fifth presidential ballot. Bryan won the nomination of the Populist Party, which had won several states in 1892 and shared many of Bryan's policies.

In opposition to Bryan, some conservative Bourbon Democrats formed the National Democratic Party and nominated Senator John M. Palmer. McKinley prevailed by a wide margin on the first ballot of the 1896 Republican National Convention. Since the onset of the Panic of 1893, the nation had been mired in a deep economic depression, marked by low prices, low profits, high unemployment, violent strikes. Economic issues tariff policy and the question of whether the gold standard should be preserved for the money supply, were central issues. McKinley forged a conservative coalition in which businessmen and prosperous farmers, skilled factory workers turned off by Bryan's agrarian policies were represented. McKinley was strongest in cities and in the Northeast, Upper Midwest, Pacific Coast. Republican campaign manager Mark Hanna pioneered many modern campaign techniques, facilitated by a $3.5 million budget. Bryan presented his campaign as a crusade of the working man against the rich, who impoverished America by limiting the money supply.

Silver, he said, was in ample supply and if coined into money would restore prosperity while undermining the illicit power of the money trust. Bryan was strongest in the South, rural Midwest, Rocky Mountain states. Bryan's moralistic rhetoric and crusade for inflation alienated conservatives. Bryan campaigned vigorously throughout the swing states of the Midwest, while McKinley conducted a "front porch" campaign. At the end of an intensely heated contest, McKinley won a majority of the popular and electoral vote. Bryan won 46.7 % of the popular vote. Turnout was high, passing 90% of the eligible voters in many places; the Democratic Party's repudiation of its Bourbon faction gave Bryan and his supporters control of the Democratic Party until the 1920s, set the stage for Republican domination of the Fourth Party System. At their convention in St. Louis, held between June 16 and 18, 1896, the Republicans nominated William McKinley for president and New Jersey's Garret Hobart for vice-president. McKinley had just vacated the office of Governor of Ohio.

Both candidates were nominated on first ballots. McKinley's campaign manager, a wealthy and talented Ohio businessman named Mark Hanna, visited the leaders of large corporations and major, influential banks after the Republican Convention to raise funds for the campaign. Given that many businessmen and bankers were terrified of Bryan's populist rhetoric and demand for the end of the gold standard, Hanna had few problems in raising record amounts of money; as a result, Hanna raised a staggering $3.5 million for the campaign and outspent the Democrats by an estimated 5-to-1 margin. This sum would be equivalent to $85 million, according to the inflation calculator of the Bureau of Labor Statistics. Major McKinley was the last veteran of the American Civil War to be nominated for president by either major party. One month after McKinley's nomination, supporters of silver-backed currency took control of the Democratic convention held in Chicago on July 7–11. Most of the Southern and Western delegates were committed to implementing the "free silver" ideas of the Populist Party.

The convention repudiated President Cleveland's gold standard policies and repudiated Cleveland himself. This, left the convention wide open: there was no obvious successor to Cleveland. A two-thirds vote was required for the nomination and the silverites had it in spite of the extreme regional polarization of the delegates. In a test vote on an anti-silver measure, the Eastern states, with 28% of the delegates, voted 96% in favor; the other delegates voted 91% against, so the silverites could count on a majority of 67% of the delegates. An attorney, former congressman, unsuccessful Senate candidate named William Jennings Bryan filled the void. A superb orator, Bryan hailed from Nebraska and spoke for the farmers who were suffering from the economic depression following the Panic of 1893. At the convention, Bryan delivered what has been considered one of the greatest political speeches in American history, the "Cross of Gold" Speech. Bryan presented a passionate defense of farmers and factory workers struggling to survive the economic depression, he attacked big-city business owners and leaders as the cause of much of their suffering.

He called for reform of the monetary system, an end to the gold standard, government relief efforts for farmers and others hurt by the economic depression. Bryan's speech was so dramatic that after he had finished many delegates carried him on their shoulders around the convention hall; the following day, eight names were placed in nomination: Richard "Silve

Oleg Kuznetsov (serial killer)

Oleg Vladimirovich Kuznetsov was a Soviet-Russian serial killer and rapist. Between 1991 and 1992, he killed 10 girls and women between the ages of 15 and 30. Born and raised in Balashikha, Moscow Oblast, Kuznetsov's parents divorced when the boy was just five years old, he lived with his father. As a child and adolescent he was asocial, but he had an active sexual life, which he began at age 16, he was a master of biathlon, graduated 8 classes GPTU. He studied in the DOSAAF, was drafted into the army, serving in Kiev. From 1985 to 1988, before and during his army service, Kuznetsov committed several rapes, he committed his first known murder on May 7, 1991. Kuznetsov worked at the time as a taxi driver; the victim asked him to drive to her house. On the road, Kuznetsov talked to the girl. Kuznetsov stopped the car near the Kupavna neighbourhood. There, the couple had sex, but in the morning the girl told him that he had to pay for the "night of love" or she would report him to the police; this enraged Kuznetsov.

He disposed of her body in a nearby mound, where it was found by passers-by. From May to November 1991 he committed a series of rapes in Balashikha. On the night of November 12–13, 1991, threatening the victim with a knife, he committed another rape in one of the Balashikha cemeteries; the victim reported him to the authorities. Taking advantage of the collapse of the USSR and the separation of Ukraine, he moved to Kiev, where he once served, believing that in the confusion associated with the disintegration of the country, no one will be looking for him there. From on, he decided to kill his rape victims so they couldn’t report him to the police. In Kiev, he committed four murders involving rape and robbery: on January 6, 19, 24 and 27, 1992; some of his victims' eyes were gouged out. The last attack was unsuccessful: the girl, to whom Kuznetsov introduced himself as "Dmitry Fadeev from Balashikha", fought back and gave a description of the attacker. In the operational and investigative circles, he was nicknamed "False Dmitry".

In February, he moved to Moscow, where he committed five more murders, similar in style to those in Kiev on February 25, March 3, 9, 13 and March 21, 1992. He committed his crimes in Izmaylovsky Park, he was arrested on March 26, 1992, confessed to all murders and rapes. On December 1, 1993, the court process began, he was sentenced to death, but since by that time Russia had joined the Council of Europe, in 1999 the sentence was commuted to life imprisonment. He was serving his sentence in the colony of special regime IK-1 "Mordovian zone", in the Sosnovka settlement of Zubovo-Polyansky District in the Republic of Mordovia. Oleg Kuznetsov died of heart failure on 4 August 2000, aged 31. ТВ МВД. «Нелюди» Телекомпания НТВ в 2008 году сняла по мотивам истории Кузнецова фильм «След зверя» из цикла «Следствие вели…». «Не казните моего убийцу» часть 2. Студия «Золотая лента», 2000 год. Зона мертвеца. Маньяки. Олег Кузнецов Сексуальные маньяки. Кузнецов Олег Владимирович — Лжедмитрий Отечественные серийные убийцы разных лет «След зверя»

Lake Mary Township, Douglas County, Minnesota

Lake Mary Township is a township in Douglas County, United States. The population was 997 at the 2000 census. Lake Mary Township was organized in 1867, took its name from the Lake Mary within its borders. According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 35.2 square miles, of which 28.7 square miles of it is land and 6.5 square miles of it is water. As of the census of 2000, there were 997 people, 362 households, 309 families residing in the township; the population density was 34.7 people per square mile. There were 491 housing units at an average density of 17.1/sq mi. The racial makeup of the township was 0.10 % Native American and 0.10 % Asian. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.20% of the population. There were 362 households out of which 36.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 79.6% were married couples living together, 3.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 14.6% were non-families. 11.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.1% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.

The average household size was 2.75 and the average family size was 2.98. In the township the population was spread out with 27.3% under the age of 18, 5.3% from 18 to 24, 26.0% from 25 to 44, 27.4% from 45 to 64, 14.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 110.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 105.4 males. The median income for a household in the township was $45,515, the median income for a family was $47,500. Males had a median income of $34,044 versus $22,163 for females; the per capita income for the township was $19,621. About 3.5% of families and 3.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.5% of those under age 18 and 9.0% of those age 65 or over

Jeremias Benjamin Richter

Jeremias Benjamin Richter was a German chemist. He was born at Hirschberg in Silesia, became a mining official at Breslau in 1794, in 1800 was appointed assessor to the department of mines and chemist to the royal porcelain factory at Berlin, where he died, he is known for introducing the term stoichiometry. To him belongs the merit of carrying out some of the earliest determinations of the quantities by weight in which acids saturate bases and bases acids, of arriving at the conception that those amounts of different bases which can saturate the same quantity of a particular acid are equivalent to each other, he was thus led to conclude that chemistry is a branch of applied mathematics and to endeavour to trace a law according to which the quantities of different bases required to saturate a given acid formed an arithmetical progression, the quantities of acids saturating a given base a geometric progression. Evidence for the existence of atoms was the law of definite proportions proposed by him in 1792.

Richter found that the ratio by weight of the compounds consumed in a chemical reaction was always the same. It took 615 parts by weight of magnesia, for example, to neutralize 1000 parts by weight of sulfuric acid. From his data, Ernst Gottfried Fischer calculated in 1802 the first table of chemical equivalents, taking sulphuric acid as the standard with the figure 1000; when Joseph Proust reported his work on the constant composition of chemical compounds, the time was ripe for the reinvention of an atomic theory. The law of definite proportions and constant composition do not prove that atoms exist, but they are difficult to explain without assuming that chemical compounds are formed when atoms combine in constant proportions, his results were published in Der Stochiometrie oder Messkunst chemischer Elemente, Über die neueren Gegenstände in der Chemie, but it was long before they were properly appreciated, or he himself accorded due credit for them. This was because some of his work was wrongly ascribed to Carl Wenzel by Jons Berzelius through a mistake, only corrected in 1841 by Henri Hess, professor of chemistry at St. Petersburg, author of the laws of constant heat-sums and of thermoneutrality.

Between 1792 and 1794 he published a three-volume summary of his work on the law of definite proportions. In this book Richter introduced the term stoichiometry, which he defined as the art of chemical measurements, which has to deal with the laws according to which substances unite to form chemical compounds. Richter was fascinated with the role of mathematics in chemistry, his writing style has been described as obscure and clumsy. His work therefore had little impact until 1802, when it was summarized by Ernst Gottfried Fischer in terms of tables. "European Network for Chemistry". Official site. Archived from the original on January 15, 2003. Retrieved January 29, 2010. AttributionChisholm, Hugh, ed.. "Richter, Jeremias Benjamin". Encyclopædia Britannica. 23. Cambridge University Press. P. 313

Song Offering

Song Offerings is a volume of lyrics by Bengali poet Rabindranath Thakur, rendered into English by the poet himself, for which he was awarded the 1913 Nobel Prize in Literature. Song Offerings is identified as the English rendering of Gitanjali, a volume of poetry by poet Rabindranath Thakur composed between 1904 and 1910 and published in 1910. However, in fact, Song Offerings anthologizes English translation of poems from his drama Achalayatan and nine other published volumes of Tagore poetry; the ten works, the number of poems selected from each, are as follows: Gitanjali - 69 poems Geetmalya - 17 poems Naibadya - 16 poems Kheya - 11 poems Shishu - 3 poems Chaitali - 1 poem Smaran - 1 poem Kalpana - 1 poem Utsarga - 1 poem Acholayatan - 1 poemSong Offerings is a collection of devotional songs to the supreme. The deep-rooted spiritual essence of the volume is brought out from the following extract: My debts are large, my failures great, my shame secret and heavy; the word gitanjali is composed from "geet", "anjali", thus means – "An offering of songs".

Rabindranath Tagore took the liberty of doing "free translation" while rendering these 103 poems into English. In many cases these are transcreations rather than translation. A reader can himself realize the approach taken by Rabindranath in translating his own poem with that translated by a professional translator. First is quoted lyric no. 1 of Song Offering as translated by Rabindranath himself: Thou hast made me endless, such is thy pleasure. This frail vessel thou emptiest again and again, fillest it with fresh life; this little flute of a reed thou hast carried over hills and dales, hast breathed through it melodies eternally new. At the immortal touch of thy hands my little heart loses its limits in joy and gives birth to utterance ineffable. Thy infinite gifts come to me only on these small hands of mine. Ages pass, still thou pourest, still there is room to fill, it is the Lyric number 1 of Gitanjali. There is another English rendering of the same poem by Joe Winter translated in 1997:Tagore undertook the translations prior to a visit to England in 1912, where the poems were well received.

In 1913, Tagore became the first non-European to win the Nobel Prize for Literature for the English Gitanjali. The first edition of Song Offerings was published in 1912 from London by the India Society, it was priced ten and a half shillings. The second edition was published by The Macmillan Company in 1913 and was priced at four and a half shillings; the second edition contained a sketch of the poet by Rothenstein, in addition to an invaluable preface by W. B. Yeats. An introduction by poet W. B. Yeats was added to the second edition of Song Offerings. Yeats wrote that this volume had "stirred my blood as nothing has for years...." He candidly informed the readers, "I have carried the manuscript of these translations about with me for days, reading it in railway trains, or on the top of omnibuses and in restaurants, I have had to close it lest some stranger would see how much it moved me. These lyrics--which are in the original, my Indians tell me, full of subtlety of rhythm, of untranslatable delicacies of colour, of metrical invention—display in their thought a world I have dreamed of all my live long."

After describing the Indian culture which considered an important facilitating factor behind the sublime poetry of Rabindranath, Yeats stated, "The work of a supreme culture, they yet appear as much the growth of the common soil as the grass and the rushes. A tradition, where poetry and religion are the same thing, has passed through the centuries, gathering from learned and unlearned metaphor and emotion, carried back again to the multitude the thought of the scholar and of the noble." In 1913, Rabindranath Tagore was awarded the Nobel Prize for literature. Evaluation of Tagore as a great poet was based on the evaluation of Song Offerings, in addition to the recommendations that put his name on the short list. In awarding the prize to Rabindranth, the Nobel committee stated: "because of his profoundly sensitive and beautiful verse, by which, with consummate skill, he has made his poetic thought, expressed in his own English words, a part of the literature of the West" The Nobel committee recognized him as "an author who, in conformity with the express wording of Alfred Nobel's last will and testament, had during the current year, written the finest poems «of an idealistic tendency."

The Nobel Committee quoted from Song Offering and stated that Rabindranath in thought-impelling pictures, has shown how all things temporal are swallowed up in the eternal: Time is endless in thy hands, my lord. There is none to count thy minutes. Days and nights fade like flowers. Thou knowest. Thy centuries follow each other perfecting a small wild flower. We have no time to lose, having no time, we must scramble for our chances. We are too poor to be late, and thus it is that time goes try, while I give it to every querulous man who claims it, thine altar is empty of all offerings to the last. At the end of the day I hasten in fear. In response to the announcement of the Nobel prize, Rabindranath sent a telegram saying, "I beg to convey to the Swedish Acade

Eastwick (TV series)

Eastwick is an American fantasy comedy-drama television series based on John Updike's novel The Witches of Eastwick which aired on ABC from September 23 until December 30, 2009. The series was developed by Maggie Friedman, starred Paul Gross as the infamous Darryl Van Horne, alongside Jaime Ray Newman, Lindsay Price, Rebecca Romijn as the eponymous witches. Joanna Frankel, Katherine Gardener, Roxanne Torcoletti were three dissatisfied women living in the picturesque town of Eastwick, New England. Yearning for excitement in their lives, each of the women make a wish for “something to change”, in their daily lives; the following day, a mysterious and secretive stranger named Darryl Van Horne arrives and begins courting each of the women in turns. Darryl informs the women about their'witch' talents and encourages them to explore their unique abilities. However, as the series progresses, the three unlikely friends begin to worry about Darryl's ultimate intentions. Joanna Frankel is an insecure news reporter at the Eastwick Gazette.

Although Joanna finds it difficult to have the things she wants, she exhibits the hypnotic ability to control and manipulate the minds of men. As the show progressed, Joanna showed signs of telekinetic powers and is able to move multiple objects with a simple thought. Katherine "Kat" Gardener is a level-headed mother of five children, a nurse at Eastwick General Hospital, the wife of Raymond Gardener. Struggling to balance a happy and healthy life and marriage, Kat is compared to Mother Nature. Coincidentally, Kat exhibits the power of elementalism, otherwise known as the manipulation and control of the elements; as the show progressed, Kat showed signs of healing abilities, as she was able to magically heal the injuries of her hospital patients. Roxanne "Roxie" Torcoletti is a free-spirited sculptress and the widowed mother of Mia Torcoletti; as a widow, Roxie is seen as an outcast because many of the Eastwick citizens believe she was responsible for her husband’s death. Throughout the series, Roxie exhibits clairvoyant powers, allowing her to hear and see deceased people, hear others thoughts, envision events that can happen.

As the show progresses Roxie's Clairvoyant abilities allow her to hear her mother’s inner, secret thoughts. Ashley Benson as Mia Torcoletti Jon Bernthal as Raymond Gardener Veronica Cartwright as Bun Waverly Jaime Ray Newman as Kat Gardener Lindsay Price as Joanna Frankel Rebecca Romijn as Roxanne Torcoletti Sara Rue as Penny Higgins Johann Urb as Will St. David Paul Gross as Darryl Van Horne Darren Criss as Josh Burton Matt Dallas as Chad Jason George as Max Brody Jack Huston as Jamie Cybill Shepherd as Eleanor Rougement Torsten Voges as Fidel Eastwick was one of the eighty-four shows canceled in 2010. After the series was canceled on November 9, Kristin of E! Online held an online campaign to determine. Show creator Maggie Friedman was "said to be frustrated and angry" with how the network mishandled the show; the series is based on the 1984 novel The Witches of Eastwick and the film counterpart of the same name. While the book was written by John Updike, the series was conceived by Maggie Friedman, who wanted to create a show about female empowerment and a show, magical but real.

ABC picked up the show in early 2009. The series was filmed on the Warner Bros. Studios backlot, using the same town square as The WB's series, Gilmore Girls. Filming of the pilot began in August 2009 when all characters had been cast, the last one being Matt Dallas on July 30. ABC decided to put the show on the air Wednesdays at 10:00pm Eastern/9:00pm Central, after another new show, Cougar Town on ABC's Comedy Wednesdays. There were initial suggestions that the show could feature a musical episode, but this never occurred; the last day of shooting was held on November 16, 2009. Eastwick opened with mixed reviews. Metacritic has given the series a score of 50% based on the pilot episode, from among 21 critical reviews. Entertainment Weekly gave the pilot episode a B, stating the show "plays like Desperate Housewives if the Wisteria Lane ladies liked prestidigitation instead of poker."Variety was favorable by saying "the pilot represents a polished product that neatly introduces an array of characters and establishes Eastwick as a project with no small measure of potential."

The Boston Globe gave the show a more positive review: its writer still compared it to Desperate Housewives while saying "Desperate Housewives is frustrating because it can’t seem to decide what it is: murder mystery, silly farce, or realistic look at domestic woes. Eastwick is allegory and knows it, so it can be plausibly silly and over-the-top, hint at real issues - women in the workplace, gender politics at home - without trying too hard... I’ll take Witch Hazel over Wisteria any day." The New York Post described Eastwick as the best new fall show of 2009, giving it a Grade A-, the highest score for any of the new shows graded. Eastwick saw better success internationally than in the United States; the show premiered in the United Kingdom on November 24, 2009. The pilot episode gathered 157,000 viewers on Hallmark Channel and 105,000 on Hallmark+1, the channel airing an hour behind the original channel, for a total of 262,000 viewers. During the week, it placed #2 on the Hallmark channel and #1 on Hallmark+1.

Following episodes earned the top spot on the channel for the week. The sixth episode pulled in 194,000 viewers on Hallmark, an additional 110,000 at 11pm, totalling