1901 in literature
This article presents lists of literary events and publications in 1901.
- January 31 – Anton Chekhov's Three Sisters (Три сeстры, Tri sestry) opens at the Moscow Art Theatre under the direction of Constantin Stanislavski and Vladimir Nemirovich-Danchenko with Stanislavski as Vershinin, Olga Knipper as Masha, Margarita Savetskaya as Olga, Maria Andreyeva as Irina and Maria Lilina (Stanislavsky's wife) as Natasha.
- February 22 – Leo Tolstoy is excommunicated from the Russian Orthodox Church.
- May 6 – Swedish dramatist August Strindberg, 52, marries his third wife, Swedish-Norwegian actress Harriet Bosse, 23, having become engaged in March during rehearsals for his play Easter (Påsk).
- May 25 – Chekhov marries Olga Knipper in a quiet ceremony.
- May 28 – Cherry v. Des Moines Leader is decided in the Supreme Court of Iowa, upholding the right to publish critical reviews.
- June 28 – G. K. Chesterton marries Frances Blogg at St Mary Abbots, Kensington.
- July – First modern stage productions of Everyman, the 15th-century morality play, by William Poel's Elizabethan Stage Society outdoors at the Charterhouse in London.
- July 24 – O. Henry is released from prison in Columbus, Ohio after serving three years for embezzlement.
- October – Thomas Mann's first novel, Buddenbrooks, is published in Berlin.
- October 23 – Mark Twain receives an honorary doctor of literature degree from Yale University. In the same month, he moves to Riverdale, New York.
- December 2 – The Romanian literary review Sămănătorul is founded.
- December 10 – The first Nobel Prize in Literature is awarded, to French poet Sully Prudhomme.
- The World's Classics editions are established by Grant Richards in England.
- Leonid Andreyev – повести (stories)
- René Boylesve – La Becquée
- Samuel Butler – Erewhon Revisited
- Hall Caine – The Eternal City
- Winston Churchill – The Crisis
- Colette – Claudine à Paris
- Joseph Conrad and Ford Madox Ford – The Inheritors
- Victoria Cross – Anna Lombard
- Patrick S. Dinneen – Cormac Ó Conaill (first novel in Irish published complete in book form)
- George Douglas – The House with the Green Shutters
- Miles Franklin – My Brilliant Career
- Géza Gárdonyi – A láthatatlan ember (The Invisible Man)
- Henry James – The Sacred Fount
- Rudyard Kipling – Kim
- Jean Lorrain
- Monsieur de Phocas
- Le Vice errant
- George Barr McCutcheon – Graustark: The Story of a Love Behind a Throne
- Thomas Mann – Buddenbrooks
- George Moore – Sister Theresa
- Frank Norris – The Octopus
- Charles-Louis Philippe – Bubu de Montparnasse
- Luigi Pirandello – L'Esclusa (The Excluded Woman)
- José Maria de Eça de Queiroz – A Cidade e as Serras
- M. P. Shiel
- Bram Stoker and Valdimar Ásmundsson – Makt Myrkranna (Powers of Darkness, Icelandic language adaptation of Stoker's Dracula)
- Rabindranath Tagore – Nastanirh (নষ্টনীড়, The Broken Nest)
- Jules Verne
- H. G. Wells – The First Men in the Moon
- Émile Zola – Travail
Children and young people
- John Kendrick Bangs – Mr. Munchausen
- L. Frank Baum
- Evelyn Everett-Green – True Stories of Girl Heroines
- Gabriele D'Annunzio – Francesca da Rimini
- Roberto Bracco – Lost in the Dark (Sperduti nel buio)
- Anton Chekhov – Three Sisters
- Clyde Fitch – The Climbers
- Haralamb Lecca – Quinta. Suprema forță
- Wilhelm Meyer-Förster – Old Heidelberg (Alt Heidelberg)
- August Strindberg – A Dream Play (Ett drömspel, published)
- Stanisław Wyspiański
- Hall Caine – The Eternal City
- Henry Ames Blood – Selected Poems of Henry Ames Blood
- Maxim Gorky – The Song of the Stormy Petrel (Песня о Буревестнике)
- Thomas Hardy – Poems of the Past and the Present
- Akiko Yosano (与謝野 晶子) – Midaregami (みだれ髪, Tangled Hair)
- Annie Besant, Charles Webster Leadbeater – Thought-Forms: A Record of Clairvoyant Investigation
- Sigmund Freud – The Psychopathology of Everyday Life (Zur Psychopathologie des Alltagslebens)
- Seebohm Rowntree – Poverty, A Study of Town Life
- Edith Helen Sichel – Women and Men of the French Renaissance
- Rudolf Steiner – Die Mystik im Aufgange des neuzeitlichen Geisteslebens, und ihr Verhältnis zur modernen Weltan-schauung (Mysticism at the Dawn of Modern Spiritual Life, and its Relationship with Modern World-views)
- A. E. Waite – The Life of Louis Claude de Saint-Martin
- Booker T. Washington – Up from Slavery
- H. G. Wells – Anticipations of the Reaction of Mechanical and Scientific Progress Upon Human Life and Thought
- January 31 – Marie Luise Kaschnitz (Marie Luise von Holzing-Berslett), German story writer, novelist and poet (died 1974)
- February 13 – Lewis Grassic Gibbon (James Leslie Mitchell), Scottish novelist (died 1974)
- February 23 – Ivar Lo-Johansson, Swedish novelist and journalist (died 1990)
- March 4 (or 1903) – Jean-Joseph Rabearivelo (Joseph-Casimir Rabearivelo), Malagasy Francophone poet (suicide 1937)
- April 10 – Anna Kavan (Helen Emily Woods, Helen Ferguson), French-born English novelist and short story writer (died 1968)
- May 1 – Antal Szerb, Hungarian writer (died 1945)
- May 15 – Xavier Herbert, Australian novelist (died 1984)
- June 1 – John Van Druten, English-born American dramatist (died 1957)
- June 23 – Ahmet Hamdi Tanpınar, Turkish novelist and essayist (died 1962)
- July 9 – Barbara Cartland, English romantic novelist, historian and playwright (died 2000)
- July 20 – Dilys Powell, English film critic (died 1995)
- July 25 – Ruth Krauss, American children's author and poet (died 1993)
- August 10 – Sergio Frusoni, Cape Verde poet and promoter of Cape Verdean Creole language (died 1975)
- August 17 – Heðin Brú, Faroese fiction writer and translator (died 1987)
- August 20 – Salvatore Quasimodo, Italian author (died 1968)
- November 3 – André Malraux, French author (died 1976)
- December 9 – Ödön von Horváth, Austro-Hungarian dramatist and novelist (died 1938)
- December 16 – Margaret Mead, American anthropologist and author (died 1978)
- Unknown date – Ernest Elmore (John Bude), English crime writer and theater director (died 1957)
- January 14 – Víctor Balaguer, Catalan Spanish dramatist and poet (born 1824)
- February 2 – John Cordy Jeaffreson, English novelist and non-fiction writer (born 1831)
- February 15 – Maurice Thompson, American novelist (born 1844)
- March 19 – Philippe Gille, French dramatist (born 1831)
- March 24 – Charlotte Mary Yonge, English novelist (born 1823)
- April 6 – George Murray Smith, English publisher (born 1824)
- April 12 – Louis Auguste Sabatier, French theologian (born 1839)
- June 5 – Dagny Juel, Norwegian writer and artists' model (shot, born 1867)
- June 9 – Walter Besant, English novelist and historian (born 1836)
- June 10 – Robert Williams Buchanan, Scottish poet, novelist and dramatist (born 1841)
- July 7 – Johanna Spyri, Swiss children's writer (born 1827)
- July 18 – Jan ten Brink, Dutch novelist (born 1834)
- July 20 – William Cosmo Monkhouse, English poet and critic (born 1840)
- July 27 – Brooke Foss Westcott, English theologian (born 1825)
- August 9 – Vishnudas Bhave, Indian dramatist (unknown birth year)
- October 31 – Julien Leclercq, French Symbolist poet and art critic (born 1865)
- November 6 – Kate Greenaway, English children's illustrator and writer (born 1846)
- Decree of Excommunication of Leo Tolstoy.
- "I have a horror of weddings, the congratulations and the champagne, standing around, glass in hand with an endless grin on your face." Letter to Olga Knipper, April 19, 1901.
- Kuehler, Stephen G. (2008). Concealing God: The "Everyman" revival, 1901–1903. Tufts University Ph.D. thesis. 104 p.
- Râpeanu, Valeriu (December 2001). "Sămănătorul acum 100 de ani". Magazin Istoric.
- Nobel Prize official website: From the First Nobel Prize Award Ceremony, 1901. Accessed March 11, 2013.
- Sutherland, John (2007). Bestsellers: a very short introduction. Oxford University Press. p. 86. ISBN 978-0-19-921489-1.