1904 in Italy

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Years: 1901 1902 1903 1904 1905 1906 1907

See also: 1903 in Italy, other events of 1904, 1905 in Italy.

Events from the year 1904 in Italy.

Kingdom of Italy[edit]


This cartoon in the satirical magazine L'Asino (The Donkey) in May 1911, described the policy of Giolitti: on the one hand, dressed in elegant suit, he reassures conservatives; on the other, with clothes less elegant, he is addressing the workers. (L'Asino, May 14, 1911)

The Giolittian Era. During his second and third tenure as Prime Minister (1903–1905 and 1906–1909), Giovanni Giolitti courts the left and labour unions with social legislation, including subsidies for low-income housing, preferential government contracts for worker cooperatives, and old age and disability pensions. Economic expansion was secured by monetary stability, moderate protectionism and government support of production. Foreign trade doubled between 1900 and 1910, wages rose, and the general standard of living went up.[1] Nevertheless, the period was also marked by a sharp increase in the frequency and duration of industrial action, with major labour strikes.



  • April 24 – Official visit of French President Émile Loubet to Rome.



  • Series of strikes, including a general strike in September. Prime Minister Giovanni Giolitti refuses to intervene and this attitude prevents the movement to take revolutionary dimensions. Pope Pius X gives tacit permission to Catholic candidates to stand in parliamentary to counter the red menace.[4]
  • September 27 – Prime Minister Giovanni Giolitti visits the German Chancellor Bernhard von Bülow to allay concerns in Berlin by the French-Italian rapprochement in relation with the Triple Alliance.


  • November 6 – First round of the Italian general election.[5]
  • November 13 – Second round of the Italian general election. The "ministerial" left-wing bloc of the Historical Left led by Giovanni Giolitti remains the largest in Parliament, winning 339 of the 508 seats.[6] The papal ban on Catholics voting was relaxed for the first time, and three Catholics were elected.[7]




  1. ^ Life World Library: Italy, by Herbert Kubly and the Editors of LIFE, 1961, p. 46
  2. ^ Luhr, J.F. (2003). Earth. Doring Kindersly. p. 205. ISBN 1-4053-0018-3. 
  3. ^ Tiwari, G.N.; Ghosal, M.K. (2005). Renewable Energy Resources: Basic Principles and Applications. Alpha Science International Ltd. ISBN 1-84265-125-0. 
  4. ^ Clark, Modern Italy: 1871 to the present, p. 176
  5. ^ Italian Conservatives Gain; Power of Extreme Parties Diminished by Elections Yesterday, The New York Times, November 7, 1904
  6. ^ Nohlen, D & Stöver, P (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p. 1083
  7. ^ Nohlen & Stöver, p. 1031