1905 in paleontology

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List of years in paleontology
In science
1902
1903
1904
1905
1906
1907
1908

Paleontology or palaeontology (from Greek: paleo, "ancient"; ontos, "being"; and logos, "knowledge") is the study of prehistoric life forms on Earth through the examination of plant and animal fossils.[1] This includes the study of body fossils, tracks (ichnites), burrows, cast-off parts, fossilised feces (coprolites), palynomorphs and chemical residues. Because humans have encountered fossils for millennia, paleontology has a long history both before and after becoming formalized as a science. This article records significant discoveries and events related to paleontology that occurred or were published in the year 1905.

Archosauromorphs[edit]

Newly named dinosaurs[edit]

Data courtesy of George Olshevsky's dinosaur genera list.[2]

Name Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Albertosaurus[3]

Valid taxon

Late Cretaceous (Edmontonian)

Horseshoe Canyon Formation

An albertosaurine tyrannosaurid.

"Diceratops"[4]

Preoccupied.

Lull vide:

  • Hatcher

Late Cretaceous (Lancian)

Has been considered a member of Triceratops, but recent work has indicated it deserved its own genus after all. In 2008 it was renamed Diceratus because Diceratops was preoccupied by a hymenopteran insect Foerster, 1868.

"Dynamosaurus"[3]

Junior synonym.

Late Cretaceous (Lancian)

Lance Formation

Same as Tyrannosaurus, this name was rejected because Tyrannosaurus was mentioned earlier in the paper.

Stegopelta[5]

Valid taxon

  • Williston

Middle Cretaceous (Cenomanian)

Frontier Formation

A nodosaurid.

Tyrannosaurus[3]

Valid taxon

Late Cretaceous (Lancian)

Lance Formation
Hell Creek Formation
Scollard Formation
North Horn Formation
McRae Formation
Frenchman Formation
Denver Formation
Laramie Formation

Tyrannosaurus is the largest recognized tyrannosauroid and one of the most famous dinosaurs.

Other archosauromorphs[edit]

Name Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

"Procerosaurus"

Preoccupied.

  • Fritsch

Late Cretaceous (Turonian)

Preoccupied by Procerosaurus von Huene, 1902; later renamed Ponerosteus Olshevsky, 2000. Either a bird or pterosaur.[6]

Synapsids[edit]

Non-mammalian[edit]

Name Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Archaeosuchus

Nomen dubium

Broom

Middle Permian

A member of Dinocephalia.

Melinodon

junior synonym

Broom

Middle Triassic (late Olenekian to Anisian)

Burgersdorp Formation

Sesamodon

junior synonym

Broom

Middle Triassic (late Olenekian to Anisian)

Burgersdorp Formation

Other reptiles[edit]

Name Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images
Albisaurus[7]

Nomen dubium.

  • Fritsch

Late Cretaceous (Turonian)

Jizera Formation

 Czech Republic

May have been a misidentified marine reptile.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gini-Newman, Garfield; Graham, Elizabeth (2001). Echoes from the past: world history to the 16th century. Toronto: McGraw-Hill Ryerson Ltd. ISBN 9780070887398. OCLC 46769716. 
  2. ^ Olshevsky, George. "Dinogeorge's Dinosaur Genera List". Retrieved 2008-08-07. 
  3. ^ a b c Osborn, H.F. 1905. Tyrannosaurus and other Cretaceous carnovorous dinosaurs. Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. 21: pp. 259-265.
  4. ^ Hatcher, J.B. 1905. Two new Ceratopsia from the Laramie of Converse County, Wyoming. Amer. J. Sci. (ser. 4) 20: pp. 413-419. vide Lull, R.S. 1905. Restoration of the horned dinosaur Diceratops. Amer. J. Sci. (ser. 4) 20: pp. 420-422.
  5. ^ Williston, S.W. 1905. A new armored dinosaur from the Upper Cretaceous of Wyoming. Science 22 (564): pp. 503-504.
  6. ^ Fejfar, O., Košťák, M., Kvaček, J., Mazuch, M., and Moučka, M. 2005. First Cenomanian dinosaur from Central Europe (Czech Republic). Acta Palaeontologica Polonica 50 (2): 295–300.
  7. ^ Fritsch, A. 1905. Synopsis der Saurier der Bohmischen Kreideformation. Sitz. Konig. Bohm. Ges. Wiss., II. Classe. (7 pages)