1908–09 Australia rugby union tour of Britain

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Not to be confused with the 1908–09 Kangaroo tour of Great Britain
1908–09 Australia rugby union tour of Britain
Summary
P W D L
Total
39 33 01 05
Test match
02 01 00 01
Opponent
P W D L
 Wales
1 0 0 1
 England
1 1 0 0

The 1908–09 Australia rugby union tour of the British Isles was a collection of friendly rugby union games undertaken by the Australia national rugby union team against invitational and national teams from England and Wales, as well as several games against sides from North America. This was the first Australian tour of the Northern Hemisphere and the side is sometimes referred to as the "First Wallabies".

Both the New Zealand and South African teams had toured Europe in 1905 and 1906 respectively, both achieving unexpected but deserved success against club and international opposition. Despite the success of these two touring teams, Australia suffered poor press[1] and with only a single win after the teams' first twelve international matches in its history to that point,[2] few people suggested the team would do well.[1] Against low expectations the Australians played well, winning 25 of 31 matches played on the tour and with some commentators writing that the team would have achieved better results if they had not picked up so many injuries.[1][3]

Australia took in two recognised international games, against Wales and England, but failed to play any games in Scotland or Ireland due to the Irish and Scottish Unions resenting the International Rugby Board's attitude regarding the Australian invitation.[3]

The squad's leadership[edit]

Herbert Moran, team captain

Tour manager, who performed the role of coach was New South Wales state selector James McMahon, a veteran of the early NSWRU representative fixtures of 1889 and 1894 against New Zealand. He was assisted by Stan Wickham who had captained the Wallabies on 10 occasions between 1904 and 1905. Tour captain was Dr. Herbert 'Paddy' Moran. The team was also captained in matches during the tour by Chris McKivat and by Fred Wood, the tour vice-captain. They played in blue shirts, emblazoned with the Waratah. Players were paid 3 shillings a day in expenses.[4]

Moran writes in Viewless Winds that when the touring squad first arrived at Plymouth a pack of journalists were there who were anxious to give the team some distinctive name. The "Rabbits" was instantaneously rejected and soon after the team adopted the moniker of "The Wallabies" which for many years was used to describe the Australia national rugby union team when touring to Britain. These days the national side are the Wallabies whether playing at home or anywhere abroad.[5]

Moran also describes as "an affliction" the war-cry which the parent Union in Australia had suggested the team should use for its "box-office value". Moran wrote:

Echoing the feelings of the Australian team towards the war-cry, there was little respect shown from their opponents towards it either. In the encounter with Cardiff at the Cardiff Arms Park, Percy Bush responded to the cry by charging onto the pitch brandishing a sword and shield, in what was intended to be an amusing riposte.[7]

Tour itinerary[edit]

The 1908 squad to tour England

The squad left Sydney on 8 August 1908 on board the SS Omrah bound for Melbourne. The ship contained 116 passengers, 1579 bales of wool, 2729 carcases of mutton, 4650 carcases of lamb, 2000 quarters of beef, 4800 crates of frozen rabbits and 200 tones of lead and copper. They played a game at the MCG against a Victorian XV which was won 26–6. They docked in Fremantle and played and won a fixture against a Western Australian XV 58–6.

Wallabies pre-match war-cry

On the long voyage Moran introduced the practice of team meetings that were part lecture and part brain–storming with players encouraged to voice their ideas on improving team performance. Moran stood at a blackboard and while his lecturing style was initially derided by the players he managed to instill a sense of cleverness and skill in players, creating thoughts of rugby as similar to a game of chess.[8] The Sydney forward Cecil Murnin became ill on the voyage and left the tour in Naples to return to Australia.[9]

The first tour match in England was against Devon. Peter Burge broke a leg in that match and did not play again on the tour.[10] Australia won the match with fourteen men. Bob Craig had brought a carpet snake in his luggage as a tour mascot and the snake died that same day.[5] The fourth tour match saw the Wallabies pitted against the best players from Cardiff and Swansea playing as Glamorgan County. The match at Pontypridd drew a crowd of 20,000 who gave the visitors a standing ovation. In that match another player was lost to a broken leg – this time from the sideline. The Queensland forward Flanagan was running the flag as line–umpire and collided with the winger "Boxer" Russell.[11] Australia's first loss was the ninth match, against Llanelli RFC – a spirited encounter which saw the Llanelli side win the match 8–3 and themselves a place in local sporting folklore.

Olympic Wallabies[edit]

During the tour, the Olympic Games were being held in London. The Australian team entered the rugby tournament and were the only other team alongside Cornwall, who were representing Great Britain. The interest in the Olympic rugby final was only lukewarm with the final being held in the last week of Games that had taken place over six months.[12]

Australia had already beaten Cornwall, the British county champions early in the tour. Scottish and Irish Unions had turned down the RFU's invitation to participate in the Olympic bouts. France were expected to contest the medal, but had withdrawn, leaving just Australia and Cornwall for England team to play for gold and silver medals.

1908 Olympic Gold Final: Australasia 32 – Cornwall RFU (Great Britain) 3

The match was played on an area alongside the Olympic Games swimming pool which measured 110 yards in length with a long line of netting stretched beside to catch flying balls. Large mattresses were spread along the rim of the pool to prevent injuries to falling players.[13] One day was allocated to what was called the Olympic rugby tournament. Neither Moran, nor the tour vice-captain Fred Wood played so Chris McKivat led the Wallabies to an easy 32–3 victory and to Olympic glory, with each Wallaby in that match thereafter an Olympic gold medallist.

Tour statistics[edit]

The tour took in 31 games in the British Isles, with the Australians winning 25, losing five and drawing one. Of the Test matches, the team lost against Wales, but beat England. These matches were the first ever encounters between an Australian team and their hosts. A further two matches were played in Australia en route and there were five matches in the USA and Canada.[15]

The Wallabies scored 438 points on tour to 149 against, scoring 104 tries in the process and averaging better than three tries per game with 80 scored by the backs and 24 by the forwards.[16]

Touring party[edit]

The 1908 Australian team with names

Management[edit]

Full backs[edit]

Three-quarters[edit]

Half backs[edit]

Forwards[edit]

Match summary[edit]

Complete list of matches played by Australia at British Isles and North America:

     Test matches

# Date Rival City Venue Score
1 10 Aug 1908 Victoria Melbourne Cricket Ground 26–6
2 17 Aug Western Australia Fremantle Fremantle Oval 58–6
3 6 Sep Devon RU Devonport Rectory Ground 24–3
4 1 Oct Gloucestershire RU Gloucester Kingsholm Stadium 16–0
5 3 Oct Cornwall RU Camborne 18–5
6 7 Oct Glamorgan Pontypridd Taff Vale Park 16–3
7 10 Oct Penygraig RFC Tonypandy Athletic Ground 11–3
8 15 Oct Neath/Aberavon Combined Neath Neath Football Ground 15–0
9 17 Oct Llanelli RFC Llanelli Stradey Park 3–8
10 19 Oct Monmouthshire Pontypool Football Ground [note 1]
11 24 Oct London Richmond 3–0
12 [17] 26 Oct Cornwall London White City Stadium 32–3
13 28 Oct Army/Navy RU Combined Portsmouth Recreation Ground 8–6
14 31 Oct Durham Hartlepool Friarage Ground 29–7
15 4 Nov Northumberland/Cumberland RU Newcastle upon Tyne St James' Park 18–6
16 7 Nov Cheshire Birkenhead Birkenhead Park 37–3
17 11 Nov London Blackheath Rectory Field 24–3
18 14 Nov Cambridge University Cambridge 11–9
19 18 Nov Oxford University Oxford Iffley Road 19–3
20 21 Nov Yorkshire RU Wakefield Belle Vue 24–0
21 25 Nov Lancashire RU Fallowfield Fallowfield Stadium 12–6
22 28 Nov Somerset Taunton Athletic Grounds 8–0
23 2 Dec Midlands Combined 5–16
24 5 Dec Anglo-Wales XV [note 2] Richmond 24–0
25 12 Dec  Wales Cardiff Cardiff Arms Park 6–9
26 17 Dec Glamorgan League Pontypridd Taff Vale Park 9–5
27 19 Dec Newport RFC Newport Rodney Parade 5–3
28 22 Dec Abertillery RFC Abertillery 3–3
29 [18] 24 Dec North Glamorgan Merthyr Penydarren Park 13–5
30 26 Dec Swansea RFC Swansea St. Helen's Ground 0–6
31 28 Dec Cardiff RFC Cardiff Cardiff Arms Park 8–24
32 2 Jan 1909  France Colombes [note 3]
33 9 Jan  England Blackheath Rectory Field 9–3
34 13 Jan Bristol / Clifton Combined Gloucestershire Ground 11–3
35 16 Jan Plymouth Plymouth 15–6
36 [15] 6 Feb University of California California 27–0
37 [15] Stanford University Stanford 13–3
38 [15] All-California Combined California 17–0
39 Vancouver Vancouver 23–0
40 Victoria Victoria, BC 26–3
Notes
  1. ^ Cancelled due to pitch waterlogged.
  2. ^ Combined team of English and Welsh players.
  3. ^ Cancelled due to weather conditions.[19][20][21]

Test matches[edit]

Wales[edit]

12 December 1908
Wales  9–6  Australia
Try: Phil Hopkins
Travers
Con: Winfield
Try: Richards
Russell
Cardiff Arms Park, Cardiff
Attendance: 30,000
Referee: G Evans England(England)

Wales: Bert Winfield, Johnnie Williams, Jack Jones, Billy Trew (captain), Phil Hopkins, Dick Jones, Dicky Owen, James Watts, George Travers, George Hayward, Jim Webb, Phil Waller, Tom Evans, Ivor Morgan, David John Thomas
Australia: Phil Carmichael, Charles Russell, John Hickey, Edward Mandible, Daniel Carroll, Ward Prentice, Christopher McKivatt, Thomas Griffen, Robert Craig, Jumbo Barnett, Peter Burge, Charles Hammand, Patrick McCue, Tom Richards, Herbert Moran (captain)

After the tours by the New Zealand and South African teams, the Welsh crowds were beginning to become fatigued at greeting another 'colonial' team,[22] and the crowd of 30,000 at the Cardiff Arms Park was smaller than previous in tours. Those that attended were repaid with an exciting and close encounter, with two tries from both sides and Wales winning by just a single penalty goal. The contest between the forwards was described as 'tremendous',[23] and at the end of the match Moran was chaired from the ground by the Welsh supporters.[3] Moran was later quoted as saying: "It was a very gruelling game; in fact, I think it was one of the hardest games I had ever played in."[23]

Moran describes the last fifteen minutes as tremendously hard. Twice or three times the Australian backs either crossed the line or knocked down a corner post without being able to score. In the dying moments one of the Australian wingers made a break with just Bert Winfield to beat. Instead of stepping or fending him the Wallaby three-quarter attempted to barge through and both players collapsed to the ground. The whistle blew and the Test was Wales'.

England[edit]

9 January 1909
England  3–9  Australia
Try: Mobbs Try: Row
Russell (2)
Rectory Field, Blackheath
Attendance: 18,000
Referee: J Games Wales(Wales)

England: George Lyon (captain), Edgar Mobbs, FN Tarr, EW Assinder, BB Bennetts, AH Ashcroft, RH Williamson, JG Cooper, R Dibble, AL Kewney, SH Penny, AD Warrington-Morris, FP Knight, Percy Down, WL Oldham
Australia: Phil Carmichael, Charles Russell, John Hickey, Ward Prentice, William Dix, Arthur McCabe, Christopher McKivatt (captain), Ken Gavin, Norm Row, Jumbo Barnett, Patrick McCue, Charles Hammand, Malcolm McArthur, Tom Richards, Sydney Middleton

A scrum during the test v. England at the Rectory Field

The match was to have been played at Twickenham but bad weather had delayed the construction of the stand and it was moved to Blackheath.

England had ten new caps, including all four three-quarters. England started well and Edgar Mobbs scored. Wallaby Norman Row kicked an up-and-under, followed up and scored to level the scores. Half-time came at 3-all. Australia dominated the second half. Boxer Russell scored the Wallabies' second and third tries.[24]

Although the Australian team won by three tries to one, sections of the British press reported that the tourists were fortunate to win.[7] This was typical of the press, which had unfairly compared the Australians to the All Black and Springbok teams throughout the tour.[7] Moran had suffered an Achilles-tendon injury[3] in a prior match and missed the England encounter, so the captaincy was given to McKivat.

References[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Thomas (1954), p. 52.
  2. ^ Griffiths (1987), 8:3–4.
  3. ^ a b c d Griffiths (1987), 8:4.
  4. ^ Zavos p. 90.
  5. ^ a b Moran, Herbert (1939) Viewless Winds reproduced in The Spirit of Rugby p. 179.
  6. ^ Moran, p. 64.
  7. ^ a b c Thomas (1954), p. 58.
  8. ^ Zavos p. 109.
  9. ^ Davis JC (1934) reproduced in The Spirit of Rugby p. 25.
  10. ^ Howell p. 32.
  11. ^ Davis p. 25. in The Spirit of Rugby.
  12. ^ Zavos p. 111.
  13. ^ Zavos p. 114.
  14. ^ Zavos p. 113.
  15. ^ a b c d The rise and fall of American rugby by Tony Collins, June 11, 2015
  16. ^ Zavos 9285.
  17. ^ "Olympic Rugby Match. Australia V. Cornwall. Easy win for "Wallabies"". The Age. Melbourne. 28 October 1908. Retrieved 1 May 2016. 
  18. ^ Do you have any record relating to the 1908 Wallabies playing against Merthyr on 24 December 1908? Scrum.com
  19. ^ "AUSTRALIAN RUGBY UNION TEAM'S RECORD IN GREAT BRITAIN". The Referee (1158). Sydney. 13 January 1909. p. 9. Retrieved 14 July 2016 – via National Library of Australia. 
  20. ^ "FOOTBALL". The Arrow (665). 2 January 1909. p. 3. Retrieved 14 July 2016 – via National Library of Australia. 
  21. ^ "IFootballII – Evening Express". Walter Alfred Pearce. 1908-12-31. Retrieved 2016-07-13. 
  22. ^ Smith,David Fields of Praise: The Official History of The Welsh Rugby Union University of Wales Press (1980) p. 187. ISBN 0-7083-0766-3
  23. ^ a b Thomas (1954), p. 55.
  24. ^ Planet-Rugby.com Archived 26 September 2009 at the Wayback Machine. retrieved 17 September 2009.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Griffiths, John (1987). The Phoenix Book of International Rugby Records. London: Phoenix House. ISBN 0-460-07003-7. 
  • Jenkins, Vivian (1981). Rothmans Rugby Yearbook 1981–82. Aylesbury: Rothmans Publications Ltd. ISBN 0-907574-05-X. 
  • Thomas, J.B.G. (1954). On Tour. Essex: Anchor Press Ltd. 
  • Collection (1995) Gordon Bray presents The Spirit of Rugby, Harper Collins Publishers Sydney
  • Davis, JC (1934) Every Man for the Ship (NSWRU Souvenir Publication, 1934 reproduced in The Spirit of Rugby, 1995)
  • Howell, Max (2005) Born to Lead – Wallaby Test Captains, Celebrity Books, Auckland NZ
  • Moran, Herbert (1939). Viewless Winds – the recollections and digressions of an Australian surgeon. P Davies, London. 
  • Zavos, Spiro (2000) Golden Wallabies Penguin Sydney

Online[edit]