1908 in paleontology

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List of years in paleontology
In science
1905
1906
1907
1908
1909
1910
1911

Paleontology or palaeontology (from Greek: paleo, "ancient"; ontos, "being"; and logos, "knowledge") is the study of prehistoric life forms on Earth through the examination of plant and animal fossils.[1] This includes the study of body fossils, tracks (ichnites), burrows, cast-off parts, fossilised feces (coprolites), palynomorphs and chemical residues. Because humans have encountered fossils for millennia, paleontology has a long history both before and after becoming formalized as a science. This article records significant discoveries and events related to paleontology that occurred or were published in the year 1908.

Arthropoda[edit]

Newly named insects[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Electromyrmex[2]

Gen et sp nov

nom nudum

Wheeler

Lutetian

Baltic amber

 Europe

A nyrmicine ant. Type species E. klebsi

Archosauromorphs[edit]

Newly named basal archosauromorphs[edit]

Name Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

"Scaphonyx"

Valid taxon.

  • Woodward

A rhynchosaur.

Late Triassic (Carnian)

Santa Maria Formation

 Brazil

A hyperodapedontid rhynchosaur.

Newly named dinosaurs[edit]

Data coutersy of George Olshevsky's dinosaur genera list.[3]

Name Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images
Ankylosaurus[4] Valid taxon

Late Cretaceous (Lancian)

Hell Creek Formation Lance Formation Scollard Formation

An ankylosaurid.

"Gigantosaurus"[5]

Preoccupied.

Late Jurassic (Kimmeridgian-Tithonian)

Tendaguru Formation

 Tanzania

Preoccupied by Harry Govier Seeley, 1869 renamed Tornieria.

Halticosaurus[6] Nomen dubium.

Late Triassic (early Norian)

Stubensandstein

 Germany

A coelophysoid theropod.

"Pachysaurus"[7]

Preoccupied.

Late Triassic (middle Norian)

Trossingen Formation

 Germany

Preoccupied by Fitzinger, 1843 renamed Pachysauriscus.

Sellosaurus[7] Valid taxon

Late Triassic (early Norian)

Stubensandstein

 Germany

A plateosaurid sauropodomorph.

Synapsids[edit]

Non-mammalian[edit]

Name Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Alopecodon

Valid

Broom

Middle Permian

Middle Abrahamskraal Formation

 South Africa

A scylaosaurid theriodont.

Kannemeyeria

Valid

Seeley

Early-Middle Triassic (late Olenekian to Anisian)

Burgersdorp Formation

 South Africa

A kannemeyeriid dicynodont.

Tetraceratops

Valid

Matthew

Early Permian

Arroyo Formation

 US

Possibly a basal therapsid.

Trochosuchus

Valid

Broom

Middle Permian

Middle Abrahamskraal Formation

 South Africa

A member of Trochosuchidae.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gini-Newman, Garfield; Graham, Elizabeth (2001). Echoes from the past: world history to the 16th century. Toronto: McGraw-Hill Ryerson Ltd. ISBN 9780070887398. OCLC 46769716.
  2. ^ Wheeler, W. M. (1915). "The ants of the Baltic amber". Schriften der Physikalisch-Okonomischen Gesellschaft zu Konigsberg. 55 (4): 56–59.
  3. ^ Olshevsky, George. "Dinogeorge's Dinosaur Genera List". Retrieved 2008-08-07.
  4. ^ Brown, B. 1908. The Ankylosauridae, a new family of armoured dinosaurs from the Upper Cretaceous. Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. 24: pp. 187-201.
  5. ^ Fraas, E. 1908. Ostafrikanische Dinosaurier. Mitteilungen aus dem Kgl. Naturalien-Kabinett zu Stuttgart: pp.105-144.
  6. ^ Huene, F. von. 1907/1908. Die Dinosaurier der Europaiaschen Triasformation mit Berucksichtiging der aussereuropaischen Vorkommnisse. Geol. Paleont. Abhandl. Suppl. 1: pp. 1-419.
  7. ^ a b Huene, F. von. 1908. Eine Zusammensteilung uber die englische Trias und Alter ihre Fossilen. Centralblatt fur Mineralogie, Geologie und Palaontologie, Stuttgart 1908: pp. 9-17.