1910 in paleontology

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List of years in paleontology
In science
1907
1908
1909
1910
1911
1912
1913

Paleontology or palaeontology (from Greek: paleo, "ancient"; ontos, "being"; and logos, "knowledge") is the study of prehistoric life forms on Earth through the examination of plant and animal fossils.[1] This includes the study of body fossils, tracks (ichnites), burrows, cast-off parts, fossilised feces (coprolites), palynomorphs and chemical residues. Because humans have encountered fossils for millennia, paleontology has a long history both before and after becoming formalized as a science. This article records significant discoveries and events related to paleontology that occurred or were published in the year 1910.

Arthropoda[edit]

Newly named insects[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Agroecomyrmex[2]

Gen nov

Valid

Wheeler

Lutetian

Baltic amber

 Europe

Fossil Agroecomyrmecin ant,
new genus for Myrmica duisburgi

Electromyrmex[2]

Gen et sp nov

nom nudum

Wheeler

Lutetian

Baltic amber

 Europe

A nyrmicine ant. Type species E. klebsi (Reprint of Wheeler 1908)

Archosauromorphs[edit]

  • AMNH 5244, a ceratopsian braincase, was found isolated during an American Museum of Natural History Barnum Brown-led expedition.[3]

Newly named phytosaurs[edit]

Name Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Mesorhinus

Preoccupied

Jaekel[4]

possibly Late Triassic

unknown

 Germany

Preoccupied by Mesorhinus Ameghino, 1885; renamed Mesorhinosuchus Kuhn, 1961.

Metarhinus

Preoccupied

Jaekel[4]

Late Triassic (Norian)

Chinle Formation

 United States

New genus for "Belodon" buceros Cope, 1881; preoccupied by Metarhinus Osborn, 1908; renamed Machaeroprosopus Mehl in Mehl, Toepemann, and Schwartz, 1916

Newly named basal dinosauriforms[edit]

Name Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images
Saltopus[5] Valid taxon

Late Triassic (Carnian)

Lossiemouth Sandstone

 Scotland

Probably a non-dinosaurian dinosauriforme.[6]

Newly named dinosaurs[edit]

Data courtesy of George Olshevsky's dinosaur genera list.[7]

Name Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images
Euoplocephalus[8] Valid taxon

Late Campanian

Dinosaur Park Formation

An ankylosaurine ankylosaurid.

"Hecatasaurus"[9] Junior synonym.

Maastrichtian

Sânpetru Formation

 Romania

Junior objective synonym of Telmatosaurus.

Kritosaurus[9] Valid

Late Cretaceous (late Campanian)

Kirtland Formation
Cerro del Pueblo Formation

 US
 Mexico

A saurolophine hadrosaurid, a member of Kritosaurini.

"Nectosaurus"[10] Preoccupied name.
  • Versluys

Late Cretaceous (late Campanian)

Kirtland Formation
Cerro del Pueblo Formation

 US
 Mexico

Preoccupied name by Merriam, 1905. Renamed Kritosaurus.

Synapsids[edit]

Non-mammalian[edit]

Name Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Aloposaurus

Valid

Robert Broom

Middle Permian

Pristerognathus Assemblage Zone

 South Africa

A member of Gorgonopsidae.

Galepus skull

Galepus

Valid

Broom

Late Permian

Cistecephalus Assemblage Zone

 South Africa

A member of Galeopsidae.

Poecilospondylus

Junior synonym

Ermin Cowles Case

Early Permian

Arroyo Formation

 US

A junior synonym of the pelycosaur Varanosaurus.

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Gini-Newman, Garfield; Graham, Elizabeth (2001). Echoes from the past: world history to the 16th century. Toronto: McGraw-Hill Ryerson Ltd. ISBN 9780070887398. OCLC 46769716. 
  2. ^ a b Wheeler, W. M. (1915). "The ants of the Baltic amber". Schriften der Physikalisch-Okonomischen Gesellschaft zu Konigsberg. 55 (4): 56–59. 
  3. ^ "Abstract," Makovicky (2001); page 243.
  4. ^ a b Jaekel, O. (1910). Ueber einen neuen Belodonten aus dem Buntsandstein von Bernburg. Sitzungsberichte der Gesellschaft Naturforschender Freunde zu Berlin, 5:197-229.
  5. ^ Huene, F. von. 1910. Ein primitiver Dinosaurier aus der mittleren Trias von Elgin. Geol. Palaeontol. Abhandl. 8: pp. 317-322.
  6. ^ Michael J. Benton and Alick D. Walker†. 2011. "Saltopus, a dinosauriform from the Upper Triassic of Scotland", Earth and Environmental Science Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, Volume 101, Special Issue 3-4, pp 285 - 299 Royal Society of Edinburgh 2011. Published online: 17 May 2011 doi:10.1017/S1755691011020081
  7. ^ Olshevsky, George. "Dinogeorge's Dinosaur Genera List". Retrieved 2008-08-07. 
  8. ^ Lambe, L.M. 1910. Note on the parietal crest of Centrosaurus apertus, and a proposed new generic name for Stereocephalus tutus. Ottawa Nat. 14: pp. 149-151.
  9. ^ a b Brown, B. 1910. The Cretaceous Ojo Alamo beds of New Mexico with description of the new dinosaur genus Kritosaurus. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 28; pp. 267-274.
  10. ^ Versluys, J. 1910. Streptostylie bel Dinosauriern, nebst Bemerkungen uber die Verwandtschaft der Vogel und Dinosaurier. Zool. Jb., Anat. 30: pp. 175-260.

References[edit]

  • Makovicky, P. J., 2001, A Montanoceratops cerorhynchus (Dinosauria: Ceratopsia) braincase from the Horseshoe Canyon Formation of Alberta: In: Mesozoic Vertebrate Life, edited by Tanke, D. H., and Carpenter, K., Indiana University Press, pp. 243–262.