1912 Republican National Convention

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1912 Republican National Convention
1912 presidential election
RP1912.png RV1908.png
Nominees
Taft and Sherman
Convention
Date(s) June 18–22, 1912
City Chicago, Illinois
Venue Chicago Coliseum
Candidates
Presidential nominee William H. Taft of Ohio
Vice Presidential nominee James S. Sherman of New York
1908  ·  1916
The 1912 Republican National Convention in session
Crowd outside the convention hall

The 1912 National Convention of the Republican Party of the United States was held at the Chicago Coliseum, Chicago, Illinois, from June 18 to June 22, 1912. The party nominated President William Howard Taft and Vice President James S. Sherman for re-election.

Sherman died days before the election, and was replaced as Republican vice-presidential nominee by Nicholas M. Butler of New York.

Party power struggle[edit]

This convention marked the beginning of a split in the party, resulting from a power struggle between incumbent Taft and former president Theodore Roosevelt, this was the first year for Republican primaries. Though Roosevelt had endorsed Taft as his successor, Taft's perceived drift to the right had alienated Roosevelt, who launched a challenge to Taft's re-nomination. Roosevelt overwhelmingly won the primaries — winning 9 out of 12 states (8 by landslide margins). Taft won only the state of Massachusetts (by a small margin); he even lost his home state of Ohio to Roosevelt. Senator Robert M. La Follette Sr., a reformer, won two states. Through the primaries, Senator La Follette won a total of 36 delegates; President Taft won 48 delegates; and Roosevelt won 278 delegates. However 36 states did not hold primaries, but instead selected delegates via state conventions.

Entering the convention, the Roosevelt and Taft forces seemed evenly matched, and a compromise candidate seemed possible,[1] the Taft and Roosevelt camps engaged in a fight for the delegations of various states, with Taft emerging victorious, and Roosevelt claiming that several delegations were fraudulently seated because of the machinations of conservative party leaders including William Barnes Jr. and Boies Penrose.[2] Following the seating of the anti-Roosevelt delegations, California Governor Hiram Johnson proclaimed that progressives would form a new party to nominate Roosevelt.[2] Though many of Roosevelt's delegates remained at the convention, most refused to take part in the presidential ballot in protest of the contested delegates.[3] Roosevelt ultimately ran a third party campaign as part of the Progressive Party (nicknamed the "Bull Moose Party"). Taft and Roosevelt both lost the 1912 election to the Democratic nominee, Woodrow Wilson.

Like Taft, Vice President James S. Sherman of New York was renominated by the party.[4] Though Taft and Sherman did not get along early in their tenure, the two became closer allies as Taft's split with Roosevelt deepened, and Taft did not object to the re-nomination of Sherman.[4] Taft's allies sought progressive leaders such as Idaho Senator William E. Borah and Vermont Governor John A. Mead to join the ticket, but both declined to be considered.[4] Missouri Governor Herbert S. Hadley and former Vice President Charles Fairbanks were also mentioned as possibilities.[4] Sherman died shortly before the election, and was not replaced on the ticket;[5] in January, after the election had already been decided, Republican leaders appointed Columbia University president Nicholas Butler to fill out the ticket for the purposes of receiving electoral votes.[5]

Detailed results[edit]

Presidential Ballot[6][7][8]
William Taft 561
Theodore Roosevelt 107
Robert La Follette 41
Albert B. Cummins 17
Charles Evans Hughes 2
Present, not voting 344
Absent 6

The balloting by states was as follows: [9]

State
Total delegates
Not voting
Absent
Alabama 24 22 2
Arizona 6 6
Arkansas 18 17 1
California 26 2 24
Colorado 12 12
Connecticut 14 14
Delaware 6 6
Florida 12 12
Georgia 28 28
Idaho 8 1 7
Illinois 58 2 53 2 1
Indiana 30 20 3 7
Iowa 26 16 10
Kansas 20 2 18
Kentucky 26 24 2
Louisiana 20 20
Maine 12 12
Maryland 16 1 9 5 1
Massachusetts 36 20 16
Michigan 30 20 9 1
Minnesota 24 24
Mississippi 20 17 3
Missouri 36 16 20
Montana 8 8
Nebraska 16 2 14
Nevada 6 6
New Hampshire 8 8
New Jersey 28 2 26
New Mexico 8 7 1
New York 90 76 8 6
North Carolina 24 1 1 22
North Dakota 10 10
Ohio 48 14 34
Oklahoma 20 4 1 15
Oregon 10 8 2
Pennsylvania 76 9 2 2 62 1
Rhode Island 10 10
South Carolina 18 16 1 1
South Dakota 10 5 5
Tennessee 24 23 1
Texas 40 31 8 1
Utah 8 8
Vermont 8 6 2
Virginia 24 22 1 1
Washington 14 14
West Virginia 16 16
Wisconsin 26 26
Wyoming 6 6
Alaska 2 2
District of Columbia 2 2
Hawaii 6 6
Philippines 2 2
Puerto Rico 2 2
Total 1078 561 107 17 41 2 344 6
Vice Presidential Ballot
James S. Sherman 596
William Borah 21
Charles Edward Merriam 20
Herbert S. Hadley 14
Albert J. Beveridge 2

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Taft Victory in the First Clash; Root Chosen Chairman, 558 to 502". New York Times. 19 June 1912. Retrieved 8 October 2015. 
  2. ^ a b "Roosevelt, Beaten, to Bolt Today; Gives the Word in Early Morning; Taft's Nomination Seems Assured". New York Times. 20 June 1912. Retrieved 8 October 2015. 
  3. ^ "Taft Renominated by the Republican Convention; Roosevelt Named as Candidate by Bolters". New York Times. 23 June 1912. Retrieved 8 October 2015. 
  4. ^ a b c d "Plan is to Nominate Taft Tonight; Roosevelt Orders Name Withheld; He Shifts on Third Party Plans". New York Times. 22 June 1912. Retrieved 8 October 2015. 
  5. ^ a b "James S. Sherman, 27th Vice President (1909-1912)". US Senate. US Senate. Retrieved 9 October 2015. 
  6. ^ "Taft Is Nominated On First Ballot". Santa Cruz News. Santa Cruz, CA. June 22, 1912. Retrieved January 7, 2018. 
  7. ^ "Taft Wins With 561". The Courier. Harrisburg, PA. June 23, 1912. Retrieved January 7, 2018. 
  8. ^ Pietrusza, David (2007). 1920: The Year of the Six Presidents. New York: Carroll & Graf. ISBN 0-7867-1622-3. 
  9. ^ "Vote That Renominated President Taft". New York Times. New York, NY. June 23, 1912. Retrieved January 7, 2018. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]


Preceded by
1908
Chicago, Illinois
Republican National Conventions Succeeded by
1916
Chicago, Illinois