Division of Gippsland
The Division of Gippsland is an Australian Electoral Division in Victoria. The division was one of the original 65 divisions contested at the first federal election, it is named for the Gippsland region of eastern Victoria, which in turn is named for Sir George Gipps, Governor of New South Wales 1838–46. It includes the towns of Bairnsdale, Morwell and Traralgon, it is one of two original divisions in Victoria to have never elected a Labor-endorsed member, the other being Kooyong. It has been held by the National Party and its predecessor, the Country Party, since 1922: it is the only seat the party has held continuously since its creation. On its new boundaries, however, it takes in most of the industrial Latrobe Valley. Prominent former members include Allan McLean, a former Premier of Victoria who served as a minister under George Reid. Then-sitting MP Peter McGauran announced his resignation in April 2008, sparking a June 2008 by-election, with the three major parties all contesting the election.
The Nationals retained the seat on an increased margin. Division of Gippsland – Australian Electoral Commission
Division of Ballarat
The Division of Ballarat is an Australian Electoral Division in the state of Victoria. The division is one of the original 65 divisions contested at the first federal election, it was named for the provincial city of the same name by Scottish squatter Archibald Yuille, who established the first settlement − his sheep run called Ballaarat − in 1837, with the name derived from a local Wathawurrung word for the area, balla arat, thought to mean "resting place". The division was one of the original 65 divisions contested at the first federal election; the division takes in the regional City of Ballarat and the smaller towns of Bacchus Marsh, Blackwood, Clunes, Daylesford and Trentham and part of Burrumbeet. The current Member for Ballarat, since the 2001 federal election, is Catherine King, a member of the Australian Labor Party. At various times in its existence the division has included other towns such as Ararat and Stawell. Ballarat is a marginal seat, changing hands at intervals between the Labor Party and the non-Labor parties.
Its most prominent member has been Alfred Deakin, Prime Minister of Australia three times. Liberal senator Michael Ronaldson was the grandson of Archibald Fisken, a former Member for Ballarat. Ballarat holds the distinction of seeing the closest seat result in Australian history. Nationalist Edwin Kerby unseated Labor incumbent Charles McGrath by a single vote in 1919. However, McGrath alleged irregularities, the result was thrown out in 1920, forcing a by-election, won by McGrath. Division of Ballarat – Australian Electoral Commission
Division of Parramatta
The Division of Parramatta is an Australian electoral division in the state of New South Wales. The division was created in 1900 and was one of the original 65 divisions contested at the first federal election, it is named for the locality of Parramatta. The name Parramatta has been sourced to an Aboriginal word for the area; the Darug people had lived in the area for many generations, regarded the area as a food bowl, rich in food from the river and forests. They called the area Baramada or Burramatta which means "the place where the eels lie down"; the division is based in the western suburbs of Sydney. Besides Parramatta, it includes Camellia, Constitution Hill, Dundas Valley, Harris Park, Mays Hill, North Parramatta, Rosehill, Telopea, Westmead; the current Member for the Division of Parramatta, since the 2004 federal election, is Julie Owens, a member of the Australian Labor Party. As created, it covered the outer northwestern suburbs of Sydney, though that city's dramatic growth made it an urban seat after World War II.
For most of the first seven decades after Federation, it included a large amount of conservative-leaning territory that swamped Parramatta itself, a working-class area. As a result, the seat was held by the Liberals and their predecessors for all but one term from Federation until 1977. A redistribution ahead of the 1977 election split Parramatta in half. Most of the wealthier eastern half became the comfortably safe Liberal seat of Dundas. Most of the western half, including the bulk of the Parramatta LGA, became the core of a marginal Labor seat that retained the Parramatta name, as per Australian Electoral Commission guidelines that require the names of original Federation electorates to be preserved where possible. However, the reconfigured Parramatta was anchored in traditionally pro-Labor territory in western Sydney. Parramatta's Liberal incumbent, Phillip Ruddock, opted to follow most of his base into Dundas, allowing his 1975 challenger, John Brown to become only the second Labor member to win Parramatta.
Since it has been located between Labor's traditional heartland of western Sydney and the traditional Liberal stronghold of the North Shore. As a result, whenever the seat is redistributed, a shift of a few kilometres to the west or east can radically alter its political landscape. Most the 2006 redistribution shifted Parramatta from marginally Labor to notionally marginally Liberal; as was expected at the 2007 federal election, the incumbent Labor member, Julie Owens, held the seat ahead of Liberal candidate Colin Robinson, a member of the Electrical Trades Union, with an increased majority. Owens has subsequently been re-elected at the 2013 and 2016 elections; the latter victory came as Labor lost government, marking the second time that the Liberals and their predecessors have been in government without holding Parramatta. Prominent members of Parramatta over the years have included a former Prime Minister. Ruddock, a former Attorney-General and Immigration Minister represented the seat. Division of Parramatta - Australian Electoral Commission
David Gordon (Australian politician)
Sir David John Gordon was an Australian politician. He was a member of the Australian House of Representatives from 1911 to 1913 and a member of the South Australian Legislative Council from 1913 to 1944, he was Minister of Education and Minister of Repatriation under Archibald Peake in 1917. Born in Riverton, South Australia, the son of a Thomas Gordon, Scottish carpenter and farmer, Gordon was educated at Stanley Grammar School, Watervale before his family moved to Ardrossan, Yorke Peninsula where he worked on the family farm. Gordon worked as a grain merchant, he became a deacon of the Congregational Church, met Anna Louise Peel, a pianist at his local church, whom he married on 4 April 1888. That year he joined the South Australian Register, with whom he was employed for about 20 years in their Port Adelaide office progressed through the ranks as commercial and financial editor and chief of the reporting staff, agricultural editor of The Observer, contributed leading articles to both papers.
He was in the Press gallery of the Legislative Council and the House of Assembly for 17 years, for 10 years was chief of the Hansard staff. As "Timoleon", he contributed the "City Scratchings" column in The Kapunda Herald from 1901 to 1909, he was invited to accompany Clement Giles on his expedition to central Australia, riding 1,500 miles on horseback. On his return journey he interviewed Lord Kintore, returning from Port Darwin, at Charlotte Waters, accompanied him to Adelaide. Returning from the trek, Gordon became an enthusiastic supporter of the development of central Australia, writing numerous books and articles on the subject over the next twenty years, including The Central State and The'Nile' of Australia. Additionally, Gordon edited several editions of the annual Handbook of South Australia. Gordon advocated for the improvement of the farming and pastoral industries in South Australia, as well as transportation throughout the state, his level of influence was such that he was able to persuade the government to establish a freezing works at Port Adelaide.
Involved in Liberal politics, Gordon unsuccessfully stood as a Commonwealth Liberal Party Senate candidate at the 1910 election before his election as a member of the House of Representatives at the 1911 Boothby by-election following the death of Labor incumbent Lee Batchelor. In parliament Gordon was a vocal supporter of the development of South and central Australia and was a member of the Royal Commission on the fruit industry. Gordon lost his seat at the 1913 election but switched to state politics and was elected to the South Australian Legislative Council in 1913. Gordon was appointed Minister for Education and Repatriation by Premier Archibald Peake in July 1917 but resigned the next month in protest at the Commonwealth Liberal Party's coalition with the Nationalist Party of Australia, rejected further offers of ministerial posts from Peake. Gordon became party leader in the council in 1918 and President of the South Australian Legislative Council from 1932 until his retirement from politics in 1944.
He was made a knight bachelor in 1925 and in 1927 chaired the Australian delegation to the International Economic Conference, Geneva. He served variously as President of the Australian Liberal Union, the Associated Chambers of Commerce of Australia, the Adelaide Chamber of Commerce, President of the South Australian branch of Toc H and the Sailors' and Soldiers' Fathers' Association, he was a director of numerous companies. Referred to as "a principled man with a strong personality", Gordon died at his home in Victoria Avenue, Unley Park, South Australia, survived by two sons and two daughters. One son, Douglas Peel Gordon, served in the Legislative Council while the second, was a pilot, awarded the Military Cross in World War I. Gordon, David John Our Undeveloped Territory: Through Central Australia and Northern Territory Gordon, David John The Gateway of the Interior: How to Utilise Australia's Great Waterways Gordon, David John The Central State: Its Progress and Resources Gordon, David John The Nile of Australia: Nature's Gateway to the Interior ** Gordon, David John Conquering the Desert: Conservation, Irrigation Gordon, David John Handbook of South Australia Gordon, David John Official Year Book of S.
A. Gordon, David John Wealth and Waste Gordon, David John and Ryan, Victor H. Handbook of South Australia ** Gordon, David John The Aftermath: Making Good War's Wastage Gordon, David John Problems of Transportation: the Joseph Fisher Commercial Lecture before the University of Adelaide Gordon, David John The Livestock Industry of Australia ** Copy held by Flinders University Library. Details on Gordon's Knighthood at It's An Honour Van Den Hoorn, R. Australian Dictionary of Biography, vol. 9, Melbourne University Press, Melbourne
Division of Wide Bay
The Division of Wide Bay is an Australian Electoral Division in Queensland. The division was one of the original 65 divisions contested at the first federal election. Wide Bay is located in south east Queensland and includes the cities of Maryborough, Noosa, all of Fraser Island, inland areas extending west to Murgon. Notable representatives have included three time Prime Minister Andrew Fisher, the seat's first member. However, it has been a conservative seat for most of its history. Warren Truss, former leader of the National Party and Deputy Prime Minister of Australia, held the seat from 1990 to 2016. Division of Wide Bay — Australian Electoral Commission
Sir Joseph Cook, was an Australian politician who served as the sixth Prime Minister of Australia, in office from 1913 to 1914. He was the leader of the Commonwealth Liberal Party from 1913 to 1917, after earlier serving as the leader of the Anti-Socialist Party from 1908 to 1909. Cook was born in Silverdale, Staffordshire and began working in the local coal mines at the age of nine, he emigrated to Australia in 1885, settling in New South Wales. He continued to work as a miner, becoming involved with the local labour movement as a union official. In 1891, Cook was elected to the New South Wales Legislative Assembly as a representative of the Labor Party, becoming one of its first members of parliament, he was elected party leader in 1893, but the following year left Labor due to a disagreement over party discipline. He was invited to become a government minister under George Reid, joined Reid's Free Trade Party. In 1901, Cook was elected to the new federal parliament representing the Division of Parramatta.
He became deputy leader of the federal Free Trade Party, again under George Reid, in 1908 replaced Reid as party leader and Leader of the Opposition. In what became known as "the fusion", Cook agreed to merge his party with Alfred Deakin's Protectionist Party in 1909, forming a unified anti-Labor party for the first time, he became deputy leader of the new Commonwealth Liberal Party, allowing Deakin to become prime minister again, served as Minister for Defence until the government's defeat at the 1910 election. Cook replaced Deakin as leader of the Liberals in January 1913, a few months won a one-seat majority over Andrew Fisher's Labor Party at the 1913 election, his party failed to secure a majority in the Senate, making governing difficult, as a result he engineered the first double dissolution. A new election was called for September 1914. Cook was unable to pass much legislation during his time in office, but did oversee the early stages of Australia's involvement in World War I, he subsequently became Leader of the Opposition for a third time.
In 1917, Cook was involved in a second party merger, joining the Liberals with Billy Hughes's National Labor Party to form the Nationalist Party. He became the de facto deputy prime minister under Hughes, serving as Minister for the Navy and Treasurer, he was a delegate to the 1919 Paris Peace Conference, where he was a member of the committee that determined the borders of Czechoslovakia, along with Hughes was one of two Australians to sign the Treaty of Versailles. After leaving politics, Cook served as High Commissioner to the United Kingdom from 1921 to 1927, he died at the age of 86 as one of the last survivors of the first federal parliament. Cook was born on 7 December 1860 in a small cottage in Silverdale, England, he was the second of seven children born to William Cooke. His older sister Sarah died in 1865, but his three younger sisters and two younger brothers lived to adulthood. Cook's parents moved to a one-up-one-down a few months after his birth, before settling in a terraced house on Newcastle Street.
The children shared a single room and two beds, the family could afford meat. Cook's father was a coal miner under the butty system at the near Hollywood pit, he was killed in a mining accident in April 1873, forcing his oldest son to become the family's primary source of income. Cook's only formal education was at the school attached to the local Anglican church, he left school and began working in the coal mines at the age of nine, earning one shilling per day for ten to twelve hours of work. Beginning at four o'clock in the morning, his tasks were to attend to the horses and clean and oil the mining equipment. After the passage of the Elementary Education Act 1870, Cook was allowed to return to school until he reached the legal leaving age, he left school a second time after his father's death and returned to his former employment at the local colliery. However, as a result of his teacher's attention, together with that of his parents, an exceptionally strong ambition to improve his position became implanted in him.
This ambition was to become one of his most prominent characteristics, revealed first in a drive for self-improvement and on in life, his determination to succeed in politics. During his teenage years, he embraced Primitive Methodism, marked his conversion by dropping the "e" from his surname. On 8 August 1885, he married Mary Turner at Wolstanton and the couple had five sons and three daughters. Shortly after their marriage, the couple emigrated to New South Wales and settled in Lithgow, joining Cook's brother-in-law and a number of other former miners from Silverdale. Cook worked in the coal mines, becoming General-Secretary of the Western Miners Association in 1887. In 1888, he participated in demonstrations against Chinese immigration, he was active in the Land Nationalisation League, influenced by the ideas of Henry George and supported free trade, was a founding member of the Labor Party in 1891. Cook was elected to the New South Wales Legislative Assembly as MP for the coalfields seat of Hartley in 1891, in Labor's first big breakthrough in Australian politics.
It was the first time. In 1894, Cook was the leader of those parliamentarians who refused to accept the Labor Party's decision to make all members sign a "pledge" to be bound by decisions of the Parliamentary Labor Party. Cook's protest was based on Labor's attitude to the tariff question in particular, with h
Division of Boothby
The Division of Boothby is an Australian electoral division in South Australia. The division was one of the seven established when the former Division of South Australia was redistributed on 2 October 1903 and is named after William Boothby, the Returning Officer for the first federal election. At the 2016 federal election, the seat covered 130 km², extending from Clarence Gardens and Urrbrae in the north to Marino and part of Happy Valley in the south, including the suburbs of Aberfoyle Park, Blackwood, Daw Park, Eden Hills, Flagstaff Hill, Mitcham, Seacliff, St Marys and Panorama. Before 1949 and the creation of the Division of Sturt, Boothby covered most of the southern and eastern suburbs of Adelaide, changed hands several times between the Liberal Party of Australia and the Australian Labor Party; the 1949 expansion of parliament saw parts of the southern portion transferred to the newly created Division of Kingston and parts of the eastern portion transferred to the newly created Sturt.
This saw Boothby change from a marginal Labor seat on a 1.8 percent two-party margin to a marginal Liberal seat on a two percent two-party margin. However, as part of the massive Liberal victory in the 1949 election, the Liberals picked up a 9.3 percent two-party swing, turning it into a safe Liberal seat in one stroke. The Liberals have held the seat since, for most of that time it has been safe to safe for that party. There was only one substantial redistribution in the past few decades, when Boothby absorbed parts of the abolished Division of Hawker prior to the 1993 election; this cut the Liberal margin by more than half, from a safe 10.7 two-party margin to a marginal notional 4.5 percent two-party margin. However, the Liberals won the seat on a safe 7.8 percent two-party margin. Today Boothby extends from Belair in the east to Brighton and Seacliff in the west. Boothby's most prominent members were Sir John McLeay, Speaker 1956-66, his son John, Jr. a minister in the Fraser government, former state premier Steele Hall.
Hall retired before at the 1996 election and the seat was held from 1996-2016 by Andrew Southcott. At the 2004 election, despite a solid national two-party swing and vote to the Liberals, Boothby became a marginal Liberal seat for the first time in over half a century, with Labor's Chloë Fox reducing the Liberal margin to 5.4 percent as incumbent Andrew Southcott narrowly won enough primary votes to retain the seat without the need for preferences. Labor's Nicole Cornes reduced Southcott's margin further to 2.9 percent at the 2007 election. At the 2010 election Labor's Annabel Digance came within 638 votes of ending the long Liberal run in the seat. At 0.75 percent Boothby was the most marginal seat in South Australia. However, Boothby became a safe Liberal seat again at the 2013 election. In 2015, Southcott announced his retirement from parliament to take effect at the 2016 federal election; the Liberals preselected newspaper columnist Nicolle Flint. Labor preselected 2015 Davenport state by-election candidate Mark Ward.
The Nick Xenophon Team announced Mitcham councillor Karen Hockley as their candidate. ABC psephologist Antony Green's 2016 federal election guide for South Australia stated NXT had a "strong chance of winning lower house seats and three or four Senate seats". Flint won the contest. Australian federal election, 2016 Results of the Australian federal election, 2016 ABC profile for Boothby: 2016 Poll Bludger profile for Boothby: 2016 AEC profile for Boothby: 2016 SA boundary map, 2001: AEC SA boundary map, 1984: Atlas SA