The 1913 Liberty Head nickel is an American five-cent piece, produced in limited quantities unauthorized by the United States Mint, making it one of the best-known and most coveted rarities in American numismatics. In 1972, one specimen of the five cent coin became the first coin to sell for over US$100,000. In 2003, one coin was sold for under three million dollars. In 2010, the Olsen piece sold for US$3.7 million at a public auction. Only five examples are known to exist: two in three in private collections; the Indian Head nickel was introduced in February 1913. These were the first official strikings of nickels in 1913, since the United States Mint's official records list no Liberty Head nickels produced in that year. However, in 1920, the numismatic community learned of five Liberty Head nickels dated 1913, all owned by Samuel Brown, a numismatist who attended the American Numismatic Association's annual convention in 1920 and displayed the coins there, he had placed an advertisement in the December 1919 issue of The Numismatist soliciting information on these coins, offering to pay US $500 for each and ostensibly purchasing them as a result.
However, Brown had been a Mint employee in 1913, many numismatic historians have concluded that he may have struck them himself and taken them from the Mint. If true, this was not a unique occurrence. Other numismatic authorities, such as Q. David Bowers, have questioned this scenario, pointed out that there are several methods by which the coins could have been legitimately produced. Bowers, did not discount the private minting theory. In January 1924, Samuel Brown sold all five 1913 Liberty Head nickels; the intact lot passed through the hands of several other coin dealers before being purchased by Colonel E. H. R. Green, who kept them in his collection until his death in 1936, his estate was auctioned off, the five 1913 Liberty Head nickels were purchased by two dealers, Eric P. Newman and B. G. Johnson, who broke up the set for the first time. Of the five 1913 Liberty Head nickels, two have proof surfaces and the other three were produced with standard striking techniques; the Eliasberg specimen is the finest known 1913 Liberty Head nickel, with a grade of 66 from various professional grading services, including PCGS and NGC.
This coin was purchased from Newman and Johnson by the Numismatic Gallery, a coin dealership that sold it to famed collector Louis Eliasberg. It remained in Eliasberg's comprehensive collection until after his death. In May 1996, it was sold at an auction conducted by Bowers and Merena to rarities dealer Jay Parrino for US$1,485,000: the highest price for a coin up until that point; when it was auctioned again in March 2001, the price climbed to US$1,840,000. In May 2005, Legend Numismatics purchased the Eliasberg specimen for US$4,150,000. In 2007, it was sold to an unnamed collector in California for US$5 million. While the Eliasberg specimen is the best preserved of the five coins, the Olsen specimen is certainly the most famous, it has been graded Proof-64 by both PCGS and NGC, was featured on an episode of Hawaii Five-O. It was briefly owned by King Farouk of Egypt; when Newman and Johnson broke up the set of five coins, the Olsen specimen was sold first to James Kelly and to Fred Olsen. The latter sold the coin to Farouk, but his name has remained attached to it in numismatic circles since.
In 1972, it was sold to World Wide Coin Investments for US$100,000, thus inspiring its title appearance in Hawaii Five-O the following year. Its price doubled to US$200,000 when it was resold to Superior Galleries in 1978, it has been resold on several occasions since fetching US$3,000,000 in a private treaty sale from California collector Dwight Manley to Bruce Morelan and Legend Numismatics in June 2004. Legend sold the coin to Blanchard and Co. in 2005, who sold it to a private collector, more for US$3,737,500 by Heritage Auctions in January 2010. The latest owner's name has not been disclosed; the Norweb specimen is one of two 1913 Liberty Head nickels. It is on exhibit at the Smithsonian Institution. Newman and Johnson sold the Norweb specimen to F. C. C. Boyd, who resold it to the Numismatic Gallery. In 1949, it was purchased by King Farouk to replace the Olsen specimen, it remained in Farouk's collection until he was deposed by Gamal Abdel Nasser in 1952. Two years after that, Farouk's possessions were all auctioned off by the new regime.
The Numismatic Gallery regained possession of it, sold it this time to Ambassador Henry Norweb and his wife. The Norwebs donated the specimen to the Smithsonian Institution’s National Numismatic Collection- where it remains - in 1978 to commemorate their sixtieth wedding anniversary; the Walton specimen is the most elusive of the five 1913 Liberty Head nickels. George O. Walton, for whom the specimen is named, purchased it from Newman and Johnson in 1945 for US$3,750, equal to $53,256 today. On March 9, 1962, Walton died in a car crash en route to a coin show. He
Football Club Utrecht is a Dutch football club founded on 1 July 1970 and based in the city of Utrecht. The club's colours are white. FC Utrecht was founded in 1970 as a merger of three clubs from the city of Utrecht: VV DOS, USV Elinkwijk and Velox, the former of the three having won the national championship in 1958. FC Utrecht has won the KNVB Cup three times in, 1985, 2003 and 2004 winning the Johan Cruijff Shield in 2004. After winning the Johan Cruijff Shield, Utrecht became the first club outside the "Big Three" of Ajax, Feyenoord and PSV to win the trophy. Utrecht is the only club outside the Big Three that has never been relegated from the top-flight Eredivisie. FC Utrecht's stadium is the Stadion Galgenwaard named the Galgenwaard later the Nieuw Galgenwaard, it has a current capacity of 23,750 spectators. The attendance on average was 19,600 people in 2004–05, while the average attendance rose to 20,004 in 2006–07; the stadium accommodates several shops and the supporters home of the FC Utrecht fan club.
Erik ten Hag was head coach until the winter break of the 2017/2018 season when he left to take over at AFC Ajax. Jean-Paul de Jong, his assistant, took over as head coach at FC Utrecht. Jean-Paul de Jong was fired after only four games in the 2018/2019 season and Dick Advocaat was appointed as head coach. On 2 April 2008, it was announced that former owner of Mammoet, Van Seumeren, had taken over 51% of the shares of FC Utrecht; this made Utrecht the second club in the Netherlands, after AZ. The board of FC Utrecht further announced that, because of the money they got from this take over, there would be more room for youth facilities and scouting; the board wanted FC Utrecht to be competing within the top of the Eredivisie by 2013. Eredivisie Winners: 1957–58 KNVB Cup Winners: 1984–85, 2002–03, 2003–04 Runners-up: 1981–82, 2001–02, 2015–16 Johan Cruijff Schaal Winners: 2004 Runners-up: 2003 FC Utrecht's first competitive European match, in the team's current iteration, was on 17 September 1980, in the 1980–81 UEFA Cup, playing FC Argeş Piteşti to a 0–0 draw.
Since the club has participated in fourteen UEFA competitions, advancing as far as the Group Stage in the 2004–05 UEFA Cup and the 2010–11 UEFA Europa League Accurate as of 1 August 2019Source: UEFA.comPld = Matches played. Defunct competitions indicated in italics; as of 22 May 2019 Below is a table with FC Utrecht's results since the introduction of the Eredivisie in 1956. As of 9 February 2020Note: Flags indicate national team. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. 4 — David Di Tommaso, defender — posthumous honour. As of 17 May 2017 Players in bold text are still active. Dutch football league teams
John Shaw & Sons Ltd v Shaw 2 KB 113 is a UK company law case, concerning the proper interpretation of a company's articles of association. Peter and Percy Shaw had a company together, they had an argument over owing the company money, the result was a settlement. Peter and John would resign as governing directors, promised they would not take part in financial affairs, independent directors would be appointed and given control over the company's financial affairs; when the independent directors required John and Peter to pay money to the company and Peter refused. The independent directors resolved to bring a claim against them. Just before the hearing, an extraordinary general meeting was called, where as the majority shareholders Peter and John procured a resolution to discontinue the litigation; the company, Percy, contended the resolution was ineffective. At first instance Du Parcq J gave judgment for the company. John appealed; the Court of Appeal upheld the judge, so that the shareholders could not circumvent the company's constitution and order the directors to discontinue litigation.