1913 in paleontology

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
List of years in paleontology
In science
1910
1911
1912
1913
1914
1915
1916

Paleontology or palaeontology (from Greek: paleo, "ancient"; ontos, "being"; and logos, "knowledge") is the study of prehistoric life forms on Earth through the examination of plant and animal fossils.[1] This includes the study of body fossils, tracks (ichnites), burrows, cast-off parts, fossilised feces (coprolites), palynomorphs and chemical residues. Because humans have encountered fossils for millennia, paleontology has a long history both before and after becoming formalized as a science. This article records significant discoveries and events related to paleontology that occurred or were published in the year 1913.

Expeditions, field work, and fossil discoveries[edit]

  • April: William Edmund Cutler prospected in Dinosaur Provincial Park. His work was underwritten by the Calgary Syndicate for Prehistoric Research, a group of local philanthropist businessmen, and a small local museum, the Calgary Public Museum, which no long exists.[2]
  • Summer: The American Museum of Natural History dispatched a team of fossil hunters to Dinosaur Provincial Park. Cutler joined the expedition but was "asked to leave" after only a few months of involvement.[2]
  • Cutler excavated a juvenile Gryposaurus now catalogued by the Canadian Museum of Nature as CMN 8784. The site of the excavation has since been designated "quarry 252".[2]
  • Winter: Cutler partly prepared the young Gryposaurus specimen, possibly in Calgary while working on dinosaurs for Euston Sisely.[2]
  • A US Geological Survey crew headed by Eugene Stebinger and a US National Museum crew headed by Charles Gilmore worked together to excavate the first dinosaur discovery of the Two Medicine Formation.[3]

Invertebrate paleozoology[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Leucotermes robustus[4]

sp. nov

Synonym

von Rosen

Lutetian

Baltic amber

 Russia

A Stylotermitid termite. synonym of Parastylotermes robustus

Vertebrate paleozoology[edit]

Name Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Diictodon

Valid

Robert Broom

Middle Permian

Pristerognathus zone

A dicynodont belonging to Pylaecephalidae, living in burrows.

Eocyclops

Junior synonym

Robert Broom

Late Permian

Junior synonym of Rhachiocephalus.

Ictidorhinus

Valid

Broom

Late Permian

Dicynodon assemblage zone

A biarmosuchian.

Scylacops

Valid

Broom

Late Permian

Cistecephalus assemblage zone

A member of Gorgonopsia.


Name Status Authors Age Location Notes Images
Aggiosaurus[5]

Valid

  • Ambayrac
157 millions of years ago.
 France

A geosaurine metriorhynchid.

Plesiosaurs
Name Status Authors Location Images

Leurospondylus

Valid

Brown

Ogmodirus

Valid

Williston Moodie


Data courtesy of George Olshevsky's dinosaur genera list.[6]

Name Status Authors Location Notes Images

Elopteryx[7]

Nomen dubium

  • Andrews

Probable a misidentified bird, but may be a troodontid dinosaur.

Hypacrosaurus[8] Valid taxon
Procompsognathus[9] Valid taxon a Coelophysoid.

Pterospondylus[10]

Disputed.

  • Jaekel

Possible junior synonym of Procompsognathus.

Styracosaurus[11]

Valid taxon

A horned ceratopsian.
Thescelosaurus[12] Valid taxon A small, agile Ornithopod.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gini-Newman, Garfield; Graham, Elizabeth (2001). Echoes from the past: world history to the 16th century. Toronto: McGraw-Hill Ryerson Ltd. ISBN 9780070887398. OCLC 46769716. 
  2. ^ a b c d D. H. Tanke. 2010. Lost in plain sight: rediscovery of William E. Cutler's missing Eoceratops. In M. J. Ryan, B. J. Chinnery-Allgeier, D. A. Eberth (eds.), New Perspectives on Horned Dinosaurs: The Royal Tyrrell Museum Ceratopsian Symposium. Indiana University Press, Bloomington 541-550.
  3. ^ Trexler, D., 2001, Two Medicine Formation, Montana: geology and fauna: In: Mesozoic Vertebrate Life, edited by Tanke, D. H., and Carpenter, K., Indiana University Press, pp. 298–309.
  4. ^ Emerson, A.E. (1971). "Tertiary fossil species of the Rhinotermitidae (Isoptera), phylogeny of genera, and reciprocal phylogeny of associated Flagellata (Protozoa) and the Staphylinidae (Coleoptera)". Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History. 146 (3): 243–304. 
  5. ^ Ambayrac, M. 1913. Une machoire de grand Reptile du Jurasique supérieur (Oxfordien). [journal title unknown]: pp. 97-98.
  6. ^ Olshevsky, George. "Dinogeorge's Dinosaur Genera List". Retrieved 2008-08-07. 
  7. ^ Andrews, C.W. (1913): On some bird remains from the Upper Cretaceous of Transylvania. Geological Magazine 5: 193-196.
  8. ^ Brown, B. 1913. A new trachodont dinosaur, Hypacrosaurus. from the Edmonton Cretaceous of Alberta. Bull. Am. Nat. Hist. 32: pp. 395-406.
  9. ^ Fraas, E. 1913. Die neuesten Dinosaurierfunde in der schwabischen Trias. Naturwissenschaften 45: pp. 1097-1100.
  10. ^ Jaekel, O. 1913/1914. Uber die Wirbeltierfunde in der oberen Trias von Halberstadt. Palaontologische Zeitschrift 1: pp. 155-215.
  11. ^ Lambe, L. M. 1913. A new genus and species of Ceratopsia from the Belly River Formation of Alberta. The Ottawa Naturalist 27 (9): pp. 109- 116.
  12. ^ Gilmore, C.W. 1913. A new dinosaur from the Lance Formation of Wyoming. Smithsonian Misc. Coll. 61: pp. 1-5.