1914 in Italy

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See also: 1913 in Italy, other events of 1914, 1915 in Italy.

Events from the year 1914 in Italy.

Kingdom of Italy[edit]


Illustration of the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria in La Domenica del Corriere, 12 July 1914 by Achille Beltrame.

Despite Italy's official alliance to the German Empire and Austria-Hungary in the Triple Alliance, the country initially remained neutral in the initial stage of World War I, claiming that the Triple Alliance was only for defensive purposes.


  • March 10 – Prime Minister Giovanni Giolitti resigns, as a result of the resignation of radical ministers.[1]
  • March 21 – The conservative Antonio Salandra forms a new government. The government attempts to win the support of nationalists and moves to the political right.[2]





  • October 16 – Foreign Minister Paternò Castello dies and is succeeded ad interim by Prime Minister Salandra.
  • October 18 – Benito Mussolini, chief editor of the socialist newspaper Avanti!, declares to be in favour of intervention on the side of the Triple Entente.[1]
  • October 20 – The leadership of the Italian Socialist Party (PSI), meeting in Bologna, rejects the motion contrary to the absolute neutrality presented by Mussolini and issues a manifesto against the war.[1]
  • October 31 – Treasury Minister Giulio Rubini, contrary to the expected increase in military spending, resigns. The government of Prime Minister Salandra quits, but negotiations about a second Salandra government start.[1]


  • November 5 – The second Salandra government is inaugurated with Sidney Sonnino as Foreign Minister, who continues to follow the negotiating strategy set by his predecessor Paternò Castello.[1]
  • November 15 – Mussolini founds the newspaper Il Popolo d'Italia ("The People of Italy") advocating militarism and irredentism. The paper was subsidized by the French and industrialists on the pretext of influencing Italy to join the Entente Powers and became the foundation for the Fascist movement in Italy after World War I. Mussolini is expelled from the PSI on November 24.[1]
  • November 29 – Italy, although officially neutral, occupies the port of Vlorë in Albania pretending to protect Albanian territories from a Greek invasion.


  • December 3 – Prime Minister Salandra addresses the Italian Chamber of Deputies reconfirming Italy's neutralist line, but at the same time claiming the "fair aspirations of Italy".[1]
  • December 4 – Giolitti speaks in Parliament in favour of neutrality.




See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h (in Italian) XXIV Legislatura del Regno d'Italia dal 27 novembre 1913 al 29 settembre 1919, Camera dei deputati, Portale storico (retrieved 28 May 2016)
  2. ^ a b Clark, Modern Italy: 1871 to the present, p. 217-18
  3. ^ "Esposizione Igiene, Marina e Colonie, 1914" (in Italian). Retrieved 25 August 2015.