1910 in art
The year 1910 in art involved some significant events and new works. April 27 – Futurist poet Filippo Tommaso Marinetti issues the manifesto Contro Venezia passatista in the Piazza San Marco. Robert Delaunay marries Sonia Terk. Bronze sculptor Robert Kionsek joins the Berlin workshop of Ferdinand Preiss to form the PK firm. Czech art historian Antonin Matějček uses the term Expressionism, in opposition to impressionism. Russian composer Alexander Scriabin writes Prometheus: The Poem of Fire, Op. 60, a symphonic work for piano, optional choir, clavier à lumières or "Chromola". A replica of Michelangelo's statue of David is installed on the Piazza della Signoria in Florence. March 18 – May 1 – Salon des Indépendants: Jean Metzinger, Henri Le Fauconnier and Robert Delaunay are shown together in Room 18. Metzinger exhibits Portrait de Guillaume Apollinaire, considered by Apollinaire to be the first cubist portrait. July 15 – October 9 – First International Art Exhibition in Düsseldorf, organized by Sonderbund westdeutscher Kunstfreunde und Künstler.
October 1 – November 8 – Salon d'Automne: Jean Metzinger, Henri Le Fauconnier and Fernand Léger exhibit in Room VIII. Following this salon Metzinger writes his important Note sur la peinture article, depicting the new art movement of Pablo Picasso, Georges Braque, Robert Delaunay and Henri Le Fauconnier, noting that these artists "discarded traditional perspective and granted themselves the liberty of moving around objects." This is the Cubist concept of "mobile perspective" that would tend towards the representation of the "total image". November 8 – January 15, 1911 – Manet and the Post-Impressionists at the Grafton Galleries in London, organized by Roger Fry, introduces the term Post-Impressionism. Umberto Boccioni – The City Rises Hanns Bolz – Portrait of Alfred Flechtheim Pierre Bonnard – Girl with Parrot Joachim-Raphaël Boronali – Et le soleil s'endormit sur l'Adriatique Georges Braque – Violin and Candlestick Henri-Edmond Cross – Cypresses at Cagnes Salvador Dalí – Landscape Near Figueras Lyonel Feininger – Straße im Dämmern Albert Gleizes L'Arbre La Femme aux Phlox J. W. Godward A Cool Retreat Noon Day Rest Reverie Sappho Erich Heckel Landscape with Bathing Women Standing Child Goscombe John – The Boy Scout Wassily Kandinsky – Improvisation 7 Ernst Ludwig Kirchner Fränzi in front of Carved Chair Playing Nudes Standing Nude with Hat Mikhail Larionov – Self-portrait John Lavery – Mrs Lavery sketching Fernand Léger – Nudes in the forest Wilhelm Lehmbruck – sculptures Female torso Standing female figure L. S. Lowry – Clifton Junction Morning Bertram Mackennal – Profile head of King George V for British Empire medals and coins Aristide Maillol – Flora, Nude Franz Marc – Horse in a Landscape Henri Matisse Dance Music Jean Metzinger Nu à la cheminée Deux Nus William Orpen – Self Portrait Pablo Picasso – Portrait of Daniel-Henry Kahnweiler Arthur Rackham – Illustrations to Der Ring des Nibelungen Pierre-Auguste Renoir Nude Self-portrait Henri Rousseau – The Dream Egon Schiele Kneeling nude self-portrait Portrait of Eduard Kosmack Valentin Serov – Ida Rubenstein Pedro Subercaseaux – The Open Cabildo of 22 May 1810 Adolf Wölfli – Irren-Anstalt Band-Hain January 6 – Wright Morris, American novelist and essayist.
January 29 – Colin Middleton, Irish artist. February 20 – Julian Trevelyan, English printmaker March 10 – David Rose, American animator. March 18 – Leonard Bocour, paint-maker, painter. March 31 – Edward Seago, English painter. April 12 – Gillo Dorfles, Italian art critic, painter and poet. April 24 – Fuller Potter, American Abstract expressionist artist. April 29 – Edward Wesson, English watercolour artist. May 7 – Robert Darwin, English painter and Rector of the Royal College of Art May 23 Hugh Casson, British architect, interior designer, artist and broadcaster. Franz Kline, painter. June 6 – Hélène de Beauvoir, French painter. June 8 C. C. Beck, American cartoonist and comic book artist. Fernand Fonssagrives, French photographer. June 17 – Raymond Poïvet, French cartoonist. 14 July – William Hanna, American cartoonist. 22 July – Antonio Rodríguez Luna, Spanish painter. 30 July – Edgar de Evia, Mexican-born American photographer. 1 August James Henry Govier, English painter. Gerda Taro, born Gerta Pohorylle, German-born war photographer.
19 August – Quentin Bell, English art historian and author. 25 August – Dorothea Tanning, American painter. 28 August – Morris Graves, American painter and printmaker. 3 September – Kitty Carlisle Hart, American singer and New York State Council on the Arts member. 7 October – Henry Plumer McIlhenny, art collector and chairman of Philadelphia Art Museum. 29 October – Aurélie Nemours, French painter. 28 November – Garrett Eckbo, American landscape architect. 2 December – Russell Lynes, American art historian and author. December – Tullio Crali, Montenegrin-born Futurist painter. February 14 – John Macallan Swan, Engli
Kazimir Severinovich Malevich was a Russian avant-garde artist and art theorist, whose pioneering work and writing had a profound influence on the development of non-objective, or abstract art, in the 20th century. Born in Kiev to an ethnic Polish family, his concept of Suprematism sought to develop a form of expression that moved as far as possible from the world of natural forms and subject matter in order to access "the supremacy of pure feeling" and spirituality. Malevich is considered to be part of Ukrainian avant-garde together with Alexander Archipenko, Vladimir Tatlin, Sonia Delaunay, Aleksandra Ekster, David Burliuk, shaped by Ukrainian born artists who worked first in Ukraine and over geographical span between Europe and America. Early on, Malevich worked in a variety of styles assimilating the movements of Impressionism and Fauvism, after visiting Paris in 1912, Cubism. Simplifying his style, he developed an approach with key works consisting of pure geometric forms and their relationships to one another, set against minimal grounds.
His Black Square, a black square on white, represented the most radically abstract painting known to have been created so far and drew "an uncrossable line between old art and new art". In addition to his paintings, Malevich laid down his theories in writing, such as "From Cubism and Futurism to Suprematism" and The Non-Objective World: The Manifesto of Suprematism. Malevich's trajectory in many ways mirrored the tumult of the decades surrounding the October Revolution in 1917. In its immediate aftermath, vanguard movements such as Suprematism and Vladimir Tatlin's Constructivism were encouraged by Trotskyite factions in the government. Malevich held several prominent teaching positions and received a solo show at the Sixteenth State Exhibition in Moscow in 1919, his recognition spread to the West with solo exhibitions in Warsaw and Berlin in 1927. Upon his return, modern art was falling out of favor with the new government of Joseph Stalin. Malevich soon lost his teaching position and manuscripts were confiscated, he was banned from making art.
In 1930, he was imprisoned for two months due to suspicions raised by his trip to Poland and Germany. Forced to abandon abstraction, he painted in a representational style in the years before his death from cancer in 1935, at the age of 56. Nonetheless, his art and his writing influenced contemporaries such as El Lissitzky, Lyubov Popova and Alexander Rodchenko, as well as generations of abstract artists, such as Ad Reinhardt and the Minimalists, he was celebrated posthumously in major exhibits at the Museum of Modern Art, the Guggenheim Museum and the Stedelijk Museum in Amsterdam, which has a large collection of his work. In the 1990s, the ownership claims of museums to many Malevich works began to be disputed by his heirs. Kazimir Malevich was born Kazimierz Malewicz to a Polish family, who settled near Kiev in Kiev Governorate of the Russian Empire during the partitions of Poland, his parents and Seweryn Malewicz, were Roman Catholic like most ethnic Poles, though his father attended Orthodox services as well.
They both had fled from the former eastern territories of the Commonwealth to Kiev in the aftermath of the failed Polish January Uprising of 1863 against the tsarist army. His native language was Polish, but he spoke Ukrainian. Malevich would write a series of articles in Ukrainian about art. Kazimir's father managed a sugar factory. Kazimir was the first of fourteen children, his family moved and he spent most of his childhood in the villages of modern-day Ukraine, amidst sugar-beet plantations, far from centers of culture. Until age twelve he knew nothing of professional artists, although art had surrounded him in childhood, he delighted in peasant embroidery, in decorated walls and stoves. He was able to paint in the peasant style, he studied drawing in Kiev from 1895 to 1896. From 1896 to 1904 Kazimir Malevich lived in Kursk. In 1904, after the death of his father, he moved to Moscow, he studied at the Moscow School of Painting and Architecture from 1904 to 1910 and in the studio of Fedor Rerberg in Moscow.
In 1911 he participated in the second exhibition of the group, Soyuz Molodyozhi in St. Petersburg, together with Vladimir Tatlin and, in 1912, the group held its third exhibition, which included works by Aleksandra Ekster and others. In the same year he participated in an exhibition by Donkey's Tail in Moscow. By that time his works were influenced by Natalia Goncharova and Mikhail Larionov, Russian avant-garde painters, who were interested in Russian folk art called lubok. Malevich described himself as painting in a "Cubo-Futuristic" style in 1912. In March 1913 a major exhibition of Aristarkh Lentulov's paintings opened in Moscow; the effect of this exhibition was comparable with that of Paul Cézanne in Paris in 1907, as all the main Russian avant-garde artists of the time absorbed the cubist principles and began using them in their works. In the same year the Cubo-Futurist opera, Victory Over the Sun, with Malevich's stage-set, became a great success. In 1914 Malevich exhibited his works in the Salon des Indépendants in Paris together with Alexander Archipenko, Sonia Delaunay, Aleksandra Ekster, Vadim Meller, among others.
Malevich co-illustrated, with Pavel Filonov, Selected Poems with Postscrip
Santa Maria di Nazareth is a Roman Catholic Carmelite church in Venice, northern Italy. It is called Church of the Scalzi being the seat in the city of the Discalced Carmelites religious order. Located in the sestiere of Cannaregio, near Venezia Santa Lucia railway station, it was built in the mid 17th century to the designs of Baldassarre Longhena and completed in the last decades of that century; the facade in Venetian Late Baroque style, was financed by the aristocrat Gerolamo Cavazza, erected by Giuseppe Sardi, from 1672 to 1680. The four first-floor statues, the statue of the Virgin and Child, the statues of Saint Catherine of Siena and St Thomas Aquinas are sculpted by Bernardo Falconi; the first chapel to the right has a statue of St John of the Cross, attributed to Falconi. The statues of Faith and Charity are by Tommaso Rues; the third chapel on the left has a statue of St Sebastian with bronze bas-reliefs attributed to Falconi. The vault of the church nave once housed a major fresco by Giambattista Tiepolo depicting the Translation of the House of Loreto.
Tiepolo had worked in the church, decorating the vaults of the chapel of St Teresa in 1727-1730 and chapel of Crucifix in 1732-33. He had painted a Virgin of Mount Carmel for the Carmelite church of St Aponal, thus in 1743, Tiepolo arranged to work alongside Gerolamo Mengozzi Colonna, who provided quadratura for 1500 ducats. The frescoes were destroyed by an Austrian bombardment from the mainland during October 24, 1915. From 1929 to 1933, Ettore Tito painted frescoes to repair the damage; the remains of the fragments of Tiepolo's work are now in the Gallerie dell'Accademia. Above the door: organ with carved and gilded decorations and reliefs. Above the organ: lunette Santa Teresa crowned by the Savior by G. Lazzarini; the altar was completed by Giuseppe Pozzo. Choir ceiling by Giuseppe and Domenico Valeriani. Attributed to the Mora family. Built by Baldassare Longhena; the altarpiece with four columns of black jasper shows a statue of Saint John the Baptist in Carrara marble by Melchior Barthel. A ceiling fresco depicts the eternal Father in glory by Pietro Liberi.
Giambattista Mora is buried at the foot of the altar. Attributed to the Ruzzini family; the altar was designed by Giuseppe Pozzo. The altarpiece: Ecstasy of Santa Teresa by Heinrich Meyring. On the vault a fresco The Gloria of St. Teresa by Giovanni Battista Tiepolo; the side walls: two paintings by Niccolò Bambini. Here is buried the last doge of Venice, Ludovico Manin, died on 23 October 1802; the chapel was built by brother Giuseppe Pozzo. The altarpiece shows a sculpture of "The Virgin and Child and St. Joseph in the Clouds" by Giuseppe Torretto, the author of the two angels. On the side walls of the chapel: statues, Archangel Michael and Archangel Gabriel, from the same Giuseppe Torretto; the two blue glass candelabras are Murano glassworks. Built by Sebastiano Venier and apostolic protonotary, buried in the chapel, as well as his brother Angelo; the altarpiece shows a statue of St. Sebastian by Bernardo Falconi; the main altar is enriched with bronze bas-reliefs with episodes from the life of St. Sebastian of the same Bernardo Falconi.
Other works of art include a St Theresa in Extasis by Heinrich Meyring and a Crucifixion by Giovanni Maria Morlaiter. Canvases by Tiepolo such as Apotheosis of St. Teresa and Christ at Gesthemane are displayed prominently in the church; the ashes of Ludovico Manin, the last Doge of Venice, are entombed here. Giambattista Tiepolo, 1696-1770, a full text exhibition catalog from The Metropolitan Museum of Art, which includes material on Scalzi
New York City
The City of New York called either New York City or New York, is the most populous city in the United States. With an estimated 2017 population of 8,622,698 distributed over a land area of about 302.6 square miles, New York is the most densely populated major city in the United States. Located at the southern tip of the state of New York, the city is the center of the New York metropolitan area, the largest metropolitan area in the world by urban landmass and one of the world's most populous megacities, with an estimated 20,320,876 people in its 2017 Metropolitan Statistical Area and 23,876,155 residents in its Combined Statistical Area. A global power city, New York City has been described as the cultural and media capital of the world, exerts a significant impact upon commerce, research, education, tourism, art and sports; the city's fast pace has inspired the term New York minute. Home to the headquarters of the United Nations, New York is an important center for international diplomacy.
Situated on one of the world's largest natural harbors, New York City consists of five boroughs, each of, a separate county of the State of New York. The five boroughs – Brooklyn, Manhattan, The Bronx, Staten Island – were consolidated into a single city in 1898; the city and its metropolitan area constitute the premier gateway for legal immigration to the United States. As many as 800 languages are spoken in New York, making it the most linguistically diverse city in the world. New York City is home to more than 3.2 million residents born outside the United States, the largest foreign-born population of any city in the world. In 2017, the New York metropolitan area produced a gross metropolitan product of US$1.73 trillion. If greater New York City were a sovereign state, it would have the 12th highest GDP in the world. New York is home to the highest number of billionaires of any city in the world. New York City traces its origins to a trading post founded by colonists from the Dutch Republic in 1624 on Lower Manhattan.
The city and its surroundings came under English control in 1664 and were renamed New York after King Charles II of England granted the lands to his brother, the Duke of York. New York served as the capital of the United States from 1785 until 1790, it has been the country's largest city since 1790. The Statue of Liberty greeted millions of immigrants as they came to the U. S. by ship in the late 19th and early 20th centuries and is an international symbol of the U. S. and its ideals of liberty and peace. In the 21st century, New York has emerged as a global node of creativity and entrepreneurship, social tolerance, environmental sustainability, as a symbol of freedom and cultural diversity. Many districts and landmarks in New York City are well known, with the city having three of the world's ten most visited tourist attractions in 2013 and receiving a record 62.8 million tourists in 2017. Several sources have ranked New York the most photographed city in the world. Times Square, iconic as the world's "heart" and its "Crossroads", is the brightly illuminated hub of the Broadway Theater District, one of the world's busiest pedestrian intersections, a major center of the world's entertainment industry.
The names of many of the city's landmarks and parks are known around the world. Manhattan's real estate market is among the most expensive in the world. New York is home to the largest ethnic Chinese population outside of Asia, with multiple signature Chinatowns developing across the city. Providing continuous 24/7 service, the New York City Subway is the largest single-operator rapid transit system worldwide, with 472 rail stations. Over 120 colleges and universities are located in New York City, including Columbia University, New York University, Rockefeller University, which have been ranked among the top universities in the world. Anchored by Wall Street in the Financial District of Lower Manhattan, New York has been called both the most economically powerful city and the leading financial center of the world, the city is home to the world's two largest stock exchanges by total market capitalization, the New York Stock Exchange and NASDAQ. In 1664, the city was named in honor of the Duke of York.
James's older brother, King Charles II, had appointed the Duke proprietor of the former territory of New Netherland, including the city of New Amsterdam, which England had seized from the Dutch. During the Wisconsinan glaciation, 75,000 to 11,000 years ago, the New York City region was situated at the edge of a large ice sheet over 1,000 feet in depth; the erosive forward movement of the ice contributed to the separation of what is now Long Island and Staten Island. That action left bedrock at a shallow depth, providing a solid foundation for most of Manhattan's skyscrapers. In the precolonial era, the area of present-day New York City was inhabited by Algonquian Native Americans, including the Lenape, whose homeland, known as Lenapehoking, included Staten Island; the first documented visit into New York Harbor by a European was in 1524 by Giovanni da Verrazzano, a Florentine explorer in the service of the French crown. He named it Nouvelle Angoulême. A Spanish expedition led by captain Estêvão Gomes, a Portuguese sailing for Emperor Charles V, arrived in New York Harbor in January 1525 and charted the mouth of the Hudson River, which he named Río de San Antonio.
The Padrón Rea
1907 in art
The year 1907 in art involved some significant events. February 7 – Vanessa Stephen marries Clive Bell. September – A cast of G. F. Watts' sculpture Physical Energy is erected posthumously in Kensington Gardens in London. Henri Matisse begins to teach at the Académie Matisse in Paris, a private and non-commercial art school. Adolphe Valette joins the staff of Manchester Municipal School of Art. Kunsthalle Mannheim designed by Hermann Billing to serve an International Art Exhibition; the Chicago Plan is produced by Daniel Burnham and Edward H. Bennett, illustrated by Jules Guerin. Bernard Berenson publishes North Italian Painters of the Renaissance. Cadmium Red pigment first produced, in Germany. 1–27 October, Salon d'Automne, Paris. Georges Braque exhibited. There was a retrospective exhibition of 56 works by Paul Cézanne, as a tribute to the artist who died in 1906. Vladimir Baranov-Rossine – Self-portrait George Bellows – Pennsylvania Station Excavation Karl Bitter – Monument to General Sigel Mikalojus Konstantinas Čiurlionis Winter cycle Sonata of the Spring Sonata of the Sun Zodiac cycle Robert Delaunay – Paysage au disque Lyonel Feininger – Der weiße Mann Gustaf Fjæstad – Winter Evening by a River Stanhope Forbes – After a Day's Work J. W. Godward – The Love Letter Ivan Grohar – The Sower Bernhard Hoetger – Tomb of Paula Modersohn-Becker in Worpswede churchyard Adrian Jones – Equestrian statue of the Duke of Cambridge, Whitehall Wassily Kandinsky – Riding Couple Ernst Ludwig Kirchner – Sitting Woman Gustav Klimt Danaë Hope II The Kiss Portrait of Adele Bloch-Bauer I The Sunflower Wilhelm Lehmbruck – Sleep Jacek Malczewski – Bacchante Henri Matisse Blue Nude Madras Rouge Jean Metzinger Paysage coloré aux oiseaux aquatique Les Ibis Le Flamant rose et le voilier Claude Monet – Water Lilies, Giverny #3 Edvard Munch – Death of Marat II Mikhail Nesterov – Tolstoy on the shore of the pond at Yasnaya Polyana Pablo Picasso – Les Demoiselles d'Avignon Henri Rousseau – The Snake Charmer John Singer Sargent Alpine Pool Lady Speyer Walter Sickert – The Juvenile Lead: Self-portrait Charles Sims – The Fountain Alfred Stieglitz – The Steerage Vardges Sureniants – Salomé Félix Vallotton Portrait of Gertrude Stein Three Women and a Little Girl Playing in the Water J. W. Waterhouse – Jason and Medea Arnoldo Zocchi – Monument to the Tsar Liberator Cubism begins to take root First Exhibition of Lithuanian Art, Vilnius January 13 – Jon Gnagy, American painter and television art instructor February 4 – James McIntosh Patrick, Scottish landscape painter February 28 – Milton Caniff, American cartoonist March 23 – Abidin Dino, Turkish-born painter April 23 Lee Miller, American photographer Fritz Wotruba, Austrian sculptor May 1 – Theodore Roszak, Polish-American sculptor and painter May 10 – Lenore Tawney, American fiber artist May 22 – Hergé, Belgian comics writer and artist June 6 – George Rickey, American kinetic sculptor June 10 – Fairfield Porter, American painter June 14 – Nicolas Bentley, English author and illustrator July 1 – Ilya Bolotowsky, painter July 6 – Frida Kahlo, Mexican painter July 27 – Petar Lubarda, Serbian painter August 5 – Robert George Irwin, American sculptor and spree killer August 7 – Albert Kotin, Russian-born American Abstract Expressionist artist August 17 – Acee Blue Eagle and muralist August 30 – Leonor Fini, surrealist painter September 4 Leo Castelli, Italian-American art dealer and gallerist Zhang Chongren, Chinese artist and sculptor September 26 – Anthony Blunt, English art historian October 5 – Jean Louis, French costume designer October 8 – Art Babbitt, American animator October 21 – Nikos Engonopoulos, Greek painter and poet November 1 – Terence Cuneo, English railway and military painter November 4 – Henry Heerup, Danish painter and sculptor November 14 – William Steig, American cartoonist and author November 22 – Dora Maar, French photographer and painter, lover of Pablo Picasso November 28 – Charles Alston, American artist and teacher.
Marie Z. Chino and ceramic artist Art Frahm, American pin-up and advertising artist Seamus Murphy, Irish sculptor January 8 – Theodoor Verstraete, Belgian rural realist painter and printmaker February 11 – Christen Dalsgaard, Danish painter February 14 – Adolf Seel, German painter March 26 – Ettore Roesler Franz, Italian painter April 14 – James Clarke Hook and historical painter May 5 – Şeker Ahmet Paşa, Turkish military painter May 11 – Edward Kemeys, American sculptor May 18 – Bernhard Plockhorst, German painter and graphic artist June 14 – Giuseppe Pellizza da Volpedo, Italian neo-impressionist painter July 16 – Théobald Chartran, French propaganda painter August 3 – Augustus Saint-Gaudens, American Beaux-Arts sculptor October 4 – Alfredo Keil, Portuguese romantic composer and painter October 30 – Đorđe Krstić, Serbian Realist painter November 10 – Alexander Zick, German painter and illustrator November 21 Paula Modersohn-Becker, German Expressionist painter Balduin Wolff, German painter and chess player November 23 – John F. Peto, American trompe-l'œil painter November 27 – Paul Ritter, German architectural painter November 28 – Stanisław
1916 in art
The year 1916 in art involved some significant events and new works. February 9 – 6.00 p.m. – Tristan Tzara "founds" Dadaism. March 1 – Liljevalchs konsthall inaugurated in Stockholm. May 20 – Boy with Baby Carriage is Norman Rockwell's first cover for The Saturday Evening Post. May – Muirhead Bone recruited as a war artist by the British War Propaganda Bureau. At the end of the year, his album of drawings The Western Front begins publication. June 16 – Cleveland Museum of Art opens. Summer – Paul Strand experiments with'straight' abstract photography at Twin Lakes. August 31 – Kestnergesellschaft founded in Hanover, Germany. September 19 – Edvard Munch's paintings for the Aula of Det Kongelige Frederiks Universitet, are inaugurated. September 26 – C. R. W. Nevinson's first major single-artist exhibition opens in London. November – John Nash arrives with the Artists Rifles in France. Vanessa Bell's first single-artist exhibition is staged at Omega Workshops in London. Provincial Fine Arts Museum completed in Argentina.
Gilbert Cannan publishes his novel Mendel: a story of youth, based on the lives of those in his artistic circle of friends with a young Mark Gertler as the central figure, together with Dora Carrington, Christopher R. W. Nevinson and John Currie. Ezra Pound publishes Gaudier-Brzeska: A Memoir. Paul Wayland Bartlett – Apotheosis of Democracy Vanessa Bell – Nude with Poppies Umberto Boccioni – Portrait of Ferruccio Busoni Constantin Brâncuși – Princess X Frank Brangwyn – Mosaic for apse of St Aidan's Church, England George Clausen – Youth Mourning Giorgio de Chirico The Disquieting Muses The Melancholy of Departure Metaphysical Interior with Biscuits Marcel Duchamp – Apolinère Enameled Jacob Epstein – The Tin Hat Paul Gustav Fischer – Sunbathing in the Dunes Mark Gertler Gilbert Cannan at his Mill Merry-Go-Round J. W. Godward Ancient Pastimes By The Blue Ionian Sea Lesbia With Her Sparrow George Grosz – Suicide Richard Jack – The Return to the Front: Victoria Railway Station Ernst Ludwig Kirchner – Königstein Station Laura Knight – Spring Boris Kustodiev Fontanka Shrovetide Alfred Laliberté – Les petits Baigneurs Fernand Léger – Soldier with a Pipe Wilhelm Lehmbruck – The Fallen Kazimir Malevich – Suprematist Composition Edward Middleton Manigault Still Life with Lemons Vorticist Landscape Henri Matisse – The Piano Lesson Jean Metzinger Femme au miroir Fruit and a Jug on a Table Amedeo Modigliani portrait of Beatrice Hastings Léon Indenbaum portrait of Max Jacob Jacques and Berthe Lipchitz two portraits of Chaim Soutine Reclining Nude Claude Monet – paintings in Water Lilies series Nympheas Water Lilies C. R. W. Nevinson Archies The Doctor Dog-Tired French Troops Resting Glyn Philpot Man in a Flying Jacket The Skyscraper Matthew Smith – Fitzroy Street Nude No. 1 Paul Strand – White Fence January 23 – David Douglas Duncan, American war photographer April 11 – Irv Novick, American comic book artist April 20 – Gerald Dillon, Irish painter April 26 – Eyvind Earle, American illustrator and Disney artist June 24 – Saloua Raouda Choucair, Lebanese painter and sculptor July 25 – Fred Lasswell, American cartoonist September 29 – Carl Giles, English cartoonist October 18 – Jean-Yves Couliou, French painter November 3 – Harry Lampert, American cartoonist, advertising artist and author November 10 – Louis le Brocquy, Irish painter November 25 – Villu Toots, Estonian calligrapher, book designer, educator and author December 7 – John G. Morris, American picture editor February 13 – Vilhelm Hammershøi, Danish painter March 4 – Franz Marc, German Expressionist painter June 25 – Thomas Eakins, American painter and teacher June 29 – Georges Lacombe, French artist July 6 – Odilon Redon, French Symbolist painter and graphic artist July 29 – Eleanor Vere Boyle, English watercolorist August 17 – Umberto Boccioni, Italian Futurist painter and sculptor August 23 – Jean-Paul Aubé, French sculptor August 28 – Henri Harpignies, French landscape painter of the Barbizon school October 25 – William Merritt Chase, American Impressionist painter December 13 – Antonin Mercié, French sculptor and painter date unknown Wu Shixian, Chinese landscape painter during the Qing dynasty Branko Radulović, Serbian painter
1912 in art
The year 1912 in art involved some significant events and new works. January 5 – Moscow Art Theatre production of Hamlet, designed by Edward Gordon Craig, opens. May – The Blue Rider Almanac published in Munich, containing reproductions of more than 140 multi-ethnic artworks, articles on the visual arts and music and Vasilly Kandinsky's experimental theater composition The Yellow Sound. June 26 – Austrian writer Frida Strindberg opens The Cave of the Golden Calf, a London nightclub decorated by Spencer Gore, Wyndham Lewis, Charles Ginner and Jacob Epstein with its motif by Eric Gill. July – At the 1912 Summer Olympics in Stockholm, American marksman, horse breeder and artist Walter W. Winans wins a silver medal for shooting and a gold in the sculpture category of the art competitions for his bronze statuette An American Trotter. December 24 – William Zorach marries Marguerite Thompson. In Paris, Albert Gleizes and Jean Metzinger publish the first major treatise on Cubism, Du "Cubisme", followed by André Salmon's La jeune peinture française including Histoire anecdotique du cubisme.
Ludwig Meidner begins producing his "Apocalyptic Landscapes". March – Exhibition of Italian Futurism transfers from Paris to the Sackville Gallery in London, organised by Robert René Meyer-Sée. May 25–September 30 – Third International Art Exhibition organized by Sonderbund westdeutscher Kunstfreunde und Künstler, in Cologne, featuring works by Vincent van Gogh, Paul Cézanne, Paul Gauguin, Pablo Picasso, Henri-Edmond Cross, Paul Signac and Edvard Munch. Second Post-Impressionist Exhibition organized by Roger Fry in London. René Lalique and Maurice Marinot independently stage the first exhibitions of their glasswares. Giacomo Balla – Dynamism of a Dog on a Leash Vanessa Bell – Three portraits of her sister Virginia Woolf George Bellows – Men of the Docks David Bomberg – Vision of Ezekiel Pierre Bonnard – St Tropez, Pier Richard E. Brooks – John Harte McGraw Paul Émile Chabas – September Morn Jerome Connor – Bishop John Carroll Roger de la Fresnaye - "Mon Ami, Jean Cocteau" Robert Delaunay – Simultaneous Windows on the City Marcel Duchamp – Nude Descending a Staircase, No. 2 Lydia Field Emmet – Self Portrait Jacob Epstein – Tomb of Oscar Wilde E. Phillips Fox – Nasturtiums Roger Fry Portrait of Edith Sitwell River with Poplars Laura Gilpin – Basket of Peaches Albert Gleizes Les Baigneuses Le Dépiquage des Moissons L'Homme au balcon Passy, Bridges of Paris J. W. Godward Absence Makes The Heart Grow Fonder By The Wayside An Offering To Venus The Peacock Fan Juan Gris – Verre et Bouteilles Ernst Ludwig Kirchner Nollendorfplatz Das Urteil des Paris Vier Holzplastiken Boris Kustodiev Easter Greetings Self-portrait Jacques Henri Lartigue – Grand Prix de l'A.
C. F. Fernand Léger Grade Crossing La Fumée Woman in Blue Wyndham Lewis – Smiling Woman Ascending a Stair J. B. Manson – Approximate date Self-portrait Still Life: Tulips in a Blue Jug Franz Marc Atonement Deer in the Woods II The Dream Horses Resting In the Rain Legend of the Animals The Little Monkey Red Bull Sleeping Shepherdess Tiger Henri Matisse The Conversation Le Rifain assis Zorah on the Terrace Jean Metzinger Danseuse au café La Femme au Cheval Femme à l'Éventail Au Vélodrome L'Oiseau bleu La Plume Jaune Amedeo Modigliani – Tête Piet Mondrian – Gray Tree Mikhail Nesterov – Crucifixion Emil Nolde – The Prophet William Orpen – Portrait of Gardenia St. George With Riding Crop Pablo Picasso Still Life with Chair Caning Violon et raisins Violon, pipe et encrier Charles A. Platt – Josephine Shaw Lowell Memorial Fountain Franz Roubaud – Battle of Borodino Panorama Egon Schiele Portrait of Wally Self-portrait with Chinese lantern fruits Kathleen Scott – Charles Stewart Rolls T. F. Simon – Second Hand Booksellers, Spring Max Slevogt – The Singer Francisco D'Andrade as Don Giovanni in Mozart's Opera Stanley Spencer – The Nativity James Wehn – Chief Seattle Christopher Whall and Mabel Esplin – Lady chapel windows, St John the Divine, London January 7 – Charles Addams, American cartoonist January 28 – Jackson Pollock, American painter February 7 – Russell Drysdale, Australian artist March 4 – Afro Basaldella, Italian painter March 22 – Agnes Martin, Canadian-US painter April 14 – Robert Doisneau, French photographer April 21 – Eve Arnold, née Cohen, American photographer May 8 – John Deakin, English photographer June 4 – Robert Jacobsen, Danish sculptor and painter June 8 – Harry Holtzman, American artist June 11 – William Baziotes, American painter August 1 – Rachel Baes, Belgian painter August 23 – Keith Vaughan, English painter August 29 – Wolfgang Suschitzky, Austrian-born documentary photographer and cinematographer September 4 Syd Hoff, US children's book author and cartoonist Alexander Liberman, Russian-born painter and sculptor September 5 Kristina Söderbaum, Swedish-German film actress and photographer Frank Thomas, US animator September 23 – Tony Smith, US sculptor, visual artist and theorist on art October 31 – Ollie Johnston, US animator