1915 in paleontology

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List of years in paleontology
In science
1912
1913
1914
1915
1916
1917
1918

Paleontology or palaeontology (from Greek: paleo, "ancient"; ontos, "being"; and logos, "knowledge") is the study of prehistoric life forms on Earth through the examination of plant and animal fossils.[1] This includes the study of body fossils, tracks (ichnites), burrows, cast-off parts, fossilised feces (coprolites), palynomorphs and chemical residues. Because humans have encountered fossils for millennia, paleontology has a long history both before and after becoming formalized as a science, this article records significant discoveries and events related to paleontology that occurred or were published in the year 1915.

Arthropods[edit]

Newly named insects[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Aphaenogaster mersa[2]

Sp nov

valid

Wheeler

Lutetian

Baltic amber

Fossil myrmicin ant.

Aphaenogaster oligocenica[2]

Sp nov

valid

Wheeler

Lutetian

Baltic amber

Fossil myrmicin ant.

Asymphylomyrmex

Gen et sp nov

valid

Wheeler

Lutetian

Baltic amber

A dolichoderine ant.

Dolichoderus britannicus[3]

Sp nov

Syn

Cockerell

Late Eocene

A Dolichoderin ant
jr synonym of Emplastus britannicus

Dolichoderus ovigerus[3]

Sp nov

Syn

Cockerell

Late Eocene

A Dolichoderin ant
jr synonym of Emplastus britannicus

Euponera (Trachymesopus) succinea[2]

Comb nov

jr synonym

(Mayr)

Middle Eocene

Baltic Amber

 Europe

A ponerine ant, new combination for Ponera succinea,
moved to Pachycondyla succinea in 1995

Iridomyrmex constricta[2]

Comb nov

Jr synonym

(Mayr)

Lutetian

A Dolichoderin ant
jr synonym of Anonychomyrma constricta

Iridomyrmex geinitzi[2]

Comb nov

Jr synonym

Mayr

Lutetian

Fossil Dolichoderin ant, jr synonym of Anonychomyrma geinitzi

Iridomyrmex samlandica[2]

Sp nov

Jr synonym

Wheeler

Lutetian

Fossil Dolichoderin ant, jr synonym of Anonychomyrma samlandica

Paraneuretus

Gen et 2 sp

Valid

Wheeler

Lutetian

Baltic amber

An aneuretine ant

Ponera hypolitha[3]

Sp nov

Syn

Cockerell

Late Eocene

Bembridge Marls

A Dolichoderin ant
jr synonym of Emplastus hypolithus

Archosauromorphs[edit]

Newly named pseudosuchians[edit]

Name Authors Location Notes Images
Poposaurus[4]
  • Mehl
Valid taxon A Dinosaur-like poposaurid suchian.

Newly named dinosaurs[edit]

Data courtesy of George Olshevsky's dinosaur genera list.[5]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Kangnasaurus[6]

Valid taxon

Gen et sp nov

Haughton

Middle Cretaceous

An iguanodontian

Kentrosaurus[7]

Valid taxon

Gen et sp nov

Hennig

Late Jurassic

Tendaguru Formation

An African stegosaurid

Spinosaurus[8]

Valid taxon

Gen et sp nov

Stromer

Cretaceous

Bahariya Formation

A Sail-backed meat-eating Theropod.

Anapsids[edit]

Turtles[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Cratochelone[9]

gen et sp nov

valid

Longman

Albian

Toolebuc Formation

largest protostegid turtle from Australia

Synapsids[edit]

Non-mammalian[edit]

Name Status Authors Age Location Notes Images

Alopecognathus

Valid

Broom

263 Millions years ago.

Cerdodon

Valid

Broom

266 Millions years ago.

Galesuchus

Synonym of Eriphostoma.

Haughton

Moschosaurus

Valid

Haughton

Scylacorhinus

Valid

Broom 263 Millions years ago.

Simorhinella

Valid

Broom

Struthiocephalus

Valid

Haughton

263 Millions years ago. Ostrich-Head ProtoMammal.

Trochosaurus

Valid

Haughton

263 Millions years ago.

Tropidostoma

Valid

Broom

257 Millions years ago.

Paleontologists[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gini-Newman, Garfield; Graham, Elizabeth (2001). Echoes from the past: world history to the 16th century. Toronto: McGraw-Hill Ryerson Ltd. ISBN 9780070887398. OCLC 46769716. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f Wheeler, W. M. (1915). "The ants of the Baltic amber". Schriften der Physikalisch-Okonomischen Gesellschaft zu Konigsberg. 55 (4): 56–59. 
  3. ^ a b c Antropov AV, Belokobylskij SA, Compton SG, Dlussky GM, Khalaim AI, KolyadaVA, Kozlov MA, PerfilievaKS, Rasnitsyn AP (2014). "The wasps, bees and ants (Insecta: Vespida=Hymenoptera) from the Insect Limestone (Late Eocene) of the Isle of Wight, UK". Earth and Environmental Science Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh. 104 (3-4): 335–446. doi:10.1017/S1755691014000103. 
  4. ^ Mehl, M.G. 1915. Poposaurus gracilis, a new reptile from the Triassic of Wyoming. Journal of Geology 23: pp. 516-522.
  5. ^ Olshevsky, George. "Dinogeorge's Dinosaur Genera List". Retrieved 2008-08-07. 
  6. ^ Haughton, S.H. 1915. On some dinosaur remains from Bushmanland. Trans. Roy. Soc. S. Africa 5: pp. 259-264.
  7. ^ Hennig, E. 1915. Kentrosaurus aethiopicus, der Stegosauride des Tendaguru. Sitzungsber. Ges. Naturforsch. Freunde Berlin 1915: pp. 219-247.
  8. ^ Stromer, E. 1915. Ergebnisse der Forschungsreisen Prof. E. Stromers in den Wusten Agyptens. II. Wirbeltier-Reste der Baharije-Stufe (unterstes Cenoman). 3. Das Original des Theropoden Spinosaurus aegyptiacus. Abhandlungen der Koniglich Bayerischen Akademie der Wissenschaften Mathematisch-physikalische Klasse 28 (band 3): pp. 3-32.
  9. ^ longman, H. L. (1915). "on a giant turtle of the Queensland Lower Cretaceous". Memoirs of the Queensland Museum. 3: 24–29. ISSN 0079-8835. 
  10. ^ Farlow, James O.; Brett-Surmann, M. K. (1999). The Complete Dinosaur. Bloomington, Indiana: Indiana University Press. p. 18. ISBN 0-253-21313-4.