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1917–18 NHL season

The 1917–18 NHL season was the first season of the National Hockey League. The league was formed after the suspension of the National Hockey Association. Play was held in two halves, December 19 to February 4, February 6 to March 6; the Canadiens won the first half, Toronto the second half. The Montreal Wanderers withdrew early in January 1918 after their rink, the Westmount Arena, burned down. Toronto won the NHL playoff and won the Stanley Cup by defeating the PCHA's Vancouver Millionaires three games to two in a best-of-five series. In November 1917, the owners of the NHA unwilling to continue the league with Toronto NHA owner Eddie Livingstone, decided to suspend the NHA and form a new league, the NHL, without Livingstone; the events transpired as follows: On October 19, a meeting of the NHA board of directors was held. Livingstone did not attend. Barclay was informed by the directors that Toronto would not play in the 1917–18 season due to the difficulty of operating a five-team league, both in scheduling and availability of players during wartime.

Livingstone publicly announced that he would set up an international circuit and raid the NHA players. On November 9, 1917, it was reported that the Toronto NHA franchise was sold to Charles Querrie of the Toronto Arena corporation. At this point, NHA president Robertson and secretary Frank Calder denied that the NHA would change, dissolve or adopt other subterfuge; this sale never completed. The November 10, 1917, annual meeting of the NHA was presided over by Calder, attended by Martin Rosenthal and E. P Dey for Ottawa. At the meeting, Livingstone was represented by J. F. Boland, who stated that if the league operates that the Toronto franchise intended to be a full member; the NHA voted to suspend operations but not meet in one year's time. According to the Globe, there was a movement to form a new four-team league of Toronto and the two Montreal teams; the Toronto representative offered to allow the Arena Gardens to manage the Torontos and lease the players. There followed a period of speculation in the newspapers as to whether Quebec would play in the new season and what would be the league organization.

One name for the new league was speculated: the "National Professional Hockey League". If Quebec could play the Toronto players would be dispersed. Representatives of Ottawa and the Montreal teams met on November 22, 1917, but adjourned without a decision. On November 26, 1917, representatives of the Ottawa and Montreal NHA clubs met at the Windsor Hotel in Montreal; the decision to start a new league was announced. The decision was made to start a new league, the National Hockey League, with the following provisions: Constitution and rules the same as the NHA Frank Calder elected president and secretary M. J. Quinn of Quebec was named honorary president Franchises were granted to Ottawa, Wanderers, Quebec players to be dispersed among the other teamsA Toronto franchise was to be operated'temporarily' by the Arena Gardens while the Toronto ownership situation was resolved; the franchise used the players of the Blueshirts, including those, transferred to other NHA teams for the second half of the 1916–17 NHA season.

While Livingstone agreed to a lease of the team, the NHL owners did not intend to share any revenues from the players. Livingstone would sue for the team's revenues in 1918. George Kennedy, owner of the Canadiens, would say: "The Toronto players belong as a body to the National Hockey League, for they were only loaned to the Toronto Arena Company, though Livingstone tried to make the Arena Company believe that he controlled those players" The team played without a nickname for the season. According to Holzman, the NHL itself was intended to operate temporarily until the Toronto NHA franchise was resolved; the NHA had a pending lawsuit against the 228th Battalion, could or would not fold until after, heard. According to McFarlane, the owners of the Quebec franchise asked $200 per man selected; the Wanderers took four players, but overlooked great Joe Malone, picked up by the Canadiens, who took Joe Hall. Odie Cleghorn and Sprague Cleghorn joined the Wanderers. On January 9, 1918, the league decided to allow goaltenders to drop to the ice surface in order to make saves.

This was amended rule change in the National Hockey League. It was done in response to Ottawa's Clint Benedict falling to make saves. According to NHL president Frank Calder, "As far as I am concerned they can stand on their head." The new league faced stiff competition for players from a number of other leagues including the Pacific Coast Hockey Association. Filling rosters was a challenge because the talent pool was decimated by World War I; the Wanderers were in trouble from the start of the season. They drew only 700 fans; the Wanderers lost the next three games and owner Lichtenhein threatened to withdraw from the league unless he could get some players. Although they could have acquired Joe Malone in the draft, they turned to the PCHA and signed goaltender Hap Holmes, they obtained permission to sign such players as Frank Foyston, Jack Walker and others if they could do so. The Wanderers loaned Holmes to the Seattle Metropolitans of the PCHA, but he found his way back to the NHL when Seattle loaned him to Toronto.

A league meeting was planned to de

Chandranath Temple

Chandranath Temple, located on top of the Chandranath Hill, is a famous Shakti Peeth located near Sitakunda in Bangladesh where, as per Hindu sacred texts, the right arm of Goddess Sati fell. Chandranath Temple is a pilgrimage site for Hindus, its height about 1,020 feet above sea level. The Rajmala states that about 800 years ago, Raja Biswambhar Sur, a descendant of the famous Adisur of Gaur, tried to reach Chandranath by sea; the Nigamkalpataru refers to the poet Jayadev living for a time in Chandranath. By the time of Dhanya Manikya, ruler of Tripura, Chandranath received numerous endowments. Dhanya Manikya failed. Sati was the first wife of Shiva as the first incarnation of Parvati, she was the daughter of King Queen. She committed self-immolation at the sacrificial fire of a yagna performed by her father Daksha as she felt distraught by her father's insult of her husband and her by not inviting them for the yagna. Shiva was so grieved after hearing of the death of his wife that he danced around the world in a Tandav Nritya carrying Sati's dead body over his shoulders.

Perturbed by this situation and to bring Shiv to a state of normalcy, Vishnu decided to use his Sudarshan Chakra. He dismembered Sati's body with the chakra into 51 pieces and wherever her body fell on the earth, the place was consecrated as a divine shrine to Shakthi Peeth with deities of Sati and Shiva; these locations have become famous pilgrimage places as Pithas or Shakthi Pithas are found scattered all over the subcontinent including Pakistan, Sri Lanka and Nepal, apart from India. Sati is known as Devi or Shakthi, with blessings of Vishnu she was reborn as the daughter of Himavat or Himalayas and hence named as Parvati, she was born on the 14th day of the bright half of the month of Mrigashīrsha, which marks the Shivarathri festival. The Chandranath Temple is considered as the revered shrines of Shaktism; the mythology of Daksha yaga and Sati's self immolation is the source mythology behind the origin of Shakti Peethas. Shakti Peethas are divine shrines of Shakti, due to the falling of body parts of the corpse of Sati Devi, when Lord Shiva carried it and wandered throughout Aryavartha in sorrow.

There are 51 Shakti Peeth linking to the 51 alphabets in Sanskrit. Each temple have shrines for Kalabhairava; the Right Arm of Sati Devi's corpse is believed to have fallen here. The Shakti is known by the name Bhavani

Herbert Henry Gatenby Moody

Herbert Henry Gatenby Moody was a Canadian architect. He was born on 12 March 1903 to Elizabeth Jane Holland, he was educated at the Royal Military College of Canada in Ontario. He graduated from the University of Manitoba with a degree in architecture in 1926, he practiced architecture with Sproatt and Rolf Toronto, Ontario. He and Robert E. Moore went into partnership from 1936–1976, in the architectural firm of Moody and Moore in Winnipeg, Manitoba, he joined the Manitoba Association of Architects in 1934 served as President of the Manitoba Association of Architects three times. He was a Fellow of the Royal Architectural Institute of Canada, he served as Chancellor of the College of Fellows. He served with the Royal Canadian Engineers, Army Third Division, in England and northwest Europe, from 1941 to 1945, he and his first wife Alice Louise Taylor had two children. He and his second wife, Lorraine Code had one child. Among the many projects Moody has completed in his career are the following: Princess Elizabeth Hospital, 1950 Winnipeg Winter Club, c1950 St. John's College and Chapel, University of Manitoba, 1958 Donnelly United Church, 1964 University College, University of Manitoba, 1964 Centennial Hall, University of Winnipeg, 1969–1972 Lockhart Hall, University of Winnipeg, 1972 Royal Canadian Mounted Police D Division Headquarters, 1978 Fort Whyte Interpretive Centre, 1983 Fort Whyte Nature Centre Winnipeg Arena Herbert Henry Gatenby Moody

History of Venezuela (1999–present)

Since 2 February 1999, Venezuela saw sweeping and radical shifts in social policy, moving away from the government embracing a free-market economy and neoliberal reform principles and towards income redistribution and social welfare programs. Then-President Hugo Chávez shifted Venezuela's traditional foreign policy alignment. Instead of continuing Venezuela's past alignment with the United States and European strategic interests, Chávez promoted alternative development and integration policies targeted the Global South. Chávez died in office on 5 March 2013 and was succeeded by his Vice President Nicolás Maduro, who gained a slim majority in the 14 April 2013 special election and has ruled by decree for the majority of the period between 19 November 2013 through 2018. Hugo Chávez's political activity began in the 1980s and 1990s, a period of economic downturn and social upheaval in Venezuela. Venezuela's economic well-being fluctuated with the unstable demand for its primary export commodity, oil.

Oil accounts for three-quarters of Venezuela's exports, half of its government's fiscal income, a quarter of the nation's GDP. The 1970s were boom years for oil, during which the material standard of living for all classes in Venezuela improved; this was due to the ruling AD and COPEI parties' investing in social welfare projects which, because of the government's oil income, they could do without taxing private wealth. "Venezuelan workers enjoyed the highest wages in Latin America and subsidies in food, health and transport." However, "toward the end of the 1970s, these tendencies began to reverse themselves." Per capita oil income and per capita income both declined, leading to a foreign debt crisis and forced devaluation of the bolivar in 1983. The negative trend continued through the 1990s. "Per capita income in 1997 was 8 percent less than in 1970. "Between 1984 and 1995 the percentage of people living below the poverty line jumped from 36 percent to 66 percent, while the number of people suffering from extreme poverty tripled, from 11 percent to 36 percent."Along with these economic changes came various changes in Venezuelan society.

Class division intensified, as summarised by Edgardo Lander: A sensation of insecurity became generalized throughout the population, constituting "an emerging culture of violence... distinct from the culture of tolerance and peace that dominated Venezuelan society in the past.". Along with unemployment, personal safety topped the problems perceived as most serious by the population. Between 1986 and 1996 the number of homicides per 10,000 inhabitants jumped from 13.4 to 56, an increase of 418 percent, with most of the victims being young males. Countless streets in the middle - and upper-class neighborhoods were privatized; the threat represented by the "dangerous class" came to occupy a central place in the media – along with demands that drastic measures be taken, including the death penalty or direct execution by the police. During this period, the prospect of a reasonably comfortable life for most Venezuelans, which had appeared attainable in the 1970s, became remote. According to Lander: These crises-like conditions became permanent features of society.

We are dealing here not with the exclusion of a minority categorized as "marginal" in relation to society as a whole but with the living conditions and cultural reproduction of the great majority of the population. The result was the development of what Ivez Pedrazzini and Magalay Sánchez have called the "culture of urgency." They describe a practical culture of action in which the informal economy, illegitimacy and mistrust of official society are common. Alejandro Moreno characterizes this other cultural universe as the popular-life world, other, different from Western modernity – organized in terms of a matriarchal family structure, with different conceptions of time and community, a relational rationality distinct from the abstract rationality of the dominant society; this cultural context is scarcely compatible with the model of citizenship associated with liberal democracies of the West. On the political front, the AD's Carlos Andrés Pérez became president in 1989 on a platform of anti-neoliberalism, describing International Monetary Fund structural adjustment recipes as "la-bomba-sólo-mata-gente" – the bomb that only kills people.

However, shortly after attaining office, Pérez, "faced with a severe crisis of international reserves, fiscal as well as trade and balance-of-payment deficits, an external debt that under these conditions could not be paid," signed a letter of intent with the International Monetary Fund stipulating that he carry out a neoliberal adjustment program that entailed privatisation and the dismantling of social welfare programs and subsidies. The agreement was not submitted to parliamentary consultation and was made public only after having been signed. On 25 February 1989, the government announced an increase in gasoline prices, two days a public transit price rise precipitated the Caracazo, a series of mass demonstrations and riots in Caracas and Venezuela's other principal cities. Pérez imposed martial law; the military's suppression of the rebellion resulted in, by the government's own admission, 300 deaths. Chávez, involved since the early 1980s in a leftist group in the military called the Movimiento Boliv

Kakching Khunou

Kakching Khunou is an agricultural town in Kakching district in the Indian state of Manipur. Situated at a distance of 56 km from Imphal, it is surrounded by agricultural land. Tarang Turel, a rivulet flowing down from the eastern hills, runs through the middle of the town serving as a natural spring, it is connected to other parts of the state by the Imphal -Sugnu state highway. As of 2011 India census, Kakching Khunou had a population of 11,379. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%, it has an average literacy rate of 66.74%, lower than the national average of 74.04%. In Kakching Khunou, 12% of the population is under 6 years of age; as the name indicates, the people inhabiting Kakching Khunou had once migrated or bifurcated from Kakching. It is believed that these people under the leadership of Khamlangba first came from the west and settled down at Uripok, Imphal though their pre-historic records could not be traced; these laborious people in search of their iron-ore moved from Uripok towards the south and settled for sometime near Kshetri Leikai of present Thoubal, during the reign of Charailongba Shortly thereafter, they migrated to Kakching Khuman near Pallel.

During the reign of Garib Niwas Kakching was governed by Budhiraj. In the year 1790, during the reign of Bheigyachandra, they shifted to the present Kakching site while some sections moved further south and settled at Kakching Khunou. During the reign of Chourajit in 1726 one Leimapokpam Chandra was transported as Loi at Kakching Khunou, evident of the village having existed; the Historical evidence of these people can be traced from many authentic books and records. Special mention in this connection can be made of that of Captain R. Boileau Pemberton's "Report on the Eastern Frontier of British India,1835" in which he described at page 30 ".. Kokshing lungsaee, Kokshing Khunao, Kokshing Khoolen and Langathel are the principal villages at which the iron works are carried on, under the direction of Cheiftains called Budhiraj Rajah, who claims for his ancestors the merit of having first discovered the existence of iron-ore in the valley and of rendering it subserve into the use of man", and these professional people were governed through the leadership of one Khullakpa as Hudson mentioned in his book "The Meitheis".

In Gazetteer of Manipur Capt. E. W. Dun stated the settlement of Kakching Khunou village. Moreover, all the Kakching Villages in manipur worshipped Khamlangba and Sekmai Ningthou as their Umanglai, which are the symbols of iron; the population of Kakching Khunou was composed of 15 Yumnaks each Yumnak settling as a group under one elder known as Piba, altogether intertwined and intermingled with one another up to 1886. The 15 Yumnaks are: Moreover, the following Brahman clans who settled down permanently as Sevayets of the Deities, worshiped by these people when they were converted into Hinduism, are found in kakching Khunou; the clans are – Kakchingtabam Hidangmayum Aribam Gotimayum GurumayumIn the years many individuals of different clans came to Kakching Khunou and settled down permanently. They are: The pre-historic religion of the Kakchings prior to their arrival at Uripok cannot be traced, but it can be counted that they adopted the Meitei religion before their conversion into Hinduism. In describing the Kakching Lois, Capt. E.

W. Dun in his book, Gazetteer of Manipur had quoted the writings of Sir James Johnstone in connection with their religion, "..they were Lois but now called themselves Hindoos, having some time since 1867 been adopted into the Hindoo community by the Rajah, they give themselves all the airs of Hindoos!" The people of Kakching Khunou worship "Ibudhou Khamlangba" and "Ibudhou Sekmai Ningthou" as their Umanglai which are the symbols of iron. The majority of the population follows Hinduism; some follow the old Meitei religion of Sanamahism and a minuscule section of the population has embraced Christianity. Kakching Khunou College Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya, Shandumba Achouba Kakching Khunou Govt. High School Kakching Khunou Makha High School Chekshapat High School Holy Cross School Khomdonbi Memorial English School Emmanuel English School,Tampakyum Hijam Irabot MemorialPublic School Gems Academy Bright Career Academy Kakching Khunou Cheksapat P. S Kakching Khunou Boys' L. P. School Kakching Khunou Girls' L.

P. School Kakching Khunou Tampakyum L. P. School Thongam Mondum P. S The Rising Sun English school There is a Primary Health Center at Kakching Khunou; the nearest Post Office and Police Station are at Waikhong respectively. There is a Branch Post Office at Kakching Khunou; the bordering villages are Waikhong, Wangjing Khunou, New Chayang and Tokpaching. It is among the largest producers of food grains in Manipur; the Shiv Temple Mondum Mahadeva is situated 5 km away from the town. The only J. N. V. of Thoubal district is at Kakching Khunou. The Pumlen pat lake, the second largest freshwater lake in Manipur, is at the north of Mondum Mahadeva

List of Lambda Phi Epsilon chapters

A list of chapters of Lambda Phi Epsilon. Α - University of California, Los Angeles Β - University of California, Davis Γ - University of California, Santa Barbara Δ - University of California, Berkeley Ε - University of California, Irvine Ζ - University of Texas at Austin Η - University of California, Riverside Θ - Stanford University Ι - University of California, San Diego Κ - University of California, Santa Cruz M - California State University, Sacramento Ν - State University of New York, Buffalo Ξ - University of Michigan Ο - California State University, San Francisco Π - University of Houston Ρ - San Jose State University Σ - University of Pennsylvania Τ - Pennsylvania State University Υ - The Johns Hopkins University Φ - California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo Χ - University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Ψ - University of Chicago ΑΑ - Binghamton University ΑΒ - New York University ΑΓ - Baylor University ΑΔ - St. John's University ΑΕ - State University of New York, Stony Brook ΑΖ - University of Washington ΑΗ - Northwestern University ΑΘ - Rutgers University ΑΙ - Purdue University ΑΚ - Cornell University ΑΜ - Carnegie Mellon University ΑΝ - City University of New York, Baruch ΑΞ - University of Toronto ΑΟ - University of Texas at Dallas ΑΠ - Boston University ΑΡ - Columbia University ΑΣ - Virginia Commonwealth University ΑΤ - University of Virginia ΑΥ - University of Massachusetts, Amherst ΑΦ - University of Oklahoma AX - University of Georgia ΑΨ - University of Kansas ΒΑ - Northeastern University ΒΒ - University of Texas, Arlington ΒΓ - Syracuse University Duke University Michigan State University Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University McMaster University James Madison University Washington State University University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill DePaul University Loyola University Chicago University of Nebraska-Lincoln North Carolina State University University of Connecticut Rochester Institute of Technology University of Maryland, Baltimore County University of Wisconsin, Madison Florida State University State University of New York at Albany Florida Regional Graduate Chapter Lambda Phi Epsilon National Fraternity, Inc