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1918 Georgia Tech Golden Tornado football team

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1918 Georgia Tech Yellow Jackets football
18gatech.jpg
SIAA champion
Conference Southern Intercollegiate Athletic Association
1918 record 6–1 (3–0 SIAA)
Head coach John Heisman (15th season)
Assistant coach Fay Wood
Offensive scheme Jump shift
Captain Bill Fincher
Home stadium Grant Field
Seasons
← 1917
1919 →
1918 SIAA football standings
Conf     Overall
Team W   L   T     W   L   T
Georgia Tech $ 3 0 0     6 1 0
Vanderbilt 2 0 0     4 2 0
Mississippi A&M 2 0 0     3 2 0
Clemson 3 1 0     5 2 0
South Carolina 2 1 1     2 1 1
Furman 1 3 0     3 5 1
Sewanee 0 1 0     3 2 0
The Citadel 0 1 1     0 2 1
Auburn 0 2 0     2 5 0
Ole Miss 0 2 0     1 3 0
Wofford 0 2 0     0 3 0
  • $ – Conference champion
  • There were several SIAA schools that did not field a team due to World War I.

The 1918 Georgia Tech Golden Tornado football team[note 1] represented the Georgia Tech Golden Tornado of the Georgia Institute of Technology during the 1918 Southern Intercollegiate Athletic Association football season. The Tornado was coached by John Heisman in his 15th year as head coach, compiling a record of 6–1 (3–0 SIAA) and outscoring opponents 466 to 32. Georgia Tech played its home games at Grant Field.

Tech eclipsed 100 points three different times, its only road game was its only loss to national champion Pittsburgh at Forbes Field. Pittsburgh was the only team to score on Tech during the 1918 season, the defeat ended Georgia Tech's 33-game winning streak.

Center Bum Day was recognized as a consensus first-team All-American. He was a first-team selection by Walter Camp; the first Southerner to be chosen for Camp's All-America first team. Bill Fincher and Joe Guyon also made consensus All-America. Fincher and Buck Flowers made Camp's second-team.

Before the season[edit]

Because of America's entry into World War I in April 1917 and the ongoing war effort, several SIAA schools did not field football teams in 1918.[2] Coming off the South's first national championship in 1917, Tech lost several players to the war effort and was heavily reliant on freshmen.[3]

Bill Fincher

With captain-elect Everett Strupper lost to the war effort, tackle and placekicker Bill Fincher was left as captain.[4] Fincher had a glass eye which he would covertly pull out after feigning an injury, turn to his opponents and say: "So that's how you want to play!"[5]

Coach John Heisman used the pre-snap movement of his "jump shift" offense.[6] Former end and Notre Dame alumnus Fay Wood assisted Heisman as line coach.[7]

Buck Flowers was in his first year on the team. He was a small back who had transferred from Davidson, where last year he starred in the game against Tech. Flowers had grown to weigh 150 pounds and was a backup until Heisman discovered his ability as an open-field runner on punt returns. "Heisman's eyes bulged. And bulged again, on the first punt, Buck ran through the entire first team. Same thing again ... and again. Heisman had uncovered one of the greatest broken-field runners."[8]

Schedule[edit]

Date Time Opponent Site Result Attendance
October 5 Clemson Grant FieldAtlanta, GA (Rivalry) W 28–0    
October 12 Furman Grant Field • Atlanta, GA W 118–0    
October 19 11th Cavalry* Grant Field • Atlanta, GA W 123–0    
October 26 Camp Gordon* Grant Field • Atlanta, GA W 28–0   12,000
November 10 North Carolina State* Grant Field • Atlanta, GA W 128–0    
November 23 at Pittsburgh* Forbes FieldPittsburgh, PA L 32–0   30,000
November 28 Auburn Grant Field • Atlanta, GA W 41–0    
*Non-conference game.

Season summary[edit]

Clemson[edit]

Clemson at Georgia Tech
1 2 3 4 Total
Clemson 0 0 0 0 0
Ga. Tech 0 14 7 7 28

The season opened with a 28–0 defeat of Clemson, during the game, Red Barron hurdled tacklers for a 40-yard gain.[7] The last score came on a 55-yard run by Joe Guyon.[9] Other scores came from Pug Allen and Wally Smith.[4] Former captain Everett Strupper cheered from the sidelines.[4]

The starting lineup was: Fincher (left end), Doyal (left tackle), Nesbit (left guard), Davis (center), Dowling (right guard), Vandegrift (right tackle), Staton (right end), Barron (quarterback), Ferst (left halfback), Guyon (right halfback), and Allen (fullback).[4]

Furman[edit]

Furman at Georgia Tech
1 2 3 4 Total
Furman 0 0 0 0 0
Ga. Tech 14 35 28 41 118

Buck Flowers starred in the 118–0 victory over Furman. Joe Guyon played in the line and did well. Tech made 34 first downs,[10] for one score, in the fourth quarter, Flowers hit Red Barron on a 72-yard touchdown pass that went 42 yards in the air.[7]

The scoring breakdown: Barron got 4 touchdowns, Allen 3, Adams 2, Ferst 2, Guyon, Fincher, Flowers, Smith, Cobb, and Doyal one each. Fincher made 14 straight extra points.[7] Flowers made the other two.[10]

The starting lineup was: Fincher (left end), Doyal (left tackle), Rogers (left guard), Davis (center), Huffines (right guard), Guyon (right tackle), Staton (right end), Barron (quarterback), Flowers (left halfback), Ferst (right halfback), and Allen (fullback).[10]

11th Cavalry[edit]

Tech beat the 11th Cavalry 123–0, the game was called after the start of the third quarter.[11] The scoring breakdown: Flowers got 5 touchdowns, Barron 4, Ferst, Allen, and Staton 2 each, Smith, Fincher, and Cobb one each.[7]

Camp Gordon[edit]

Georgia Tech beat Camp Gordon 28–0. Frank Ferst and Red Barron each scored two touchdowns. "Barron had the game of his life" said the yearbook.[7]

The game was nip and tuck until Everett Strupper, former Tech star playing for Gordon, fumbled, and Ferst recovered, racing 30 yards for a touchdown; in the third quarter, Red Barron had a 28-yard touchdown.[12]

North Carolina A&M[edit]

North Carolina State at Georgia Tech
1 2 3 4 Total
NCST 0 0 0 0 0
Ga. Tech 33 42 32 21 128

Two days before the Armistice, Tech beat NC State 128–0. State's only highlight came in the third quarter, when John Ripple recovered a teammate's fumble and returned the ball 75 yards for a touchdown. However, it was called back due to an offsides penalty. Walter Camp attended the game. Ripple became the first football player from North Carolina ever to make an All-America team when he was selected second-team All-American by Camp.[14][15] Five minutes into the fourth quarter, the game was called,[13] the scoring breakdown: Barron and Ferst got 4 touchdowns each, Smith 3, Allen 3, Staton 2, Cobb 2, and Adams 1.[7][13]

The starting lineup was: Fincher (left end), Doyal (left tackle), Nesbit (left guard), Day (center), Rogers (right guard), Webb (right tackle), Staton (right end), Barron (quarterback), Ferst (left halfback), Adams (right halfback), and Allen (fullback).[13]

Pittsburgh[edit]

Georgia Tech at Pittsburgh
1 2 3 4 Total
Ga. Tech 0 0 0 0 0
Pitt 7 7 12 6 32

After declining the challenge the previous year, Pop Warner's Pittsburgh team was set to play Georgia Tech; in a high-profile game played as a War Charities benefit Pitt dismantled Georgia Tech 32–0, ending Tech's 33-game streak without a loss.[17][18] Pittsburgh was the 1918 national champion.[19]

Pitt's Tom Davies runs against Tech.

Warner historian Francis Powers wrote:

At Forbes Field, the dressing rooms of the two teams were separated only by a thin wall, as the Panthers were sitting around, awaiting Warner's pre-game talk, Heisman began to orate in the adjoining room. In his charge to the Tech squad, Heisman became flowery and fiery, he brought the heroes of ancient Greece and the soldier dead in his armor among the ruins of Pompeii. It was terrific and the Panthers sat, spellbound. When Heisman had finished, Warner chortled and quietly said to his players: 'Okay, boys. There's the speech. Now go out and knock them off.'[20]

Joe Guyon

Tech's play was early hindered by fumbles. One source relates "Guyon and Flowers were very clever at intercepting forward passes, which in a measure made up for the fumbling in a early part of the game."[16] Guyon also starred on defense.[7]

Pitt's first score came on a pass from Tom Davies to Katy Easterday,[16] the next score came soon after the start of the second quarter, when Davies returned a punt back 50 yards for a touchdown. A double pass got the next score, the fourth touchdown was a 6-yard touchdown by George McLaren. A 55-yard touchdown run by Davies was the final score.[16]

Pitt lost its only game to the Cleveland Naval Reserves, on the Naval team was former Tech star Judy Harlan. Harlan stated: "I intercepted a pass and returned it to midfield in the fourth quarter. I felt I at least had evened up some of the losses we had at Tech."[21]

The starting lineup was: Fincher (left end), Doyal (left tackle), Mathes (left guard), Day (center), Huffines (right guard), Webb (right tackle), Staton (right end), Barron (quarterback), Flowers (left halfback), Guyon (right halfback), and Allen (fullback).[16]

Auburn[edit]

Auburn at Georgia Tech
1 2 3 4 Total
Auburn 0 0 0 0 0
Ga. Tech 14 14 6 7 41

Tech beat Auburn 41–0 on a muddy field. Substitute quarterback B. Adams returned a kickoff 80 yards for a touchdown, the other five touchdowns were achieved by plodding through the mud.[22] The first was on a pass from Buck Flowers to Joe Guyon. Flowers ran in the second, and Guyon ran in the third. Wally Smith made one, and Red Barron the last.[7]

The starting lineup: was Fincher (left end), Doyal (left tackle), Webb (left guard), Day (center), Mathes (right guard), Huffines (right tackle), Staton (right end), Barron (quarterback), Flowers (left halfback), Ferst (right halfback), and Guyon (fullback).[22]

Postseason[edit]

Awards and honors[edit]

Bum Day

Center Bum Day was recognized as a consensus first-team All-American. He was a first-team selection by Walter Camp.[23][24] Day's selection by Camp as a first-team All-American was a historic first; he was the first Southerner to be chosen for Camp's annual All-America first team, which had been historically loaded with college players from Harvard, Yale, Princeton, and other Northeastern colleges.[25] Captain Bill Fincher was also a consensus All-American, as well as Joe Guyon.[24] Fincher and halfback Buck Flowers made Camp's second-team All-American.[15]

Championships[edit]

Tech won its fourth straight SIAA title.[26]

Personnel[edit]

Depth chart[edit]

The following chart provides a visual depiction of Tech's lineup during the 1918 season with games started at the position reflected in parenthesis, the chart mimics the offense after the jump shift has taken place.

LE
Bill Fincher (6)
 
 
 
LT LG C RG RT
Shorty Doyal (5) M. M. Nesbit (2) Bum Day (3) R. D. Huffines (2) B. P. Webb (2)
W. T. Mathis (1) Oscar Davis (2) Ham Dowling (1) Joe Guyon (1)
J. C. Rogers (1) W. T. Mathis (1) R. D. Huffines (1)
B. P. Webb (1) J. C. Rogers (1) Vandegrift (1)
RE
Albert Staton (6)
 
 
 
QB
Red Barron (7)
B. Adams (0)
RHB
Frank Ferst (3)
Joe Guyon (2)
B. Adams (1)
F. R. Cobb (0)
FB
Pug Allen (5)
Joe Guyon (1)
LHB
Buck Flowers (4)
Frank Ferst (3)
Dewey Scarboro (0)
Wally Smith (0)

Varsity letterwinners[edit]

Line[edit]

Player Position Games
started
Hometown Prep school Height Weight Age
Oscar Davis Center, guard 2 Atlanta, Georgia 6'1" 173 18
Bum Day Center 3 Barnesville, Georgia Porter Military Academy 5'11" 191 20
Shorty Doyal Tackle 5 Atlanta, Georgia Tech High School 6'3" 183 20
Bill Fincher End, tackle 6 Atlanta, Georgia Tech High School 6'1" 182 21
R. D. Huffines Tackle 3 Texas 5'8" 184 20
W. T. Mathis Guard 2 Jonesboro, Georgia
M. M. Nesbit Guard 2 Atlanta, Georgia 5'9" 186 21
J. C. Rogers Guard 2
Albert Staton End 6 Atlanta, Georgia Boys High School 6'2" 174 18
B. P. Webb Guard 3

Backfield[edit]

Number Player Position Games
started
Hometown Prep school Height Weight Age
Brainard Adams Quarterback, halfback 1 Atlanta, Georgia Boys High School 5'10" 151 20
H. T. "Pug" Allen Fullback 5 Charleston, South Carolina 6'1" 176 19
Red Barron Quarterback 7 Monroe, Georgia 5'11" 166 18
F. R. Cobb Halfback 0 Texas 6'0" 155 19
Verne Davis Halfback 0 Commerce, Georgia Commerce High School 5'7" 146 20
Frank Ferst Halfback 6 Savannah, Georgia 5'9" 159 19
Buck Flowers Halfback 4 Sumter, South Carolina Sumter High School 5'7" 150 19
27 Joe Guyon Fullback 4 Magdalena, New Mexico Carlisle Indian 5'11" 184 24
Dewey Scarboro Halfback 0 Moultrie, Georgia Moultrie High School 5'6" 145 19
Wally Smith Halfback 0 Atlanta, Georgia 5'6" 154 21

Unlisted[edit]

  • L. M. Lamar

[3][7][27]

Scoring leaders[edit]

The following is an incomplete list of statistics and scores, largely dependent on newspaper summaries.

Player Touchdowns Extra points Points
Red Barron 15 90
Bill Fincher 2 56 68
Pug Allen 10 60
Frank Ferst 10 60
Buck Flowers 7 2 44
Wally Smith 7 42
B. Adams 4 24
F. R. Cobb 4 24
Joe Guyon 4 24
Albert Staton 4 24
Shorty Doyal 1 6
Total 68 58 466

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Although Georgia Tech's teams are officially known as the "Yellow Jackets", northern writers called the team the "Golden Tornado" in 1917; the name was commonly used until 1928 and for many years afterwards as an alternate nickname.[1]

Endnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Van Brimmer & Rice 2011, p. 147
  2. ^ Woodruff 1928, p. 70
  3. ^ a b "Georgia Tech's 1918 Team; The Dope at a Glance". Atlanta Constitution. October 13, 1918. p. 5. Retrieved May 4, 2016 – via Newspapers.com.  open access publication – free to read
  4. ^ a b c d e Dick Jemison (October 6, 1918). "Jackets Defeat Tigers In Typical Opening Game". The Atlanta Constitution. p. 3. Retrieved May 6, 2016 – via Newspapers.com.  open access publication – free to read
  5. ^ Richard Scott (2008-09-15). SEC Football: 75 Years of Pride and Passion. p. 28. ISBN 978-1-61673-133-5. 
  6. ^ Alexander M. Weyand (1962). Football immortals. p. 91. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j BluePrint, 1919
  8. ^ "Buck Flowers: He Could Do It All — Well". Daily Item. Sumter, S.C. October 15, 1969. p. B2. 
  9. ^ a b "Georgia Tech Defeats Clemson College Team". The Charlotte Observer. October 6, 1918. p. 16. Retrieved May 4, 2016 – via Newspapers.com.  open access publication – free to read
  10. ^ a b c d Dick Jemison (October 13, 1918). "Yellow Jackets Top Century Mark In Points Scored". Atlanta Constitution. p. 3. Retrieved May 4, 2016 – via Newspapers.com.  open access publication – free to read
  11. ^ "Georgia Tech 123, 11 U. S. Cavalry 0". The Gazette Times. Pittsburgh. October 20, 1918. sec. 3, p. 4. Retrieved May 4, 2016.  open access publication – free to read
  12. ^ "Georgia Tech Defeats Camp Gordon Eleven". The Tennessean. October 27, 1918. p. 24. Retrieved May 4, 2016 – via Newspapers.com.  open access publication – free to read
  13. ^ a b c d Dick Jemison (November 10, 1918). "Carolina Signs Armistice Before Game Is Concluded". The Atlanta Constitution. p. 3. Retrieved May 4, 2016 – via Newspapers.com.  open access publication – free to read
  14. ^ Tim Peeler. "The First Football All-American". Archived from the original on February 21, 2015. Retrieved February 21, 2015. 
  15. ^ a b "Camp's All American: Football Dean Names Three Teams from Last Season's Records" (PDF). The New York Times. December 31, 1918. 
  16. ^ a b c d e "Panthers, With Open Attack Defeat Tech by 32 to 0 Score". The Tennessean. November 24, 1918. p. 24. Retrieved May 4, 2016 – via Newspapers.com.  open access publication – free to read
  17. ^ Keck, Harry (November 30, 1918). "Navy Reserves Steal Game From Pitt". Pittsburgh Sunday Post. Nashville, TN: Athlon Sports Communications: 33. ISBN 1-878839-04-7. . Republished in The Greatest Moments in Pitt Football History (1994).
  18. ^ David Shribman. 50 Great Moments in Pittsburgh Sports: From the Flying Dutchman to Sid the Kid. 
  19. ^ Borghetti, E.J.; Nestor, Mendy; Welsh, Celeste, eds. (2008). 2008 Pitt Football Media Guide (PDF). Pittsburgh, PA: University of Pittsburgh. p. 156. Retrieved 2010-07-07. 
  20. ^ Powers 1969, p. 42
  21. ^ Wiley Lee Umphlett (1992). Creating the Big Game: John W. Heisman and the Invention of American Football. p. 148. 
  22. ^ a b c "Georgia Tech Using Forward Pass Often, Swamps Auburn, 41-0". The Tennessean. November 29, 1918. p. 10. Retrieved January 13, 2016 – via Newspapers.com.  open access publication – free to read
  23. ^ 2013 Georgia Tech Football Information Guide, Georgia Tech Athletic Association, Atlanta, Georgia, pp. 170, 178, 180 (2013). Retrieved August 20, 2014.
  24. ^ a b 2014 NCAA Football Records Book, Award Winners, National Collegiate Athletic Association, Indianapolis, Indiana, pp. 2, 4, 14 (2014). Retrieved August 20, 2014.
  25. ^ Joe Williams, "Joe Williams Says," El Paso Herald-Post, p. 10 (November 12, 1935). Retrieved August 20, 2014.
  26. ^ Woodruff 1928, p. 71
  27. ^ "Letterwinners" (PDF). Georgia Institute of Technology. Retrieved August 24, 2016. 

References[edit]