The 1918 United Kingdom general election was called after the Armistice with Germany which ended the First World War, was held on Saturday, 14 December 1918. The governing coalition, under Prime Minister David Lloyd George, sent letters of endorsement to candidates who supported the coalition government; these were nicknamed "Coalition Coupons", led to the election being known as the "coupon election". The result was a massive landslide in favour of the coalition, comprising the Conservatives and Coalition Liberals, with massive losses for Liberals who were not endorsed. Nearly all the Liberal MPs without coupons were defeated, although party leader H. H. Asquith managed to return to Parliament in a by-election, it was the first general election to include on a single day all eligible voters of the United Kingdom, although the vote count was delayed until 28 December so that the ballots cast by soldiers serving overseas could be included in the tallies. It resulted in a landslide victory for the coalition government of David Lloyd George, who had replaced H. H. Asquith as Prime Minister in December 1916.
They were both Liberals and continued to battle for control of the party, losing popular support and never regained power. It was the first general election to be held after enactment of the Representation of the People Act 1918, it was thus the first election in which women over the age of 30, all men over the age of 21, could vote. All women and many poor men had been excluded from voting. Women showed enormous patriotism, supported the coalition candidates, it was the first parliamentary election in which women were able to stand as candidates following the Parliament Act 1918, believed to be one of the shortest Acts of Parliament given Royal Assent. The Act was passed shortly, it followed a report by Law Officers that the Great Reform Act 1832 had specified parliamentary candidates had to be male and that the Representation of the People Act passed earlier in the year did not change that. One woman, Nina Boyle, had presented herself for a by-election earlier in the year in Keighley, but had been turned down by the returning officer on technical grounds.
The election was noted for the dramatic result in Ireland, which showed clear disapproval of government policy. The Irish Parliamentary Party were completely wiped out by the Irish republican party Sinn Féin, who vowed in their manifesto to establish an independent Irish Republic, they refused to take their seats in Westminster, instead forming a breakaway government and declaring Irish independence. The Irish War of Independence began soon after the election; because of the resulting partition of Ireland, this was the last United Kingdom general election to include the entire island of Ireland. Lloyd George's coalition government was supported by the majority of the Liberals and Bonar Law's Conservatives. However, the election saw a split in the Liberal Party between those who were aligned with Lloyd George and the government and those who were aligned with Asquith, the party's official leader. On 14 November it was announced that Parliament, sitting since 1910 and had been extended by emergency wartime action, would dissolve on 25 November, with elections on 14 December.
Following confidential negotiations over the summer of 1918, it was agreed that certain candidates were to be offered the support of the Prime Minister and the leader of the Conservative Party at the next general election. To these candidates a letter, known as the Coalition Coupon, was sent, indicating the government's endorsement of their candidacy. 159 Liberal, 364 Conservative, 20 National Democratic and Labour, 2 Coalition Labour candidates received the coupon. For this reason the election is called the Coupon Election.80 Conservative candidates stood without a coupon. Of these, 35 candidates were Irish Unionists. Of the other non-couponed Conservative candidates, only 23 stood against a Coalition candidate; the Labour Party, led by William Adamson, fought the election independently, as did those Liberals who did not receive a coupon. The election was not chiefly fought over what peace to make with Germany, although those issues played a role. More important was the voters' evaluation of Lloyd George in terms of what he had accomplished so far and what he promised for the future.
His supporters emphasised. Against his strong record in social legislation, he called for making "a country fit for heroes to live in"; this election was known as a khaki election, due to the immediate postwar setting and the role of the demobilised soldiers. The coalition won the election with the Conservatives the big winners, they were the largest party in the governing majority. Lloyd George remained Prime Minister, despite the Conservatives outnumbering his pro-coalition Liberals; the Conservatives welcomed his leadership on foreign policy as the Paris Peace talks began a few weeks after the election. An additional 47 Conservatives, 23 of whom were Irish Unionists, won without the coupon but did not act as a separate block or oppose the government except on the issue of Irish independence. While most of the pro-coalition Liberals were re-elected, Asquith's faction was reduced to just 36 seats and lost all their leaders from parliament. Nine of these MPs subsequently joined the Coalition Liberal group.
The remainder became bitter enemies of Lloyd George. The Labour Party increased its vote share and surpassed the total votes of either Liberal party. Labour became the Official Opposition for the first time, but they lacked a
The 1990–91 season was Colchester United's 49th season in their history and their first season outside of the Football League for 40 years following relegation from the Fourth Division the season prior. Now competing in the Conference, the fifth tier of English football and the highest level on non-League football in England, the club participated in the FA Cup, the FA Trophy and the Bob Lord Trophy. Ian Atkins took over from Mick Mills as manager for Colchester's first season in the Conference; the club remained professional in their bid to return to the Football League at the first attempt. They fell agonisingly short, just two-points shy of promoted Barnet. Colchester were knocked out by Leyton Orient in the second round of the FA Cup, they reached the quarter-final of the FA Trophy, losing to Witton Albion, while they suffered defeat to Sutton United in the Bob Lord Trophy. Ian Atkins was appointed as the manager charged with returning Colchester United to the Football League at the first attempt, like Lincoln City and Darlington had prior to them.
Atkins registered as a player. To help clear club debts, Layer Road was sold back to the Council for £1.2m with the club leasing it back for a maximum of three seasons. Colchester started the season with a 100 percent record from their opening six home games, but it took the U's until April to reach top spot in the Conference table. Both Barnet and Kettering Town were Colchester's main title challengers throughout the season. In the FA Cup, United were dispatched by League opposition Leyton Orient following a 0–0 draw at Layer Road; the O's beat. Colchester reached the quarter-final of the FA Trophy in their first time playing in the competition, beaten by Witton Albion. In the Bob Lord Trophy, Sutton United saw off Colchester in the third round of the competition. In the closing weeks of the Conference season, Layer Road attracted a season record 7,221 crowd for the visit of late promotion pushers Altrincham; the U's could only manage a 1–1 draw, with Barnet improving on Colchester's results until the close of the season pipped United to the Conference title by two points.
Chairman Jonathan Crisp was left fuming: During the summer he left the club, handing over to new chairman James Bowdidge, while Atkins left the club to rejoin Birmingham City as player-assistant manager. As of match played 4 May 1991. Total spending: ~ £67,000 Total incoming: ~ £50,000 Number of games goalkeepers kept a clean sheet. Players making their first-team Colchester United debut in a competitive match. List of Colchester United F. C. seasons Books Whitehead, Jeff. The Who's Who of Colchester United: The Layer Road Years. Derby: Breedon Books. ISBN 978-1-85983-629-3
MS Calais Seaways is a passenger and vehicle ferry operated jointly by LD Lines and DFDS Seaways between Dover and Calais. The Prins Filip was built for Belgian operator Regie voor Maritiem Transport in 1991, entering service in 1992 on its route between Dover and Ostend, she remained in service with RMT when its UK port was switched to Ramsgate and until RMT's operations ceased in 1997. On 14 September 1994, an accident resulted in 6 deaths. Foot passengers were boarding the Prins Filip at Ramsgate. All publicity at the time was focused on Sally Line and Thanet District Council, the port owners, not RMT or the Prins Filip. Following a lay-up in Dunkirk, she was acquired by Stena Line in 1998, renamed Stena Royal and used on freight services between Dover and Zeebrugge on charter to P&O Stena Line. In 1999, P&O Stena Line decided to extend the charter and transferred the ship to its Dover-Calais route. Stena Royal was extensively refurbished to include the P&O Stena'Brand World' concept and entered service on the Calais route as the POSL Aquitaine, following the naming pattern for P&O Stena Line vessels.
In 2000, the POSL Aquitaine failed to stop whilst berthing at Calais due to a propeller fault. The crash caused extensive damage to both the ship and berth. P&O Stena Line was a short-lived venture, ending in 2002 when P&O acquired Stena Line's share in the operation. However, the POSL Aquitaine remained in service under the name PO Aquitaine as the Pride of Aquitaine from early 2003 until May 2005 when she was withdrawn following the introduction of two new P&O ferries. In October 2005, she began sailing on the route between Le Havre as Norman Spirit. LD Lines, a French-owned company with existing ferry operations on the Mediterranean Sea, began this service following P&O's withdrawal from it the previous month. In June 2006, Norman Spirit was re-flagged to the British registry from the Italian second registry, she was now registered in Southampton rather than Genoa, although when she entered service with LD Lines she was registered in Dover. In September 2009, LD Lines announced that from November 2009 the vessel would be used on its service between Boulogne-sur-Mer and Dover.
In March 2010 the Norman Spirit was chartered by TransEuropa Ferries. In a joint service between TransEuropa Ferries and LD Lines, the ship was renamed Ostende Spirit and began sailing between Ostend and Ramsgate. After changing the vessel name back to Norman Spirit, it was announced on 28 November 2011 that DFDS Seaways would charter the vessel from LD Lines to operate on its Dover-Dunkerque service; this was to help alleviate unexpected traffic pressure on the route caused by the announcement that SeaFrance was going into administration. At 13:00 on 17 February 2012, the Norman Spirit was'relaunched' by model and actress Kelly Brook to start a new service for DFDS Seaways and LD Lines, with up to five return crossings per day on the Dover-Calais route. Following the merger between the two companies in February 2013, a technical stop for fifteen days in shipyard Gdańsk, Poland, to redevelop the passenger reception, the Norman Spirit made her return to the port of Calais on 17 March 2013, sporting a new name Calais Seaways, a new colour.
Template:Commons-category-inline Norman Spirit from LD Lines' official website Photographs of the MS Norman Spirit MS Norman Spirit on Ship Blog
Chris Blair is a radio sportscaster. He is the radio play-by-play broadcaster for the LSU Tigers football, men's basketball and baseball teams at Louisiana State University, he has been the "Voice of the Tigers" since taking over for Jim Hawthorne for the 2016 baseball season. His first football season at LSU was the 2016 season and his first men's basketball season was the 2016–17 season. Chris Blair was born in Kentucky, he attended Lander University in Greenwood, South Carolina graduating in 1997. He began his career calling Hillcrest High School sports games, in Simpsonville, South Carolina while as a student at Lander. From 1998 to 2004 he did play-by-play for Greenwood High School football, he called Lander Bearcats baseball games and from 2001 to 2004 he called Lander Bearcats men's basketball games along with being involved with coverage of Clemson Tigers football on the Clemson Tiger Sports Network. In 2006, Blair was hired by the Georgia Southern Eagles to be the play-by-play commentator for baseball, men's basketball and football replacing Nate Hirsch.
LSU Sports Network LSU Tigers bio
The University of Texas National Championship 2005 is a painting by Opie Otterstad. It was commissioned in 2006 by The University of Texas at Austin to commemorate the 2005 Texas Longhorns football team who won the 2005 NCAA Division I-A national football championship in college football; the Longhorns secured the championship by defeating the University of Southern California Trojans in the 2006 Rose Bowl. The painting was unveiled May 6 and 7, 2006, at a gallery called Art on 5th; the work is oil on canvas. Following his usual practice, Otterstad completed the painting without the use of paint brushes; the painting consists of 15 separate images, each painted on a separate canvas and stitched together to form a single work measuring 5 feet high by 8 feet wide. Each image features one moment from the ensuing Texas celebration; some figures from past Texas seasons are included in the background, such as James Street handing off to Billy Dale, a famous play from the 1969 championship. Darrell Royal's face appears as a shadow behind the image of Mack Brown holding aloft the championship trophy.
Opie Otterstad: The University of Texas Rose Bowl Collection
Edward Clarke Cabot was an American architect and artist. Cabot's father was Samuel Cabot Jr. a shipping businessman. His mother was Eliza Perkins Cabot, he had six siblings: Thomas Handasyd Cabot, Samuel Cabot III, James Elliot Cabot, Stephen Cabot, Walter Channing Cabot, Louis Cabot. Cabot designed the Gibson House for widow Catherine Hammond Gibson and her son Charles Hammond Gibson Jr, as well as the new building for the Boston Athenaeum between 1847 and 1849. After the opening of the Boston Athenaeum, he became a leading figure in Boston architectural circles; the Athenaeum was influenced by Charles Barry's Italianate club house in London. He is noted for producing several distinguished Queen Anne Style houses in the 1870s. Cabot formed a firm "Cabot and Chandler" which built numerous residences in the Back Bay and Boston environs. In 1879, Cabot & Chandler responded to H. H. Richardson's introduction of the Stick Style of Architecture into the U. S. by his Sherman Watts House in Newport, with Cabot's splendid mansion for Elbridge Torrey at 1 Melville Avenue in Dorchester, MA.
The same year the firm designed 12 Fairfield Street in Boston's Back Bay for Georgiani Lowell. In 1842, Cabot married Martha Eunice Robinson. In 1873, he married Louisa Winslow Sewall, he was the father of football player Norman Winslow Cabot. Curl, James Stevens. A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture. Oxford University Press. P. 880. ISBN 0-19-860678-8