The 1919 World Series matched the American League champion Chicago White Sox against the National League champion Cincinnati Reds. Although most World Series have been of the best-of-seven format, the 1919 World Series was a best-of-nine series. Baseball decided to try the best-of-nine format to increase popularity of the sport and to generate more revenue; the events of the series are associated with the Black Sox Scandal, when several members of the Chicago franchise conspired with gamblers led by Arnold Rothstein, to throw the World Series games. The 1919 World Series was the last World Series to take place without a Commissioner of Baseball in place. In 1920, the various franchise owners installed Kenesaw Mountain Landis as the first "Commissioner of Baseball." In August 1921, despite being acquitted from criminal charges, eight players from the White Sox were banned from organized baseball for fixing the series. In 1917, the Sox won the World Series and, managed by William "Kid" Gleason, the 1919 Chicago White Sox had the best record in the American League.
Team owner Charlie Comiskey had succeeded in building one of the most powerful teams in baseball. Most of the same players had defeated the New York Giants in the 1917 World Series, four games to two, they had fallen to sixth place in the American League in 1918 as a result of losing their best player, Shoeless Joe Jackson, a few of his teammates as well, to World War I service. Comiskey fired manager Pants Rowland after the season, replacing him with Kid Gleason, who had played over twenty years in the majors but had never managed before; the 88–52 White Sox won the American League pennant again in 1919, by 3 1⁄2 games over the Cleveland Indians. Jackson was the unquestioned star of the team; the left fielder hit.351 that season, fourth in the league and in the AL's top five in slugging percentage, RBI, total bases and base hits. He was not the only star in a lineup with hardly a weak spot, as former A's superstar leadoff hitter Eddie Collins, one of the greatest second basemen of all time, was still going strong in his early thirties, hitting.319 with a.400 on-base percentage.
Right fielder Nemo Leibold hit.302 with 81 runs scored. First baseman Chick Gandil hit.290, third baseman Buck Weaver.296, center fielder Oscar "Hap" Felsch hit.275 and tied Jackson for the team lead in home runs with only 7. Typical "good field, no hit" catcher Ray Schalk hit.282 that year, shortstop Swede Risberg was not an automatic out with the.256 average and 38 RBI. Manager Gleason's bench contained two impressive hitters, outfielder Shano Collins and infielder Fred McMullin, both veterans of the 1917 world championship; the 1919 pennant-winning pitching staff was led by a pair of aces and a promising rookie. Knuckleballer Eddie Cicotte had become one of the AL's best pitchers after turning 30 and discovering the "shine ball. Next came Claude "Lefty" Williams, at 23–11 and 2.64. Twenty-six-year-old rookie Dickie Kerr started only 17 games, but turned in a solid 13–7 and 2.88. Fourth in the rotation was Urban "Red" Faber, who had beaten the Giants three times in the 1917 World Series but had an off-year in 1919 at 11–9 and 3.83 in 20 starts.
He was ill and unable to pitch in the Series, limiting Gleason to three top-of-the-line starters for what could be nine games. However, all was not well in the White Sox camp. Tension between many of the players and owner Comiskey was quite high, given his penny-pinching ways memorialized in two urban legends: that he told Gleason to shut down Cicotte in the last days of the regular season to prevent him from winning 30 games, a milestone which would have earned him a sizeable $10,000 bonus. In contrast to the White Sox, the 1919 Cincinnati Reds were upstarts, they had finished no higher than third since 1900, only twice, before winning the NL pennant handily in 1919. Under new manager Pat Moran, best known as the leader of another bunch of unlikely newcomers to the World Series, the 1915 Philadelphia Phillies, the Reds finished nine games in front of the runner-up New York Giants at 96–44 and at least 20 games ahead of the other six, with the second highest NL won-lost percentage since 1910 at.686.
Their greatest star was center fielder Edd Roush, who led the league in hitting at.321 and, like the White Sox's Jackson, was in the top five of their respective leagues in most important hitting categories. Third baseman Heinie Groh was the other great hitter on the team at.310 with a.392 on-base percentage and 79 runs scored. Slick-fielding first baseman Jake Daubert, a two-time National League batting champion with Brooklyn earlier in the decade scored 79 runs and hit.276, while catcher Ivey Wingo hit.273. The rest of the team was unheralded, including second baseman Morrie Rath, a.264 hitter with no power but a good on-base percentage, shortstop Larry Kopf, a.270 singles hitter. The corner outfielders were decidedly weaker hitters, with former Phillies star left fielder Sherry Magee's.215 in 56 games and right fielder Earle "Greasy" Neale's.242 with little power. This would prompt Moran to start rookie Pat Duncan in left field in the World Series; the Reds' pitching was universally however.
The team's big three included Hod Eller (20–9
The Italy national rowing team represents Italy in International fencing competitions such as Olympic Games, World Rowing Championships or European Rowing Championships. The national Italian rowing team participated to all the Summer Olympics editions, from Paris 1900, 25 times on 26; the first women's medal at the world championships was won by Elisabetta Sancassani and Gabriella Bascelli at the 2002 World Rowing Championships. Italy ranks 2nd in the all-time medal table of the European championships behind East Germany. Italian Rowing Federation Italy at the Olympics Rowing Olympics All-time medal table World Championships All-time medal table European Championships medal table Annuario 2013 Breve storia del canottaggio Italian Rowing Federation website
Pennsylvania held statewide municipal elections on November 3, 2009, to fill a number of judicial positions and to allow judicial retention votes. The necessary primary elections were held on May 19, 2009. Voters were asked to fill a single vacancy on the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania; the vacant seat had been occupied by Jane Cutler Greenspan, who had agreed as a condition of her interim appointment in 2008 not to seek a full term on the court. Vying for the seat in the general election were Republican Joan Orie Melvin of Allegheny County and Democrat Jack A. Panella of Northampton County, both of whom were serving on the Superior Court of Pennsylvania. Orie Melvin won the seat with 53 percent of the vote, restoring the 4–3 Republican majority that had existed on the court prior to the 2007 state election. Panella raised $2.4 million compared to $734,000 for Orie Melvin. Low voter turnout in Panella's native Philadelphia, played a key role in Orie Melvin's victory. Four seats on the Superior Court were up for grabs.
On the ballot in the general election were four Republicans, four Democrats, one Libertarian. Republican candidate Judy Olson won the most votes, followed by fellow Republicans Sallie Mundy and Paula Ott. There was a four-way near tie for fourth place, with Democrat Anne E. Lazarus in the lead but trailed by Democrat Robert J. Colville, Republican Temp Smith, Democrat Kevin Francis McCarthy; the close results triggered an optional automatic recount. While candidates Colville and McCarthy opted out of the recount, Smith declined to do so, prompting Secretary of State Pedro Cortés to order a recount to begin on November 18—the first automatic statewide recount in Pennsylvania history. On December 1, the Pennsylvania Department of State announced that the recount had been completed, with the results unchanged; the cost of the recount was $542,000. There were two open seats on the Commonwealth Court of Pennsylvania; the Candidates in the General Election were selected in the Pennsylvania Municipal Primary Election, held May 19, 2009.
The two leading Republican candidates in the Primary were Patricia A. McCullough and Kevin Brobson, followed by Al Frioni; the two leading Democratic candidates were Barbara Behrend Ernsberger and Linda Judson followed by Jimmy Lynn Michael Sherman Stephen Pollok and Daniel Brickmont. The General Election was held on Tuesday November 3, 2009. Voters elected to retain Judge Kate Ford Elliott on the Superior Court. Voters elected to retain Judge Dan Pellegrini on the Commonwealth Court
Chinatown, Boston is a neighborhood located in downtown Boston, Massachusetts. It is the only surviving historic ethnic Chinese enclave in New England since the demise of the Chinatowns in Providence, Rhode Island and Portland, Maine after the 1950s; because of the high population of Asians and Asian Americans living in this area of Boston, there is an abundance of Chinese and Vietnamese restaurants located in Chinatown. It is one of the most densely populated residential areas in Boston and serves as the largest center of its East Asian and Southeast Asian cultural life. Chinatown borders the Boston Common, Downtown Crossing, the Washington Street Theatre District, Bay Village, the South End, the Southeast Expressway/Massachusetts Turnpike. Boston's Chinatown is one of the largest Chinatowns outside of New York City; because it is a gathering place and home to many immigrants, Chinatown has a diverse culture and population. According to 2010 census data, the total population in Chinatown is 4,444.
This is an 25% increase since 2000, when there were only 3,559 people. The white population rose 241.7% from 228 in 2000 to 779 in 2010. The Black and African American population rose from 82 in 2000 to 139 in 2010, showing an 70% increase; the American Indian population dropped 75 % from 2000 to 2010. The Asian population grew about 7.5% from 3,190 in 2000 to 3,416 in 2010. People who identified as another race grew from 18 in 2000 to 30 in a 66.7 % increase. Those who identified as more than one race grew from 32 in 2000 to 77 in 2010, as increase of 140.6%. With more white residents moving into Chinatown, there is worry about gentrification. For instance, the Asian population dropped to 46% in 2010. Another major concern is that historic towns and places are becoming more touristy and less cultural. Among Boston, New York, Philadelphia, Boston has shown the highest increase in non-Asian residents moving into non-family shared households, with a 450% increase from 1990 to 2000; the total number of housing units in Chinatown has increased by 54% from 2000 to 2010.
Chinatown went from 1,367 to 2,114 housing units. There has been an 50% increase in the occupied housing units in Chinatown from 2000 to 2010, going from 1,327 to 1,982. With the increase in occupied housing units, there has been a 230% increase in vacant homes, going from 40 in 2000 to 132 in 2010. According to the 2012-2016 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, the largest ancestry groups in ZIP Code 02111 are: Part of the Chinatown neighborhood occupies a space, reclaimed by filling in a tidal flat; the newly created area was first settled by Anglo-Bostonians. After residential properties in this area became less desirable due to railway developments, it was settled by a mixed succession of Irish, Italian and Chinese immigrants; each group replaced the previous one to take advantage of low-cost housing and job opportunities in the area. During the late-nineteenth century, garment manufacturing plants moved into Chinatown, creating Boston's historic garment district; this district was active until the 1990s.
In 1870, the first Chinese people were brought from San Francisco to break a strike at the Sampson Shoe Factory in North Adams, Massachusetts. In 1874, many of these immigrants moved to the Boston area; as history and tradition details, many Chinese immigrants settled in what is now known as Ping On Alley. The first laundries opened on. In 1875, as laundries were becoming more and more popular, the first restaurant, Hong Far Low, opened. In the 1800s and the 1900s, many Chinese immigrants came to Boston looking for work and for new opportunities. Due to the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882, Chinese immigration was halted, the population of Chinatown remained male. In 1903, an anti-Chinese sentiment led to the Boston Chinatown immigration raid, leading to the arrest of 234 people, the eventual deportation of 45. In the 1950s, Chinatown saw a major increase in population after the Exclusion Act was abolished in 1943. Construction in the late 1950s, in what is known as the "central artery", affected many homes and businesses in Chinatown.
The Massachusetts Turnpike, constructed in the 1960s, took away much of the land from Chinatown, used for businesses. After construction was completed, many businesses and homes in Chinatown were affected. Despite this, the population there continued to grow by at least 25%. During the late 19th century, manufacturing plants began to emerge in Chinatown for the garment stores that were thriving there; this became known as the historic garment district in Boston. However, the garment district only lasted until the 1990s due to the rising cost of rent, property sales, the removal of homeowners. Negotiations resulted in the provision of funds for the construction of new community housing in Chinatown. During this period, city officials designated an area adjacent to Chinatown as Boston's red light district known as the Combat Zone; this zone, while still in existence, had disappeared by the 1990s for many reasons. These causes included city pressure, the rise of marketing movies on VHS home video, the move of night clubs to the suburbs, where they became more upscale.
A general increase in property values, which encouraged building sales and the removal of former tenants contributed. In the 21st century, much of the former Combat Zone has evolved into the Washington Street Theatre District. Chinatown remains a center of Asian American life in New England, hosting many Chinese and Vietnamese restaurants and markets. Chinatown is one of Boston's most densely populated residential districts, with over 28,000 people per square mile in the year 2000. Nearly 70% of Chinatown's population is Asian, compared with
Kazumi Evans is a Canadian voice actress and singer who participates in a number of dubs for cartoon shows, including the singing voice for Rarity and Princess Luna in My Little Pony: Friendship is Magic, Adagio Dazzle in My Little Pony: Equestria Girls - Rainbow Rocks, Mad Madeline on The Deep, Skipper in the Barbie films. One of her biggest roles to date is Iris the lead character in the French animated show LoliRock, released in English by Netflix in May 2016. In 2007, Evans appeared as a contestant on the first season of the reality television series Triple Sensation to win a scholarship to a theatrical training institution, she was among the twelve finalists to did not win. Kazumi Evans on Twitter Kazumi Evans on IMDb
Taito, daito, or otodo is a kokuji written with 84 strokes, thus the most graphically difficult CJK character—collectively referring to Chinese characters and derivatives used in the written Chinese and Korean languages. This rare and complex character graphically places the 36-stroke tai 䨺, meaning "cloudy", above the 48-stroke tō 龘 "appearance of a dragon in flight"; the second most complicated CJK character is the 58-stroke Chinese biáng, invented for Biangbiang noodles "a Shaanxi-style Chinese noodle". The Chinese character components for taito are both compound ideographs created by reduplicating a common character, namely the 12-stroke Japanese kumo or Chinese yún 雲 "cloud", the 16-stroke "dragon radical" Japanese ryū or Chinese lóng 龍; the 雲 "cloud" character is tripled into 36-stroke tai or duì 䨺 "cloudy" and quadrupled into 48-stroke dō or nóng "widely cloudy". The taito, daito, or otodo character has two graphic variants, the principal difference being the placement of the first dragon character.
In version 1, the first dragon is written between the second and third cloud characters, starting at the 25th stroke. In version 2, the first dragon is written after the third cloud character, starting at the 37th stroke; these triple dragon 龘 and triple cloud 䨺 logographs typify a type of CJK character formation. Several scholars have explained Chinese writing with a chemical bond analogy of Chinese character radicals as "atoms" that join together to form characters as "molecules"; some illustrations of "atomic structures" in Chinese characters are nǚ 女 "woman", nuán 奻 "quarrel", jiāo 㚣 "beautiful", jiān 姦 "adultery. The Israeli lexicographer Jack Halpern said, "The essence of the scheme is that the formation of Chinese characters can be likened to the way atoms combine to form the more complex molecules of compounds." The American linguist Michael Carr examined the best-case example of semantic "crystal characters" invented by repeating a radical, much like atoms forming crystal patterns—in the sense of rì 日 the "sun radical" in chāng 昌 "sunlight.
Carr further distinguished "natural" crystal characters that occur in standard, written Chinese versus "synthetic" or "artificial" ones that are restricted to Chinese dictionaries, which "are graphic ghosts from previous dictionaries, unattested in actual usage." Some specialized Japanese dictionaries include daito, or otodo characters. Ono and Fujita's dictionary of Japanese names with difficult readings enters variant 1 pronounced daito or otodo. Ōsuga's surname dictionary and Sugaware and Hida's kokuji dictionary include graphic variant 2 pronounced taito. This 84-stroke dictionary ghost word became a real Japanese name in 2000 when a ramen shop near the Kita-Matsudo Station in Chiba Prefecture was named using character variant 1 pronounced Otodo. Unabridged dictionaries of Chinese characters do not include either Japanese 84-stroke taito variant. Both Morohashi Tetsuji's Chinese-Japanese Dai Kan-Wa jiten, which has 49,964 head entries for characters, the Chinese Hanyu Da Zidian, which has 54,678, list the three most graphically complex characters as the 52-stroke Japanese hō or bō and Chinese bèng 䨻 "sound of thunder", 64-stroke tetsu or techi and zhé "chatter.
Some extensive encoding systems for Japanese kanji do include taito variant character 2. The superseded Mojikyo font, which comprised 142,228 rare and obsolete characters, included it as number; the deprecated BTRON Business computer architecture TRON project included taito, it was included in the font under development by the Tokyo University of Foreign Studies's Jitī shotai GT書体 project. This character is not encoded in the Unicode character set. However, in December 2015 it was included in document IRGN2107 as one of 1,640 characters submitted to the Ideographic Rapporteur Group for encoding; the character is provisionally included in "IRG Working Set 2015", which are candidates for inclusion in a future CJK Unified Ideographs extension. Carr, Michael, "Semantic Crystals in Chinese Characters", Review of Liber