1922 in poetry
|“||April is the cruellest month, breeding
Lilacs out of the dead land, mixing
- February 2
- Who Goes with Fergus? by W. B. Yeats (first published in 1892) is the song that haunts James Joyce's autobiographical character Stephen Dedalus in the novel Ulysses, first published complete in book form today. Stephen sings it to his mother as she lies dying, and her ghost returns to taunt him with it. The poem is Joyce's favorite lyric, and he has composed his own musical setting.
- In a "savage creative storm" of less than three weeks beginning today at the Château de Muzot in Switzerland, Rainer Maria Rilke writes his Sonnets to Orpheus (Die Sonette an Orpheus) and completes his Duino Elegies (Duineser Elegien).
- April – The Fugitive is established in Nashville, Tennessee, by John Crowe Ransom and other members of the Vanderbilt University English faculty who become known collectively as the Fugitives.
- June – Over a single night at his home in Shaftsbury, Vermont, Robert Frost completes the long poem "New Hampshire" and at sunrise writes "Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening".
- September 22 – Indian Bengali poet Kazi Nazrul Islam publishes the poem "Anandamoyeer Agamane" ("The Advent of the Delightful Mother"), in support of the Indian independence movement, in the Puja issue of his new biweekly magazine Dhumketu, for which he is arrested by the police of the Bengal Presidency and imprisoned on a charge of sedition for much of the following year, undertaking a hunger strike and composing many poems while in prison. His poem "Bidrohi" (বিদ্রোহী, "The Rebel", December 1921) is first collected this year in his first anthology, Agnibeena.
- October 15 – T. S. Eliot establishes The Criterion magazine, containing the first publication of his poem The Waste Land. This first appears in the United States later this month in The Dial (dated November 1) and is first published complete with notes in book form by Boni and Liveright in New York in December.
- November – Robert Bridges publishes his essay on free verse: 'Humdrum and Harum-Scarum'.
- December 6 – W. B. Yeats becomes a nominated member of the Seanad Éireann in the Irish Free State.
- Pulitzer Prize for Poetry established.
Works published in English
- William Wilfred Campbell, The Poetical Works of Wilfred Campbell, W.J. Sykes ed. (London). posthumously published
- William Douw Lighthall, Old Measures (collected verse) (Montreal: A.T. Chapman).
- Marjorie Pickthall, The Woodcarver’s Wife, and Later Poems]. Toronto: McClelland & Stewart.
Indian subcontinent in English
Including all of the British colonies that later became India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka and Nepal:
- Swami Ananda Acharya:
- Christina A. Albers, Ancient Tales of Hindustan
- Sri Aurobindo, Baji Prabhou ( Poetry in English ), Pondicherry: Arya Office
- N. M. Chatterjee, Parvati
- Harindranath Chattopadhyaya:
- Joseph Furtado, Lays of Goa and Lyrics of Goan, a sourvenir of the exposition of St. Francis Xavier; Bombay: Furtado and Sons
- Puran Singh, At His Feet ( Poetry in English ), Gwalior,
- Marion Angus, The Lilt and Other Verses, Scottish poet writing in the Scots language
- Edmund Blunden, The Shepherd, and Other Poems of Peace and War
- Enid Blyton, Child Whispers
- Hilda Conkling, Shoes of the Wind
- A. E. Coppard, Hips and Haws
- John Drinkwater, Preludes 1921–1922
- T. S. Eliot, The Waste Land
- Wilfrid Gibson, Krindlesdyke
- Thomas Hardy, Late Lyrics and Earlier, with Many Other Verses
- A. E. Housman, Last Poems
- James Pittendrigh Macgillivray, Bog Myrtle and Peat Reek, Scottish poet writing chiefly in dialect
- Hughes Mearns, "Antigonish" (written in 1899, published in 1922)
- Susan Miles, Annotations
- E. Nesbit, Many Voices
- Alfred Noyes, The Watchers of the Sky, Volume i of the "Torch-Bearers Trilogy", followed by The Book of the Earth (1925), The Last Voyage (1930), published as The Torch-Bearers (1937)
- Marjorie Pickthall, The Wood Carver's Wife, including "Marching Men"
- Poems of Today, British poetry anthology, second series
- Isaac Rosenberg, Poems (posthumous)
- Edith Sitwell, Façade, the concert version ('an entertainment'), with music by William Walton, performed January 1922
- Sacheverell Sitwell, The Hundred and One Harlequins, and Other Poems
- J. C. Squire, Poems: Second Series
- Muriel Stuart, Poems
- W. B. Yeats, Irish poet published in the United Kingdom:
- Conrad Aiken, Priapus and the Pool
- John Peale Bishop, with Edmund Wilson, The Undertaker's Garland
- John Dos Passos, A Pushcart at the Curb
- James Weldon Johnson, Book of American Negro Poetry
- Claude McKay, Harlem Shadows
- Hughes Mearns, Antigonish, often called "The Little Man Who Wasn't There"; inspired by reports of a ghost of a man roaming the stairs of a haunted house in Antigonish, Nova Scotia; first published on March 22 by Franklin Pierce Adams in his New York World column; later a popular song
- Louise Pound, American Ballads and Songs
- Elizabeth Madox Roberts, Under the Tree
- Carl Sandburg, Slabs of the Sunburnt West
- George Santayana, Soliloquies in England and Later Soliloquies
- Gertrude Stein, Geography and Plays
- John Hall Wheelock, The Black Panther
- William Carlos Williams, Spring and All, including "The Red Wheelbarrow"
- Yvor Winters, The Magpie's Shadow
- W. B. Yeats, Irish poet published in the United Kingdom:
Works published in other languages
- Paul Claudel, Poèmes de guerre (1914-1916)
- Francis Jammes, Livres des quatrains, published each year from this year to 1925
- Oscar Vladislas de Lubicz-Milosz, also known as O. V. de L. Milosz, La Confession de Lemuel
- Alphonse Métérié, Le Livre des soeurs
- Pierre Reverdy, Cravates de chanvre
- Philippe Soupault, Westwego
- Paul Valéry, Charmes
- Rainer Maria Rilke completes both the Duino Elegies and the Sonnets to Orpheus; Germany
- Kurt Schwitters:
- Anna Blume, Dichtungen, including "An Anna Blume" ("To Anna Flower" also translated as "To Eve Blossom"); a second, revised edition with nine instead of the original 20 poems, and with the addition of translations of Anna Blume into English, French and Russian; published by Verlag Paul Steegemann, Hanover (first edition 1919, a second edition with the only change being eight more pages of advertising, published in 1920), Germany
- Memoiren Anna Blumes in Bleie, a chronicle and parody of reactions to the original Anna Blume, Dichtungen of 1919
- Xavier Abril, Hollywood, Peru
- Manuel Maples Arce, Andamios interiores (Poemas radiograficos), Mexico
- Gerardo Diego, Manual de espumas ("Manual of Foam"), Spain
- Gabriela Mistral, Desolación ("Despair"), including "Decalogo del artista", New York : Instituto de las Españas; Chilean poet published in the United States
- César Vallejo, Trilce, Peru
- Pablo de Rokha: Los gemidos
- Anna Akhmatova, Anno Domini MCMXXI, Soviet Union
- Mário de Andrade, Paulicéia Desvairada ("Untapped São Paulo", "Hallucinated City"), Brazil
- Tom Kristensen, Paafuglefjeren ("The Peacock Feather"), Denmark
- Mohammad Yamin, Tanah Air ("Motherland"), Indonesia, modern Malay language
Awards and honors
- Edwin Arlington Robinson won the Pulitzer Prize for Poetry for his Collected Poems (1921)
- Hawthornden Prize for poetry: Edmund Blunden
Death years link to the corresponding "[year] in poetry" article:
- January 22 – Vernon Scannell, born John Vernon Bain (died 2007), English poet, author and professional boxer
- March 12 – Jack Kerouac (died 1969), American novelist, writer, poet, artist, and part of the Beat Generation school of poetry
- April 16 – Kingsley Amis (died 1995), English novelist and poet
- May 21 – Dorothy Hewett (died 2002), Australian feminist poet, novelist, librettist and playwright
- June 9 – John Gillespie Magee, Jr. (killed in military aviation accident 1941), Anglo–American aviator and poet
- June 30
- July 17 – Donald Davie (died 1995), English poet and critic, member of the Movement
- July 26 – Chairil Anwar (died 1949), Indonesian poet of the "1945 Generation"
- August 9 – Philip Larkin (died 1985), English poet, novelist, jazz critic and librarian
- August 26 – Elizabeth Brewster (died 2012), Canadian poet and academic
- September 12 – Jackson Mac Low (died 2004), American poet, performance artist, composer and playwright
- November 24 – Aris Alexandrou (Άρης Αλεξάνδρου, died 1978), Greek novelist, poet and translator
- November 25 – Fumiko Nakajo 中城ふみ子, pen name of Noe Fumiko 野江富美子 (died of breast cancer 1954), Japanese tanka poet with a turbulent life
- December 3 – Eli Mandel (died 1992), Canadian poet and literary academic
- Also –
Birth years link to the corresponding "[year] in poetry" article:
- January 21 – John Kendrick Bangs, 59, American author, satirist, poet and the creator of Bangsian fantasy, a school of fantasy writing that sets the plot wholly or partially in the afterlife
- February 2 – Zahida Khatun Sherwani, writing as Zay Khay Sheen (born 1894), Indian Urdu language woman poet
- February 3 – John Butler Yeats (born 1839), Irish painter and poet, father of W. B. Yeats
- April 19 - Marjorie Pickthall (born 1883), English-born Canadian writer.
- May 13 – Sir Walter Raleigh (born 1861), Scottish scholar, poet and author
- June 28 – Velimir Khlebnikov, 36 (born 1885), Russian Futurist poet and writer
- July 8 – Mori Ōgai 森 鷗外 / 森 鴎外 (born 1862), Japanese physician, translator, novelist and poet
- August 2 – M. A. Bayfield, 70 (born 1852), English classical scholar and writer on poetry
- September 2 – Henry Lawson, 55, Australian writer and poet
- September 10 – Wilfrid Scawen Blunt, 82 (born 1840), British poet and writer
- November 27 – Alice Meynell, 75 (born 1847), née Thompson, English writer, editor, critic and suffragist, remembered mainly as a poet
- December 4 – Josephine Peabody (born c. 1874), American poet and playwright
- Sic. Both first published in the collection New Hampshire (1923).
- Cox, Michael, ed. (2004). The Concise Oxford Chronology of English Literature. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-860634-6.
- Gustafson, Ralph, The Penguin Book of Canadian Verse, revised edition, 1967, Baltimore, Maryland: Penguin Books
- "William Douw Lighthall," RootsWeb, Ancestry.com, Web, Apr.29, 2011.
- "Marjorie Pickthall 1883-1922: Works," Canadian Women Poets, BrockU.ca, Web, Apr. 6, 2011
- Web page titled "South Asian literature in English, Pre-independence era", compiled by Irene Joshi, at "University of Washington Libraries" website, "Last updated May 8, 1998", retrieved July 30, 2009. Archived 2009-08-02.
- Naik, M. K., Perspectives on Indian poetry in English, p. 230, (published by Abhinav Publications, 1984, ISBN 0-391-03286-0, ISBN 978-0-391-03286-6), retrieved via Google Books, June 12, 2009
- Vinayak Krishna Gokak, The Golden Treasury Of Indo-Anglian Poetry (1828-1965), p 313, New Delhi: Sahitya Akademi (1970, first edition; 2006 reprint), ISBN 81-260-1196-3, retrieved August 6, 2010
- Vinayak Krishna Gokak, The Golden Treasury Of Indo-Anglian Poetry (1828-1965), p 316, New Delhi: Sahitya Akademi (1970, first edition; 2006 reprint), ISBN 81-260-1196-3, retrieved August 6, 2010
- Vinayak Krishna Gokak, The Golden Treasury Of Indo-Anglian Poetry (1828-1965), p 314, New Delhi: Sahitya Akademi (1970, first edition; 2006 reprint), ISBN 81-260-1196-3, retrieved August 6, 2010
- Ludwig, Richard M., and Clifford A. Nault, Jr., Annals of American Literature: 1602–1983, 1986, New York: Oxford University Press
- Web page titled "POET Francis Jammes (1868 - 1938)", at The Poetry Foundation website, retrieved August 30, 2009. Archived 2009-09-03.
- Auster, Paul, editor, The Random House Book of Twentieth-Century French Poetry: with Translations by American and British Poets, New York: Random House, 1982 ISBN 0-394-52197-8
- Bree, Germaine, Twentieth-Century French Literature, translated by Louise Guiney, Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1983
- Preminger, Alex; Brogan, T. V. F.; et al. (1993). The New Princeton Encyclopedia of Poetry and Poetics. New York: MJF Books/Fine Communications.
- Fitts, Dudley, editor, Anthology of Contemporary Latin-American Poetry/Antología de la Poesía Americana Contemporánea Norfolk, Conn., New Directions, (also London: The Falcoln Press, but this book was "Printed in U.S.A.), 1947, p 589
- Debicki, Andrew P., Spanish Poetry of the Twentieth Century: Modernity and Beyond, p 35, University Press of Kentucky, 1995, ISBN 978-0-8131-0835-3, retrieved via Google Books, November 21, 2009
- Web page titled "The Nobel Prize in Literature 1945/Gabriela Mistral/Bibliography", Nobel Prize website, retrieved September 22, 2010
- Fitts, Dudley, editor, Anthology of Contemporary Latin-American Poetry/Antología de la Poesía Americana Contemporánea Norfolk, Conn., New Directions, (also London: The Falcoln Press, but this book was "Printed in U.S.A.), 1947, p 645
- Preminger, Alex; Brogan, T. V. F.; et al. (1993). "Danish Poetry". The New Princeton Encyclopedia of Poetry and Poetics. New York: MJF Books/Fine Communications. p. 272.
- "Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online". Biographi.ca. Archived from the original on 2011-05-15. Retrieved 2011-06-19.