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1924 Winter Olympics

The 1924 Winter Olympics known as the I Olympic Winter Games, were a winter multi-sport event, held in 1924 in Chamonix, France. Held in association with the 1924 Summer Olympics, the sports competitions were held at the foot of Mont Blanc in Chamonix, Haute-Savoie, France between January 25 and February 5, 1924; the Games were organized by the French Olympic Committee, were reckoned as the "International Winter Sports Week." With the success of the event, it was retroactively designated by the International Olympic Committee as the I Olympic Winter Games. The tradition of holding the Winter Olympics in the same year as the Summer Olympics would continue until 1992, after which the current practice of holding a Winter Olympics in the second year after each Summer Olympics began. Although Figure Skating had been an Olympic event in both London and Antwerp, Ice Hockey had been an event in Antwerp, the winter sports had always been limited by the season. In 1921, at the convention of the IOC in Lausanne, there was a call for equality for winter sports, after much discussion it was decided to organize an "international week of winter sport" in 1924 in Chamonix.

The first gold medal awarded in the Olympic Winter Games was won by Charles Jewtraw of the United States in the 500-meter speed skate. Sonja Henie, at just eleven years old, skates in the ladies' figure skating competition. Although she finishes last, she becomes popular with fans. Henie went on to take gold at the next three Winter Olympics; the figure skater Gillis Grafström was the first one to defend his Summer Olympics title at the Winter Olympics. The Canadian ice hockey team finished their qualifying round with three wins, scoring a total of 85 goals against Switzerland and Sweden without surrendering a single goal against. Finding themselves in the same situation as Gillis Grafström, the Canadian ice-hockey team is the last to defend its Summer Olympics title at the Winter Olympics. Canada would dominate ice hockey in early Olympic competition, winning six of the first seven gold medals awarded. At the closing of the games a prize was awarded for a sport that did not lend itself well for tournaments: Pierre de Coubertin presented a prize for'alpinisme' to Charles Granville Bruce, the leader of the expedition that tried to climb Mount Everest in 1922.

For the first time in the history of the modern Olympics, the host country, in this case, failed to win any gold medals, finishing with three bronze medals. This feat would occur at the next Winter Olympics in St. Moritz where Switzerland won only a single bronze medal, the lowest output by a host nation at an Olympics. Host nations to finish without gold medals included Canada at the 1976 Summer Olympics in Montreal and 1988 Winter Olympics in Calgary and Yugoslavia at the 1984 Winter Olympics in Sarajevo. In 1925, the IOC decided to organize Olympic Winter Games every four years, independent of the Olympic Games proper, recognized the International Winter Sports Week as the first Olympic Winter games in retrospect. In 1974 the final individual medal of Chamonix 1924 was presented. Anders Haugen, who until had been recorded as finishing fourth in the ski jumping event, received a bronze medal. After fifty years an error had been discovered in the score of Thorleif Haug. In 2006, the IOC confirmed.

The IOC verified that curling was part of the program, after the Glasgow Herald newspaper filed a claim on behalf of the families of the team. Medals were awarded in 16 events contested in 5 sports. Many sources do not list them as demonstration events. However, no such designation was made in 1924. In February 2006 the International Olympic Committee ruled that curling was a full part of the Olympic program, have included the medals awarded in the official count. Bobsleigh Curling Ice hockey Skating Figure skating Speed skating Nordic skiing Military patrol Cross-country skiing Nordic combined Ski jumping La Piste de Bobsleigh des Pellerins – Bobsleigh Le Tremplin Olympique du Mont – Ski jumping, Nordic combined Stade Olympique de Chamonix – Cross-country skiing, Figure skating, Ice hockey, Military patrol, Nordic combined, Speed skating Athletes from 16 nations competed in the first Winter Olympic Games. Germany was banned from competing in the games, instead hosted a series of games called Deutsche Kampfspiele.

Estonia speed skater Christfried Burmeister was in the list of participants but the message about his withdrawal wasn't sent to the organizers. * Host nation 1900 Summer Olympics – Paris 1924 Summer Olympics – Paris 2024 Summer Olympics – Paris List of IOC country codesOther Olympic Games celebrated in France Olympic Games Winter Olympic Games 1968 Winter OlympicsGrenoble 1992 Winter OlympicsAlbertville "Chamonix 1924". Olympic.org. International Olympic Committee. "Results and Medalists—1924 Winter Olympics". Olympic.org. International Olympic Committee. Official Report of both Summer and Winter games: M. Avé, Comité Olympique Français. Les Jeux de la VIIIe Olympiade Paris 1924 – Rapport Officiel. Paris: Librairie de France. Archived from the original on 5 May 2011. Retrieved 7 May 2011. CS1 maint: extra text: authors list 1924 Olympic Curling Medals Count: CBC News February 8, 2006 Olympic Games in Chamonix 1.924 The program of the 1924 Chamonix Winter Olympics

Aharon Katzir

Aharon Katzir was an Israeli pioneer in the study of the electrochemistry of biopolymers. Born 1914 in Łódź, Poland, he moved to Palestine in 1925, where he taught at the Hebrew University in Jerusalem. There, he adopted his Hebrew surname Katzir, he was a faculty member at the Weizmann Institute of Sciences, Israel as well as at the department of medical physics and biophysics at UC Berkeley, California. He was murdered in a terrorist attack at Ben Gurion International Airport in 1972 in which 26 people were killed and 80 injured, his younger brother, Ephraim Katzir, became the President of Israel in 1973. In 1961, Katzir was awarded the Israel Prize, in life sciences, together with Ora Kedem; the State of Israel issued a postage stamp in memory of Katzir. The Katchalsky crater on the Moon is named after him. A series of Hebrew lectures is held at Tel Aviv University in memory of Katzir, organized by his son Avrahm, a professor of physics, it is named: In the Crucible of the Revolution, alluding to a popular book Katzir wrote about scientific progress.

It has featured lectures by Nobel Prize laureates Daniel Kahneman and Aaron Ciechanover, renowned philosopher Hilary Putnam. A center at the Weizmann Institute of Science is named after Katzir, as well as public schools in Tel Aviv and elsewhere. A scholarship program of the Israeli Ministry of Defense is named after him. Katchalsky, Aharon. Nonequilibrium Thermodynamics in Biophysics. Harvard University Press. List of Israel Prize recipients Science and technology in Israel

John F. Smith

John F. Smith is an American soap opera writer and producer. During the WGA strike, he chose financial core status with continued working. Smith is best known for his stints as head writer of The Bold and the Beautiful and The Young and the Restless. Prior to Smith's tenure on Y&R, there was a period of widespread audience erosion; when John Smith was producer, ratings increased by over 2 million viewers. Most of the increase occurred in 2004 when Smith co-wrote the show with longtime Y&R scribe, Kay Alden; the Bold and the Beautiful Script Writer: January 22, 2008 – present Breakdown Writer: January 22, 2008 – present Executive Storyline Consultant: 2002 - 2003 Associate Head Writer: 1987 - 2002The Young and the Restless Co-Executive Producer: 2003- May 12, 2006 Co-Head Writer: June 2002 - November 2006 Associate Head Writer: 1986 - June 2002 Script Writer: 1979 - 1986 Smith has been nominated for and won numerous Daytime Emmy, Writers Guild of America, Producers Guild of America Awards. CBS Daytime: Y&R & B&B

Alford, Lincolnshire

Alford is a town in Lincolnshire, about 11 miles north-west of the coastal resort of Skegness, at the foot of the Lincolnshire Wolds, an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty. The population was recorded as 3,459 in the 2011 Census. An electoral ward of the same name exists, it stretches east with a population of 4,531, as recorded in the 2011 census. Alford's retail outlets cater for local demand. Shops include a grocery, two butchers and DIY and hardware stores. There are three supermarkets, in West Street and Hamilton Road; the five public houses are the Half Moon Hotel, Windmill Hotel, George and White Hart. Four of these still operate as such – the Half Moon has a tea shop attached and is a venue for local activities; the Anchor has been renovated as a bed-and-breakfast establishment. The Windmill is a hotel; the town has no banks, as the last, Lloyds Bank, closed in September 2018. There is still a Yorkshire Building Society office. Banking facilities are available at the Post Office, now incorporated into the Quicky Supermaket in West Street.

H & M Ducos Pottery, established in London in 1972, moved to Alford in 1973 and became the Alford Pottery. It acquired premises in Commercial Road in 1978 to manufacture tableware, exported worldwide; the firm set up the Alford Craft Market, the Alford Festivals of arts and crafts, the Alford Folk Club, the Alford Morris Dancing club, the former Alford Jazz Festival, the former Alford Film Society, other organisations. Alford Craft Market Centre is a cooperative venture selling works from regional craftsmen. With help from a substantial National Lottery grant, it provides various classes and workshops to allow the public to experience art and craft activities on a regular basis. There are National Health private dentists located in South Street and the Doctor's surgery in West Street. A crematorium opened at the entrance to the town in 2008; the charter market day is Tuesday. The main market is run by the town council in the Market Place, with stalls for groceries and fishmongery and other items, as well as a popular auction.

The Alford Craft Market has been held on the Market Place since 1974 every late Spring Bank Holiday and August bank holiday since 1975, in the grounds of the Alford Manor House. The summer weekly Craft Market is now held in the Corn Exchange and the Christmas Extravaganza at the Manor House on the first Friday in December; the cattle market closed in 1987 and the site is now the Co-op Car Park. In February 2019, the Alford Promotions group was set-up by shop-owners and councillors to organize community events including a Christmas Market, the first of which took place on 30 November 2019. A new event will happen over the weekend of the 15–16 August 2020; this will be the Alford 1940s Weekend held to commemorate the 75th anniversary of VJ-day. Most factories have closed in the last few years; the main sources of employment are newer businesses on the Safelincs industrial estate in West Street and the schools, nursing homes and smaller firms. Beeching's Way Industrial Estate in the south-west of the town includes printing and manufacturing firms, a builders' merchant, a postal sorting office.

It was built on the line of the East Lincolnshire Railway from Grimsby to Boston, which closed on 5 October 1970, along with the local station. The naming of the industrial estate as Beeching's Way is a wry reminder of Richard Beeching, who masterminded the nationwide rail cutbacks under publicly owned British Railways; the town's previous largest employer was C. S. Martin Finnveden Powertrain Ltd, closed its doors in 2010. After redundancies, the factory now operates as Gnutti Carlo UK Ltd. There is a daytime Monday-to-Friday bus service to Skegness, a single Wednesday service to Boston, occasional local and school bus services open to other passengers. Alford is known for its Grade I listed five-sailed windmill, a tower mill built in 1837 by Sam Oxley, an Alford millwright. In its heyday it could grind 4–5 tons of corn a day, it ceased to operate in 1955, but after two years' idle, it was restored to full working order in 1957. It is now used commercially to produce stone-ground organic flour and cereal, as the only surviving windmill in the town.

In 1932 there were still each with a different number of sails. Other working windmills in the county can be found at Lincoln, Boston, Kirton in Lindsey and Burgh le Marsh; the town's Manor House is one of the largest thatched buildings of its kind in the country. Manor houses. In 2006 it was refurbished with National Lottery funding in association with English Heritage. Interactive exhibits were accessibility increased for disabled visitors; the manor house has a tea room and open gardens. The Manor House has two permanent exhibitions. Alford Remembers has First World War memorabilia and a photography exhibition by Edwin Nainby, born in Gedney in January 1842 and died in Alford in July 1908; the youngest son of a Quaker he was first in business as a photographer in Long Sutton and in 1873 moved to Alford. There are over 750 glass photography plates exhibited. There are a number of annual events such as the Christmas Tree exhibition, a tractor rally and a threshing day. There is a local museum at the back of the Manor House which has many exhibits from the time when Alford was a thriving Victorian market town.

The Alford Corn Exchange was given by East Lindsey District Council to a specially instituted CIC composed of volunteers and is now a centre for cultural and community. Primary education is provid

Philips and the Monkey Pen

Philips and the Monkey Pen is a 2013 Indian Malayalam children's film written by Rojin Thomas and directed by Rojin Thomas and Shanil Muhammed. The film stars Sanoop Santhosh, Remya Nambeesan, Vijay Babu and Joy Mathew; the film revolves around a ten-year-old called Ryan Philip and his adventures with a magical pen called the Monkey Pen. The film was co-produced by actress Sandra Thomas under Friday Film House banner. Neil D’Cunha is the cinematographer and the music has been scored by Remya Nambeesan's brother, Rahul Subrahmaniam; the film released on 7 November 2013 in Kerala. The film was a commercial success at the box-office; the film won Kerala State Film Award for Best Children's Film and Kerala State Film Award for Best Child Artist. The movie is the story of Ryan Philip and his family includes his Christian father,his Muslim mother, who marries against the wish of their parents, his grand father is Capt. Richard Philip. In this story, Ryan is one of the most mischievous boys in his class.

He hates math. He is always scolded by his math teacher, his bad behavior and his failing math had become a problem for him at school. One fine day, he develops a crush on Joan, he writes a letter to her telling her his feelings. When he meets his antique collector grandfather, he comes into possession of the monkey pen; the monkey pen changed his life. The monkey pen does all his homework for him in return for a few tasks given to him by the pen which he must do; the tasks include wishing your teachers properly, clean your classroom etc. The school radio programmer was impressed by his ideas and he spreads his'Ryan's tips' to the entire school, he turns into a loved character in his school. In one of his pranks, Ryan ended up putting his math sir into police custody. Math sir decided to be sweet to them in his last few days in his school. Ryan was chosen as the leader of an inter school math exhibition, he asks the monkey pen for a topic. Monkey pen promised to give him the topic in a week but he has to do some work.

Joan said yes to Ryan's proposal. On the same day, Joan's bus meets with an accident and she dies, depressing Ryan. According to the suggestion of the monkey pen, Ryan talks to his mom; the monkey pen gave him a topic after a week'mathematics in everyday life'. The math exhibition turns out to be a success but their school doesn't win; this depresses Ryan and he confesses to his professor that he was the reason for him to end up in jail. The professor asks him to cheer up. Ryan is still thinking about Joan when he sees the note left by the monkey pen asking him to do something for her, he puts up posters in his college informing about the overly packed school buses resulting in accidents. School decided to take strict measures against that. After all this, Ryan talks to his father and his father advises him to always tell the truth, work hard without relying on shortcuts. Ryan asks his father whether he was the one doing homework for Ryan, for which her denies, his father walks away with a smile, making the audience realize that all the monkey pen's activities were done by Ryan's father.

Ryan after listening to his father, throws the monkey pen into the sea resolving to work hard and not relying on monkey pen. Sanoop Santhosh as Ryan Philip Jayasurya as Roy Philip Remya Nambeesan as Sameera Roy Joy Mathew as Captain Richard Philip Innocent as God Diya as Joan Gourav Menon as Jahangir R. a.k.a. Jugru Aakhash Santhosh as Rama Ramana Rajeeva Nandanan a.k.a. Raman Antony Elrin D'Silva as Innocent P. Varghese Nidheesh Boban as Decimal Augen as 7-Up Mathew Joy as Rahul Mukesh as Principal Charles Leon Vijay Babu as Padmachandran a.k.a. Pappan Pradeep Kottayam as Pavithran Kiran Aravindakshan as Joan's Father Dean Rowlins as Robert Bristow Sudheer Karamana as Decimal's Father Sasi Kalinga as Moorthy Nikhita Naiyer as Joan's friend Philips and the Monkey Pen got much positive reviews from critics and other audiences. Deccan Chronicle gave 3.5/5 rating and said, "This, to date, must rate as the year's top contender of the prestigious Swarna Kamal for the Best Children's Film. It lights up the righteous path without being preachy.

When a son says to his father, "I thought the truth would pain you", the wise one smiles, inspiringly, "The truth isn't bitter. Kerala State Film Award for Best Children's Film Kerala State Film Award for Best Children's Film Director- Rojin Thomas and Shanil Muhammed Kerala State Film Award for Best Child Artist - Sanoop Santhosh Kerala Film Critics Award for Best Child Artist Kerala Film Critics Award for Best Children Film The film's soundtrack contains 6 songs, all composed by Rahul Subrahmanian. Lyrics by Anu Elizabeth Jose, Sibi Padiyara, Mamtha Seemanth. Philips and the Monkey Pen on IMDb

Equites Stablesiani

The equites stablesiani were a class of cavalry in the Late Roman army. They were one of several categories of cavalry unit or vexillatio created between the 260s and 290s as part of a reorganization and expansion of Roman cavalry forces initiated during the reign of Gallienus; these new cavalry vexillationes shared the basic regimental designation equites, included equites Dalmatae, equites Mauri and equites scutarii. In total there is evidence for around 20 units of equites stablesiani between the late third and early sixth centuries; the Notitia Dignitatum lists at least 15 units of equites stablesiani stationed throughout the Roman Empire, seven in the East, eight in the West. Two further units are recorded epigraphically at an earlier date, including an inscription on the Deurne helmet. At least another two units, although not directly documented, can be posited on the basis of attested regimental names and numbers; the origin of the equites stablesiani and the meaning of their name remain obscure.

Hoffmann suggests that these units were raised from a corps of grooms, which, he hypothesises, were attached to new cavalry vexillationes created under Gallienus. Along similar lines, Speidel first argued that equites stablesiani were formed from stratores, soldiers, seconded to the staff of provincial governors as grooms, equerries and/or bodyguards. More Speidel, rejecting this earlier thesis, supposes that the designation equites stablesiani applied to those cavalry units which were temporarily stationed in north-western Italy during the reign of Gallienus under the command of Aureolus, whom Speidel identifies as stabulensis, a senior officer in charge of the imperial stables. While the origin of their regimental titulature is disputed, the equites stablesiani appear to have formed part of the emperor's comitatus during the military crisis of the 260s and 270s. During the Tetrarchy and/or the reign of Constantine I, most units of this class were permanently assigned to the garrisons of frontier provinces.

The continued existence of some of these regiments of equites stablesiani is attested well into the sixth century. D. Hoffmann. Das spätrömische Bewegungsheer und die Notitia Dignitatum. Epigraphische Studien 7.1-2. Düsseldorf. CS1 maint: date format P. Rance; the Third Equites Stablesiani at Cyrrhus. Chiron. Pp. 345–358. H.-G. Simon. Die Reformen der Reiterei unter Kaiser Gallien. Cologne/Vienna. W. Eck et al. pp. 435–452. M. P. Speidel. Stablesiani: the raising of new cavalry units during the crisis of the Roman Empire. Chiron. Pp. 541–546. M. P. Speidel. "I". Das Heer. Berlin. K.-P. Johne et al. pp. 673–690. M. P. Speidel. Roman Army Studies. Amsterdam: J. C. Gieben