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Andy Saunders (author)

Andy Saunders is an English author and researcher from East Sussex who specializes in military aviation history with particular emphasis on the Battle of Britain and the air war over north-west Europe between 1939 and 1945. He contributes to the world’s aviation press on military history topics and has written for national newspapers, including “The Mail on Sunday”, he is a former editor of Britain at War magazine, published by Lincolnshire-based Key Publishing. He was a programme consultant for the Discovery History series “War Digs With Harry Harris” and is involved in a number of projected television documentaries for various production companies working as contributor, researcher or consultant. In 2001, he pleaded guilty to offences under the Protection of Military Remains Act after recovering the aircraft of Flying Officer George Edward Kosh, a typhoon fighter which crashed in 1944 in East Sussex, without a licence. In 2005 he was the principal contributor and consultant for the Channel 4 documentary “Who Downed Douglas Bader” and more has had input to BBC Timewatch programmes and to various BBC “Inside Out” programmes as well as “The One Show”, "Fake Britain".

Many of his written works are published by Grub Street of London, although he has had one of titles published by the prestigious New York publisher, Random House. He has been involved with military aircraft preservation and recovery for over forty years, including the recovery from India of two World War One bombers for preservation and flight in the UK as well as the wrecks of Gloster Gladiators from Norwegian mountains for UK museum restoration and display, his experience in this sphere over so many years makes him one of the most knowledgeable experts in his field, resulting in frequent demands for input to written works, research and documentaries. He is the founder of the Tangmere Battle of Britain Museum. Battle over Sussex Blitz over Sussex Bombers over Sussex Little Friends RAF Tangmere in old photographs Bognor at War RAF Tangmere Revisited No.43 ‘Fighting Cocks’ Squadron Jane, A Pin-Up at War Bader's last fight: an in-depth investigation of a great WWII mystery Mannock VC Finding the Foe: outstanding Luftwaffe mysteries of the Battle of Britain and beyond investigated and solved Finding The Foe Convoy Peewit Spitfire MK.

I P9374 Finding the fallen: outstanding aircrew mysteries from the First World War to Desert Storm investigated and solved Stuka Attack Arrival of Eagles DH9 - Jewels of the Maharaja’s Palace Sopwith Pup Re-Creation Luftwaffe Bombers in The Battle of Britain Aircraft Salvage in The Battle of Britain + Blitz Requiem For An Airfield Missing – No Known Grave Time Team Who Downed Douglas Bader Aces Falling - Timewatch Dig 1940 Battle of Britain Uncovered Wartime Secrets The One Show The Sheffield Blitz BBC Inside Out: Plot to Kidnap Hitler BBC Inside Out: Remembered With Honour? War Digs With Harry Harris The Forgotten Blitz Mannock VC: http://www.grubstreet.co.uk/products/view/84/mannock-the-life-and-death-of-major-edward-mannock-vc-dso-mc-raf/

Stanton T. Friedman

Stanton Terry Friedman was a nuclear physicist and professional ufologist who resided in Fredericton, New Brunswick, North America. He was the original civilian investigator of the Roswell UFO incident, he worked on development projects for several large companies. Friedman graduated from Linden High School and the University of Chicago, earning a Bachelor of Science in 1955 and a Master of Science degree in nuclear physics in 1956. Friedman was employed for 14 years as a nuclear physicist for such companies as General Electric, Aerojet General Nucleonics, General Motors, Westinghouse, TRW Systems, McDonnell Douglas, where he worked on advanced, classified programs on nuclear aircraft and fusion rockets, compact nuclear power plants for space applications. Since the 1980s, he consulted for the radon-detection industry. Friedman's professional affiliations included the American Nuclear Society, the American Physical Society, the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, AFTRA. In 1970, Friedman left full-time employment as a physicist to pursue the scientific investigation of unidentified flying objects.

Since he gave lectures at more than 600 colleges and to more than 100 professional groups in 50 states, 10 provinces, 19 countries outside the US. Additionally, he worked as a consultant on the topic, he appeared on many radio and television programs. He provided written testimony to Congressional hearings and appeared twice at the United Nations. Friedman favored use of the term "flying saucer" in his work, saying "Flying saucers are, by definition, unidentified flying objects, but few unidentified flying objects are flying saucers. I am interested in the latter, not the former." Friedman used to refer to himself as "The Flying Saucer Physicist", because of his degrees in nuclear physics and work on nuclear projects. Friedman was the first civilian to document the site of the Roswell UFO incident, supported the hypothesis that it was a genuine crash of an extraterrestrial spacecraft. In 1968 Friedman told a committee of the United States House of Representatives that the evidence suggests that Earth is being visited by intelligently controlled extraterrestrial vehicles.

Friedman stated he believed that UFO sightings were consistent with magnetohydrodynamic propulsion. In 1996, after researching and fact checking the Majestic 12 documents, Friedman said that there was no substantive grounds for dismissing their authenticity. In 2004, on George Noory's Coast to Coast radio show, Friedman debated Seth Shostak, the SETI Institute's Senior Astronomer. Like Friedman, Shostak believes in the existence of intelligent life other than humans. Friedman hypothesized that UFOs may originate from nearby sunlike stars. A piece of evidence that he cited with respect to this hypothesis is the 1964 star map drawn by alleged alien abductee Betty Hill during a hypnosis session, which she said was shown to her during her abduction. Astronomer Marjorie Fish constructed a three-dimensional map of nearby sun-like stars and claimed a good match from the perspective of Zeta Reticuli, about 39 light years distant; the fit of the Hill/Fish star maps was hotly debated in the December 1974 edition of Astronomy magazine, with Friedman and others defending the statistical validity of the match.

Friedman stated strong views against search for extraterrestrial intelligence research. Friedman contested the implicit premise of SETI that there has been no extraterrestrial visitation of the planet, because it was his claim that SETI was seeking only signals, not extraterrestrial intelligence or beings, he maintained that the prominence and widespread public claims of those involved with SETI have tended to prevent serious research, including research by journalists, of UFOs. Friedman was a classmate of Carl Sagan at UChicago. Stan criticized Sagan, a proponent of SETI, for ignoring empirical evidence, such as "600-plus unknowns" of Project Blue Book Special Report No. 14. Friedman argued that these empirical data directly contradict Sagan's claim in Other Worlds that the "reliable cases are uninteresting and the interesting cases are unreliable". Friedman referred to a table in Project Blue Book Special Report No. 14 that he said "shows that the better the quality of the sighting, the more it was to be an'unknown', the less it was to be listed as containing'insufficient information'".

Friedman said of the response to his talks, "I know that most people are unfamiliar with the several large-scale scientific studies... because I ask, after I show a slide and ask about each one,'How many here have read this?' It is only one or two percent." He said that a talk he gave to Canadian journalists in Saint John, New Brunswick, caused the attitudes of the journalists to change, because "... attendees had had no idea there was so much solid information, as opposed to the tabloid nonsense they thought was the primary source of UFO data." Friedman argued that the majority of people believe UFOs exist and at least some groups of scientists do as well. Friedman referred to the following data in support of his position: Gallup Polls between 1966 and 1987 asked respondents the question: "Are UFOs something real, or just people's imagination?" Of those who took a position one way or the other, 61%, 64%, 68%, 60% took the position they are real in 1966, 1977, 1978, 1987, respectively. With respect to scientists, a poll was taken by Industrial Research and Development in 1971 and 1979.

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Missouri Executive Order 44

Missouri Executive Order 44 known as the Extermination Order, was an executive order issued on October 27, 1838, by the Governor of Missouri, Lilburn Boggs. The order was issued in the aftermath of the Battle of Crooked River, a clash between Mormons and a unit of the Missouri State Militia in northern Ray County, during the 1838 Mormon War. Claiming that the Mormons had committed open and avowed defiance of the law and had made war upon the people of Missouri, Governor Boggs directed that "the Mormons must be treated as enemies, must be exterminated or driven from the State if necessary for the public peace—their outrages are beyond all description"; the Militia and other state authorities—General John B. Clark, among them—used the executive order to violently expel the Mormons from their lands in the state following their capitulation, which in turn led to their subsequent migration to Nauvoo, Illinois; the order was supported by most northwest Missouri citizens but was questioned or denounced by a few.

However, no determination of the order's legality was made. On June 25, 1976, Governor Kit Bond issued an executive order rescinding the Extermination Order, recognizing its legal invalidity and formally apologizing on behalf of the State of Missouri for the suffering it had caused the Mormons. Missouri Executive Order Number 44 reads as follows: Headquarters of the Militia, City of Jefferson, Oct. 27, 1838. Gen. John B. Clark: Sir: Since the order of this morning to you, directing you to cause four hundred mounted men to be raised within your division, I have received by Amos Reese, Esq. of Ray county, Wiley C. Williams, Esq. one of my aids, information of the most appalling character, which changes the face of things, places the Mormons in the attitude of an open and avowed defiance of the laws, of having made war upon the people of this state. Your orders are, therefore; the Mormons must be treated as enemies, must be exterminated or driven from the state if necessary for the public peace—their outrages are beyond all description.

If you can increase your force, you are authorized to do so to any extent you may consider necessary. I have just issued orders to Maj. Gen. Willock, of Marion county, to raise five hundred men, to march them to the northern part of Daviess, there unite with Gen. Doniphan, of Clay, ordered with five hundred men to proceed to the same point for the purpose of intercepting the retreat of the Mormons to the north, they have been directed to communicate with you by express, you can communicate with them if you find it necessary. Instead therefore of proceeding as at first directed to reinstate the citizens of Daviess in their homes, you will proceed to Richmond and operate against the Mormons. Brig. Gen. Parks of Ray, has been ordered to have four hundred of his brigade in readiness to join you at Richmond; the whole force will be placed under your command. I am respectfully, yr obt st, L. W. Boggs, Commander-in-Chief. Executive Order 44 was issued during the 1838 Mormon War, caused by friction between the Mormons and their neighbors due to the economic and electoral growth of the Latter-day Saint community.

However, the religious and political views of the Mormons did not sit well with the non-Mormon citizens of the state. Tensions had been rising due to 1833 newspaper articles written in Independence, which culminated in a manifesto published by many Missouri public officials. On the same day, July 20, 1833, the W. W. Phelps printing press, which published The Evening and the Morning Star in Independence, was destroyed by a mob; the destruction was in retaliation for the publication of portions of the Joseph Smith Translation of the Bible that of the book of Genesis, in a Mormon newspaper The Evening and the Morning Star in August 1832 and in March and April 1833. Early July 1833, the Star announced: "At no distant period, we shall print the book of Mormon and the Testament, bind them in one volume." However, hopes for this were postponed. The 1838 Mormon War ended with the expulsion of nearly all Mormons from the state of Missouri. Executive Order 44 is referred to as the "Extermination Order" due to the phrasing used by Governor Boggs.

The Mormons had been given a county of their own in 1836, following their expulsion from Jackson County in 1833. However, the increasing influx of new Mormon converts moving to northwestern Missouri led them to begin settling in adjacent counties. Other settlers, who had operated under the assumption that the Mormons would remain confined to Caldwell County, became angry due to these new settlements. On July 4, 1838, church leader Sidney Rigdon delivered an oration in Far West, the county seat of Caldwell County. While not desiring or intending to start any trouble with his Christian neighbors, Rigdon wanted to make clear that the Mormons would meet any attacks on them—such as had occurred in Jackson County during the summer and fall of 1833, resulting in their forced expulsion from their homes in that locale—with force: We take God and all the holy angels to witness this day, that we warn all men in the name of Jesus Christ, to come on us no more forever. For from this hour, we will bear it no more, our rights shall no more be trampled on with impunity.

The man or the set of men, who attempts it, does it at the expense of their lives. And that mob that comes on us to disturb us.

Diana Strassmann

Diana Louise Strassmann is an American economist Carolyn and Fred McManis Distinguished Professor of Humanities at Rice University, co-founder of International Association for Feminist Economics and its journal Feminist Economics. After graduating from East Lansing High School in East Lansing, Michigan in 1973, Strassmann completed her AB in Economics at Princeton University in 1977, her MA from Harvard University in Economics from in 1982 and her PhD from Harvard in 1983. Strassman is Director of the Rice University Program on Poverty and Human Capabilities, co-founder of International Association for Feminist Economics and founding editor of the IAFFE journal Feminist Economics. In 2011 she co-authored Feminist economics: feminism and well-being a "major three-volume research collection that demonstrates the breadth and significance of feminist scholarship in economics."

Junior Dala

Carl Junior Dala is a South African cricketer who plays for The Unlimited Titans in South African domestic cricket. In the 2018 South African Cricket Annual, he was named as one of the five Cricketers of the Year, he was included in the Easterns cricket team squad for the 2015 Africa T20 Cup. In August 2017, he was named in Durban Qalandars' squad for the first season of the T20 Global League. However, in October 2017, Cricket South Africa postponed the tournament until November 2018, with it being cancelled soon after. On 26 April 2018, he was called upon to replace the injured fellow South African seamer, Chris Morris for the Delhi Daredevils team for the rest of the 2018 IPL season. In June 2018, he was named in the squad for the Titans team for the 2018–19 season. In October 2018, he was named in Nelson Mandela Bay Giants' squad for the first edition of the Mzansi Super League T20 tournament. In March 2019, in the semi-finals of the 2018–19 Momentum One Day Cup, he took career best figures of 6/19 against Cape Cobras, to help Titans progress to the final of the tournament.

In August 2019, he was named the Momentum One-Day Cup Cricketer of the Season at Cricket South Africa's annual award ceremony. In September 2019, he was named in the squad for the Nelson Mandela Bay Giants team for the 2019 Mzansi Super League tournament. In February 2018, he was named in South Africa's Twenty20 International squad for their series against India, he made his T20I debut for South Africa against India on 18 February 2018. In June 2018, he was named in South Africa's One Day International squad for their series against Sri Lanka, he made his ODI debut for South Africa against Sri Lanka on 8 August 2018