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1954 FIFA World Cup

The 1954 FIFA World Cup, the fifth staging of the FIFA World Cup, was held in Switzerland from 16 June to 4 July. Switzerland was chosen as host country in July 1946; the tournament set a number of all-time records for goal-scoring, including the highest average number of goals scored per game. The tournament was won by West Germany, who defeated Hungary 3–2 in the final, giving them their first title. Switzerland was awarded the tournament unopposed on 22 July 1946, the same day that Brazil was selected for the 1950 World Cup, in Luxembourg City; the hosts and the defending champions qualified automatically. Of the remaining 14 places, 11 were allocated to Europe, two to the Americas, one to Asia. Scotland and South Korea made their World Cup debuts at this tournament. South Korea became the first independent Asian country to qualify for the World Cup. Austria appeared for the first time since 1934. Turkey would not participate at a finals again until the 2002 competition, while South Korea's next appearance would be in 1986.

The third and fourth place teams from 1950, Sweden and Spain, both failed to qualify. In a shock result, Spain was eliminated by Turkey: after the two countries had tied a three-game series, Turkey progressed by drawing of lots by a blindfolded Italian boy. German teams as well as Japan were allowed to qualify again, after having been banned from the 1950 FIFA World Cup. West Germany qualified against fellow Germans from the Saarland, while East Germany had not entered, cancelling international football games after the East German uprising of 1953. Argentina declined to participate for the third World Cup in succession; the following 16 teams qualified for the final tournament. The 1954 tournament used a unique format; the sixteen qualifying teams were divided into four groups of four teams each. Each group contained two unseeded teams. Only four matches were scheduled for each group, each pitting a seeded team against an unseeded team; this contrasts with the usual round-robin in which every team plays every other team: six matches in each group.

Another oddity was that extra time, which in most tournaments is not employed at the group stage, was played in the group games if the score was level after 90 minutes, with the result being a draw if the scores were still level after 120 minutes. Two points were awarded for one for a draw; the two teams with the most points from each group progressed to the knockout stage. If the first and second placed teams were level on points, lots were drawn to decide which team would top the group. However, if the second and third placed teams were level on points, there was a play-off to decide which team would progress to the next stage, it turned out that two of the four groups required play-offs, the other two required drawing of lots between the two top teams. The play-offs were between Switzerland and Italy, Turkey and West Germany: in both matches the unseeded teams repeated earlier victories against the seeds to progress. In the other two groups, lots were drawn to determine the first-place teams, resulting in Uruguay and Brazil finishing above Austria and Yugoslavia, respectively.

A further unusual feature of the format was that the four group-winning teams were drawn against each other in the knockout stages to produce one finalist, the four second-placed teams played against each other to produce the second finalist. In subsequent tournaments it has become customary to draw group winners against second-placed teams in the first knockout round. In any knockout game tied after 90 minutes, 30 minutes of extra time were played. If the scores had still been level after extra time, in any knockout game other than the final, lots would have been drawn to decide which team progressed. However, if the final had been tied after extra time, it would have been replayed, with lots deciding the winner only if the replay was tied after extra time. In the event, all the knockout games were decided in either normal time or extra time, with no replays or drawing of lots being required. Before qualification was complete, the eight seeded teams were determined by FIFA based on world rankings.

They were Austria, England, Hungary, Italy and Uruguay. These seedings were thrown into disarray when, in an unexpected result, Turkey eliminated Spain in qualification. FIFA resolved this situation by giving Turkey the seeding, allocated to Spain. West Germany, reinstated as full FIFA members only in 1950 and were unseeded, convincingly won the first of two encounters with the seeded Turkish side at Wankdorf stadium in Berne; the South Koreans, the other unseeded team, lost 7–0 and 9–0, with West Germany being denied the chance to play such an easy opponent. Sepp Herberger, the West German coach, gambled against the seeded team of Hungary by sending in a reserve side, lost 8–3. Hungary's team captain Ferenc Puskás, considered by many as the best player in the world in that time, was injured by West German defender Werner Liebrich, had to miss Hungary's next two matches. Puskás played for Hungary despite still being in a questionable condition. In the quarter-finals, the favourites Hungary beat Brazil 4–2 in one of the most violent matches in football history, which became infamous as the Battle of Berne.

Meanwhile, the World Cup holders Uruguay sent England out of the tournament by 4–2. West Germany dispatched Yugoslavia 2–0, Austria beat the host nation Switzerland in the game that saw the most goa

Frances Janssen

Frances L. Janssen was an American pitcher who played from 1948 through 1952 in the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League. Listed at 5 ft 11 in, 155 lb, she threw right-handed; the tall, red-haired Frances Janssen was a well-traveled pitcher during her five-year career in the AAGPBL, as she moved from one city to another because the league office shifted players to help teams stay competitive. Janssen was cut twice from the league, but she kept playing for seven different teams without complaint if from different periods of time and different stays. Born in Remington, Frances was the daughter of Fred and Anna Janssen, whom emigrated from Germany in the mid-1910s and settled in the farmlands of Indiana, she had a brother and four sisters, Tinie and Anna. Six feet tall, Frances played basketball and organized softball while attending Gilboa High School, she received an associate degree in business from South Bend IUPUI and attended International Business College of Fort Wayne. She graduated in 1944 and went to work in an office.

By the time, several girls from her local softball team had been signed by the league. Frances gave it a try out in 1946 but she did not made the grade, she insisted again in 1948 and was accepted. After spring training, she was assigned to the South Bend Blue Sox for a couple of days before being sent to the Grand Rapids Chicks, she went 4 -- 4 with a 3.98 was released after one month of action. I got released because I couldn't throw a curveball, she recalled in an interview, but Janssen did not give up, accepted a demotion to the Chicago Colleens/Springfield Sallies rookie touring teams to work things out. The Colleens and the Sallies had lost their franchises after their poor performance the previous year. Both teams played exhibition games against each other as they travelled through the South and East, traveling through 20 states and played in 46 cities. We traveled more than 10,000 miles in 1949 from Illinois to Texas, across the Gulf states and up to New Jersey and Pennsylvania, she explained in an interview with Jim Sargent for the Society for American Baseball Research.

We played in minor league parks in Tulsa and Baltimore, as well as in city parks, we drew good crowds. In two of those games, she was asked to switch to the Sallies and serve as playing manager as well as chaperone, she handled both jobs well while leading her Colleens team in pitching. By the way, she came along fine and hurled two one-hitter shutouts against Springfield at Oklahoma and South Carolina ballparks, she finished the tour with a 16–6 record in 23 pitching appearances. Since the league counted the whole tour as exhibition games, no official statistics were kept. Janssen was promoted to the Peoria Redwings in 1950 and ended up pitching for the Fort Wayne Daisies in the postseason, she went 3–3 with a 3.87 ERA in 19 games for Peoria and Fort Wayne, pitched 12 innings of shutout ball without a decision in three playoff games though the Daisies lost to the Rockford Peaches in the best-of-seven final round. She opened the 1951 season with Fort Wayne and returned to Peoria early in the year, which made her feel like the end of the world, according to her own words.

She was sent to the Kalamazoo Lassies during the midseason and finished the year with the Battle Creek Belles. Through her lengthy and arduous journey, Jannsen posted a career-best 26 games pitched, only six behind Belles teammate Migdalia Pérez, while setting career-highs in ERA, innings pitched and strikeouts, she had a good season overall, although this was not reflected in her 6–10 losing record. Jannsen spent the entire 1952 season with Battle Creek and was used in relief duties, a used role in the league, she appeared in only five games. Following her baseball days, Janssen played center for the South Bend Rockettes women's basketball team and volleyball with the South Bend Turners for more than a decade, she helped the Rockettes win five national championships and won a national champion title with the Turners. She was an insurance representative for Laven Insurance Company in South Bend during 25 years and retired in 1991. Besides this, she attended AAGPBL Players Association reunions.

In addition, she helped the association research information for the league's archives at the Northern Indiana Historical Society, of which she was an active member. The association was responsible for the opening of Women in Baseball, a permanent display at the Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum in Cooperstown, New York, unveiled in 1988 to honor the entire All-American Girls Professional Baseball League. Frances Janssen spent her entire life in her home state of Indiana. After moving from her native Remington to South Bend, she lived in Lafayette, where she died of natural causes in 2008 at the age of 82. Pitching Batting Fielding

Black Cat (Zucchero album)

Black Cat is the thirteenth studio album by the Italian blues rock singer-songwriter Zucchero Fornaciari, released on 29 April 2016. It's his first full-length studio album in six years, after Chocabeck in 2010, given that La Sesión Cubana was a mix of unreleased released and cover songs; the album is marked by a music which goes back to soul & blues roots and sound of the famous Oro Incenso & Birra. According to Zucchero, the album does not have the meaning of Western prejudice of Black cat, yet Afro-American for "figure of speech, a greeting, a symbol of auspice"; as well there's a component of anarchism toward the "market rules". It is his "darkest album and rough in terms of sonority". On CNN it was announced that the album would have included a new song Streets of Surrender which lyrics are written by Bono, dedicated to the victims of November 2015 Paris attacks. Mark Knopfler from Dire Straits is a special guitarist on the song, as well Ci Si Arrende; the single Voci is sampled by Ignorant Boy, Beautiful Girl by Loney, while Ten More Days is a cover by Avicii.

The album's English version includes collaboration with Elvis Costello on Love Again, Spanish version collaboration with Alejandro Sanz on Fatti Di Sogni, while on Japanese version guitarist Tomoyasu Hotei played on Ti Voglio Sposare. The album was presented at the record breaking 11 consecutive concerts at the Arena in Verona in September 2016, following Black Cat World Tour; the Arena concerts, held between 16–28 September, were the only concerts in Italy in that year, were special events with vast and diverse repertoire of old and new songs, diverse special guests. With 11 more concerts at the Arena in 2017, Zucchero broke his own record, ending with three residencies and 22 concerts in one year in that location. Zucchero recounts, he played in cities like New Orleans, Nashville and immersed himself in their blues sounds, with guitars played with bottlenecks cut. He wanted to reproduce sounds from films like 12 Years a Django Unchained, he wrote the songs like in the early days when everything was simpler as didn't have nothing to lose, didn't care about the logic of the market.

He intended to have different "dress" for each song, thus entrusted seven different songs to each of album producers T Bone Burnett, Brendan O'Brien, Don Was, of which twelve were chosen. The songs show "social obligation", few gospel songs lyrics talk about "new slaves": the migrants. In the single Partigiano Reggiano a verse sings Bella ciao. Although the Reggio Emilia province was "red", his uncle during World War II was deported to Germany, he "speak not of right or left, but someone who has ideals and, ready to make wall against what does not work"; the album was released on 29 April 2016 by Universal, in CD, standard vinyl and limited edition red vinyl. It was released in three different versions; the song "Partigiano Reggiano" is album's first single in Italy, released 24 March, while "Voci" the album's first single internationally, released 25 March. All tracks are written by Zucchero Fornaciari, except where noted

Francis Rogallo

Francis Melvin Rogallo was an American aeronautical engineer inventor born in Sanger, California, U. S.. His patents were ranged over mechanical utility patents and ornamental design patents for wing controls, target kite, flexible wing, advanced configurations for flexible wing vehicles. Francis Rogallo earned an aeronautical engineering degree at Stanford University in 1935. Since 1936, Rogallo worked for the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics as an aeronautics project engineer at the wind tunnels. During 1948, he and his wife, Gertrude Rogallo and patented a self-inflating flexible kite, they called this kite the "flexible wing". Rogallo had invented the wing with the idea to create an aircraft which would be simple enough and inexpensive enough that anyone could have one; the wing was flown by Rogallo as a model glider with small payloads hung beneath the wing and as a kite. The Rogallo wing is one of the simplest airfoils created. A wing using the airfoil could be used to carry payloads, undercarriage devices, pilot-control assemblies, etc.

For the next six years, the Rogallos tried ceaselessly to attract both government and industry interest in their flexible wing, they licensed a manufacturer in Connecticut to sell a kite based on it. When the DuPont company announced the development of Mylar in 1952, Rogallo saw how superior it would be for his kite, the five-dollar toy "Flexikite" became one of the first products to use the plastic material; the Rogallos found themselves traveling to kiting events around the Northeast to fly and promote the toy, with moderate success. On October 4, 1957, the Russian Sputnik began beeping its message from orbit, everything changed; the space race caught the imagination of the newly formed NASA and Rogallo was in position to seize the opportunity. The Rogallos released their patent to the government, with Rogallo's help at the wind tunnels, NASA began a series of experiments testing the Parawing at altitudes up to 200,000 feet and as fast as Mach 3 in order to evaluate them as alternative recovery system for the Gemini space capsules and used rocket stages.

By 1960, NASA had made test flights of a framed Parawing powered aircraft, called the "flying Jeep" or Fleep, of a weight shift Parawing glider, called Paresev, in a series of several shapes and sizes and unmanned. A key wing configuration applying Francis Rogallo's leadership that gave base to kited gliders with hung pilots using weight-shift control was designed by Charles Richards and constructed by the Richards team in 1961-2. In 1967, projects focused on the Parasev were stopped by NASA in favor of round parachutes. NASA was not in the business of applying Rogallo's family of airfoils to personal aircraft such as kites, hang gliders, powered light aircraft; that task of lightening and tweaking what the Paresev team had done with the Rogallo wing was taken up by independent designers around the world: Barry Palmer in 1961, Richard Miller, Thomas Purcell, Australian Mike Burns were among the first to tap the technology for manned personal-craft glider/kite use. As of 2003, Rogallo had new designs for kites.

Gertrude died on January 28, 2008. Members of the United States Hang Gliding and Paragliding Association, are called "Rogallo" members. Tens of thousands of people have taken hang gliding lessons in Rogallo wing type hang gliders at Jockey's Ridge State Park, an enormous sand dune, located five miles from the site of the first powered aircraft flight. Mr. Rogallo was seen at the park flying his own hang glider in the 1970s and 1980s. Francis Rogallo died at home on September 1, 2009, in Southern Shores, North Carolina, near Kitty Hawk, the birthplace of aviation. Lateral Control of Aircraft US Pat. 2322745, filed: Dec 13, 1940. Flexible Kite US Pat. 2546078, filed Nov. 23, 1948. Co-inventor: Gertrude Sudgen Rogallo. Flexible Kite US Pat. 2751172, filed Nov 17, 1953. Co-inventor: Gertrude Sudgen Rogallo. Jet Aircraft Configuration US Pat. 2991961, filed May 6, 1959. Co-inventors: John M. Riebe and John G. Lowry. Target Kite US Pat. 3296617, filed Jan 23, 1963. Flexible Wing Vehicle Configurations US Pat.

RE26380, filed April 29, 1963. And same date: US Pat. 3197158. And another of same date of filing: US Pat. 3185412 Control for Flexible Parawing US Pat. 3310261, filed Jan. 17, 1964. Aeroflexible Structures US Pat. 3443779, filed Nov 16, 1967

Fond du Lac School District

Fond du Lac School District is a school district located in Fond du Lac County, Wisconsin. It enrolls about 7,400 students and operates 10 elementary schools, 4 middle schools, two high schools: Fond du Lac High School and an alternative high school for at-risk students; the district is governed by a seven-person Board of Education elected at large for three-year terms and is administered by a superintendent of schools. The board president is Linda Uselmann, the superintendent is James Sebert. Fond du Lac High School Sabish Middle School Woodworth Middle School Theisen Middle School Chegwin Elementary School Evans Elementary School Lakeshore Elementary School Parkside Elementary School Pier Elementary School Riverside Elementary School Roberts Elementary School Rosenow Elementary School Waters Elementary School STEM Academy STEM Institute Fondy Central Goodrich High School was the high school for the Fond du Lac School District from 1922 to 2001, when the current building was built. Since 2001 the building has been used as Riverside Elementary, district offices.

It is still the location of the aquatic center, Fruth Memorial Field, the home football field for the Fond du Lac Cardinals, the St. Mary's Springs Ledgers. Franklin School has been converted to a building for Institute. Fond du Lac School District School Site

Dayton Memorial Hall

The Dayton Memorial Hall is a historic meeting venue on First Street in downtown Dayton, United States. Constructed shortly after the turn of the twentieth century, this Beaux-Arts structure is one of many memorial halls statewide from the same time period, it has been named a historic site; the Memorial Hall is a brick building with a concrete foundation, a ceramic tile roof, elements of stone and terracotta. Its central section, meant to hold the activities for which the building was constructed, is a two-story structure, while other sections vary in scale: a grand Neoclassical entrance, complete with paired columns in the Ionic order, sits atop a flight of steps in the middle of the facade, while lesser sections flank the entrance and compose the building's sides. Small towers are placed between the central auditorium and the surrounding land. Although the main entrance is only accessed via the flight of steps, side entrance may be gained by the use of a ramp; the building's entrance comprises the memorial itself, housing inscriptions honoring local Civil War soldiers and a sculpture honoring Spanish–American War soldiers.

Legislation enacted by the General Assembly in 1902 encouraged the construction of memorial buildings in communities statewide. Designed by William Earl Russ, erected in 1907, dedicated in 1910, Dayton's was typical of the numerous memorial buildings built soon after the law's passage, both architecturally and functionally. Throughout the century following, it served as a meeting place for community activities ranging from entertainment festivities to educational events to cultural activities. In 1988, the Memorial Hall was listed on the National Register of Historic Places, qualifying both because of its significant architecture and its important place in Dayton's history. Similar recognition has been awarded to other memorial halls in the Ohio cities of Cincinnati and Lima, all of which are Neoclassical structures completed soon after the 1902 legislation. Official website