2016 Arizona Democratic primary
The 2016 Arizona Democratic primary was held on March 22 in the U. S. state of Arizona as one of the Democratic Party's primaries ahead of the 2016 presidential election. On the same day, the Democratic Party held caucuses in Idaho and Utah, while the Republican Party held primaries in two states, including their own Arizona primary and a primary in American Samoa. There was controversy surrounding the Arizona primary elections of 2016 having to do with the decrease in polling places in Maricopa County from 200 in 2012 to only 60 in 2016, despite the number of registered voters having increased from 300,000 in 2012 to 800,000 in 2016; this decrease in polling places was most pronounced in minority neighborhoods, most notably Latino neighborhoods, with areas like Central Phoenix having only one polling place for 108,000 voters. There were reports of voters, registered coming up as unregistered or registered as an independent, making them ineligible to vote in the closed primary. Voters who did manage to vote had to stand in long lines to cast their ballots, some for as long as five hours.
Additionally, voters reported being required to vote with a provisional ballot. In 2005, Arizona threw out 27,878 provisional ballots, counting only about 72.5% of the total provisional ballots reported. Taking into account the effects of the Supreme Court's "gutting of the Voting Rights Act", it's unknown what percentage of the provisional ballots were counted in 2016; this was the first election in the state of Arizona since the 2013 Supreme Court decision to strike down Section 5 of the Voting Rights Act of 1965, which would have required states with a history of voter discrimination, including Arizona, to receive Federal approval before implementing any changes to voting laws and practices. Within a day after the election took place on March 22, a petition went viral on the White House petitions site asking the Department of Justice to investigate voter suppression and election fraud in Arizona; the petition reached 100,000 signatures in 40 hours, as of June 5, 2016, nearly 220,000 people have signed the petition.
The White House responded on May 20, 2016. In addition, Phoenix mayor Greg Stanton asked the Justice Department to launch an investigation into the allegations of voter suppression; the Department of Justice has since launched a federal investigation into the primary. A Clinton win in Arizona was expected, she won in counties with high populations of Hispanic voters, including the largest county Maricopa where the capital city of Phoenix is located, she performed well in counties with large populations of Native Americans including Apache County and Navajo County. Sanders won only in Coconino County. Bernie Sanders made a late play for the state of Arizona, including airing Spanish-language ads featuring Congressman Raúl Grijalva. Hillary Clinton offset his efforts with advertising featuring former Congresswoman Gabby Giffords, airing radio ads in the Navajo language
2004 United States presidential election in Arizona
The 2004 United States presidential election in Arizona took place on November 2, 2004, was part of the 2004 United States presidential election. Voters chose 10 representatives, or electors, to the Electoral College, who voted for president and vice president. Arizona was won by incumbent George W. Bush by 10.5 percentage points. Prior to the election, 12 news organizations considered this a state Bush would win, or otherwise considered as a safe red state. Neither major party tickets campaigned here in the fall election. Arizona hosted the third presidential debate on October 2004, in the city of Tempe; as of the 2016 presidential election, this is the last time Arizona was won with a double-digit margin of victory for the Republican candidate. This is the first election. Maricopa County cast more than a million votes for the first time. Arizona Democratic primary, 2004 There were 12 news organizations who made state-by-state predictions of the election. Here are their last predictions before election day.
D. C. Political Report: Solid Republican Associated Press: Leans Bush CNN: Bush Cook Political Report: Likely Republican Newsweek: Solid Bush New York Times: Leans Bush Rasmussen Reports: Bush Research 2000: Solid Bush Washington Post: Bush Washington Times: Leans Bush Zogby International: Bush Washington Dispatch: Bush Throughout several polls taken in the state in 2004, just one showed Kerry leading; the final 3 pre-election polls showed that Bush was leading with 51% to Kerry's 43%. Bush raised $3,196,692. Kerry raised $1,525,930. Neither campaign visited this state during the fall campaign; the exit polls showed that Bush was the going to be the clear winner of the state, based on the fact that both Bush won among both genders. A major key factor was how 55% of the people thought the state economy was good, 70% of those people voted for Bush. 55% of the state approved of Bush. The key to Bush's victory was winning the populated Maricopa County with 57%. However, Kerry did win portions of state such as Arizona's 4th congressional district and Arizona's 7th congressional district and 4 counties.
50% of the voting age population came out to vote. Bush won all but 4 counties. Bush won 6 of 8 congressional districts. Technically the voters of Arizona cast their ballots for electors: representatives to the Electoral College. Arizona is allocated 10 electors because it has 2 senators. All candidates who appear on the ballot or qualify to receive write-in votes must submit a list of 10 electors, who pledge to vote for their candidate and his or her running mate. Whoever wins the majority of votes in the state is awarded all 10 electoral votes, their chosen electors vote for president and vice president. Although electors are pledged to their candidate and running mate, they are not obligated to vote for them. An elector who votes for someone other than his or her candidate is known as a faithless elector; the electors of each state and the District of Columbia met on December 13, 2004, to cast their votes for president and vice president. The Electoral College itself never meets as one body. Instead the electors from each state and the District of Columbia met in their respective capitols.
The following were the members of the Electoral College from this state. All were voted for George W. Bush and Dick Cheney. Linda Barber Malcolm Barrett Jim Click Cynthia J. Collins Webb Crockett Elizabeth Wilkinson Fannin Ross Farnsworth Ira A. Fulton Bernice C. Roberts Phillip Townsend
1916 United States presidential election in Arizona
The 1916 United States presidential election in Arizona took place on November 7, 1916, as part of the 1916 United States presidential election. Arizona voters chose three representatives, or electors, to the Electoral College, who voted for president and vice president. Arizona was won by incumbent President Woodrow Wilson, running with incumbent Vice President Thomas R. Marshall, with 57.17% of the popular vote, against Associate Justice of the U. S. Supreme Court Charles Evans Hughes, running with former Vice President Charles W. Fairbanks, with 35.37% of the popular vote
2012 United States presidential election in Arizona
The 2012 United States presidential election in Arizona took place on November 6, 2012, as part of the 2012 General Election in which all 50 states plus The District of Columbia participated. Arizona has been won by the Republican nominee for president in every election since 1952 except when President Clinton narrowly carried the state in 1996. No Democrat has won a majority in the state since Harry Truman in 1948. Arizona voters chose 11 electors to represent them in the Electoral College via a popular vote pitting incumbent Democratic President Barack Obama and his running mate, Vice President Joe Biden, against Republican challenger and former Massachusetts Governor Mitt Romney and his running mate, Congressman Paul Ryan. Prior to the election, all 17 news organizations considered this a state Romney would win, or otherwise considered as a safe red state. Arizona was won by Romney with a 9.03% margin. Candidate Ballot Access: Mitt Romney/Paul Ryan, Republican Barack Obama/Joseph Biden, Democratic Gary Johnson/James P. Gray, Libertarian Jill Stein/Cheri Honkala, GreenWrite-In Candidate Access: Virgil Goode/Jim Clymer, Constitution Rocky Anderson/Luis J. Rodriguez, Justice Incumbent president Barack Obama won all the delegates and was renominated during the Democratic National Convention on September 5, 2012.
The Republican primary was a closed primary that took place on February 28, 2012. More than 1,130,000 registered Republican voters participated in the event, the purpose of, to select delegates from the state to attend the Republican National Convention on behalf of candidates for the Republican presidential nomination; the Republican National Committee removed half of Arizona's delegate allocation because the state committee moved its Republican primary before March 6. Arizona therefore held a ballot to select 29 proportionally-allocated delegates; this election occurred the same day as the Michigan Republican primary. The Arizona primary was set as a winner-take-all contest, another violation of RNC delegate allocation rules, which require proportional allocation for all primaries held before April 1. Endorsements from 2008 primary rival and U. S. Senator John McCain and Governor Jan Brewer helped add to the prospects of a victory for Romney in Arizona; the small alternative newspaper Tucson Weekly, for the second election in a row, has sponsored an event called "Project White House" in which it gets as many ordinary citizens on the ballot as it can.
Afterward, a series of "reality show style" competitions occurred, including candidate meet-and-greets, two televised debates which were sponsored by the Tucson Weekly, a local public-access television show called Illegal Knowledge, local public television stations. The two debates took place on February 18 and February 19, 2012, both were commercial-free, one hour long each, both aired on Access Tucson while they were streamed live on the internet. Both debates were produced in conjunction with Project White House and Jim Nintzel of the Tucson Weekly; the first debate, held on the 18th at 8 pm MST, produced by Illegal Knowledge and hosted by Dave Maass of San Diego CityBeat, had nine participants, composed of eight lesser known Republican candidates and one Green Party candidate. A press release regarding this first debate was distributed which invited all candidates listed on either Republican or Green Party ballots in Arizona to the first debate, although none of the major Republican or Green Party candidates appeared.
The second debate, held on the 19th at 7pm MST, produced by Access Tucson and hosted by both Dave Maass of San Diego CityBeat and Amanda Hurley of The University of Arizona School of Journalism, was restricted only to Republican candidates and featured seven of the eight lesser known Republican candidates from the previous night. There was a third Arizona debate which took place in Mesa, AZ on February 22, 2012, but was not associated with Project White House and had only invited the four major Republican candidates to participate. Two lesser known candidates appearing in the first debates, Sarah Gonzales and Michael Oatman, placed ahead of their better known Republican and Green Party counterparts in the Arizona Presidential Preference Election Results from February 28, 2012. Former Massachusetts Governor Mitt Romney, Texas Congressman Ron Paul, Former Louisiana Governor Buddy Roemer, Former Speaker of the House Newt Gingrich, Former Pennsylvania Senator Rick Santorum were contesting and campaigning in the Arizona primary.
Televised debates in Arizona were held on February 18 and 19, 2012, on Public-access television and February 22, 2012, on CNN. Only the major Republican candidates, except for Roemer, were invited to the third, none of them attended the first two. Twenty-three candidates appeared on the presidential primary ballot, 11 of whom are residents of the state. Arizona was allocated 29 delegates because it moved its primary to February 28. Voter turnout = 45.3% Results with 100.0% reporting: Republican Party presidential debates, 2012 Republican Party presidential primaries, 2012 Results of the 2012 Republican Party presidential primaries Arizona Republican Party "Arizona Elections: Dates & Deadlines". MyTimeToVote.com. The Green Papers: for Arizona The Green Papers: Major state elections in chronological order
1920 United States presidential election in Arizona
The 1920 United States presidential election in Arizona took place on November 2, 1920, as part of the 1920 General Election in which all 48 states participated. Arizona voters chose three electors to represent them in the Electoral College via a popular vote pitting Democratic nominee James M. Cox and his running mate, Assistant Secretary of the Navy Franklin Roosevelt, against Republican challenger U. S. Senator Warren G. Harding and his running mate, Governor Calvin Coolidge. By the beginning of 1920 skyrocketing inflation and Wilson's focus upon his proposed League of Nations at the expense of domestic policy had helped make the incumbent President unpopular – besides which Wilson had major health problems that had left First Lady Edith running the nation. Political unrest seen in the Palmer Raids and the "Red Scare" further added to the unpopularity of the Democratic Party, since this global political turmoil produced considerable fear of alien revolutionaries invading the country. Demand in the West for exclusion of Asian immigrants became stronger than it had been before, the factionalism that would destroy the Democratic Party in the decade had simmered.
Resultant opposition to the Democrats allowed Warren Harding to win the election in Arizona with 55.91 percent of the vote to James Cox' 43.72 percent. This was the first Republican presidential victory in Arizona as a whole, in all but three of the state's fourteen contemporary counties: Pima County, which Charles Evans Hughes had won in 1916, Graham County, where no Republican would win until Dwight D. Eisenhower in 1956, Greenlee County, which no Republican would carry until George W. Bush in 2000
1968 United States presidential election in Arizona
The 1968 United States presidential election in Arizona took place on November 5, 1968. All fifty states and the District of Columbia were part of the 1968 United States presidential election. Arizona voters chose five electors to the Electoral College, who voted for president and vice president. Arizona was won by the Republican nominees, Richard Nixon of New York and his running mate Governor Spiro Agnew of Maryland. Nixon and Agnew defeated the Democratic nominees, Incumbent Vice President Hubert Humphrey of Minnesota and his running mate U. S. Senator Edmund Muskie of Maryland. Nixon carried Arizona with 54.78 percent of the vote to Humphrey’s 35.02 percent, a victory margin of 19.76 percent
Republican Party (United States)
The Republican Party referred to as the GOP, is one of the two major political parties in the United States. The GOP was founded in 1854 by opponents of the Kansas-Nebraska Act, which had expanded slavery into U. S. territories. The party subscribed to classical liberalism and took ideological stands that were anti-slavery and pro-economic reform. Abraham Lincoln was the first Republican president in the history of the United States; the Party was dominant over the Democrats during the Third Party System and Fourth Party System. In 1912, Theodore Roosevelt formed the Progressive Party after being rejected by the GOP and ran unsuccessfully as a third-party presidential candidate calling for social reforms. After the 1912 election, many Roosevelt supporters left the Party, the Party underwent an ideological shift to the right; the liberal Republican element in the GOP was overwhelmed by a conservative surge begun by Barry Goldwater in 1964 that continued during the Reagan Era in the 1980s. After the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965, the party's core base shifted, with the Southern states becoming more reliably Republican in presidential politics and the Northeastern states becoming more reliably Democratic.
White voters identified with the Republican Party after the 1960s. Following the Supreme Court's 1973 decision in Roe v. Wade, the Republican Party made opposition to abortion a key plank of its national party platform and grew its support among evangelicals. By 2000, the Republican Party was aligned with Christian conservatism; the Party's core support since the 1990s comes chiefly from the South, the Great Plains, the Mountain States and rural areas in the North. The 21st century Republican Party ideology is American conservatism, which contrasts with the Democrats' liberal platform and progressive wing; the GOP supports lower taxes, free market capitalism, a strong national defense, gun rights and restrictions on labor unions. The GOP was committed to protectionism and tariffs from its founding until the 1930s when it was based in the industrial Northeast and Midwest, but has grown more supportive of free trade since 1952. In addition to advocating for conservative economic policies, the Republican Party is conservative.
Founded in the Northern states in 1854 by abolitionists, modernizers, ex-Whigs and ex-Free Soilers, the Republican Party became the principal opposition to the dominant Democratic Party and the popular Know Nothing Party. The party grew out of opposition to the Kansas–Nebraska Act, which repealed the Missouri Compromise and opened Kansas Territory and Nebraska Territory to slavery and future admission as slave states; the Northern Republicans saw the expansion of slavery as a great evil. The first public meeting of the general anti-Nebraska movement, at which the name Republican was suggested for a new anti-slavery party, was held on March 20, 1854 in a schoolhouse in Ripon, Wisconsin; the name was chosen to pay homage to Thomas Jefferson's Republican Party. The first official party convention was held on July 1854 in Jackson, Michigan. At the 1856 Republican National Convention, the party adopted a national platform emphasizing opposition to the expansion of slavery into U. S. territories. While Republican candidate John C.
Frémont lost the 1856 United States presidential election to James Buchanan, he did win 11 of the 16 northern states. The Republican Party first came to power in the elections of 1860 when it won control of both houses of Congress and its candidate, former congressman Abraham Lincoln, was elected President. In the election of 1864, it united with War Democrats to nominate Lincoln on the National Union Party ticket. Under Republican congressional leadership, the Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution—which banned slavery in the United States—passed the Senate in 1864 and the House in 1865; the party's success created factionalism within the party in the 1870s. Those who felt that Reconstruction had been accomplished, was continued to promote the large-scale corruption tolerated by President Ulysses S. Grant, ran Horace Greeley for the presidency; the Stalwart faction defended Grant and the spoils system, whereas the Half-Breeds pushed for reform of the civil service. The Pendleton Civil Service Reform Act was passed in 1883.
The Republican Party supported hard money, high tariffs to promote economic growth, high wages and high profits, generous pensions for Union veterans, the annexation of Hawaii. The Republicans had strong support from pietistic Protestants, but they resisted demands for Prohibition; as the Northern postwar economy boomed with heavy and light industry, mines, fast-growing cities, prosperous agriculture, the Republicans took credit and promoted policies to sustain the fast growth. The GOP was dominant over the Democrats during the Third Party System. However, by 1890 the Republicans had agreed to the Sherman Antitrust Act and the Interstate Commerce Commission in response to complaints from owners of small businesses and farmers; the high McKinley Tariff of 1890 hurt the party and the Democrats swept to a landslide in the off-year elections defeating McKinley himself. The Democrats elected Grover Cleveland in 1884 and 1892; the election of William McKinley in 1896 was marked by a resurgence of Republican dominance that lasted until 1932.
McKinley promised that high tariffs would end the severe hardship caused by the Pa