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1960 United States presidential election

The 1960 United States presidential election was the 44th quadrennial presidential election. It was held on Tuesday, November 8, 1960. In a contested election, Democrat United States Senator John F. Kennedy defeated incumbent Vice President Richard Nixon, the Republican Party nominee; this was the first election in which fifty states participated and the last in which the District of Columbia did not. It was the first election in which an incumbent president was ineligible to run for a third term because of the term limits established by the 22nd Amendment, it is the last election where the losing candidate won Ohio. Nixon faced little opposition in the Republican race to succeed popular incumbent Dwight D. Eisenhower. Kennedy, a junior U. S. Senator from Massachusetts, established himself as the Democratic front-runner with his strong performance in the 1960 Democratic primaries, including a key victory in West Virginia over United States Senator Hubert Humphrey, he defeated Senate Majority Leader Lyndon B. Johnson on the first presidential ballot of the 1960 Democratic National Convention, asked Johnson to serve as his running mate.

The issue of the Cold War dominated the election, as tensions were high between the United States and the Soviet Union. Kennedy won a 303 to 219 Electoral College victory and is considered to have won the national popular vote by 112,827, a margin of 0.17 percent, though some argue that Nixon should be credited with the popular vote victory, as the issue of the popular vote was complicated by the presence of several unpledged electors in the Deep South. Fourteen unpledged electors from Mississippi and Alabama cast their vote for Senator Harry F. Byrd, as did a faithless elector from Oklahoma; the 1960 presidential election was the closest election since 1916, this closeness can be explained by a number of factors. Kennedy benefited from the economic recession of 1957–58, which hurt the standing of the incumbent Republican Party, he had the advantage of 17 million more registered Democrats than Republicans. Furthermore, the new votes that Kennedy, the first Roman Catholic president, gained among Catholics neutralized the new votes Nixon gained among Protestants.

Kennedy's campaigning skills decisively outmatched Nixon's, who wasted time and resources campaigning in all fifty states while Kennedy focused on campaigning in populous swing states. Nixon's emphasis on his experience carried little weight for most voters. Kennedy used his large, well-funded campaign organization to win the nomination, secure endorsements, with the aid of the big-city bosses, get out the vote in the big cities. Kennedy relied on Johnson to hold the South, used television effectively. On November 22, 1963, Kennedy was assassinated in Dallas and was succeeded by Johnson. Nixon would successfully seek the presidency in 1968; the major candidates for the 1960 Democratic presidential nomination were United States Senator John F. Kennedy from Massachusetts, Governor Pat Brown of California, United States Senator Stuart Symington from Missouri, United States Senator Lyndon B. Johnson from Texas, former Illinois Governor Adlai Stevenson, United States Senator Wayne Morse from Oregon, United States Senator Hubert Humphrey from Minnesota.

Several other candidates sought support in their home state or region as "favorite son" candidates without any realistic chance of winning the nomination. Symington and Johnson all declined to campaign in the presidential primaries. While this reduced their potential delegate count going into the Democratic National Convention, each of these three candidates hoped that the other leading contenders would stumble in the primaries, thus causing the convention's delegates to choose him as a "compromise" candidate acceptable to all factions of the party. Kennedy was dogged by suggestions from some Democratic Party elders that he was too youthful and inexperienced to be president. Realizing that this was a strategy touted by his opponents to keep the public from taking him Kennedy stated frankly, "I'm not running for vice president, I'm running for president." The next step was the primaries. Kennedy's Roman Catholic religion was an issue. Kennedy first challenged Minnesota Senator Hubert Humphrey in the Wisconsin primary and defeated him.

Kennedy's attractive sisters and wife Jacqueline combed the state looking for votes, leading Humphrey to complain that he "felt like an independent merchant competing against a chain store." However, some political experts argued that Kennedy's margin of victory had come entirely from Catholic areas, thus Humphrey decided to continue the contest in the Protestant state of West Virginia. The first televised debate of 1960 was held in West Virginia, Kennedy outperformed Humphrey. Humphrey's campaign was low on funds and could not compete for advertising and other "get-out-the-vote" drives with Kennedy's well-financed and well-organized campaign. In the end, Kennedy defeated Humphrey with over 60% of the vote, Humphrey ended his presidential campaign. West Virginia showed that Kennedy, a Catholic, could win in a Protestant state. Although Kennedy had only competed in nine presidential primaries, Kennedy's rivals and Symington, failed to campaign in any primaries. Though Stevenson had twice been the Democratic Party's presidential candidate and retained a loyal following of liberals, his two landslide defeats to Republican United States President Dwight D. Eisenhower led most party leaders and delegates to search for a "fresh face" who could win a national election.

Following the primaries, Kennedy t

2014 KPL Top 8 Cup

The 2014 KPL Top 8 Cup was the fourth edition of the tournament, which kicked off on 5 April and ended on 15 June. To be contested by the top 8 teams of the 2013 season of the Kenyan Premier League: A. F. C. Leopards, Gor Mahia, Kenya Commercial Bank, Thika United and Ulinzi Stars. Having won their first title the previous season, defending champions Tusker retained their title after beating A. F. C. Leopards 2–1 in the final played at the Kinoru Stadium in Meru; the tournament follows a single-elimination format for the quarter-finals and the final, where the winning team advances to the next round or wins the tournament, respectively. For the semi-finals, the tournament adopts a double-elimination format, where a team must win two legs to advance to the final. If both teams are equal on aggregate goals at the end of the two legs, a penalty shoot-out will be conducted to determine who advances to the final; the away goals rule applies in this round. The draw for the quarter-finals was held on 26 March, the ties scheduled for 5−6 and 19−20 April.

The draw for the semi-finals was held on 22 April. The first leg ties of the semi-finals were played on 25 May; the second leg ties of the semi-finals were played on 11 June. Tusker win 2–1 on aggregate. A. F. C. Leopards win 4–1 on aggregate; the final was played on 15 June. Updated to games played on 15 June 2014. Team rendered in italics represent the host nation; the competition's winning team is rendered in bold. – Total games lost not counted in total games played – Total number of games drawn for all teams = Total number of games drawn ÷ 2 – As per statistical convention in football, matches decided in extra time are counted as wins and losses, while matches decided by penalty shoot-outs are counted as draws

Robert Leslie Brown

Robert Leslie Brown is an Australian politician. He was a Shooters and Farmers Party member of the New South Wales Legislative Council from 2006, when he filled a casual vacancy sparked by the retirement of long-time party leader John Tingle, until 2019, when he was defeated for preselection by Mark Banasiak. Brown was born into a working-class family in the Sydney suburb of Leichhardt, he was attended school in the Ryde district, where he took an interest in hunting. He left school in 1966 at the age of 15 to take an apprenticeship as a fitter and turner at the Cockatoo Island Dockyard, rising to become plant superintendent. Brown left the dockyard in 1978 to take up a management position with a subsidiary of Lend Lease, remained with the group when it was sold to James Hardie Industries in 1985, he was involved in a partnership operating a game fishing charter business in Fiji from the 1970s until 1982. He is married with two sons. Having taken an interest in hunting from an early age, Brown joined the Shooters Party soon after its creation.

He was elected to the state committee in 1994, served in that role until his election as party chairman in 2005. Brown became involved with a number of shooting lobby groups, serving as state president of the Australian Deer Association from 1995 to 1998 and becoming a life member of the Sporting Shooters Association of Australia; when the Shooters Party held the balance of power in the Legislative Council of New South Wales, Brown exerted pressure for the passage of the Game and Feral Animal Control Act 2002, which saw the establishment of the Game Council New South Wales and a reduction in restrictions upon hunting of feral animals. However, a government review of the governance of the Game Council, completed in 2013 found that: "more than a decade after it was established the Game Council has no overarching governance framework; the Game Council was abolished on 4 July 2013. Brown's role as Chairman of the Shooters Party meant that he emerged as a leading contender to enter parliament when long-serving MLC and party leader John Tingle announced his intention to retire in late 2005.

Brown was duly confirmed by the party's state conference, when Tingle formally resigned in May 2006, Brown was appointed to the resulting casual vacancy in the Legislative Council

Don Casey

Lawrence Donald Casey is a former professional and collegiate basketball coach. He has coached two National Basketball Association teams, the Los Angeles Clippers and the New Jersey Nets—each for a season and a half, he had coached the Temple Owls from 1973 to 1982. He worked as an assistant coach with the Chicago Bulls and Boston Celtics. Casey attended Camden Catholic High School; as a young man in the 1960s, Casey coached at Bishop Eustace Preparatory School in Pennsauken Township, New Jersey, where he was recommended for a job as a JV coach by a friend and took over the varsity squad after the coach left the job. His coaching led to two state championships. Casey coached Bill Melchionni, a high school and college great who played in the pros in the late 1960s with the ABA New York Nets and Philadelphia 76ers. In his first season as Temple head coach, Don Casey had his team stall with the basketball in the finals of the Volunteer Classic against Tennessee; the final score of the game was Tennessee 11, Temple 6, the lowest scoring major college basketball game since 1938.

As of February 2006, Casey is the vice-chairman of the President's Council on Physical Fitness and Sports, As of October 24, 2006, Casey is the head coach of the Hollywood Fame of the American Basketball Association's 21st century incarnation. BasketballReference.com: Don Casey

George Ainslie (Virginia politician)

George Ainslie was the mayor of Richmond, from 1912 until 1924. He was of English ancestry, all of, in Virginia since the 17th century. Ainslie received a B. S. at Virginia Military Institute in 1890 and an L. L. B. at the University of Virginia in 1893. During Ainslie's administration, annexation nearly doubled Richmond's size; as a result of this expansion, Ainslie pursued an ambitious program of public improvements, including completion of a new waterworks and creation of a motorized fire department. He advocated amendments to the Richmond city charter that in 1919 strengthened the power of the mayor's office; the Richmond newspapers featured photographs of Ainslie greeting visiting dignitaries, including Marshal Ferdinand Foch and former British prime minister David Lloyd George. Ainslie lost the April 1924 primary to his ultimate successor, John Fulmer Bright, after Bright accused Ainslie of being a big spender who had placed the city in debt by borrowing money for public improvements. After leaving office, Ainslie worked as an insurance agent.

He was buried in Hollywood Cemetery. Richmond Times-Dispatch, 18, 19 July 1931. John T. Kneebone et al. eds. Dictionary of Virginia Biography, 1:46-48. ISBN 0-88490-189-0 Christopher Silver, Twentieth-Century Richmond: Planning and Race

Pilgrimage (horse)

Pilgrimage was a British Thoroughbred racehorse. As a two-year-old she won the Dewhurst Plate, she only raced three times as a three-year-old, winning the 2000 Guineas and 1000 Guineas, before finishing as the runner-up in the Oaks Stakes. After retiring from racing she became a successful broodmare, foaling Oaks winner Canterbury Pilgrim and Derby winner Jeddah. Pilgrimage was a chestnut filly bred by Mr. Cookson foaled in 1875, she was sired by either The Earl, who were both Ascot Derby winners. Some sources list both stallions. Pilgrimage's dam was a daughter of Epsom Derby winner Macaroni. St George Lowther, 4th Earl of Lonsdale, paid 190 guineas for Pilgrimage in 1877. Pilgrimage made her racecourse début on 28 September 1877 in the First October Two-year-old Stakes over half a mile at Newmarket, she started the race as the 9/2 second favourite and went to the front. In the closing stages she extended her lead and won by eight lengths from Dalgarno, who had started as the money favourite. Ten days Pilgrimage started as the odds-on favourite for a Plate for two-year-olds.

Facing only three opponents, she won by a length from Queen of Pearls. She stepped in in class to contest the Middle Park Plate along with 19 other horses. Athol Lad started the race as the 7/4 favourite, with Beauclerc next at 5/1. Pilgrimage was one of the outsiders of the field, priced at 25/1. In the early stages Wild Darrell led Pilgrimage was not amongst the front runners; as they entered the final quarter of the race Wild Darrell was fading, while Pilgrimage had made some progress through the pack. In the final furlong the race was between the Katie colt and Beauclerc, with the latter holding on to win by one length. Pilgrimage finished in three lengths behind the runner-up. There were nine runners in the Dewhurst Plate on 25 October. Childeric was the 10/3 favourite, with Nerina at 4/1, Pilgrimage at 9/2 and Athol Lad at 5/1; the French colt Insulaire led the race, with Pilgrimage in about third position. In the closing stages Pilgrimage overtook Insulaire to win by half a length. Inval was third, two lengths behind the runner-up.

The following day Pilgrimage faced three rivals in the Post Sweepstakes and started as the favourite. Tredegar was beaten after half a mile. Pilgrimage won by a neck from Redwing. On 8 May 1878 Pilgrimage was one of ten horses to line up for the 2000 Guineas Stakes over one mile at Newmarket. There had been a lot of rain at Newmarket, which made the ground heavy. Ridden by Tom Cannon, she was sent off as the 2/1 favourite. Insulaire and Childeric were fancied and were priced at 9/4 and 9/2 respectively. At the start of the race Inval went to the front, but he was soon pulled back and Sefton look up the running on the right hand side of the course, followed by Oasis and Bayonet. Glengarry and Childeric were just behind Sefton and racing down the centre of the course and Inval was leading the group on the stand side; as they moved into the second half of the race Pilgrimage had made progress though the field into third place, behind Sefton and Insulaire. Sefton began to struggle and Insulaire took over the lead, with Pilgrimage just half a length behind.

She closed on Insulaire and strode past to win by half a length. Sefton was a length and a half behind Insulaire. Childeric finished in fourth place, a further four lengths back and he was clear of Oasis and the rest of the field. Third placed. Two days after her victory in the 2000 Guineas, Pilgrimage started the 1000 Guineas as the 4/5 favourite, she was again ridden by Cannon and her nearest rivals in the market were Clementine at 5/1 and Strathfleet at 6/1. Unlike in the 2000 Guineas, Pilgrimage was near the front in the early stages, running just behind leading Blue Ridge; as they entered the second half of the race Pilgrimage took the lead from Blue Ridge and was followed by Clementine and Jannette. Strathfleet and Bel Ange soon faded again; as the three leaders climbed the hill towards the finish Clementine started to struggle and was overtaken by Jannette. Jannette went after Pilgrimage, but Pilgrimage held her off to win by three quarters of a length. Clementine was a further two lengths back in third place, with Bel Ange leading the remainder of the fillies home, several lengths behind Clementine.

It had been raining at Epsom Downs the night before the Oaks Stakes, but it cleared up during the day. The race was seen as a match between Pilgrimage and Jannette and this was reflected in the betting. Pilgrimage was the money favourite, with Janette at 10/6; the nearest opponents were Clementine and Eau de Vie, both at 100/8, with the rest of the eight-runner field priced at 50/1. The filly by Lord Clifen led the field in the early stages, with Cannon positioning Pilgrimage at the rear. After about half a mile Pilgrimage moved up into third place, just behind Jannette; as they approached the turn into the finishing straight Jannette took the lead and was followed by Clementine. Pilgrimage took second place with two furlongs left to run, but could not catch Jannette, who won by a length. Clementine finished third, a long way behind Jannette and Pilgrimage. After retiring from racing Pilgrimage went on to become a successful broodmare, foaling two Classic winners. Pilgrimage died in 1897, her progeny included: Slipped Foal to Hermit in 1880 a dead colt foaled in 1881 and sired by Isonomy.

A bay mare foaled in 1882 by Sterling. Loved One – a brown colt foaled in 1883 and sired by See Saw. In 1885 he won the Foal Post Stakes and finished thi