1968 Pacific typhoon season

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1968 Pacific typhoon season
1968 Pacific typhoon season summary map.png
Season summary map
Seasonal boundaries
First system formed January 21, 1968
Last system dissipated November 30, 1968
Strongest storm
Name Agnes
 • Maximum winds 280 km/h (175 mph)
(1-minute sustained)
 • Lowest pressure 900 hPa (mbar)
Seasonal statistics
Total depressions 39
Total storms 29
Typhoons 20
Super typhoons 4 (unofficial)
Total fatalities Unknown
Total damage Unknown
Related articles
Pacific typhoon seasons
1966, 1967, 1968, 1969, 1970

The 1968 Pacific typhoon season has no official bounds; it ran year-round in 1968, but most tropical cyclones tend to form in the northwestern Pacific Ocean between June and December. These dates conventionally delimit the period of each year when most tropical cyclones form in the northwestern Pacific Ocean.

The scope of this article is limited to the Pacific Ocean, north of the equator and west of the international date line. Storms that form east of the date line and north of the equator are called hurricanes; see 1968 Pacific hurricane season. Tropical Storms formed in the entire west pacific basin were assigned a name by the Joint Typhoon Warning Center. Tropical depressions in this basin have the "W" suffix added to their number. Tropical depressions that enter or form in the Philippine area of responsibility are assigned a name by the Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration or PAGASA. This can often result in the same storm having two names.

Systems[edit]

31 tropical depressions formed this year in the Western Pacific, of which 27 became tropical storms. 20 storms reached typhoon intensity, of which 4 reached super typhoon strength. No storms this season caused significant damage or deaths.

CMA Tropical Depression 01[edit]

Tropical depression (CMA)
Temporary cyclone north.svg CMA TD 01 1968 track.png
Duration January 21 – January 23
Peak intensity 55 km/h (35 mph) (10-min)  1002 hPa (mbar)

This depression was not recognized by the JMA.

Tropical Storm 01W[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Temporary cyclone north.svg 01W 1968 track.png
Duration February 28 – March 2
Peak intensity 65 km/h (40 mph) (1-min)  999 hPa (mbar)

Typhoon Jean (Asiang)[edit]

Category 3 tropical cyclone (SSHWS)
Jean 1968.png Jean 1968 track.png
Duration April 5 – April 19
Peak intensity 205 km/h (125 mph) (1-min)  935 hPa (mbar)

Typhoon Kim (Biring)[edit]

Category 3 typhoon (SSHWS)
Temporary cyclone north.svg Kim 1968 track.png
Duration May 28 – June 5
Peak intensity 185 km/h (115 mph) (1-min)  950 hPa (mbar)

Tropical Depression 04W[edit]

Tropical depression (SSHWS)
Temporary cyclone north.svg 04W 1968 track.png
Duration June 2 – June 2
Peak intensity 45 km/h (30 mph) (1-min) 

Tropical Storm 05W[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Temporary cyclone north.svg 05W 1968 track.png
Duration June 4 – June 8
Peak intensity 65 km/h (40 mph) (1-min)  1002 hPa (mbar)

Typhoon Lucy (Konsing)[edit]

Category 3 typhoon (SSHWS)
Temporary cyclone north.svg Lucy 1968 track.png
Duration June 26 – July 3
Peak intensity 205 km/h (125 mph) (1-min)  935 hPa (mbar)

Typhoon Mary[edit]

Category 4 super typhoon (SSHWS)
MaryJul2319680638UTCESSA5.gif Mary 1968 track.png
Duration July 19 – August 3
Peak intensity 240 km/h (150 mph) (1-min)  925 hPa (mbar)

Tropical Storm Nadine (Didang)[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Temporary cyclone north.svg Nadine 1968 track.png
Duration July 20 – July 28
Peak intensity 110 km/h (70 mph) (1-min)  970 hPa (mbar)

Tropical Storm Olive (Edeng)[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Temporary cyclone north.svg Olive 1968 track.png
Duration July 21 – July 28
Peak intensity 85 km/h (50 mph) (1-min)  988 hPa (mbar)

CMA Tropical Depression 11[edit]

Tropical depression (CMA)
Temporary cyclone north.svg CMA TD 11 1968 track.png
Duration July 29 – July 31
Peak intensity 55 km/h (35 mph) (10-min)  992 hPa (mbar)

CMA Tropical Depression 12[edit]

Tropical depression (CMA)
Temporary cyclone north.svg CMA TD 12 1968 track.png
Duration July 30 – July 31
Peak intensity 55 km/h (35 mph) (10-min)  996 hPa (mbar)

CMA Tropical Depression 13[edit]

Tropical depression (CMA)
Temporary cyclone north.svg CMA TD 13 1968 track.png
Duration August 3 – August 6
Peak intensity 45 km/h (30 mph) (10-min)  1003 hPa (mbar)

Tropical Storm Polly[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Sat196808060549zPolly.png Polly 1968 track.png
Duration August 3 – August 17
Peak intensity 100 km/h (65 mph) (1-min)  965 hPa (mbar)

Tropical Storm Polly dropped heavy rains on the southern islands of Japan. 112 people were killed and 21 were missing from the floods and landslides caused by Polly's heavy rains.[1]

On August 18, two sightseeing buses were involved in the landslide in Shirakawa, Gifu, it fell to the Hida River, and 95 persons died and 9 persons became missing(->see the Japanese article).

Tropical Depression 11W[edit]

Tropical depression (JMA)
Temporary cyclone north.svg 11W 1968 track.png
Duration August 7 – August 7
Peak intensity 35 km/h (25 mph) (10-min) 

Tropical Storm Rose (Gloring)[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Temporary cyclone north.svg Rose 1968 track.png
Duration August 9 – August 13
Peak intensity 110 km/h (70 mph) (1-min)  970 hPa (mbar)

CMA Tropical Depression 16[edit]

Tropical depression (CMA)
Temporary cyclone north.svg CMA TD 16 1968 track.png
Duration August 9 – August 9
Peak intensity 35 km/h (25 mph) (10-min)  999 hPa (mbar)

Typhoon Shirley (Huaning)[edit]

Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
ESSA 6 Typhoon Shirley 11.21 a.m. on August 21,1968.jpg Shirley 1968 track.png
Duration August 14 – August 24
Peak intensity 120 km/h (75 mph) (1-min)  960 hPa (mbar)

Tropical Storm Trix (Iniang)[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Temporary cyclone north.svg Trix 1968 track.png
Duration August 22 – August 29
Peak intensity 100 km/h (65 mph) (1-min)  980 hPa (mbar)

Tropical Storm Trix struck the southern islands of Kyūshū and Shikoku. Heavy flooding killed 25 people and left 2 missing.[1]

CMA Tropical Depression 18[edit]

Tropical depression (CMA)
Temporary cyclone north.svg CMA TD 18 1968 track.png
Duration August 23 – August 24
Peak intensity 45 km/h (30 mph) (10-min)  1000 hPa (mbar)

Tropical Storm Virginia[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Temporary cyclone north.svg Virginia 1968 track.png
Duration August 24 – August 26
(exited basin)
Peak intensity 95 km/h (60 mph) (1-min)  990 hPa (mbar)

Virginia was first noticed near the International Date Line, about 500 kilometers (310 mi) northwest of Midway Islands. The system organized and the first advisory was issued on August 25 at 0006Z, with winds of 35 knots (40 mph). 18 hours later, Virginia crossed the date line, with winds of 50 knots (60 mph). It later became extratropical on August 27 in the Gulf of Alaska.

Typhoon Wendy (Lusing)[edit]

Category 5 super typhoon (SSHWS)
WendySep119680631UTCESSA5.gif Wendy 1968 track.png
Duration August 27 – September 10
Peak intensity 260 km/h (160 mph) (1-min)  920 hPa (mbar)

Tropical Storm Wendy, which formed on August 28 in the open Western Pacific, quickly intensified to a peak of 160 mph winds on the 31st. It steadily weakened as it moved westward, and passed by southern Taiwan on September 5 as a minimal typhoon. Wendy continued to weaken, and after crossing the South China Sea, Wendy dissipated over northern Vietnam on the 9th.

Typhoon Agnes[edit]

Category 5 super typhoon (SSHWS)
AgnesSep119680631UTCESSA5.png Agnes 1968 track.png
Duration August 27 – September 10
Peak intensity 280 km/h (175 mph) (1-min)  900 hPa (mbar)

Typhoon which did not approach land closely. The typhoon was one of two Category 5 cyclones to be named Agnes, the other being in 1952.

Typhoon Bess[edit]

Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
Temporary cyclone north.svg Bess 1968 track.png
Duration August 31 – September 10
Peak intensity 120 km/h (75 mph) (1-min)  965 hPa (mbar)

CMA Tropical Depression 24[edit]

Tropical depression (CMA)
Temporary cyclone north.svg CMA TD 24 1968 track.png
Duration September 5 – September 8
Peak intensity 55 km/h (35 mph) (10-min)  990 hPa (mbar)

Typhoon Carmen[edit]

Category 3 typhoon (SSHWS)
Temporary cyclone north.svg Carmen 1968 track.png
Duration September 15 – September 24
Peak intensity 205 km/h (125 mph) (1-min)  935 hPa (mbar)

Typhoon Della (Maring)[edit]

Category 4 typhoon (SSHWS)
Temporary cyclone north.svg Della 1968 track.png
Duration September 11 – September 25
Peak intensity 220 km/h (140 mph) (1-min)  930 hPa (mbar)

Typhoon Della struck Kyūshū Island in southern Japan with winds of 100 mph. Della killed 11 throughout southern Japan.[1]

Typhoon Elaine (Nitang)[edit]

Category 5 super typhoon (SSHWS)
Temporary cyclone north.svg Elaine 1968 track.png
Duration September 22 – October 2
Peak intensity 280 km/h (175 mph) (1-min)  910 hPa (mbar)

Super Typhoon Elaine, after peaking at 175 mph winds, weakened to hit extreme northern Luzon on September 28 as a 130 mph typhoon. It continued to the northwest, and after hitting southeastern China as a minimal tropical storm Elaine dissipated on October 1.

Typhoon Faye[edit]

Category 5 super typhoon (SSHWS)
FayeOct619680346UTCESSA7.gif Faye 1968 track.png
Duration September 30 – October 10
Peak intensity 270 km/h (165 mph) (1-min)  915 hPa (mbar)

Typhoon Gloria (Osang)[edit]

Category 2 typhoon (SSHWS)
Typhoongloria1967.png Gloria 1968 track.png
Duration October 12 – October 24
Peak intensity 165 km/h (105 mph) (1-min)  955 hPa (mbar)

CMA Tropical Depression 29[edit]

Tropical depression (CMA)
Temporary cyclone north.svg CMA TD 29 1968 track.png
Duration October 12 – October 12
Peak intensity 45 km/h (30 mph) (10-min)  1006 hPa (mbar)

Tropical Storm Hester[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Temporary cyclone north.svg Hester 1968 track.png
Duration October 15 – October 21
Peak intensity 100 km/h (65 mph) (1-min)  995 hPa (mbar)

Typhoon Irma[edit]

Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
IrmaOct2319680400UTCESSA7.gif Irma 1968 track.png
Duration October 18 – October 25
Peak intensity 150 km/h (90 mph) (1-min)  955 hPa (mbar)

Typhoon Judy (Paring)[edit]

Category 4 typhoon (SSHWS)
JudyOct2919680540UTCESSA7.gif Judy 1968 track.png
Duration October 21 – November 4
Peak intensity 220 km/h (140 mph) (1-min)  930 hPa (mbar)

Typhoon Kit[edit]

Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
KitNov319680430UTCESSA7.gif Kit 1968 track.png
Duration October 26 – November 5
Peak intensity 130 km/h (80 mph) (1-min)  960 hPa (mbar)

Typhoon Lola[edit]

Category 3 typhoon (SSHWS)
Temporary cyclone north.svg Lola 1968 track.png
Duration November 5 – November 12
Peak intensity 195 km/h (120 mph) (1-min)  940 hPa (mbar)

Typhoon Mamie (Reming)[edit]

Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
MamieNov2319680725UTCESSA7.gif Mamie 1968 track.png
Duration November 9 – November 25
Peak intensity 120 km/h (75 mph) (1-min)  975 hPa (mbar)

Typhoon Nina (Seniang)[edit]

Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
Temporary cyclone north.svg Nina 1968 track.png
Duration November 15 – November 29
Peak intensity 130 km/h (80 mph) (1-min)  960 hPa (mbar)

Typhoon Ora (Toyang)[edit]

Category 4 typhoon (SSHWS)
Ora1968eastofPhilippinesESSA7.gif Ora 1968 track.png
Duration November 19 – November 30
Peak intensity 220 km/h (140 mph) (1-min)  930 hPa (mbar)

Storm names[edit]

Western North Pacific tropical cyclones were named by the Joint Typhoon Warning Center. The first storm of 1968 was named Jean and the final one was named Ora.

  • Agnes 17W
  • Bonnie 18W
  • Carmen 19W
  • Della 20W
  • Elaine 21W
  • Faye 22W
  • Gloria 23W
  • Hester 24W
  • Irma 25W
  • Judy 26W
  • Kit 27W
  • Lola 28W
  • Mamie 29W
  • Nina 30W
  • Ora 31W
  • Phyllis
  • Rita
  • Susan
  • Tess
  • Viola
  • Winnie
  • Alice
  • Betty
  • Cora
  • Doris
  • Elsie
  • Flossie
  • Grace
  • Helen
  • Ida
  • June
  • Kathy
  • Lorna
  • Marie
  • Nancy
  • Olga
  • Pamela
  • Ruby
  • Sally
  • Therese
  • Violet
  • Wilda
  • Anita
  • Billie
  • Clara
  • Dot
  • Ellen
  • Fran
  • Georgia
  • Hope
  • Iris
  • Joan
  • Kate
  • Louise
  • Marge
  • Nora
  • Opal
  • Patsy
  • Ruth
  • Sarah
  • Thelma
  • Vera
  • Wanda
  • Amy
  • Babe
  • Carla
  • Dinah
  • Emma
  • Freda
  • Gilda
  • Harriet
  • Ivy
  • Jean 2W
  • Kim 3W
  • Lucy 6W
  • Mary 7W
  • Nadine 8W
  • Olive 9W
  • Polly 10W
  • Rose 12W
  • Shirley 13W
  • Trix 14W
  • Virginia 15W
  • Wendy 16W

Philippines[edit]

Asiang Biring Konsing Didang Edeng
Gloring Huaning Isang Lusing Maring
Nitang Osang Paring Reming Seniang
Toyang Undang (unused) Welpring (unused) Yoning (unused)
Auxiliary list
Aring (unused)
Basiang (unused) Kayang (unused) Dorang (unused) Enang (unused) Grasing (unused)

The Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration uses its own naming scheme for tropical cyclones in their area of responsibility. PAGASA assigns names to tropical depressions that form within their area of responsibility and any tropical cyclone that might move into their area of responsibility. Should the list of names for a given year prove to be insufficient, names are taken from an auxiliary list, the first 6 of which are published each year before the season starts. Names not retired from this list will be used again in the 1972 season. This is the same list used for the 1964 season, except for Didang, which replaced Dading. PAGASA uses its own naming scheme that starts in the Filipino alphabet, with names of Filipino female names ending with "ng" (A, B, K, D, etc.). Names that were not assigned/going to use are marked in gray.

References[edit]

External links[edit]