1968 Republican National Convention

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1968 Republican National Convention
1968 presidential election
RP1972.png RV1972.png
Nominees
Nixon and Agnew
Convention
Date(s) August 5–8, 1968
City Miami Beach, Florida
Venue Miami Beach Convention Center
Keynote speaker Daniel J. Evans
Candidates
Presidential nominee Richard M. Nixon of New York
Vice Presidential nominee Spiro T. Agnew of Maryland
Voting
Total delegates 1,333
Votes needed for nomination 667 (majority)
Results (President) Nixon (NY/CA): 1,238 (92.87%)
Rockefeller (NY): 93 (6.98%)
Reagan: (CA): 2 (0.15%)
Results (Vice President) Agnew (MD): 1,119 (83.95%)
Romney (MI): 186 (13.95%)
Lindsay (NY): 10 (0.75%)
Others: 2 (0.15%)
Not Voting: 16 (1.20%)
‹ 1964  ·  1972 ›

The 1968 National Convention of the Republican Party of the United States was held at the Miami Beach Convention Center in Miami Beach, Dade County, Florida, from August 5 to August 8, 1968 to select the party's nominee in the general election. It nominated former Vice President Richard M. Nixon for President and Maryland Governor Spiro T. Agnew for Vice President. It was the fourth time Nixon had been nominated on the Republican ticket as either its vice-presidential (1952 and 1956) or presidential candidate (1960).

Political context[edit]

The Miami Beach Convention Center was the site of the 1968 Republican National Convention

Richard M. Nixon, former Vice President of the United States under 34th President Dwight D. Eisenhower, emerged as the frontrunner again for the 1968 Republican presidential nomination. Nixon had been the Republican Party nominee in the 1960 presidential election, and lost to Democratic Party candidate John F. Kennedy.

The so-called "New Nixon" in the 1968 presidential election devised a "Southern strategy," taking advantage of the region's opposition to racial integration and other progressive/liberal policies of the national Democratic Party and the administration of incumbent 36th President Lyndon B. Johnson.

Nixon decided not to re-select his 1960 running mate Henry Cabot Lodge Jr., and House Minority Leader Gerald R. Ford of Michigan proposed New York City Mayor John V. Lindsay for Vice President. Nixon turned instead to another perceived moderate, Maryland Governor Spiro T. Agnew. Agnew, former Baltimore County Executive in the Baltimore City suburbs (1963–1967), and since Governor of Maryland, had come to Republican leaders and Nixon's attention when he summoned several Black civic, religious, and political leaders in Baltimore to the local State Office Building complex, following the disastrous April 1968 urban riots which enveloped Black sections of East and West Baltimore in the wake of the assassination of Martin Luther King Jr. in Memphis, Tennessee. Agnew complained of the Black leaders' lack of support after a number of what he perceived to be positive projects, programs and support by his Republican administration for the minority communities in the city. Agnew's biting comments caused many in the audience to walk out.

Nixon was nominated on the first ballot with 692 votes to 277 votes for Nelson Rockefeller, 182 votes for California Governor Ronald Reagan and the rest scattered. In his acceptance speech he deplored the state of the union:

When the strongest nation in the world can be tied down for four years in Vietnam with no end in sight, when the richest nation in the world can't manage its own economy, when the nation with the greatest tradition of the rule of law is plagued by unprecedented racial violence, when the President of the United States cannot travel abroad or to any major city at home, then it's time for new leadership for the United States of America.[1]

Nixon also said that he had "a good teacher", referring to Eisenhower, and made the delegates happy with the statement "Let's win this one for Ike!" Eisenhower was not present during Nixon's speech nor during any part of the convention. Due to failing health, he was under doctor's orders not to travel. He died the following March.

Balloting[edit]

The following were placed into nomination:

Nominated for President[edit]

Nominated for Vice President[edit]

The Republican Convention Tally results[edit]

The Republican Convention Tally[2]
President (before switches) (after switches) Vice President Vice-Presidential votes
Richard M. Nixon 692 1238 Spiro T. Agnew 1119
Nelson Rockefeller 277 93 George Romney 186
Ronald Reagan 182 2 John V. Lindsay 10
Ohio Governor James A. Rhodes 55 Massachusetts Senator Edward Brooke 1
Michigan Governor George Romney 50 James A. Rhodes 1
New Jersey Senator Clifford Case 22 Not Voting 16
Kansas Senator Frank Carlson 20
Arkansas Governor Winthrop Rockefeller 18
Hawaii Senator Hiram Fong 14
Harold Stassen 2
New York City Mayor John V. Lindsay 1

Results by state[edit]

Nixon supporters at the convention

The balloting by state was as follows:[3][4][5]

State
Alabama 14 12
Alaska 11 1
Arizona 16
Arkansas 18
California 86
Colorado 14 3 1
Connecticut 4 12
Delaware 9 3
Florida 32 1 1
Georgia 21 2 7
Hawaii 14
Idaho 9 5
Illinois 50 5 3
Indiana 26
Iowa 13 8 3
Kansas 20
Kentucky 22 2
Louisiana 19 7
Maine 7 7
Maryland 18 8
Massachusetts 34
Michigan 4 44
Minnesota 9 15 1 1
Mississippi 20
Missouri 16 5 3
Montana 11 3
Nebraska 16
Nevada 9 3
New Hampshire 8
New Jersey 18 22
New Mexico 8 1 5
New York 4 88
North Carolina 9 1 16
North Dakota 5 2 1
Ohio 2 55 1
Oklahoma 14 1 7
Oregon 18
Pennsylvania 22 41 1
Rhode Island 14
South Carolina 22
South Dakota 14
Tennessee 28
Texas 41 15
Utah 2 6
Vermont 9 3
Virginia 22 2
Washington 15 3 6
West Virginia 11 3
Wisconsin 30
Wyoming 12
District of Columbia 6 3
Puerto Rico 5
U.S. Virgin Islands 2 1
Total 692 277 182 55 50 22 20 18 14 2 1

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Address Accepting the Presidential Nomination at the Republican National Convention in Miami Beach, Florida". The American Presidency Project. Retrieved 16 August 2018.
  2. ^ Troy, Schlesinger & Israel 2012, pp. 1318-1319.
  3. ^ Lebanon Daily News. Lebanon, PA. August 8, 1968 https://www.newspapers.com/newspage/5415080/. Retrieved January 9, 2018. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  4. ^ The News-Herald. Franklin, PA. August 8, 1968 https://www.newspapers.com/newspage/96895628/. Retrieved January 7, 2018. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  5. ^ "1968 Republican Convention Roll Call". CBS Radio News. August 1968.

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]


Preceded by
1964
Daly City, California
Republican National Conventions Succeeded by
1972
Miami Beach, Florida