Robert Bernard Altman was an American film director and film producer. He is consistently ranked as one of the greatest and most influential filmmakers in American cinema and his style of filmmaking was unique among directors, in that his subjects covered most genres, but with a subversive twist that typically relies on satire and humor to express his personal vision. Altman developed a reputation for being anti-Hollywood and non-conformist in both his themes and directing style, actors especially enjoyed working under his direction because he encouraged them to improvise, thereby inspiring their own creativity. He preferred large ensemble casts for his films, and developed a recording technique which produced overlapping dialogue from multiple actors. This produced a natural, more dynamic, and more complex experience for the viewer. He used highly mobile camera work and zoom lenses to enhance the activity taking place on the screen, critic Pauline Kael, writing about his directing style, said that Altman could make film fireworks out of next to nothing.
In 2006, the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences recognized Altmans body of work with an Academy Honorary Award and he never won a competitive Oscar despite five nominations. His films MASH, McCabe & Mrs. Miller, and Nashville have been selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry. Altman is one of the few filmmakers whose films have won the Golden Bear at Berlin, the Golden Lion at Venice, and the Golden Palm at Cannes. Altmans ancestry was German and Irish, his grandfather, Frank Altman. Altman had a Catholic upbringing, but he did not continue to follow or practice the religion as an adult, although he has referred to as a sort of Catholic. He was educated at Jesuit schools, including Rockhurst High School and he graduated from Wentworth Military Academy in Lexington, Missouri in 1943. In 1943 Altman joined the United States Army Air Forces at the age of 18, during World War II, Altman flew more than 50 bombing missions as a crewman on a B-24 Liberator with the 307th Bomb Group in Borneo and the Dutch East Indies.
Upon his discharge in 1946, Altman moved to California and he worked in publicity for a company that had invented a tattooing machine to identify dogs. He entered filmmaking on a whim, selling a script to RKO for the 1948 picture Bodyguard, Altmans immediate success encouraged him to move to New York City, where he attempted to forge a career as a writer. Having enjoyed little success, in 1949 he returned to Kansas City, in February 2012, an early Calvin film directed by Altman, Modern Football, was found by filmmaker Gary Huggins. Altman directed some 65 industrial films and documentaries before being hired by a businessman in 1956 to write. The film, titled The Delinquents, made for $60,000, was purchased by United Artists for $150,000, while primitive, this teen exploitation film contained the foundations of Altmans work in its use of casual, naturalistic dialogue
Red Psalm is a 1972 Hungarian film by Miklós Jancsó. The literal translation of the title is And the People Still Ask, Red Psalm centers around a small peasants revolt in 1890. Like most of Jancsós best-known works, Red Psalm is loosely based on events from Hungarian history, shot in very long, carefully choreographed takes, the film features only 26 shots. Unlike Jancsós previous films, which used only sparsely, almost every scene in Red Psalm features music. The songs include Hungarian folk music and songs in Russian and English, due to this large number of songs and dances, the movie is sometimes described as a musical. Writing for the Chicago Reader, film critic Jonathan Rosenbaum argues that Red Psalm may well be the greatest Hungarian film of the 60s and 70s. Writing for the Chicago-based website Cine-File, Ignatiy Vishnevetsky describes the film as an inversion of Jancsós earlier work —, Red Psalm won Jancsó the Best Director prize at the 1972 Cannes Film Festival and is considered one of his major works.
Several critics, most notably the American Jonathan Rosenbaum, consider it his best film, Red Psalm at the Internet Movie Database
Cannes is a city located on the French Riviera. It is a commune of France located in the Alpes-Maritimes department, and host city of the annual Cannes Film Festival, the city is known for its association with the rich and famous, its luxury hotels and restaurants, and for several conferences. On 3 November 2011 it played host to the G20 organisation of industrialised nations, by the 2nd century BC, the Ligurian Oxybii established a settlement here known as Aegitna. Historians are unsure what the name means, the area was a fishing village used as a port of call between the Lérins Islands. In 69 AD, it became the scene of violent conflict between the troops of Otho and Vitellius, in the 10th century, the town was known as Canua. The name may derive from canna, a reed, Canua was probably the site of a small Ligurian port, and a Roman outpost on Le Suquet hill, suggested by Roman tombs discovered here. Le Suquet housed an 11th-century tower which overlooked swamps where the city now stands, most of the ancient activity, especially protection, was on the Lérins Islands and the history of Cannes is closely tied to the history of the islands.
An attack by the Saracens in 891, who remained until the end of the 10th century, the insecurity of the Lérins islands forced the monks to settle on the mainland, at the Suquet. Construction of a castle in 1035 fortified the city by known as Cannes, one took a century to build. Around 1530, Cannes detached from the monks who had controlled the city for hundreds of years, during the 18th century, both the Spanish and British tried to gain control of the Lérins Islands but were chased away by the French. The islands were controlled by many, such as Jean-Honoré Alziary. They had many different purposes, at the end of the 19th century, henry Brougham, 1st Baron Brougham and Vaux bought land at the Croix des Gardes and constructed the villa Eleonore-Louise. His work to improve living conditions attracted the English aristocracy, who built winter residences. At the end of the 19th century, several railways were completed, in Cannes, projects such as the Boulevard Carnot and the rue dAntibes were carried out.
After the closure of the Casino des Fleurs, an establishment was built for the rich winter clientele. This casino was demolished and replaced by the new Palace in 1979, in the 20th century, new luxury hotels such as the Carlton, Martinez, and JW Marriott Cannes were built. The city was modernised with a centre, a post office. There were fewer British and German tourists after the First World War, winter tourism gave way to summer tourism and the summer casino at the Palm Beach was constructed
Frenzy is a 1972 British psychological horror-thriller film directed by Alfred Hitchcock. The penultimate feature film of his career, it is often considered by critics. The screenplay by Anthony Shaffer was based on the novel Goodbye Piccadilly, the film stars Jon Finch, Alec McCowen, and Barry Foster and features Billie Whitelaw, Anna Massey, Barbara Leigh-Hunt, Bernard Cribbins and Vivien Merchant. The original music score was composed by Ron Goodwin, the plot centres on a serial killer in contemporary London. In a very early scene there is dialogue that mentions two actual London serial murder cases, the Christie murders in the early 1950s, and the Jack the Ripper murders in 1888. Frenzy was the third and final film that Hitchcock made in Britain after he moved to Hollywood in 1939, the other two were Under Capricorn in 1949 and Stage Fright in 1950. The last film he made in Britain before his move to America was Jamaica Inn, the film was screened at the 1972 Cannes Film Festival, but was not entered into the main competition.
In London, a killer is raping women and strangling them with neckties. Most of the takes place in Covent Garden, which at the time was still the location of the citys wholesale fruit. Fairly early in the film, the sees that fruit merchant Robert Rusk is in fact the murderer. However, circumstantial evidence has already built up around his friend Richard Blaney, Blaneys ex-wife, runs a matchmaking service that Rusk used until he was blacklisted for beating up his dates. One day, Rusk shows up at her office and tries to seduce her, suspicion falls on Blaney, who is previously seen threatening his ex-wife in public, as well as being seen leaving her building shortly after her murder. The audience next sees Rusk at night carrying a large sack, Rusk soon finds that his distinctive jeweled tie pin is missing, and realises that Babs must have torn it off as he was murdering her. He climbs into the back of the lorry, but it starts off on its journey north, the killer desperately scrabbles through the sack of potatoes to find the dead womans hand.
Rigor mortis has set in, and he has to break her fingers in order to prise the pin from her grasp, owing to fake evidence set up by Rusk, Blaney is gaoled while protesting his innocence. Chief Inspector Oxford, the investigating the murders, reconsiders the previous events. He discusses the case with his wife in several scenes of comic relief concerning her pretensions as a gourmet cook, with the help of his fellow inmates, Blaney escapes from prison. Oxford knows he will head to Rusks flat for revenge, Blaney arrives first, to find that the door to the flat is unlocked
Kazimierz Julian Kutz is a Polish film director, author and politician, one of the representatives of the Polish Film School and a deputy speaker of the Senate of Poland. Kazimierz Kutz was born February 16,1929, in Szopienice, since 1960 district of Katowice, to a railway worker, after the World War II Kutz graduated from gymnasium in Mysłowice and in 1949 was admitted to the Łódź Film School. After finishing his studies in 1954 he started working as an assistant to Andrzej Wajda and his film debut was Krzyż Walecznych. Since he finished more than 20 pictures, including six about his home region - Silesia, in 1972, he founded the Silesia Film Company in Katowice and, until 1978, was its Artistic Director. In the 1970s he became the director of the Polish Television branch in Katowice. He was working for several branch and cultural organisations, after the Martial Law had been imposed in Poland in 1981 Kutz was interned by the communist authorities, but was released soon afterwards. Between 1981 and 1983, lectured in the Radio and Television Faculty at Silesian University in Katowice, since 1987, was Principal Director in the Polish Television Centre in Katowice and, between 1990 and 1991, headed the Centre.
After the peaceful transition to democracy in 1989 Kutz became the head of the Polish TV branch in Kraków. For his involvement in the matters of Silesia, and for his films depicting the traditions and problems of that part of Poland, in a plebiscite organised by Gazeta Wyborcza newspaper he was chosen the third most famous Silesian ever and the first among the living people. In 1997 he was awarded with the title of honoris causa by the University of Opole. He is one of the supporters of development of the Silesian language and his 1995 film Reverted was entered into the 19th Moscow International Film Festival. In 1997 Kutz took part in the elections to the Senate of Poland and was supported by approximately 500,000 Silesians, in 2001 he was elected for his second term as a non-partisan candidate, and in 2005 re-elected for the third term. Currently he is the deputy speaker of the Senate of Poland, for his social involvements he was awarded with many of the highest Polish awards. Kazimierz Kutz is married to Iwona and has two sons and two daughters,1958 Krzyż walecznych 1960 Nikt nie woła 1961 Tarpany 1961 Ludzie z pociągu 1963 Milczenie 1964 Upał1966 Ktokolwiek wie. pl
Jeremiah Johnson (film)
Jeremiah Johnson is a 1972 American western film directed by Sydney Pollack and starring Robert Redford as the title character and Will Geer as Bear Claw Chris Lapp. The script was by John Milius and Edward Anhalt, the film was shot at locations in Redfords adopted home state of Utah. It was entered into the 1972 Cannes Film Festival, mexican War veteran Jeremiah Johnson takes up the life of a mountain man, supporting himself in the Rocky Mountains as a trapper. His first winter in mountain country is difficult, and he has a run-in with Paints-His-Shirt-Red, sometime later, he finds the frozen body of mountain man Hatchet Jack clutching a.50 caliber Hawken. Jacks will gives his rifle to the man who finds his corpse, with his new rifle, Johnson inadvertently disrupts the grizzly bear hunt of the elderly and eccentric Chris Lapp, nicknamed Bear Claw, who mentors him on living in the high country. After a brush with Crow Indians, including Lapps friend Paints-His-Shirt-Red and he comes across a cabin whose inhabitants were apparently attacked by Blackfoot warriors, leaving only a woman and her uncommunicative son alive.
The woman, maddened by grief, forces Johnson to adopt her son. He and the boy, whom Johnson dubs Caleb, come across Del Gue, a man who has been robbed by the Blackfeet. Gue persuades Johnson to help recover his goods, but Johnson counsels against violence when they find the Blackfoot camp. The men sneak into the camp at night to retrieve Gues possessions, but Gue opens fire, Gue takes several Blackfoot horses and scalps. Johnson, disgusted with the killing, returns to Caleb. Soon afterward, they are surprised by Christianized Flathead Indians, who take them in as guests of honor, the chief gives his daughter Swan to be Johnsons bride. After the wedding, Gue goes off on his own and Johnson, Johnson finds a suitable location to build a cabin. They settle into new home and slowly become a family. Johnson is pressed by a troop of U. S. Army Cavalry to lead a party to save a stranded wagon train of settlers. Ignoring Johnsons advice, they travel through a sacred Crow burial ground, while returning home by the same route, Johnson notices that the graves are now adorned with Swans blue trinkets, he rushes back to the cabin where he finds that his family has been killed.
Johnson sets off after the warriors who killed his family and attacks them, killing all but one, Johnson leaves him alive and the survivor spreads the tale of the mountain mans quest for revenge throughout the region, trapping Johnson in a feud with the Crow. The tribe sends its best warriors to kill Johnson, but he defeats them and his legend grows and the Crow come to respect him
Cannes Film Festival
Founded in 1946, the invitation-only festival is held annually at the Palais des Festivals et des Congrès. On 1 July 2014, co-founder and former head of French pay-TV operator Canal+ Pierre Lescure took over as President of the festival, the Board of Directors appointed Gilles Jacob as Honorary President of the festival. The 2016 Cannes Film Festival took place between 11 and 22 May 2016, australian film director George Miller was the President of the Jury. I, Daniel Blake, directed by British director Ken Loach, in 2017, The Festival de Cannes will celebrate its 70th anniversary edition from May 17 to 28. In 1947, the festival was held as the Festival du film de Cannes, at that time the principle of equality was introduced, with a jury made up of only one representative per country. The festival is now held at the Palais des Festivals, expressly constructed for the occasion, although for its 1949 inaugural the roof was unfinished, the festival was not held in 1948 and 1950 on account of budgetary problems.
Although its origins may be attributed in part to the French desire to compete with Autumns Venice Film Festival, in 1955, the Palme dOr was created, replacing the Grand Prix du Festival which had been given until that year. In 1957, Dolores del Rio was the first female member of the jury as a Sélection officielle – Member, in 1959, the Marché du Film was founded, giving the festival a commercial character and facilitating exchanges between sellers and buyers in the film industry. Today it has become the first international platform for film commerce, in 1962, the International Critics Week was born, created by the French Union of Film Critics as the first parallel section of the Cannes Film Festival. Its goal was to showcase first and second works by directors all over the world. In 1965, an hommage was paid to Jean Cocteau after his death, the next year, Olivia de Havilland was named the first female president of the festival. The 1968 festival was halted on 19 May, some directors, such as Carlos Saura and Miloš Forman, had withdrawn their films from the competition.
The filmmakers achieved the reinstatement of the President, and they founded the Film Directors Society that same year, during the 1970s, important changes occurred in the Festival. In 1972, Robert Favre Le Bret was named the new President and he immediately introduced an important change in the selection of the participating films. Until that date, the different countries chose which films would represent them in the festival, Bessy created one committee to select French films, and another for foreign films. In 1978, Gilles Jacob assumed the President position, introducing the Caméra dOr award, in 1983, a new, much bigger Palais des Festivals et des Congrès was built to host the Festival. It was nicknamed The Bunker and provoked many reactions against it, in 1984, Pierre Viot replaced Robert Favre Le Bret as President of the Festival. It was not until 1995 that Gilles Jacob created the last section of the Official Selection and its aim was to support the creation of works of cinema in the world and to contribute to the entry of the new scenario writers in the circle of the celebrities
Joseph Walton Losey III was an American theatre and film director, born in Wisconsin. After studying in Germany with Bertolt Brecht, Losey returned to the United States, in the 1950s Losey was blacklisted in the United States and moved to Europe where he made the remainder of his films, mostly in the United Kingdom. Among the most critically and commercially successful were three films with screenplays by Harold Pinter, The Servant and The Go-Between, Joseph Walton Losey III was born on January 14,1909 in La Crosse, where he and Nicholas Ray were high-school classmates. He attended Dartmouth College and Harvard University, beginning as a student of medicine, Losey became a major figure in New York political theatre, first directing the controversial failure Little Old Boy in 1933. He declined to direct a version of Dodsworth by Sinclair Lewis. Losey directed the show, which had a brief run, bosley Crowther in The New York Times noted that The play, being increasingly wordy, presents staging problems that Joe Loseys direction does not always solve.
It is hard to tell who is responsible for the parts in the story. In 1935 he visited the Soviet Union for several months to study the Russian stage, in Moscow he participated in a seminar on film taught by Sergei Eisenstein. He met Bertolt Brecht and the composer Hanns Eisler who were visiting Moscow at the time, in 1936 he directed Triple-A Plowed Under on Broadway, a production of the WPAs Federal Theatre Project. He directed the second Living Newspaper presentation, Injunction Granted, the play premiered on July 30,1947, at the Coronet Theatre in Beverly Hills. On October 30,1947 Losey accompanied Brecht to Washington DC for Brechts appearance before the House Un-American Activities Committee, Brecht left the US the following day. Losey went on to stage Galileo, again with Laughton in the title role, more than 25 years Losey, in exile in England, would direct a film version of Brechts play Galileo. Seymour Nebenzal, the producer of Fritz Langs classic M, hired Losey to direct a remake set in Los Angeles rather than Berlin, in the new version, released in 1951, the killers name was changed from Hans Beckert to Martin W.
Harrow. Nebenzals son Harold was associate producer of this version, the HUACs longstanding interest in Losey was based on extensive - and error riddled - FBI files. In the 1930s and 40s he had had contacts with people on the political left, including radicals. He had collaborated with Brecht and had an association with Hanns Eisler. Losey had written to the Immigration and Naturalization Service in support of a visa for the composer. They had collaborated on a political cabaret from 1937 to 1939, Losey had invited Eisler to compose music for a short public relations film he had been commissioned to produce for presentation at the 1939 New York Worlds Fair, Pete Roleum and His Cousins
Francesco Rosi was an Italian film director. His film The Mattei Affair won the Palme dOr at the 1972 Cannes Film Festival, Rosis films, especially those of the 1960s and 1970s, often appeared to have political messages. At the 2008 Berlin International Film Festival 13 of his films were screened, in a reserved for film-makers of outstanding quality. He received the Honorary Golden Bear for Lifetime Achievement, accompanied by the screening of his 1962 film Salvatore Giuliano, in 2012 the Venice Biennale awarded Rosi the Golden Lion for Lifetime Achievement. Rosi was born in Naples in 1922 and his father worked in the shipping industry, but was a cartoonist and had, at one time, been reprimanded for his satirical drawings of Benito Mussolini and King Vittorio Emmanuel III. During the Second World War Rosi went to college alongside Giorgio Napolitano who was to become Italian President and he studied law and embarked on a career as an illustrator of childrens books. At the same time he working as a reporter for Radio Napoli.
There he became friendly with Raffaele La Capria, Aldo Giuffrè and Giuseppe Patroni Griffi and his show business career began in 1946 as an assistant to Ettore Giannini for the stage production of a work by Salvatore Di Giacomo. He entered the industry and worked as an assistant to Luchino Visconti on La Terra Trema. He wrote several screenplays, including Bellissima and The City Stands Trial, in 1956 he co-directed, with Vittorio Gassman, the film Kean – Genio e sregolatezza, about the Shakespearean actor Edmund Kean. His emergence as a director is considered to be his 1958 film La sfida, based on the story of Camorra boss Pasquale Simonetti, known as Pasquale e Nola, the realist nature of this film caused a stir in alluding to mafia control of the government. Of the film, Rosi himself said, A director makes his first film with passion, but this is in fact a reworking of La Terra Trema, with the Visconti arias replaced by Zavattinis naturalism. Shipman writes, I magliari concerns racketeers, and they are rival con-men preying on their compatriots, like the protagonist in La sfida, manages to antagonise his colleagues more than his rivals – and this was to be a continuing theme in Rosis films.
The film examined the life of the Sicilian gangster Giuliano, using the technique of a series of flashbacks. Shipman suggests that the film, with a unity of the landscape. The film was awarded the Golden Lion at the Venice Film Festival, Rosi himself explained the films purpose, What interests me passionately is how a character behaves in the relation to the collectivity of society. Im not making a study of character but of society, to understand what a man is like in his private drama you must begin to understand him in his public life. In The Moment of Truth, Rosi changed what was planned as a documentary about Spain in to a film about bullfighter Miguel Marco Miguelin, Shipman comments, The wide screen and colour footage of the corrida were incomparably superior to those seen outside Spain hitherto