Bill Russell NBA Finals Most Valuable Player Award
The Bill Russell NBA Finals Most Valuable Player Award is an annual National Basketball Association award given since the 1969 NBA Finals. The award is decided by a panel of nine media members, the person with the highest votes wins the award. In at least one NBA Finals, fans balloting on NBA. com accounted for the tenth vote, the award was originally a black trophy with a gold basketball-shaped sphere at the top, similar to the Larry OBrien Trophy, until a new trophy was introduced in 2005. Since its inception, the award has given to 30 different players. Michael Jordan is a record six-time award winner, magic Johnson, Shaquille ONeal, Tim Duncan and LeBron James won the award three times in their careers. Jordan and ONeal are the players to win the award in three consecutive seasons. Johnson is the only ever to win the award, as well as the youngest at 20 years old. Andre Iguodala is the winner to have not started every game in the series. Jerry West, the first ever awardee, is the person to win the award while being on the losing team in the NBA Finals.
Willis Reed, Kareem Abdul-Jabbar, Larry Bird, Hakeem Olajuwon, Olajuwon and James have won the award in two consecutive seasons. Abdul-Jabbar and James are the players to win the award for two different teams. Olajuwon of Nigeria, who became a naturalized U. S. citizen in 1993, Tony Parker of France, cedric Maxwell is the only Finals MVP winner eligible for the Hall of Fame who has not been voted in. NBA Most Valuable Player Award NBA All-Star Game Most Valuable Player Award General Specific
The NBA Finals is the championship series of the National Basketball Association played between the Western and Eastern champions of the Conference Finals. The first team to win four games in the game series is declared the league champion and is awarded the Larry OBrien Championship Trophy. Winners from 1946 to 1983 received the Walter A. Brown Trophy redesigned in 1977 to the current form, the NBA Finals has been played at the end of every NBA and Basketball Association of America season in history, the first being held in 1947. Most NBA Finals series were played under the 2–2–1–1–1 format prior to 1985, the series was named the BAA Finals from 1947 to 1949 and changed to the NBA World Championship Series from 1950 to 1982. The following two years, the league used Showdown 83 and Showdown 84 and it returned to NBA World Championship Series in 1985, before settling on NBA Finals in 1986. During the first decade the Minneapolis Lakers had the first NBA dynasty, the team featured George Mikan, one of the greatest players in NBA history.
The Boston Celtics went 11–1 in the NBA Finals during 13 seasons and they won eight straight NBA championships from 1959 through 1966. With the establishment of the Celtics dynasty in 1957, Bill Russell became the star of the league, Game 7 of the NBA Finals was decided on a Celtics basket in the final seconds of the second overtime. For most of the late 1950s and 1960s, the Celtics always seemed to have the hand on Wilt Chamberlains teams. The following season, he joined the Philadelphia 76ers, the former Syracuse Nationals team that had moved to cover the vacancy created with the departure of the Warriors, a clash between the two stars in the playoffs was in 1966 and Boston won it 4–1. Chamberlains coach told him to play a game, not an individual game. His new-found team spirit brought them to a new record of 68 wins the season, and they defeated the Celtics and advanced to, and won. In 1968, Boston overcame a 3–1 deficit against Philadelphia to once again arrive in the Finals and they went on to defeat the Los Angeles Lakers for the sixth straight time,4 games to 2.
In 1969, the Celtics overcame even longer odds, Boston was an aging team and had injuries to a number of players. They barely qualified for the playoffs, finishing fourth in the East, the Lakers, who in the offseason added Chamberlain to join West and Elgin Baylor, won the West and were prohibitive favorites to finally win it all for the first time since relocating to L. A. They won the first two games at the Los Angeles Forum, when the series shifted to Boston Garden, the Celtics won Game 3 110–105. Game 4 was the point, as the Lakers led 87–86 and had the ball with 10 seconds to play. But after a turnover, Sam Jones put up a shot hit the front of the rim, the back heel, rolled around
Erving helped legitimize the American Basketball Association and was the best-known player in that league when it merged with the National Basketball Association after the 1975–76 season. Erving won three championships, four Most Valuable Player Awards, and three scoring titles with the ABAs Virginia Squires and New York Nets and the NBAs Philadelphia 76ers and he is the sixth-highest scorer in ABA/NBA history with 30,026 points. He was well known for slam dunking from the throw line in slam dunk contests and was the only player voted Most Valuable Player in both the ABA and the NBA. Erving was inducted in 1993 into the Basketball Hall of Fame and was named to the NBAs 50th Anniversary All-Time team. In 1994, Erving was named by Sports Illustrated as one of the 40 most important athletes of all time, in 2004, he was inducted into the Nassau County Sports Hall of Fame. Many consider him one of the most talented players in the history of the NBA, while Connie Hawkins, Jumping Johnny Green, Elgin Baylor, Jim Pollard and Gus Johnson performed spectacular dunks before Ervings time, Dr. J brought the practice into the mainstream.
His signature dunk was the slam dunk, since incorporated into the vernacular and basic set of the game in the same manner as the crossover dribble. Before Julius Erving, dunking was a practice most commonly used by the big men to show their brutal strength which was seen as style over substance, even unsportsmanlike, by many purists of the game. Erving was born in East Meadow, New York, and raised from the age of 13 in Roosevelt and he played for Roosevelt High School and received the nickname Doctor or Dr. J from a high school friend named Leon Saunders. He explains, I have a name is Leon Saunders—and he lives in Atlanta, and I started calling him the professor. So it was just between us. we were buddies, we had our nicknames and we would roll with the nicknames. Lo and behold we graduate from school together, we both go to U-Mass, and we separated for many years cause he went over to Africa and did some stuff. But now hes my golf buddy in Atlanta. and I love him, hes just like a little brother to me even though, you know, theres only months between us.
But hes the professor and he was the first one to me the doctor. And thats where it came from and finally Dr. J. Erving enrolled at the University of Massachusetts in 1968. At that time, professional basketball was in flux, split between two leagues whose players rapidly switched clubs and leagues, Erving joined the ABA in 1971 as an undrafted free agent with the Squires. Erving holds a doctorate from the University of Massachusetts Amherst Erving quickly established himself as a force and gained a reputation for hard. He led the Squires into the Eastern Division Finals, where they lost to the Rick Barry-led New York Nets in seven games, the Nets would eventually go to the finals, losing to the star-studded Indiana Pacers team
Richard F. Richie Powers was a professional basketball referee in the NBA from 1956 to 1979. Following his career in the NBA, Powers was a sportscaster for WABC-TV, Powers attended St. Johns University and played baseball under Frank McGuire. Before joining the NBA, Powers worked as a minor league baseball umpire, Powers officiated the triple-overtime Game 5 of the 1976 NBA Finals, which was notable for controversial moments involving Powers. With the score tied at 95 with three remaining in the fourth quarter, Boston stole a Suns inbound pass and the Celtics Paul Silas attempted to call a time-out by giving the T sign to Powers. Boston had no timeouts remaining, which if recognized, would have resulted in a technical foul, Powers did not acknowledge Silass request for the time-out as time expired. Mendy Rudolph and Rick Barry, color commentators for the CBS Sports telecast, were quick to note that Silas was signaling for a timeout, Boston went on to win the game in the third overtime period.
According to the Suns organization, Powers told a Phoenix golf professional that he didnt want to see the championship decided on a technicality. Angered over the incident, Al Bianchi, then-assistant coach of the Suns, ordered a ring in which the words Fuck You, the game clock expired as Havlicek made the field goal and fans at the Boston Garden stormed onto the court assuming the game was over. Powers strength among the referees was diminished considerably when he was one of two referees who did not strike during the 1977 playoffs, one sportswriter in the arena reported this to the league which resulted in Powers being suspended for three weeks and fined $2,500. This resulted in Powers being fined and suspended again, Powers retired from the NBA after the 1978–79 season. After leaving the NBA, he became sportscaster on WABC-TV in New York, after his contract expired, he became Director of Operations for the U. S. He left this position, presumably after the NBA signed most of the newly formed minor leagues talent, after selling cable television subscriptions and cars, he returned to his former position with the USBL in 1990.
Richie Powers was a member of Westchester Country Club in Rye. He died of a stroke in 1998 in Allentown, Pennsylvania at the age of 67, an uninhibited account of a referees life in the NBA. A Long Way Down Referee Magazine, July 1991
David John Twardzik is an American former professional basketball player. He was a point guard in both the American Basketball Association and the National Basketball Association and he is best known for being a starter on the Portland Trail Blazers team that won the 1977 NBA Finals. Twardzik grew up in Middletown and played collegiately at Old Dominion University and he was drafted by the Trail Blazers in 1972, but elected to play for the Virginia Squires of the ABA. Twardzik played for the Squires for four seasons until the team came to an end, after the ABA-NBA merger Twardzik signed with the Blazers. He would be the point guard of the Blazers team which won the NBA title in 1977. He played for four total in Portland, and retired at the end of the 1979–80 season because of injury. His jersey number was retired by the team, after his retirement from playing, he began an NBA coaching and front-office career. He served in Portlands front office through 1985, and worked as an assistant coach for the Indiana Pacers from 1986 through 1989 and he has worked for the Detroit Pistons, Charlotte Hornets, Los Angeles Clippers, Golden State Warriors, and the Denver Nuggets.
In 2003, he became Director of Player Personnel for the Orlando Magic and he held that position until 2012. In 1995, Twardzik was inducted into the Virginia Sports Hall of Fame, Player bio at Old Dominion Pro stats at basketball-reference. com Orlando Magic Executives
The Buffalo Braves were an American professional basketball franchise based in Buffalo, New York. The Braves competed in the National Basketball Association as a club of the leagues Eastern Conference Atlantic Division from 1970 until 1978. In 1978, Braves owner John Y, Brown, Jr. swapped franchises with then-Boston Celtics owner Irv Levin, who moved the team to San Diego, where it was renamed the San Diego Clippers. The franchise moved to Los Angeles in 1984, and is now known as the Los Angeles Clippers, the Braves were one of three NBA expansion franchises that began play in the 1970–71 season. The NBA had two teams in Western New York, the Rochester Royals and the Syracuse Nationals. The teams first head coach was Hall of Famer Dolph Schayes and the franchises first star players were Bob Kauffman and Don May, murphy would eventually be inducted into the Hall of Fame. As is typical of expansion teams, the Braves finished with a dismal record, 22–60, seven games ahead of the Cleveland Cavaliers, their expansion cousins.
The Braves repeated their 22–60 record in the 1971–72 season, Buffalo drafted center Elmore Smith from Kentucky State University and local favorite Randy Smith from Buffalo State College. Johnny McCarthy replaced Schayes one game into the season as the head coach. The team did worse in the 1972–73 season, as it went 21–61 under new head coach Dr. Jack Ramsay. The Braves big move that season was drafting forward/center Bob McAdoo from North Carolina, the team finally made its first playoff appearance in 1973–74, in which it faced the Boston Celtics in the first round and lost in six games. That season, McAdoo posted averages of 30.6 points and 15.1 rebounds, that season, the Braves rookie Ernie DiGregorio won the NBA Rookie of the Year Award. The Braves made trips to the playoffs in both 1974–75 and 1975–76, the latter of which would be their last playoff berth playing in Buffalo, even so, by 1976 Snyder was facing severe pressure to sell the team and get it out of Buffalo. This in turn angered the NBA, who pressured Snyder to resolve the issue in short order, the June 15,1976 issue of Buffalos Courier-Express blasted the headline Braves Go to Florida, Leaving Hockey Town.
Snyder had a deal to sell the team for $6.1 million to hotel owner Irving Cowan. However, the city of Buffalo filed a $10 million damage suit to block the move, that summer, Snyder finally sold 50% of the franchise to businessman John Y. Brown, Jr. who had owned the Kentucky Colonels of the American Basketball Association. Ramsay, unwilling to have his career hurt by the change in ownership, a provision in the team sale agreement stipulated that if Brown sold the contract of any Braves player, the money would go to Snyder and the purchase price would be reduced
The Philadelphia 76ers are an American professional basketball team based in Philadelphia metropolitan area. The 76ers compete in the National Basketball Association as a club of the leagues Eastern Conference Atlantic Division. Founded in 1946 and originally known as the Syracuse Nationals, they are one of the oldest franchises in the NBA and they have won three NBA championships, with their first coming as the Syracuse Nationals in 1955. The second title came in the 1966–67 season, a team which was led by Chamberlain, the third title came in the 1982–83 season, won by a team led by Erving and Malone. The 76ers have only been back to the NBA Finals once since then, in 2001, while in the NBL with teams largely consisting of small Midwestern towns, the Nationals put together a 21–23 record, finishing in 4th place. In the playoffs, the Nats would be beaten by the fellow upstate neighbor Rochester Royals in 4 games, in their second season, 1947–48, the Nationals would struggle, finishing in 5th place with a 24–36 record.
Despite their struggles, the Nats would make the playoffs, getting swept by the Anderson Duffey Packers in 3 straight games, several teams began to leave the NBL for the BAA as the foundation for an absorption was laid. The Nationals recipe for success began by recruiting Leo Ferris, in the playoffs the Nationals would make quick work of the Hammond Calumet Buccaneers, winning the series in 2 straight games. However, in the semifinals the Nats would fall to the Anderson Duffey Packers for the second season in 4 games. In 1949, the Nationals were one of seven NBL teams that were absorbed by the Basketball Association of America to form the NBA, the Nationals were an instant success in the NBA, winning the Eastern Division in the 1949–1950 season, with a league best record of 51–13. In the playoffs the Nationals continued to play basketball, beating the Philadelphia Warriors in 2 straight. Moving on to the Eastern Finals, the Nationals battled the New York Knickerbockers, in the NBA Finals, the Nationals faced fellow NBL alums the Minneapolis Lakers.
In Game 1 of the Finals the Nats lost just their home game of the season 68–66. The Nats did not recover, as they fell behind 3 games to 1 before falling in 6 games, despite several teams leaving the NBA for the National Professional Basketball League before the 1950–1951 season, the Nationals decided to stay put. In their second NBA season the Nationals played mediocre basketball all season, however, in the playoffs the Nats played their best basketball of the season as they stunned the 1st place Philadelphia Warriors in 2 straight, taking Game 1 on the road in overtime 91–89. In the Eastern Finals the Nationals were beaten by the New York Knickerbockers in a hard-fought 5-game series, in the playoffs the Nats knocked off the Philadelphia Warriors again in a 3-game series. However, in the Eastern Finals the Nats fell to the New York Knickerbockers again, the Nationals would finish in 2nd place in a hard fought 3-way battle for first place in the Eastern Division for the 1952–1953 season, with a record of 47–24.
In the playoffs the Nationals would face the Boston Celtics dropping Game 1 at home 87–81, the Nationals acquired Alex Groza, and Ralph Beard as the Indianapolis Olympians folded leaving the NBA with just 9 teams for the 1953–1954 season
1974 NBA draft
The 1974 NBA draft was the 28th annual draft of the National Basketball Association. The draft was held on May 28,1974, before the 1974–75 season, in this draft,18 NBA teams took turns selecting amateur U. S. college basketball players and other eligible players, including international players. The first two picks in the draft belonged to the teams finished last in each conference, with the order determined by a coin flip. The Portland Trail Blazers won the flip and were awarded the first overall pick. The remaining first-round picks and the subsequent rounds were assigned to teams in order of their win–loss record in the previous season. Prior to the draft, the Capital Bullets were renamed the Washington Bullets, an expansion franchise, the New Orleans Jazz, took part in the NBA Draft for the first time and were assigned the tenth pick in each round. A player who had finished his college eligibility was eligible for selection. If a player left college early, he would not be eligible for selection until his class graduated.
Before the draft,20 college underclassmen were declared eligible for selection under the hardship rule and these players had applied and gave evidence of financial hardship to the league, which granted them the right to start earning their living by starting their professional careers earlier. The draft consisted of 10 rounds comprising the selection of 178 players, bill Walton from the University of California, Los Angeles was selected first overall by the Portland Trail Blazers. Jamaal Wilkes from the University of California, Los Angeles, who went on to win the Rookie of the Year Award in his first season, was selected 11th by the Golden State Warriors. Walton, and 40th pick George Gervin have been inducted to the Basketball Hall of Fame, both Walton and Gervin were named to the list of the 50 Greatest Players in NBA History announced at the leagues 50th anniversary in 1996. Walton won the NBA championship, along with the Finals Most Valuable Player Award, in his career, he won another NBA title with the Boston Celtics in 1986.
During that season, he won the Sixth Man of the Year Award. Waltons other achievements include one Most Valuable Player Award in 1978, Gervin had left college in 1972 to play professionally in the American Basketball Association with the Virginia Squires. He joined the NBA in 1976 after both leagues merged and his achievements include two All-ABA Team selections, seven All-NBA Team selections, three ABA All-Star Game selections and nine NBA All-Star Game selections. Jamaal Wilkes won four NBA championships, one with the Golden State Warriors, Maurice Lucas, the 14th pick, was selected to one All-NBA Team and four All-Star Games. He won the NBA championship in 1977 with the Trail Blazers, Truck Robinson, the 22nd pick, and Phil Smith, the 29th pick, were selected to one All-NBA Team and two All-Star Games each
In basketball, an official is a person who has the responsibility to enforce the rules and maintain the order of the game. The title of official applies to the scorers and timekeepers, officials are usually referred to as referees, generally there is one lead referee and one or two umpires, depending on whether there is a two- or three-person crew. In the NBA, the official is called the crew chief. In FIBA-sanctioned play, two-man crews consist of a referee and an umpire, both classes of officials have equal rights to control almost all aspects of the game. In most cases, the lead official performs the jump ball to begin the contest, though NFHS, in American high school and college basketball, the officials generally wear black and white striped shirts with black side panels, black pants and black shoes. Some state high school association allow officials to wear shirts with black pin strips instead of the black. NBA officials wear shirts with black slacks and black shoes. The NBA shirt is grey with black colored shoulders and sleeves, the WNBA referee shirt is similar to the NBA referee shirt, except that its shoulder and sleeve colors are orange and the WNBA logo takes the place of the NBA logo.
FIBA officials wear a grey and black official referee shirt, black trousers, black socks, officials in competitions organized by Euroleague Basketball —the Euroleague and Eurocup—wear an orange referee shirt. Officials in the Israel Basketball Association generally wear the Euroleagues orange uniform shirt, most officials slacks are currently belt-less, while most officials shirts are collar-less, V-neck shirts. All officials wear a whistle that is used to play as a result of a foul or a violation on the court. In all instances of officiating, hand signals are used to indicate the nature of the infraction or to administer the game, in higher levels of college and professional ball, all officials wear a timing device on the belt-line called PTS. The device is used by on court officials to start and stop the clock in a timely manner, rather than waiting for the scoreboard operator to do so. The officials must ensure that the game runs smoothly, and this encompasses a variety of different responsibilities, from calling the game to player and spectator management.
They carry a duty of care to the players they officiate and to ensure that the court and all equipment used is in a safe and usable condition. Should there be an issue that inhibits the safe playing of the game, quite often, the job of an official surpasses that of the game at hand, as they must overcome unforeseen situations that may or may not have an influence on the game. There are two methods for officiating a basketball game, either two-person or three-person mechanics depending on how many officials are available to work the game. In two-person mechanics, each official works either the lead or the trail position, the lead position is normally along the baseline of the court, with the trail position having its starting point at the free throw line extended on the left side of the court facing the basket