George Frederick Nott

George Frederick Nott was an English author and a Church of England clergyman. He was the nephew of John Nott, his father, Samuel Nott, M. A. from Worcester College, Oxford, in 1764, was appointed prebendary of Winchester, rector of Houghton, vicar of Blandford and chaplain to the king. His mother, was daughter of Pennell Hawkins, serjeant-surgeon to the king, niece of Sir Cæsar Hawkins. George matriculated at Oxford, on 30 October 1784, aged seventeen. Graduating B. A. in 1788, he was elected a Fellow of All Souls College, took holy orders, proceeded M. A. in 1792. In 1801 he was proctor in the university, in 1802 he preached the Bampton lectures, his subject being ‘Religious Enthusiasm.’ The success of these sermons, published in 1803, brought him to the notice of the king, who appointed him sub-preceptor to Princess Charlotte of Wales. Much clerical preferment followed, he became prebendary of Colworth, Chichester, in 1802. He spent on restoring the rectory-houses and in building schools in the parishes over which he presided.

As prebendary of Winchester, he superintended the repairs of the Winchester Cathedral. On 6 January 1817, while engaged on this work, he fell a distance of thirty feet, sustained severe injuries to the head, from which he never wholly recovered. Subsequently he spent much time in Italy, at Rome purchased many pictures by contemporary artists, he wrote Italian with accuracy. In 1825 he succeeded to the property of his uncle John, he died at his house in the Close at Winchester on 25 October 1841. The sale of his library, consisting of 12,500 volumes and many prints and pictures, took place at Winchester, lasted thirteen days. Nott's coins and bronzes were sold in April in London. Nott, like his uncle, devoted much time to the study of sixteenth-century literature, produced an exhaustive edition of the ‘Works of Henry Howard, earl of Surrey, of Sir Thomas Wyatt the elder’ While working on what he intended as a new edition of Tottels Miscellany, Nott discovered Wyatt's own album of poems autograph, the Egerton Manuscript, the Arundel-Harington Manuscript, an intermediate source of Tottels, in the library of John Harington, the Devonshire Manuscript, a manuscript anthology by many hands contemporary with the poet, a source for 16 more poems by Wyatt.

Nott was the first editor of Wyatt's poems from manuscript and of Surrey's, which he found in the Arundel-Harington Manuscript. Skilled as a textual editor due to his training in classical philology, Nott did an excellent job of producing the editiones principes of these two authors. Editors have improved their texts in minor respects, but modern editors have badly marred their editions of Wyatt by including over 100 poems which are not Wyatt's. Nott's edition is still an important source for the texts of both poets, his biographies of Henry Howard, Earl of Surrey and his son Henry Howard, 1st Earl of Northampton supply recondite information. Nott unwarrantably assumed that nearly all Surrey's poems were addressed to the Lady Geraldine, gave each a fanciful title based on that assumption. Besides the Bampton lectures and an occasional sermon, Nott published some translations into Italian, edited some Italian books, his Italian version of the English Book of Common Prayer appeared in 1831. In 1832 he printed at Florence for the first time, with Italian introduction and notes, ‘Fortunatus Siculus ossia l'Avventuroso Ciciliano di Busone da Gubbio: romanzo storico scritto nel MCCCXI.’ Lee, Sidney, ed..

"Nott, George Frederick". Dictionary of National Biography. 41. London: Smith, Elder & Co. Attribution This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: "Nott, George Frederick". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900


In heraldry, a torse or wreath is a twisted roll of fabric laid about the top of the helmet and the base of the crest. It has the dual purpose of masking the join between helm and crest, of holding the mantling in place; the torse is sometimes mistakenly said to represent the token which the knight's lady-love gave him to wear when he left for the wars or participated in tournaments. This belief is due to its original use being lost to history as the heraldic crest became more and more stylized and less representative of actual use; the torse is blazoned as part of the crest. For example, the crest of Canada is blazoned On a wreath of the colours Argent and Gules, a lion passant guardant Or imperially crowned proper and holding in the dexter paw a maple leaf Gules; the tinctures of the torse are not mentioned in the blazon, as they are assumed to be of the principal metal and colour in the shield. Like the mantling, the torse must always be of a colour. In British heraldry, the torse is shown with six twists of material, alternately metal and colour.

The torse is replaced by a crown or coronet, termed a "crest-coronet". In the past this practice was widespread amongst all ranks, but is nowadays denied to those outside royalty and the peerage, except in special circumstances; some commoners have bypassed this rule by placing a coronet on top of a torse, rather than in place of it. The torse is often used as a decoration on a heraldic animal, either across the brow or around the neck. Moors and Saracens are traditionally depicted in heraldry with a torse across their brow. Agal