1985 Maccabiah Games

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12th Maccabiah
1985 Maccabiah logo.jpg
Nations participating37
Debuting countries Gibraltar
 Guam
 Panama
 U.S. Virgin Islands
 Zaire
Athletes participating3700
Opening cityRamat Gan
Main venueNational Stadium
11th Maccabiah 13th Maccabiah  >

The 1985 12th Maccabiah Games brought over 4,000 athletes to Israel from 37 nations to compete in 28 sports.

History[edit]

The Maccabiah Games were first held in 1932.[1] In 1961, they were declared a "Regional Sports Event" by, and under the auspices and supervision of, the International Olympic Committee.[2][3][4]

Opening ceremonies[edit]

Twenty years after his first appearance in the Maccabiah, Olympic Champion Mark Spitz returned to Israel to carry the Opening Ceremony’s Torch into Ramat Gan Stadium. He was accompanied by Shirli Shapiro, Anok Spitzer, and Shlomit Romano, children of three of the Israelis slain at the 1972 Munich Olympics.

Notable performances[edit]

Seven men's and 14 women's records were broken in swimming, with the U.S. team winning all but three of the gold medals in this category. Twelve new men's records and 7 new women's records were broken in track and field.

The U.S. won 109 gold medals, 90 silver medals, and 74 bronze medals, slightly fewer than half of the medals won by all other countries combined.

Canadian Mark Berger, who had won a silver medal at the Olympics the year prior, won a gold medal in judo. American Ken Flax won the gold medal in the hammer throw.[citation needed] American Donna Orender played for, was the oldest player on, and was captain of the Team USA women's basketball team.[5][6][7]

A Junior Maccabiah was held for the first time.

Participating communities[edit]

The number in parentheses indicates the number of participants that community contributed.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The 20th Maccabiah Games: A brief History (Part 1)," The Canadian Jewish News.
  2. ^ Helen Jefferson Lenskyj (2012). Gender Politics and the Olympic Industry. Palgrave Macmillan.
  3. ^ Mitchell G. Bard and Moshe Schwartz (2005). 1001 Facts Everyone Should Know about Israel p. 84.
  4. ^ "History of the Maccabiah Games". Maccabi Australia.
  5. ^ [https://www.maccabiusa.com/about/legends/donna-orender/ "Donna Orender" | Maccabi USA
  6. ^ "Donna Orender" | Maccabi USA
  7. ^ The Jewish Olympics: The History of the Maccabiah Games - Ron Kaplan - Google Books

External links[edit]