Theodoros Theo Angelopoulos was a Greek filmmaker and film producer. An acclaimed and multi-awarded film director who dominated the Greek art ﬁlm industry from 1975 on, Angelopoulos was one of the most influential and he started making films in 1967. In the 1970s he made a series of films about modern Greece. In 2000 he was the President of the Jury at the 22nd Moscow International Film Festival, the life of Theo Angelopoulos, his work, and his passion were the subject of a documentary directed in 2008 by Elodie Lelu. Theodoros Angelopoulos was born in Athens on 27 April 1935 and he studied law at the National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, but after his military service went to Paris to attend the Sorbonne. He soon dropped out to film at the Institut des hautes études cinématographiques before returning to Greece. There, he worked as a journalist and film critic, Angelopoulos began making films after the 1967 coup that began the Greek military dictatorship known as the Regime of the Colonels.
He made his first short film in 1968 and in the 1970s he began making a series of feature films about modern Greece, Days of 36, The Travelling Players. In 1978, he was a member of the jury at the 28th Berlin International Film Festival and he quickly established a characteristic style, marked by slow and ambiguous narrative structures as well as long takes. These takes often include meticulously choreographed and complicated scenes involving many actors, the sad state of contemporary Greece is built against Angelopoulos’ poignant poetry of images. In Landscape in the Mist the social-realist air merges into surrealism as the director takes his audience once again through misty towns and his lifelong tendency to amalgamate Greek myths and history into current political events was revealed once again in his oedipal drama Trilogy, The Weeping Meadow. His regular collaborators include the cinematographer Giorgos Arvanitis, the screenwriter Tonino Guerra, one of the recurring themes of his work is immigration, the flight from homeland and the return, as well as the history of 20th century Greece.
Angelopoulos was considered by British film critics Derek Malcolm and David Thomson as one of the worlds greatest directors, Angelopoulos died late on Tuesday,24 January 2012, several hours after being involved in an accident while shooting his latest film, The Other Sea in Athens. The filmmaker had been with his crew in the area of Drapetsona, near Piraeus when he was hit by a motorcycle driven by an off-duty police officer, the accident occurred when Angelopoulos,76, attempted to cross a busy road. He was taken to the hospital, where he was treated in an intensive care unit, before expiring, Angelopoulos suffered at least one heart attack. Angelopoulos won numerous awards, including the Palme dOr at the 51st edition of the Cannes Film Festival in 1998 for Eternity and his films have been shown at the most important film festivals around the world. Theodoros Angelopoulos was the recipient of awards for his long standing career. Books Journals and web Official website Acquarello, Theo Angelopoulos at the Internet Movie Database Theo Angelopoulos in musicolog
Robert Bernard Altman was an American film director and film producer. He is consistently ranked as one of the greatest and most influential filmmakers in American cinema and his style of filmmaking was unique among directors, in that his subjects covered most genres, but with a subversive twist that typically relies on satire and humor to express his personal vision. Altman developed a reputation for being anti-Hollywood and non-conformist in both his themes and directing style, actors especially enjoyed working under his direction because he encouraged them to improvise, thereby inspiring their own creativity. He preferred large ensemble casts for his films, and developed a recording technique which produced overlapping dialogue from multiple actors. This produced a natural, more dynamic, and more complex experience for the viewer. He used highly mobile camera work and zoom lenses to enhance the activity taking place on the screen, critic Pauline Kael, writing about his directing style, said that Altman could make film fireworks out of next to nothing.
In 2006, the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences recognized Altmans body of work with an Academy Honorary Award and he never won a competitive Oscar despite five nominations. His films MASH, McCabe & Mrs. Miller, and Nashville have been selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry. Altman is one of the few filmmakers whose films have won the Golden Bear at Berlin, the Golden Lion at Venice, and the Golden Palm at Cannes. Altmans ancestry was German and Irish, his grandfather, Frank Altman. Altman had a Catholic upbringing, but he did not continue to follow or practice the religion as an adult, although he has referred to as a sort of Catholic. He was educated at Jesuit schools, including Rockhurst High School and he graduated from Wentworth Military Academy in Lexington, Missouri in 1943. In 1943 Altman joined the United States Army Air Forces at the age of 18, during World War II, Altman flew more than 50 bombing missions as a crewman on a B-24 Liberator with the 307th Bomb Group in Borneo and the Dutch East Indies.
Upon his discharge in 1946, Altman moved to California and he worked in publicity for a company that had invented a tattooing machine to identify dogs. He entered filmmaking on a whim, selling a script to RKO for the 1948 picture Bodyguard, Altmans immediate success encouraged him to move to New York City, where he attempted to forge a career as a writer. Having enjoyed little success, in 1949 he returned to Kansas City, in February 2012, an early Calvin film directed by Altman, Modern Football, was found by filmmaker Gary Huggins. Altman directed some 65 industrial films and documentaries before being hired by a businessman in 1956 to write. The film, titled The Delinquents, made for $60,000, was purchased by United Artists for $150,000, while primitive, this teen exploitation film contained the foundations of Altmans work in its use of casual, naturalistic dialogue
Under the Sun of Satan (film)
Under the Sun of Satan is a 1987 French drama film directed by Maurice Pialat, starring Gérard Depardieu, Sandrine Bonnaire and Pialat. It is based on the 1926 novel of the name by Georges Bernanos. The film is about mysticism and Gods grace, the film won the Palme dOr at the 1987 Cannes Film Festival. Donissan is a very zealous rural priest, the dean Menou-Segrais tries to keep him reasonable. But Donissan will be tempted by Satan, try to save the soul of Mouchette. It was the time a novel by Bernanos was adapted for film. The two previous adaptations, Diary of a Country Priest and Mouchette, had both directed by Robert Bresson. Under the Sun of Satan was produced through Erato Films, Flach Films, Action Films, filming began on 20 October 1986 and took place in Fressin and Montreuil-sur-Mer, Pas-de-Calais. The film premiered on 14 May at the 1987 Cannes Film Festival and it played at the 1987 Toronto International Film Festival and New York Film Festival. It was released in French cinemas on 2 September 1987, the film had 815,748 admissions in France.
Janet Maslin wrote in The New York Times in 1987, Though it deals with theology and rises to a stunning test of faith, thats one of the many things that make it fascinating. Its a work of subtlety, some difficulty and tremendous assurance, one that demands. Nigel Floyd wrote in Time Out London, Pialats ascetic meditation on faith, despite the confusing cutting from scene to scene, the narratives rigorous logic, the performances, and the stark visual beauty yield profound pleasures. The film won the Palme dOr, the top prize for best film in competition at the Cannes Film Festival. It was the first time in 21 years that the Palme dOr went to a French film, Claude Lelouch had last won it in 1966 for A Man and a Woman. Pialat was congratulated by Frances president François Mitterrand, who wrote that Under the Sun of Satan shows the vitality that can, the film was nominated for the César Award for best film, actor, cinematography and poster. In 2013, the film was released as a Blue-Ray disk playable in all regions, under the Sun of Satan at the Internet Movie Database Under the Sun of Satan at AllMovie Cannes profile
Repentance (1987 film)
Repentance is a Georgian film directed by Tengiz Abuladze. The movie was made in 1984, but its release was banned in the Soviet Union for its critique of Stalinism. It premiered at the 1987 Cannes Film Festival, winning the FIPRESCI Prize, Grand Prize of the Jury, the film was selected as the Soviet entry for the Best Foreign Language Film at the 60th Academy Awards, but was not accepted as a nominee. Repentance is set in a small Georgian town, the film starts with the scene of a woman preparing cakes. A man in a chair is reading from a newspaper that the towns mayor, one day after the funeral the corpse of the mayor turns up in the garden of his sons house. The corpse is reburied, only to again in the garden. A woman, Ketevan Barateli, is arrested and accused of digging up the corpse. She defends herself and states that Varlam does not deserve to be buried as he was responsible for a Stalin-like regime of terror responsible for the disappearance of her parents and she is put on trial and gives her testimony, with the story of Varlams regime being told in flashbacks.
During the trial, Varlams son Abel denies any wrongdoings by his father, Varlams grandson Tornike is shocked by the revelations about the crimes of his grandfather. Abel himself throws Varlams corpse off a cliff on the outskirts of the town, at the end the film returns to the scene of the woman preparing a cake. An old woman is asking her at the window whether this is the road leads to the temple. The woman replies that the road is Varlam street and will not lead to the temple, the old woman replies, What good is a road if it doesnt lead to a temple. Abuladze cast several of his members in leading roles in the film. The audience takes place in what appears to be a hothouse, Des pas sur la neige, Sandro Barateli plays Des pas sur la neige on the piano in his apartment before dawn on the morning of his arrest while Nino sleeps in a chair. Beethoven, Moonlight Sonata, Abel Aravidze plays the Moonlight Sonata on the piano in his villa just before the confrontation with his son, boney M. Tengiz Abuladze started to think about the film in the early 1970s.
A near-fatal car accident in the early 1980s convinced Abuladze to start shooting the film and he was encouraged by Eduard Shevardnadze who at that time was the first secretary of the Georgian Communist Party and who offered a special and uncensored slot on Georgian television for the film. During the shooting of the film the actor Gega Kobakhidze was arrested for being involved in the hijacking of Aeroflot Flight 6833, production was temporarily halted, and was resumed several months with Merab Ninidze replacing Kobakhidze. When the film was finished in 1984 it was screened once, in 1987, with the new political climate initiated by Mikhail Gorbachev, the film was released again all over the Soviet Union and at film festivals in Western countries
Among his more popular works is the score for the Federico Fellini film Intervista, his second of three collaborations with the famous director, the others being Ginger e Fred and La voce della luna. Years later, he composed a ballet titled Balletto Fellini, in 2005 he was a member of the jury at the 27th Moscow International Film Festival. The music for the latter is considered by many as one of the best film scores ever done, however, he is reported to believe that Too many film scores make a composer a hack, but in the theatre music is above all craftsmanship. Accordingly, he continues to work in theatre, and composes concert
Chronicle of a Death Foretold (film)
Chronicle of a Death Foretold is a drama film directed by Francesco Rosi adapted by Tonino Guerra from the eponymous novella by Gabriel García Márquez. It stars Rupert Everett, Ornella Muti, Anthony Delon and Gian Maria Volontè, the film premiered at Cannes film festival in May 1987. Cristóbal Bedoya, a doctor, returns to his hometown. At the local cemetery, he visits the grave of Santiago Nasar, his best friend, still haunted by the past, Cristóbal attempts to revisits the event that lead to his friends murder talking with those close to Santiago. Their memories take them to the time of the crime, on the day he was eventually killed, Santiago Nasar had a dream about birds that his mother mistakenly took as a good omen of good health. Six months before, a handsome, young foreigner arrives to the town and his name is Bayardo San Román. Little is known about him except that he is very rich, Bayardo is soon smitten by the extraordinary beauty of a local girl, Angela Vicario. She is uninterested in his advances, but Bayardo does whatever it takes to win her approval by showering her with gifts, the next time Bayardo sees her, she is selling tickets for a raffle at a town event.
He buys all of the tickets and wins a music box. Bayardo asks Angela what house she likes best, and she replies that she likes the one that belongs to the widower Xius, the widower insists that the house is not for sale, but Bayardo keeps offering more and more money until Xius gives in. When Angela protests to her parents that she not love Bayardo, her mother dismissed her argument. Pressured by her family, she yields and the couple get married with a lavish party, on the wedding night, Bayardo discovers that Angela is not a virgin and returns her to her bewildered family. Angela is beaten by her mother until she is forced to confess who the man who took her virginity was and she says that it was Santiago Nasar. Angela’s brothers are forced by local custom to avenge the honor of the family, the murder takes place the day after the wedding, when the town is in turmoil waiting for the visit of the bishop who is crossing the city by the river. The twin brothers and Pedro Vicario, are reluctant to commit the crime and they are quite open about their intentions and the rumor about what is about to occur spreads through the town.
The twins, with knives wrapped in newspaper, wait for Santiago to appear in Clotilde Armentas shop, many people learn of the murder plan, but nobody does anything to stop the brothers, or warn Santiago. People in the town are divided into three sides and it seems that people choose to keep Santiago in the dark and allow the tragedy to happen. Flora, Santiago’s girlfriend, is upset and humiliated when she learns the accusation, when Santiago comes to see her, still clueless as to the Vicarios intentions, she is furious
Jeremy Jack Thomas, CBE is a British film producer and chairman of Recorded Picture Company. He produced Bernardo Bertoluccis The Last Emperor, which won the 1988 Academy Award for Best Picture, in 2006 he received a European Film Award for Outstanding European Achievement in World Cinema. His father was director Ralph Thomas, while his uncle Gerald Thomas directed all of the films in the Carry on franchise, Cinema has always been a part of Thomas life. He was born in London, England into a family with his father, Ralph Philip Thomas. His childhood ambition was to work in cinema, after editing Philippe Moras Brother, Can You Spare a Dime. He produced his first film Mad Dog Morgan in 1974 in Australia and he returned to England to produce Jerzy Skolimowskis The Shout, which won the Grand Prix de Jury at the Cannes Film Festival. Thomas films are all individual and his independence of spirit has paid off both artistically and commercially. Lawrence, and The Hit directed by Stephen Frears, in 1986, Thomas produced Bernardo Bertoluccis epic, The Last Emperor, an independently financed project that was three years in the making.
A commercial and critical triumph, the film swept the board at the 1987 Academy Awards, burroughs Naked Lunch, J. G. Ballards Crash and Christopher Hamptons A Dangerous Method. In 1997 Thomas directed All the Little Animals, starring John Hurt and Christian Bale and his film, Jon Amiels Creation, about the life of Charles Darwin, with Paul Bettany and Jennifer Connelly in the leads, was the Opening Gala of the 2009 Toronto International Film Festival. In 2010, Thomas premiered Jerzy Skolimowskis Essential Killing and Takashi Miikes 13 Assassins at the Venice Film Festival, Essential Killing went on to win the Jury Prize and two others, a triple win unprecedented in the Festivals history. He executive-produced Wim Wenders 3D dance film Pina, which premiered at the 2011 Berlinale, at Cannes 2011, Thomas premiered Takashi Miikes new film, Hara-Kiri, Death of a Samurai, the first 3D film to show in Competition. Grant, Demian Bichir and Emilia Clarke, recent releases include an adaptation of J. G.
Thomas has said of his ethos, In 1998, Thomas founded his international sales arm, HanWay Films, HanWay has since expanded to sell third party projects as well as handling the libraries of many of the worlds best-known filmmakers. He has been President of the Jury at Tokyo Film Festival, San Sebastian Film Festival, Berlin Film Festival and he was made a Life Fellow of the British Film Institute in 2000. Thomas was appointed Commander of the Order of the British Empire in the 2009 New Year Honours, Mad Dog Morgan The Shout The Great Rock n Roll Swindle Bad Timing Eureka Merry Christmas, Mr
Nicolas Jack Roeg CBE BSC is an English film director and cinematographer. After National Service he entered the business as a tea boy moving up to clapper-loader. Early in his career Roeg was a cinematographer on Lawrence of Arabia, cinematographer on Roger Cormans The Masque of the Red Death. He co-directed and photographed Performance in 1970 and he directed such films as Walkabout, Dont Look Now and The Man Who Fell to Earth. They seem, to shatter reality into a thousand pieces and are unpredictable, fascinating and these techniques, and Roegs foreboding sense of atmosphere, influenced filmmakers such as Steven Soderbergh, Tony Scott, Ridley Scott, François Ozon and Danny Boyle. Roegs influence on cinema is not limited to deconstructing narrative, the Memo From Turner sequence in Performance predates many techniques used in music videos. His work was documented at the Riverside Studios, London from 12–14 September 2008 and he introduced the retrospective along with Miranda Richardson, who starred in Puffball.
The retrospective included Bad Timing, Far from the Madding Crowd, The Man Who Fell to Earth, The Witches, Dont Look Now, the London Film Academy organised this event for Roeg in honour of his patronage of the school. Roeg was born in London, to Mabel Gertrude and Jack Nicolas Roeg, Roeg was married to Susan Stephen from 1957–77. They had four children, Nico and the producer Luc Roeg, Roeg married Theresa Russell in 1982 and they had two children and Statten Roeg. Following their divorce, Roeg married Harriet Harper in 2004, tribute to Nicolas Roeg 2007, Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences, accessed 12 July 2014. Book Review, The World is Ever Changing by Nicolas Roeg, independent. co. uk, accessed 12 July 2014
Paul Leonard Newman was an American actor. Newmans other films include The Hustler, Cool Hand Luke, Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid as Butch Cassidy, The Sting, and The Verdict. Despite being colorblind, Newman won several championships as a driver in Sports Car Club of America road racing. He was a co-founder of Newmans Own, a company from which he donated all post-tax profits. As of 2016, these donations have totaled over US$460 million and he was a co-founder of Safe Water Network, a nonprofit that develops sustainable drinking water solutions for those in need. In 1988, Newman founded the SeriousFun Childrens Network, a family of summer camps. Newman was born in Shaker Heights, the son of Theresa and Arthur Sigmund Newman. Newmans father was Jewish, and was the son of Simon Newman and Hannah Cohn, immigrants from Hungary, Newman had no religion as an adult, but described himself as a Jew, saying its more of a challenge. Newmans mother worked in his fathers store, while raising Paul and his brother, Arthur.
Newman showed an early interest in the theater, his first role was at the age of seven, playing the court jester in a school production of Robin Hood. At age 10, Newman performed at the Cleveland Play House in a production of Saint George and the Dragon, graduating from Shaker Heights High School in 1943, he briefly attended Ohio University in Athens, where he was initiated into the Phi Kappa Tau fraternity. Newman served in the United States Navy in World War II in the Pacific theater, initially, he enrolled in the Navy V-12 pilot training program at Yale University, but was dropped when his colorblindness was discovered. Boot camp followed, with training as a radioman and rear gunner, qualifying in torpedo bombers in 1944, Aviation Radioman Third Class Newman was sent to Barbers Point, Hawaii. He flew as a gunner in an Avenger torpedo bomber. As a radioman-gunner, his unit was assigned to the USS Bunker Hill along with other replacements shortly before the Battle of Okinawa in the spring of 1945, the pilot of his aircraft had an ear infection which kept their plane grounded.
The rest of their squadron flew to the Bunker Hill, days later, a kamikaze attack on the vessel killed a number of service members, including the other members of his unit. After the war, Newman completed his Bachelor of Arts in drama and economics at Kenyon College in Gambier, shortly after earning his degree, he joined several summer stock companies, most notably the Belfry Players in Wisconsin and the Woodstock Players in Illinois. He toured with them for three months and developed his talents as a part of Woodstock Players and he attended the Yale School of Drama for one year, before moving to New York City to study under Lee Strasberg at the Actors Studio
Francesco Rosi was an Italian film director. His film The Mattei Affair won the Palme dOr at the 1972 Cannes Film Festival, Rosis films, especially those of the 1960s and 1970s, often appeared to have political messages. At the 2008 Berlin International Film Festival 13 of his films were screened, in a reserved for film-makers of outstanding quality. He received the Honorary Golden Bear for Lifetime Achievement, accompanied by the screening of his 1962 film Salvatore Giuliano, in 2012 the Venice Biennale awarded Rosi the Golden Lion for Lifetime Achievement. Rosi was born in Naples in 1922 and his father worked in the shipping industry, but was a cartoonist and had, at one time, been reprimanded for his satirical drawings of Benito Mussolini and King Vittorio Emmanuel III. During the Second World War Rosi went to college alongside Giorgio Napolitano who was to become Italian President and he studied law and embarked on a career as an illustrator of childrens books. At the same time he working as a reporter for Radio Napoli.
There he became friendly with Raffaele La Capria, Aldo Giuffrè and Giuseppe Patroni Griffi and his show business career began in 1946 as an assistant to Ettore Giannini for the stage production of a work by Salvatore Di Giacomo. He entered the industry and worked as an assistant to Luchino Visconti on La Terra Trema. He wrote several screenplays, including Bellissima and The City Stands Trial, in 1956 he co-directed, with Vittorio Gassman, the film Kean – Genio e sregolatezza, about the Shakespearean actor Edmund Kean. His emergence as a director is considered to be his 1958 film La sfida, based on the story of Camorra boss Pasquale Simonetti, known as Pasquale e Nola, the realist nature of this film caused a stir in alluding to mafia control of the government. Of the film, Rosi himself said, A director makes his first film with passion, but this is in fact a reworking of La Terra Trema, with the Visconti arias replaced by Zavattinis naturalism. Shipman writes, I magliari concerns racketeers, and they are rival con-men preying on their compatriots, like the protagonist in La sfida, manages to antagonise his colleagues more than his rivals – and this was to be a continuing theme in Rosis films.
The film examined the life of the Sicilian gangster Giuliano, using the technique of a series of flashbacks. Shipman suggests that the film, with a unity of the landscape. The film was awarded the Golden Lion at the Venice Film Festival, Rosi himself explained the films purpose, What interests me passionately is how a character behaves in the relation to the collectivity of society. Im not making a study of character but of society, to understand what a man is like in his private drama you must begin to understand him in his public life. In The Moment of Truth, Rosi changed what was planned as a documentary about Spain in to a film about bullfighter Miguel Marco Miguelin, Shipman comments, The wide screen and colour footage of the corrida were incomparably superior to those seen outside Spain hitherto
Jean-Luc Godard is a French-Swiss film director and film critic. He is often identified with the 1960s French film movement La Nouvelle Vague, as a result of such argument, he and like-minded critics started to make their own films. Many of Godards films challenge the conventions of traditional Hollywood in addition to French cinema, along with showing knowledge of film history through homages and references, several of his films expressed his political views, he was an avid reader of existential and Marxist philosophy. Since the New Wave, his politics have been less radical and his recent films are about representation and human conflict from a humanist. In a 2002 Sight & Sound poll, Godard ranked third in the critics top-ten directors of all time and he is said to have created one of the largest bodies of critical analysis of any filmmaker since the mid-twentieth century. He and his work have been central to narrative theory and have challenged both commercial narrative cinema norms and film criticisms vocabulary, in 2010, Godard was awarded an Academy Honorary Award, but did not attend the award ceremony.
Jean-Luc Godard was born on 3 December 1930 in the 7th arrondissement of Paris, the son of Odile and Paul Godard and his wealthy parents came from Protestant families of Franco–Swiss descent, and his mother was the daughter of Julien Monod, a founder of the Banque Paribas. She was the great-granddaughter of theologian Adolphe Monod, relatives on his mothers side include composer Jacques-Louis Monod, naturalist Théodore Monod and pastor Frédéric Monod. Four years after Jean-Lucs birth, his father moved the family to Switzerland, at the outbreak of the Second World War, Godard was in France and returned to Switzerland with difficulty. He spent most of the war in Switzerland, although his family made trips to his grandfathers estate on the French side of Lake Geneva. Godard attended school in Nyon, Switzerland, in 1946, he went to study at the Lycée Buffon in Paris and, through family connections, mixed with members of its cultural elite. He lodged with the writer Jean Schlumberger, having failed his baccalaureate exam in 1948 he returned to Switzerland.
He studied in Lausanne and lived with his parents, whose marriage was breaking up and he spent time in Geneva with a group that included another film fanatic, Roland Tolmatchoff, and the extreme rightist philosopher Jean Parvulesco. His older sister Rachel encouraged him to paint, which he did, after time spent at a boarding school in Thonon to prepare for the retest, which he passed, he returned to Paris in 1949. He registered for a certificate in anthropology at the University of Paris and he got involved with the young group of film critics at the ciné-clubs that started the New Wave. Godard originally held only French citizenship, in 1953, he became a citizen of Gland, canton of Vaud, Switzerland, in Paris, in the Latin Quarter just prior to 1950, ciné-clubs were gaining prominence. Godard began attending these clubs - the Cinémathèque, the CCQL, Work and Culture ciné Club, at these clubs he met fellow film enthusiasts including Jacques Rivette, Claude Chabrol, and François Truffaut. Godard was part of a generation for whom cinema took on a special importance and he has said, In the 1950s cinema was as important as bread—but it isnt the case any more