Abbas Kiarostami was an Iranian film director, screenwriter and film producer. An active film-maker from 1970, Kiarostami had been involved in over forty films, including shorts and documentaries. Kiarostami attained critical acclaim for directing the Koker trilogy, Close-Up, Taste of Cherry – which was awarded the Palme dOr at the Cannes Film Festival that year – and The Wind Will Carry Us. In his works, Certified Copy and Like Someone in Love, he filmed for the first time outside Iran, in Italy and Japan, Kiarostami had worked extensively as a screenwriter, film editor, art director and producer and had designed credit titles and publicity material. He was a poet, painter and these filmmakers share many common techniques including the use of poetic dialogue and allegorical storytelling dealing with political and philosophical issues. He is known for his use of Persian poetry in the dialogue, Kiarostamis films contain a notable degree of ambiguity, an unusual mixture of simplicity and complexity, and often a mix of fictional and documentary elements.
The concepts of change and continuity, in addition to the themes of life and death and he majored in painting and graphic design, and supported his studies by working as a traffic policeman. As a painter and illustrator, Kiarostami worked in advertising in the 1960s, designing posters, between 1962 and 1966, he shot around 150 advertisements for Iranian television. In the late 1960s, he began creating credit titles for films and its debut production and Kiarostamis first film was the twelve-minute The Bread and Alley, a neo-realistic short film about a schoolboys confrontation with an aggressive dog. The department became one of Irans most noted film studios, producing not only Kiarostamis films, but acclaimed Persian films such as The Runner and Bashu, in the 1970s, Kiarostami pursued an individualistic style of film making. When discussing his first film, he stated and Alley was my first experience in cinema, I had to work with a very young child, a dog, and an unprofessional crew except for the cinematographer, who was nagging and complaining all the time.
Well, the cinematographer, in a sense, was right because I did not follow the conventions of film making that he had become accustomed to, following The Experience, Kiarostami released The Traveler in 1974. The Traveler tells the story of Qassem Julayi, a troubled and troublesome boy from a small Iranian city. Intent on attending a match in far-off Tehran, he scams his friends and neighbors to raise money. In addressing the boys determination to reach his goal, alongside his indifference to the effects of his actions, the film examined human behavior. It furthered Kiarostamis reputation for realism, diegetic simplicity, and stylistic complexity, in 1975, Kiarostami directed two short films So Can I and Two Solutions for One Problem. In early 1976, he released Colors, followed by the fifty-four-minute film A Wedding Suit, Kiarostamis first feature film was the 112-minute Report. It revolved around the life of a tax collector accused of accepting bribes, in 1979, he produced and directed First Case, Second Case
Faraway, So Close!
Faraway, So Close. is a 1993 film by German director Wim Wenders. The screenplay is by Wenders, Richard Reitinger and Ulrich Zieger, the film is a sequel to Wenders 1987 film Wings of Desire. Actors Otto Sander and Bruno Ganz reprise their roles as angels visiting Earth, the film stars Nastassja Kinski, Willem Dafoe and Heinz Rühmann. It won the Grand Prix du Jury at the 1993 Cannes Film Festival and Raphaella, two angels, observe the busy life of reunited Berlin. Due to their origin, they can hear the thoughts of the people around them. Cassiel has been following his friend Damiel, who senses his presence and he owns a pizza parlor named Casa dellangelo and has married Marion, a trapeze artist whom he met when an angel. She works in a bar in West Berlin, and the two have a young daughter, Doria. Cassiel follows Raisa Becker, an 11-year-old girl who lives in the former East Berlin and he observes her life and notices that she and her mother Hanna Becker are being followed by Philip Winter, a detective who works for Anton Baker.
The latter is an American arms dealer and pornographer who owns a transport company, Cassiel follows Hanna Becker to an abandoned building in the outskirts of East Berlin. There he finds that she brings food to Konrad, a man who has acted as a father to her, traveling back in time, Cassiel is able to see the last days of Berlin late in the war. When the war appeared to have been lost, the father, the mother Gertrud Becker stayed behind with the young Hanna, both under the care of Konrad. Winter photographs the World War II-vintage cars which Konrad cares for, Winter drops the man as an employer, having investigated his activities. He encounters Peter Falk outside the hotel, as Raphaella and Cassiel sit on top of the Brandenburg Gate, he expresses a desire to experience human life. Visiting Raisa, he finds her alone at her flat and leaning over the balcony railing, as she falls, Cassiel tries to save her and suddenly becomes human, catching the child. He has to adjust to the transformation, learning to modulate the volume of his voice and to negotiate streets and his only possession is an angels armor, which became tangible when he leaped into humanity.
In the underground, Cassiel is tricked into gambling by Emit Flesti, losing his armor, Raphaella begs Flesti to give Cassiel time to understand what it is to be a human, he agrees but does not promise to stop hunting him. Arrested and detained, Cassiel struggles to satisfy demands for identification. He cannot give his name or address, but refers the police to his friends pizza shop, Damiel arrives at the station and takes his now human friend home
The Piano is a 1993 New Zealand drama film about a mute piano player and her daughter. The Piano was written and directed by Jane Campion, and stars Holly Hunter, Harvey Keitel, Sam Neill, the films score for the piano by Michael Nyman became a best-selling soundtrack album, and Hunter played her own piano pieces for the film. She served as language teacher for Paquin, earning three screen credits. The film is an international co-production by Australian producer Jan Chapman with the French company Ciby 2000, the Piano was a success both critically and commercially, grossing US$140 million worldwide against its US$7 million budget. Hunter and Paquin both received praise for their respective roles as Ada McGrath and Flora McGrath. In 1993 the film won the Palme dOr at the Cannes Film Festival, subsequently, in March 1994, The Piano won 3 Academy Awards out of 8 total nominations, Best Actress for Hunter, Best Supporting Actress for Paquin, and Best Original Screenplay for Campion. A mute Scotswoman named Ada McGrath is sold by her father into marriage to a New Zealand frontiersman named Alisdair Stewart, the voice that the audience hears in the opening narration is not her speaking voice, but her minds voice.
Ada has not spoken a word since she was six years old and no one, including herself and she expresses herself through her piano playing and through sign language, for which her daughter has served as the interpreter. Flora dramatically tells two women in New Zealand that her mother has not spoken since the death of her husband who died as a result of being struck by lightning, Ada cares little for the mundane world, occupying herself for hours every day with the piano. Ada and their belongings, including a hand crafted piano, are deposited on a New Zealand beach by a ships crew, as there is no one there to meet them, they spend the night alone on the beach amongst their crated belongings. Alisdair proves to be a shy and diffident man, who is called old dry balls by his Māori neighbours. He tells Ada that there is no room in his house for the piano. Ada, in turn, is cold to him and is determined to be reunited with her piano, unable to communicate with Alisdair and Flora visit Baines with a note asking to be taken to the piano.
He explains that he cannot read, when Flora translates her mothers wishes, he initially refuses, but the three ultimately spend the day on the beach with Ada playing music. Baines, whose wife is far away in England living a life, is taken by the transformation in Ada when she plays her piano. Baines soon suggests that Alisdair trade the instrument to him for some land, Alisdair consents, and agrees to his further request to receive lessons from Ada, oblivious to his attraction to her. Alisdair shouts the finality of his decision and demands that she fulfill the contract of providing lessons, on the day she arrives at his hut, she attempts to make an excuse that she cannot play the piano because it is out of tune. She is stunned to find that Baines has had the piano put into perfect tune and she begins by asking him to play anything he knows, but he asks to simply listen rather than learn to play himself
Dame Elizabeth Jane Campion DNZM is a New Zealand screenwriter and director. Campion was born in Wellington, New Zealand, the daughter of Edith, an actress and heiress, and Richard M. Campion. Her maternal great-grandfather was Robert Hannah, the manufacturer of Antrim House. Her father was from a family of Exclusive Brethren, with her older sister, born a year and half before her, and brother, born seven years after, Campion grew up in the world of New Zealand theatre. Her parents founded the New Zealand Players theatre group, while initially rejecting the idea of a career in theatre or acting, she graduated with a Bachelor of Arts in Anthropology from Victoria University of Wellington in 1975. In 1976 Campion attended Chelsea Art School in London and travelled throughout Europe and she graduated with a Graduate Diploma in Visual Arts from the Sydney College of the Arts at the University of Sydney in 1981. Based on her education at art school, Campion cites surrealist painter Frida Kahlo, dissatisfied with the limits of painting as a medium, Campion turned to film and created her first short film, Tissues in 1980.
In 1981 she began studying at the Australian Film and Radio School, where she made several short films. Her first short film, won the Short Film Palme dOr at the 1986 Cannes Film Festival, and other awards followed for the shorts Passionless Moments, A Girls Own Story and After Hours. Having left the Australian Film and Television School she directed an episode for ABCs light entertainment series Dancing Daze, sweetie was her feature debut, and won international awards. Further recognition followed with An Angel at My Table, a biographical and psychological portrayal of the New Zealand writer Janet Frame, at the 66th Academy Awards, she was the second woman ever to be nominated for Best Director. Campions work since that time has tended to polarize opinion, the Portrait of a Lady, based on the Henry James novel, featured Nicole Kidman, John Malkovich, Barbara Hershey and Martin Donovan. Teamed Campion again with Harvey Keitel, this time with Kate Winslet as the female lead, in the Cut, an erotic thriller based on Susanna Moores bestseller, provided Meg Ryan an opportunity to depart from her more familiar onscreen persona.
Her 2009 film Bright Star, a drama about poet John Keats. Campion was a producer for the 2006 documentary Abduction, The Megumi Yokota Story and has worked on the serial Top of the Lake. Campion herself was nominated for a Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Directing for a Miniseries and she was the head of the jury for the Cinéfondation and Short Film sections at the 2013 Cannes Film Festival. And the head of the jury for the competition section for the 2014 Cannes Film Festival. Campion responded by rising from her seat to give him a hug, in 2014 it was announced that Campion was nearing a deal to direct an adaptation of Rachel Kushners novel The Flamethrowers
Fiorile is a 1993 Italian drama film about a family curse caused by greed. The film was directed by Paolo and Vittorio Taviani, and stars Claudio Bigagli, Galatea Ranzi and it was entered into the 1993 Cannes Film Festival. The title Fiorile allegedly is derived from the month of Floréal in the French Republican Calendar, the film is known as Wild Flower
Abel Ferrara is an American filmmaker, known for the provocative and often controversial content in his films, his use of neo-noir imagery and gritty urban settings. A long-time independent filmmaker, some of his best known films include Ms.45, King of New York, Bad Lieutenant, Ferrara was born in the Bronx of Italian and Irish descent. He was raised Catholic, which had an effect on much of his work. At 15 he moved to Peekskill in Westchester, New York and he attended the film conservatory at SUNY Purchase, where he directed several short films, most of which are all available on The Short Films of Abel Ferrara collection. Soon finding himself out of work, he directed a film titled 9 Lives of a Wet Pussy in 1976. Ferrara first drew an audience with his grindhouse movie The Driller Killer. He followed it with Ms.45, a revenge film starring Zoë Tamerlis. Ferrara was next hired to direct Fear City, starring Tom Berenger, Melanie Griffith, Billy Dee Williams, Rae Dawn Chong, true to form, it depicted a seedy Times Square strip club, where a kung fu slasher stalks and murders the girls after work.
Berenger portrayed a boxer who has to use his fighting skills to defeat the killer. The cast included Wesley Snipes and David Caruso, as with most of Ferraras films, the screenplay was written by Nicholas St. John. Ferrara next directed Harvey Keitel in a performance as the titular Bad Lieutenant. Keitel plays a foul-mouthed, sex-addicted drug-using cop who wrestles with guilt, the script was co-written by Ms.45 star Zoë Tamerlis. Both Ferrara and Keitel were nominated for Spirit Awards and, despite its controversial content, director Martin Scorsese named it one of his top 10 films of the 1990s. In the mid-1990s Ferrara returned to independent filmmaking, directing two well-received movies, The Addiction and The Funeral, the film features Christopher Walken, Annabella Sciorra, Edie Falco, Paul Calderon, Kathryn Erbe and Michael Imperioli. It was co-produced by Russell Simmons, the Funeral starred Christopher Walken, Chris Penn, Isabella Rossellini, Benicio del Toro, Vincent Gallo and others.
In 1996 he directed a video for French singer Mylène Farmers song California. After making The Blackout with Matthew Modine and Dennis Hopper, he contributed to the omnibus HBO–television movie Subway Stories, Ferrara made New Rose Hotel, which reunited him with Christopher Walken. Ferrara returned three years with R Xmas, which starred Drea de Matteo and Ice-T, the multi-plot film concerns an actress who stars in a Passion of the Christ-like movie about Jesus, where she plays Mary Magdalene, with whom she subsequently becomes obsessed
Sir Kenneth Charles Branagh is a Northern Irish actor, director and screenwriter originally from Belfast. Branagh trained at the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art in London and he has directed or starred in several film adaptations of William Shakespeares plays, including Henry V, Much Ado About Nothing, Hamlet, Loves Labours Lost, and As You Like It. He narrated the BBC documentary miniseries Walking with Dinosaurs, Walking with Beasts, Branagh has been nominated for five Academy Awards, five Golden Globes, and has won three BAFTAs, and an Emmy. He was appointed a knight bachelor in the 2012 Birthday Honours and was knighted on 9 November 2012, at the age of nine, he moved with his family to Reading, Berkshire, to escape the Troubles. He was educated at Grove Primary School, Whiteknights Primary School, Meadway School, Tilehurst, at school, he acquired Received Pronunciation to avoid bullying. On his identity today he has said, I feel Irish, I dont think you can take Belfast out of the boy, and he attributes his love of words to his Irish heritage.
He is known to have attended the Reading Cine & Video Society as a member and was a member of Progress Theatre for whom he is now the patron. Branagh went on to train at the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art in London, Branagh was part of the new wave’ of actors to emerge from the Academy. Others included Jonathan Pryce, Juliet Stevenson, Alan Rickman, Anton Lesser, Bruce Payne, in 1984 he appeared in the Royal Shakespeare Company production of Henry V, directed by Adrian Noble. The production played to full houses, especially at the Barbican in London and it was this production that he adapted for the film version of the play in 1989. This Twelfth Night was adapted for television, on the negative side, he has not got the magnetism of Olivier, nor the mellifluous voice quality of Gielgud nor the intelligence of Guinness. A year in 1989 Branagh co-starred with Emma Thompson in the Renaissance revival of Look Back in Anger, Judi Dench directed both the theatre and television productions, presented first in Belfast at the London Coliseum and Lyric Theatre.
In 2002, Branagh starred at the Crucible Theatre, Sheffield as Richard III, in 2003 he starred in the Royal National Theatres production of David Mamets Edmond. Branagh directed The Play What I Wrote in England in 2001, from September to November 2008, Branagh appeared at Wyndhams Theatre as the title character in the Donmar West End revival of Anton Chekhovs Ivanov in a new version by Tom Stoppard. His performance was lauded as the performance of the year by several critics and it won him the Critics Circle Theatre Award for Best Male Performance but did not get him a Laurence Olivier Award nomination, to the surprise of critics. In July 2013 he co-directed Macbeth at Manchester International Festival with Rob Ashford, with Branagh in the title role, Alex Kingston played Lady Macbeth and Ray Fearon featured as Macduff. The final performance of the sold out run, was broadcast to cinemas on 20 July as part of National Theatre Live. He repeated his performance and directorial duties opposite Ashford and Kingston when the production moved to New York Citys Park Avenue Armory in June 2014, the production marked his New York stage debut
Notorious (1946 film)
It was shot in late 1945 and early 1946, and was released by RKO Radio Pictures in August 1946. Notorious is considered by critics and scholars to mark a watershed for Hitchcock artistically, the film is known for two scenes in particular. In one of his most famous shots, Hitchcock starts wide, slowly he tracks down and in on Ingrid Bergman, finally ending with a tight close-up of a key tucked in her hand. The two-and-a-half-minute kiss is perhaps his most intimate and erotic kiss, in 2006, Notorious was selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry by the Library of Congress as being culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant. Alicia Huberman, the American daughter of a convicted Nazi spy, is recruited by government agent T. R. Devlin to infiltrate an organization of Nazis who have moved to Brazil after World War II. When Alicia refuses to help the police, Devlin plays recordings of her fighting with her father, while awaiting the details of her assignment in Rio de Janeiro and Devlin fall in love, though his feelings are complicated by his knowledge of her promiscuous past.
Devlin is informed that Sebastian once was in love with Alicia, Devlin puts up a stoic front when he informs Alicia about the mission. Alicia concludes that he was pretending to love her as part of his job. Devlin contrives to have Alicia meet Sebastian at a riding club. He recognizes her and invites her to dinner where he says that he knew they would be reunited. Sebastian quickly invites Alicia to dinner the night at his home. Devlin and Captain Paul Prescott of the US Secret Service tell Alicia to memorize the names and nationalities of everyone there, at dinner, Alicia notices that a guest becomes agitated at the sight of certain wine bottles, and is ushered quickly from the room. When the gentlemen are alone at the end of the dinner, this guest apologizes and tries to go home, soon Alicia reports to Devlin, You can add Sebastians name to my list of playmates. When Sebastian proposes, Alicia informs Devlin, he tells her to do whatever she wants. After she returns from her honeymoon, Alicia is able to tell Devlin that the key ring her husband gave her lacks the key to the wine cellar.
That, and the episode at the dinner, lead Devlin to urge Alicia to hold a grand party so he can investigate. Alicia secretly steals the key from Sebastians ring, and Devlin, Devlin accidentally breaks a bottle, inside is black sand. Devlin takes a sample, cleans up, and locks the door as Sebastian comes down for more champagne and Devlin kiss to cover their tracks
My Favorite Season
My Favorite Season is a 1993 French drama film directed by André Téchiné, co-written by Téchiné and Pascal Bonitzer, and starring Catherine Deneuve, Daniel Auteuil, and Marthe Villalonga. The story concerns two middle age siblings, a brother and sister, who resume their relationship when they are forced to care for their ailing mother. It won the award for Best Foreign Language Film at the 1996 Boston Society of Film Critics Awards, Berthe, an elderly widow, is forced by her declining health to close the French farmhouse where she has spent much of her life. She moves in with her daughter Émilie and son in law Bruno who share a legal practice and have two grown up children, Anne, a law university student, and Lucien, who was adopted. In spite of efforts, Berthe is not happy in her daughter’s bourgeois home in Blagnac. She sits by the pool in the middle of the night talking to herself. Worried about her mothers physical and mental health, Émilie pays a visit to her younger brother, Antoine. They have not seen each other for three years, since they quarreled at their father’s funeral, Émilie informs Antoine of their mothers condition and invites him to a Christmas dinner with the entire family.
On Christmas Eve, Antoine arrives at his sisters home when Émilie, the neurotic Antoine has to remind himself not to be carried away and spoil the evening. Antoine promises not to tell anything, when he finds his mothers room, Berthe is delighted to see her son, but complains about living with her daughter. She dislikes Bruno, has no affection for the grandchildren and does not value her daughter’s efforts to make her feel at ease, dinner is lively, but after the youngsters leave for Lucien’s room, tempers flares between Bruno and Antoine and they end up in a fist fight. Bruno becomes angry, Antoine leaves with a nose and Berthe departs with her son. Talking with Bruno, Émilie loathes what they have become, Anne is distraught with the familys dispute and looks to Khadija for solace. Berthe returns to live alone at her farm but she suffers a stroke and this forces Émilie to visit her brother once again. Antoine has moved to an apartment in Toulouse. He is glad to learn that Émilie has separated from Bruno, the siblings agree to place their mother in a nursing home as the only viable option.
They pick up Berthe and on the drive they remember old times, when Émilie and Antoine sing as they used to when they were children, Berthe cheers up. On a stop during the trip, Antoine fulfills a childhood dream, Berthe introduces her children to the director of the retirement home
Body Snatchers (1993 film)
It is loosely based on the 1955 novel The Body Snatchers by Jack Finney. Body Snatchers is the film adaptation of Finneys novel, the first being Invasion of the Body Snatchers in 1956. The plot revolves around the discovery that people working at a base in Alabama are being replaced by perfect physical imitations grown from plant-like pods. The duplicates are indistinguishable from normal people except for their lack of emotion. Steve Malone, an agent from the Environmental Protection Agency, is sent to a base in Alabama to test possible effects on the surrounding ecological system caused by military actions. With him is his daughter from his first marriage, his second wife Carol. On their way to the base, they stop at a gas station, in the restroom, Marti is threatened by an MP member with a knife. When he notices her fear, he lets go of her, before she leaves the room, he warns her, they get you when you sleep. Steve and his move into their new home on the base. On his first day in day care, Andy runs away because he is recognized as an outsider among the other somehow conformist children and he is picked up and brought home by helicopter pilot Tim.
Marti and Tim quickly feel attracted to each other, Steve believes that a physiological reaction would be more likely. In the evening and Jenn go to the bar attended by the military personnel. He denies that they met before. That night, a group of soldiers can be seen picking giant pods from the running by the base. When Andy wakes up and enters his mothers room, Carols body crumbles to dust, nobody believes Andys story that his real mother is dead and the person pretending to be Carol is only an impostor. The following night and her father are taken over too by duplicates emerging from the giant pods. Carol attempts to convince Steve that the takeover is a thing, claiming that it ends confusion. She claims that no place to go, as the invasion is not an isolated incident
Paolo and Vittorio Taviani
Paolo and Vittorio Taviani are noted Italian film directors and screenwriters. They are brothers, who have worked together, each directing alternate scenes. Paolo Tavianis wife Lina Nerli Taviani has been costume designer of many of their films, at the Cannes Film Festival the Taviani brothers won the Palme dOr and the FIPRESCI prize for Padre padrone in 1977 and Grand Prix du Jury for La notte di San Lorenzo. In 2012 they reached again the top prize in a major festival, both born in San Miniato, Italy, the Taviani brothers began their careers as journalists. In 1960 they came to the world of cinema, directing with Joris Ivens the documentary LItalia non è un paese povero and they went on to direct two films with Valentino Orsini Un uomo da bruciare and I fuorilegge del matrimonio. Their first autonomous film was I sovversivi, with which they anticipated the events of 1968, with actor Gian Maria Volontè they gained attention with Sotto il segno dello scorpione (Under the Sign of Scorpio, where one can see the echoes of Brecht and Godard.
In 1971 they co-signed the media campaign against Milans police commissioner Luigi Calabresi and their next film Padre padrone, taken from a novel by Gavino Ledda, speaks of the struggle of a Sardinian shepherd against the cruel rules of his patriarchal society. The film was awarded the Special Jury Award in Cannes, Kaos —another literary adaptation—is a poignantly beautiful and poetical film in episodes, taken from Luigi Pirandellos Short Stories for a year. In Il sole anche di notte the Taviani brothers transposed in 18th century Naples the story from Tolstoys Father Sergius, from onwards, the Tavianis inspiration proved faltering. In the 2000s, the two brothers turned successfully to directing films and miniseries. They gave a respectful adaptation of Tolstoys Resurrection and Luisa Sanfelice a sort of romantic-popular ballad from a book by Alexandre Dumas, literary adaptations continue with La masseria delle allodole, presented at the Berlin Film Festival in the section Berlinale Special.
Their film Caesar Must Die won the Golden Bear at the 62nd Berlin International Film Festival in February 2012, the film was selected as the Italian entry for the Best Foreign Language Oscar at the 85th Academy Awards, but it did not make the final shortlist. 1977, Palme dor at Cannes Film Festival for Padre Padrone - Father and Master,1977, Grand Prix for Padre Padrone - Father and Master, Berlin International Film Festival 1978, Special David di Donatello for Padre Padrone - Father and Master. 1982, Grand Prix at Cannes Film Festival for The Night of the Shooting Stars,1983, David di Donatello for Best Film and David di Donatello for Best Director for The Night of the Shooting Stars. 1984, Italian Golden Globes Golden Globe for Best Film for The Night of the Shooting Stars,1985, Italian Golden Globes Golden Globe for Best Film for Kaos. 1985, David di Donatello for Best Script for Kaos,1986, Leone dOro Life Career of the Venice International Film Festival. 2002, Golden St. George at the 24th Moscow International Film Festival for Resurrection 2005, Italian Golden Globes Career Prize 2007,2008, Laurea Honoris Causa in Cinema and Multimedia Production by the Faculty of Literature and Philosophy of the University of Pisa.
2012, Golden Bear and Prize of the Ecumenical Jury - Berlin International Film Festival for Caesar Must Die,2012, David di Donatello for Best Film and David di Donatello for Best Director for Caesar Must Die