1994 Indianapolis 500

The 78th Indianapolis 500 was held at the Indianapolis Motor Speedway in Speedway, Indiana on Sunday, May 29, 1994. The race was sanctioned by United States Auto Club, was included as race number 4 of 16 of the 1994 PPG IndyCar World Series. For the second year in a row, weather was nary a factor during the month. Only one practice day was lost to rain, pole day was only halted due to scattered showers. Warm, sunny skies greeted race day. Al Unser, Jr. won from his second Indy 500 victory. Much to the surprise of competitors and fans, Marlboro Team Penske arrived at the Speedway with a brand new, secretly-built 209 in³ displacement Mercedes-Benz pushrod engine, capable of nearly 1,000 horsepower. Despite reliability issues with the engine and handling difficulties with the chassis, the three-car Penske team dominated most of the month, the entire race. While Unser won the pole position, Fittipaldi dominated most of the race, leading a total of 145 laps. On lap 185, Fittipaldi was leading the race, was looking to put Unser a lap down.

Fittipaldi hit the wall in turn 4. Unser was able to stretch his cruise to victory over rookie Jacques Villeneuve. Al Unser Jr. joined his father Al Unser Sr. and uncle Bobby as winners of multiple 500s at Indianapolis. The race marked the final Indy 500 for Mario Andretti. Indy veterans Al Unser Sr. and Johnny Rutherford retired in the days leading up to the race. John Andretti, who had left CART and moved to the NASCAR Winston Cup Series, became the first driver to race in both the Indy 500 and Coca-Cola 600 in the same day, an effort that has become known as "Double Duty"; this was the second and final Indy 500 for Nigel Mansell, knocked out of the race in a bizarre crash with Dennis Vitolo. It was not known at the time, but when Fittipaldi hit the wall on lap 185, it would conclude his final competitive lap in the Indy 500. Nigel Mansell went on to win the 1993 CART championship, with 1993 Indy 500 winner Emerson Fittipaldi finishing second in points. Mansell returned to team up again with Mario Andretti at Newman Haas.

Andretti embarked on a yearlong Arrivederci Mario tour, announcing he would retire at the conclusion of the 1994 CART season. The 1994 race would be his final start at Indy. Fittipaldi remained at Penske Racing, which expanded to a three-car effort for 1994, including Al Unser, Jr. and Paul Tracy. Al Unser, Jr. parted ways with Galles after a six-year stint, was replaced there with rookie Adrián Fernández. After a dismal season in Formula One, Michael Andretti returned to Indy car racing for 1994, signing with Ganassi. Andretti won the season opening Australian Grand Prix at Surfers Paradise, it was the first Indy car win for Ganassi, as well as the first win for the Reynard chassis. Rahal-Hogan Racing, with drivers Bobby Rahal and Mike Groff, debuted the first Honda Indy car engine, the iron block Honda HRX Indy V-8. Chevrolet dropped its support of the Ilmor engine program at Indy after 1993. For 1994, the 265C, the 265 C+, 265D V-8 powerplants were badged the "Ilmor Indy V8." After Michael Andretti won the season opener, Marlboro Team Penske won the next two races before Indy.

Emerson Fittipaldi and Al Unser, Jr. finished 1-2 at Phoenix Al Unser, Jr. won at Long Beach. Jim Nabors returned to sing the traditional "Back Home Again in Indiana" just months after receiving a liver transplant. Nabors had suffered a near-fatal case of Hepatitis B, it was not expected that he would be able to attend the race in person. Six days before opening day, the worldwide motorsports community was shaken by the death of Ayrton Senna at San Marino. Indy drivers Emerson Fittipaldi, Raul Boesel, Maurício Gugelmin, were among those in attendance at the funeral, all three serving as pall-bearers; the most notable off-season activity involved Penske Ilmor. In the summer and fall of 1993, Ilmor and Penske engaged in a new engine project. Under complete secrecy, a 209 in3 purpose-built, V-8 pushrod. Mercedes came on board with the project, badged the engine the Mercedes-Benz 500I; the engine was designed to exploit a perceived loophole that had existed in USAC's rulebook since 1991. While CART sanctioned the rest of the Indycar season, the Indianapolis 500 itself was conducted by USAC under different technical regulations.

This effort represented a rare instance during this era where considerable money and effort were invested in creating a powerplant for the Indy 500 by a CART-based team. In an effort to appeal to smaller engine-building companies and independents, USAC had permitted "stock-block" pushrod engines; the traditional "stock blocks" saw some limited use in the early 1980s, but became mainstream at Indy with the Buick V-6 by 1985. The stock blocks were required to have some production-based parts. However, in 1991, USAC lifted the requirement, purpose-built pushrod engines were permitted to be designed for racing from the ground up. Attempting to create an equivalency formula, both pushrod engine formats were allowed increased displacement of 209.3 cubic inches instead of 161.7 cubic inches, increased turbocharger boost of 55 inHG instead of 45. Team Penske tested and further developed the engine in secret in the winter and spring of 1994. Before

Edward Settle Godfrey

Edward Settle Godfrey was a United States Army Brigadier General who received the Medal of Honor for leadership as a captain during the Indian Wars. Godfrey was born October 1843 in Ottawa, Ohio, he enlisted as a private in the US Army at the beginning of the American Civil War. He served in Company D, 21st Ohio Infantry from April to August 1861, he was admitted to the United States Military Academy at West Point two years and graduated in 1867. Godfrey joined the 7th United States Cavalry Regiment and as a lieutenant was a survivor of Battle of the Little Bighorn, he wrote an account of the battle and his experiences in it published in Century Magazine in January 1892, influential in shaping perceptions of the battle and Custer's generalship. Despite being wounded at the Battle of Bear Paw Mountain against Chief Joseph and the Nez Perce Indians, September 30, 1877, Godfrey continued to lead his men in battle, he received the Medal of Honor in 1894 for his leadership actions during this battle.

Godfrey was breveted major on February 27, 1890. He served in Cuba in 1898 during the Spanish–American War and in the Philippine–American War overseas, he retired from the Army on October 1907 with the rank of Brigadier General. At the ceremony of the burial of the Unknown Soldier from World War I in Arlington, Godfrey led two platoons of Medal of Honor recipients as participants. Godfrey died on April 1, 1932, at his home in the Cookstown section of New Hanover Township, New Jersey, he was buried with full military honors at Arlington National Cemetery in Section 3. His second wife, Ida Emely Godfrey, was buried with him after her death, his first wife died before the turn of the century. Their surviving children in 1932 were Mary Godfrey and E. S. Godfrey, Jr. who became a physician. On October 6, 1892, Edward married his second wife. Rank and organization: Captain, 7th U. S. Cavalry. Place and date: At Bear Paw Mountain, Mont. 30 September 1877. Entered service at: Ottawa, Putnam County, Ohio. Born: 9 October 1843, Ohio.

Date of issue: 27 November 1894. Citation: Led his command into action when he was wounded. Media related to Edward Settle Godfrey at Wikimedia Commons List of Medal of Honor recipients List of Medal of Honor recipients for the Indian Wars This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the United States Army Center of Military History

Johan Settergren

Johan Settergren is a former professional tennis player from Sweden. Settergren, from Halmstad, performed well in the juniors events at the 1996 Australian Open. A quarter-finalist in the boys' singles, he reached the boys' doubles semi-finals with Per Thornadsson and en route beat the Bryan brothers as well as Lleyton Hewitt and his partner; the following year he turned professional. In 2001, he made his first main draw appearances at ATP Tour level, in the singles at tournaments in Copenhagen and Bastad, he played at the 2002 Mercedes Cup in Stuttgart and the 2004 If Stockholm Open. His only doubles appearance on the ATP Tour was at Stockholm in 2004, he and partner Robin Söderling accounted for fourth seeds Martín García and Sebastián Prieto in the first round, but had to concede a walkover in their next match. He won two Challenger titles, both in doubles, the first at Grenoble in 2001 when he defeated Ivan Ljubičić in the final, his Challenger career included wins over Mikhail Youzhny, Paradorn Srichaphan, Mario Ančić, Nikolay Davydenko and most notably Novak Djokovic, at a qualifier in Sarajevo.

He retired at the end of the 2005 season. Johan Settergren at the Association of Tennis Professionals Johan Settergren at the International Tennis Federation